John 7:42
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Does not Scripture say that the Messiah will come from David's descendants and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?"

New Living Translation
For the Scriptures clearly state that the Messiah will be born of the royal line of David, in Bethlehem, the village where King David was born."

English Standard Version
Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the offspring of David, and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David was?”

Berean Study Bible
Doesn't the Scripture say that the Christ will come from the line of David and from Bethlehem, the village where David lived?"

Berean Literal Bible
Has not the Scripture said that Christ comes out of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?"

New American Standard Bible
"Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the descendants of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?"

King James Bible
Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Doesn't the Scripture say that the Messiah comes from David's offspring and from the town of Bethlehem, where David once lived?"

International Standard Version
Doesn't the Scripture say that the Messiah is from David's family and from Bethlehem, the village where David lived?"

NET Bible
Don't the scriptures say that the Christ is a descendant of David and comes from Bethlehem, the village where David lived?"

New Heart English Bible
Hasn't the Scripture said that the Messiah comes of the offspring of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?"

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Has not the scripture said that The Messiah is coming from the seed of David and from Bethlehem, the village of David?”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Doesn't Scripture say that the Messiah will come from the descendants of David and from the village of Bethlehem, where David lived?"

New American Standard 1977
“Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the offspring of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Has not the scripture said, That the Christ comes of the seed of David and out of the town of Bethlehem where David was?

King James 2000 Bible
Has not the scripture said, That Christ comes as the descendant of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

American King James Version
Has not the scripture said, That Christ comes of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

American Standard Version
Hath not the scripture said that the Christ cometh of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Doth not the scripture say: That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem the town where David was?

Darby Bible Translation
Has not the scripture said that the Christ comes of the seed of David, and from the village of Bethlehem, where David was?

English Revised Version
Hath not the scripture said that the Christ cometh of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?

Webster's Bible Translation
Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh from the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

Weymouth New Testament
Has not the Scripture declared that the Christ is to come of the family of David and from Bethlehem, David's village?"

World English Bible
Hasn't the Scripture said that the Christ comes of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was?"

Young's Literal Translation
Did not the Writing say, that out of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem -- the village where David was -- the Christ doth come?'
Study Bible
Division Regarding Jesus
41Others declared, “This is the Christ.” But still others asked, “How can the Christ come from Galilee? 42Doesn’t the Scripture say that the Christ will come from the line of David and from Bethlehem, the village where David lived?” 43So there was division in the crowd because of Jesus.…
Cross References
Psalm 89:4
I will establish your seed forever And build up your throne to all generations." Selah.

Micah 5:2
"But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Too little to be among the clans of Judah, From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel. His goings forth are from long ago, From the days of eternity."

Matthew 1:1
This is the record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham:

Matthew 2:5
"In Bethlehem in Judea," they replied, "for this is what the prophet has written:

Matthew 2:6
But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah, for out of you will come a ruler who will be the shepherd of My people Israel.'"

Luke 2:4
So Joseph also went up from Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to the City of David called Bethlehem, since he was from the house and line of David.
Treasury of Scripture

Has not the scripture said, That Christ comes of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was?

not.

John 7:27 However, we know this man from where he is: but when Christ comes, …

Psalm 132:11 The LORD has sworn in truth to David; he will not turn from it; Of …

Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a …

Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, said the LORD, that I will raise to David …

Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands …

Matthew 2:5 And they said to him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written …

Luke 2:4,11 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, …

where.

1 Samuel 16:1,4,11-13,18 And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing …

1 Samuel 17:58 And Saul said to him, Whose son are you, you young man? And David …

(42) Hath not the scripture said . . .--Comp. the prophecies in Micah 5:1; Isaiah 11:1; Jeremiah 23:5.

Where David was.--Comp. the history in 1 Samuel 16.

It has often been asked, sometimes in the spirit of objection, sometimes in the spirit of inquiry, how the Apostle, if he really knew the history of our Lord's birth at Bethlehem, could record these questions without a correction. But in these verses he is giving the feelings and opinions of the multitude, and it is a mark of the truthfulness of his narrative that he gives them just as they really occurred. He, remembering the events as they took place, can with perfect historic fitness record the passing thoughts and words, erroneous as they were. A writer of the second century could not possibly have unintentionally made so great a mistake, with the earlier Gospels before him; nor could he have intentionally so thrown himself into the spirit of a Jewish multitude as to invent the question. (Comp. John 7:52, and references in Note there.)

