Luke 20:41
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then Jesus said to them, "Why is it said that the Messiah is the son of David?

New Living Translation
Then Jesus presented them with a question. "Why is it," he asked, "that the Messiah is said to be the son of David?

English Standard Version
But he said to them, “How can they say that the Christ is David’s son?

Berean Study Bible
Then Jesus declared, "How can it be said that the Christ is the Son of David?

Berean Literal Bible
And He said to them, "How do they declare the Christ to be Son of David?

New American Standard Bible
Then He said to them, "How is it that they say the Christ is David's son?

King James Bible
And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He said to them, "How can they say that the Messiah is the Son of David?

International Standard Version
Then he asked them, "How can people say that the Messiah is David's son?

NET Bible
But he said to them, "How is it that they say that the Christ is David's son?

New Heart English Bible
He said to them, "Why do they say that the Messiah is David's son?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He said to them, “How do the Scribes say about The Messiah that he is the son of David?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesus said to them, "How can people say that the Messiah is David's son?

New American Standard 1977
And He said to them, “How is it that they say the Christ is David’s son?

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said unto them, How do they say that the Christ is David's son?

King James 2000 Bible
And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's son?

American King James Version
And he said to them, How say they that Christ is David's son?

American Standard Version
And he said unto them, How say they that the Christ is David's son?

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he said to them: How say they that Christ is the son of David?

Darby Bible Translation
And he said to them, How do they say that the Christ is David's son,

English Revised Version
And he said unto them, How say they that the Christ is David's son?

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said to them, How say they that Christ is David's son?

Weymouth New Testament
But He asked them, "How is it they say that the Christ is a son of David?

World English Bible
He said to them, "Why do they say that the Christ is David's son?

Young's Literal Translation
And he said unto them, 'How do they say the Christ to be son of David,
Study Bible
Whose Son is the Christ?
40And they did not dare to question Him any further. 41Then Jesus declared, “How can it be said that the Christ is the Son of David? 42For David himself says in the book of Psalms: ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand…
Cross References
Matthew 9:27
As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed Him, crying out, "Have mercy on us, Son of David!"

Matthew 22:41
While the Pharisees were assembled, Jesus questioned them:

Mark 12:35
While Jesus was teaching in the temple courts, He asked, "How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David?
Treasury of Scripture

And he said to them, How say they that Christ is David's son?

How.

Matthew 22:41,42 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them…

Mark 12:35 And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say …

Christ.

Luke 18:38,39 And he cried, saying, Jesus, you son of David, have mercy on me…

Isaiah 9:6,7 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given: and the government …

Isaiah 11:1,2 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a …

Jeremiah 23:5,6 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Jeremiah 33:15,16,21 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness …

Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the …

John 7:42 Has not the scripture said, That Christ comes of the seed of David, …

Acts 2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an …

Romans 1:3,4 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed …

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the …

(41, 42) How say they that Christ is David's son?--Better, that the Christ. See Notes on Matthew 22:41-46; Mark 12:35-37. The implied subject of the verb is clearly, as in St. Mark, "the scribes." St. Luke agrees with St. Mark in not giving the preliminary question, "What think ye of Christ? . . ," which we find in St. Matthew.

Verses 41-44. - The question rejecting Christ's being David's Son. Verse 41. - And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David's Son? St. Matthew gives us more details of what went before the following saying of Jesus in which he asserts the Divinity of Messiah. Jesus asked the Pharisees, "What think ye of Christ? whose Son is he? They say unto him, The Son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, The Lord said unto my Lord," etc.? (Matthew 22:42-44). This is one of the most remarkable sayings of our Lord reported by the synoptists; in it he distinctly claims for himself Divinity, partiei. pation in omnipotence. Unmistakably, lately, under the thinnest veil of parable, Jesus had told the people that he was Messiah For instance, his words in the parable of the "wicked husbandmen;" in the parable of "the pounds;" in his late acts in the temple - driving out the sellers and buyers, allowing the children in the temple to welcome him with Messianic salutation, receiving as Messiah the welcome of the Passover pilgrims and others on Palm Sunday as he entered Jerusalem. In his later parables, too, he had with startling clearness predicted his approaching violent death. Now, Jesus was aware that the capital charge which would be brought against him would be blasphemy, that he had called himself, not only the Messiah, but Divine, the Son of God (John 5:18; John 10:33; Matthew 26:65). He was desirous, then, before the end came, to show from an acknowledged Messianic psalm that if he was Messiah - and unquestionably a large proportion of the people received him as such - he was also Divine. The words of the psalm (110.) indisputably show this, viz. that the coming Messiah was Divine. This, he pointed out to them, was the old faith, the doctrine taught in their own inspired Scriptures. But this was not the doctrine of the Jews in the time of our Lord. They, like the Ebionites in early Christian days, expected for their Messiah a mere "beloved Man." It is most noticeable that the Messianic claim of Jesus, although not, of course, conceded by the scribes, was never protested against by them. That would have been glaringly unpopular. So many of the people, we know, were persuaded of the truth of these pretensions; Jesus had evidently the greatest difficulty to stay the people's enthusiasm in his favour. What the scribes persistently repelled, and in the end condemned him for, was his assertion of Divinity. In this passage he shows from their own Scriptures that whoever was Messiah must be Divine. He spoke over and over again as Messiah; he acted with the power and in the authority of Messiah; he allowed himself on several public occasions to be saluted as such: who would venture, then, to question that he was fully conscious of his Divinity? This conclusion is drawn, not from St. John, but exclusively from the recitals of the three synoptists. And he said unto them,.... The Ethiopic version reads, "to the Pharisees"; and so it appears, that it was to them he spoke, from Matthew 22:41

how say they? The Syriac version reads, "how say the Scribes?" as in Mark 12:35 and the Persic version, how say the wise men, the doctors in Israel,

that Christ is David's son? that which nothing was more common among the Jews. Lu 20:41-47. Christ Baffles the Pharisees by a Question about David and Messiah, and Denounces the Scribes.

41. said, etc.—"What think ye of Christ [the promised and expected Messiah]? Whose son is He [to be]? They say unto Him, The son of David. He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit [by the Holy Ghost, Mr 12:36] call Him Lord?" (Mt 22:42, 43). The difficulty can only be solved by the higher and lower—the divine and human natures of our Lord (Mt 1:23). Mark the testimony here given to the inspiration of the Old Testament (compare Lu 24:44).20:39-47 The scribes commended the reply Christ made to the Sadducees about the resurrection, but they were silenced by a question concerning the Messiah. Christ, as God, was David's Lord; but Christ, as man, was David's son. The scribes would receive the severest judgement for defrauding the poor widows, and for their abuse of religion, particularly of prayer, which they used as a pretence for carrying on worldly and wicked plans. Dissembled piety is double sin. Then let us beg of God to keep us from pride, ambition, covetousness, and every evil thing; and to teach us to seek that honour which comes from him alone.
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