Verses 42, 43. - Hath not the Scripture said, That the Christ cometh of the seed of David, and from Bethlehem, the village where David was? Therefore a division arose in the multitude because of him. De Wette, Baur, Weisse, Keim, and others have tried to prove from this that the evangelist was ignorant of Christ's birth at Bethlehem. "Hilgenfeld candidly owns that this passage assumes the author's knowledge of this very fact" (Godet). It was unknown to the multitude, who were not at that moment aware how this argument would ultimately be pressed by the first preachers of the gospel. John leaves the objection unanswered, because he knew that all his readers, familiar with the synoptic narrative, would answer it for themselves. As respects the well known belief current in John's later years, and confirmed by the ecclesiastical tradition of Hegesippus (Eusebius, 'Hist. Eccl.,' 3:19, 20), that the relatives of Jesus were summoned, as descendants of David, into the Emperor Domitian's presence, it is clear that Jesus was believed to be the humble heir of David's throne and family, so that his readers would see that he fulfilled not only the prophecy of Micah 5:2, but those of Isaiah 11:1 and Jeremiah 23:5, passages which anticipate the Messiah's descent from David. These were minor points in the great tableau of John's Gospel. He who believed with overwhelming conviction that Jesus was the Logos made flesh, the Son of God, and the risen and glorified Lord, bestowing the Spirit of his own wondrous Person upon his Church, would not trouble much about these mistakes of the people concerning the ancillary details of his earthly career which, when he wrote, had become universally known. It was, however, instructive, half a century later, to see how flimsy, unveracious, and worthless the objections were which passed from lip to lip at this crisis in the life of our Lord. A Greek of the time of Hadrian would be surely very unlikely to have represented this condition of the Jerusalem mind. Now, some of those who believed that he was a great Prophet, the predicted Prophet, yet refused to agree with others who hailed him as the Christ. The division or violent party split (σχίσμα) in the crowd on that "last great day of the feast" may have had persons friendly to him on both sides; but on one side at least there were those who were ready to side with Pharisees and "Jews" and lay hands upon him. Hath not the Scripture said,.... These objectors were those who were accounted the more wise and knowing; who were conversant with the Scriptures, and pretended at least to a large knowledge of them:

that Christ cometh out of the seed of David; that he should be a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a branch out of his roots; that he should be one out of David's loins, and of the fruit of his body, referring to Isaiah 11:1, which was very true, and what was commonly known, and expected among the Jews, that the Messiah should be David's son, as Jesus of Nazareth was, Acts 13:23;

and out of the town of Bethlehem where David was? where his parents lived, and he was born; and, according to Jerom (k), he was buried here. The account he gives of this city, where he himself for some time lived,

"is Bethlehem, the city of David, in the lot of the tribe of Judah, in which our Lord and Saviour was born, is six miles from Aelia, (i.e. Jerusalem) to the south, by the way which leads to Hebron, where also is showed the sepulchre of Jesse and David.''

In which may be observed likewise the exact distance of this place from Jerusalem; which, according to Josephus (l), at least as he is generally understood, was but twenty furlongs: and, according to Justin (m), thirty five: but that this is the true distance, is clear from the old Jerusalem Itinerary (n), and which agrees with Jerom about the sepulchre of David; for not far from it is the monument of Ezekiel, Asaph, Job, Jesse, David, and Solomon: however, it is certain that David was born here, and therefore it is called his city; and from hence the Messiah was to come; and here Jesus, the true Messiah, was born, and which the Jews themselves own; See Gill on Matthew 2:1, See Gill on Luke 2:4; and in vain it is for them to expect the Messiah from thence, where none of their nation live, nor have lived, for many hundreds of years; being particularly forbid by Adrian, after he had subdued them, living in or near Jerusalem, and also Bethlehem. Tertullian (o) refers to this when he thus argues with them, and very justly, and strongly;

"if he is not yet born, who, it is said, shall come forth a ruler out of Bethlehem, of the tribe of Judah, he must come (says he) out of the tribe of Judah and from Bethlehem; but we now observe, that no one of the stock of Israel remains in Bethlehem, because it is forbidden that anyone of the Jews should continue on the border of that country--how shall the governor be born in Judea, come forth from Bethlehem, as the divine books of the Prophets declare, when there is none of Israel left there at this day, of whose lineage Christ can be born?--how shall he come out of Bethlehem, when there is none in Bethlehem of the stock of Israel?''

And the passage they had in view, is Micah 5:2. Now these very things they object to Jesus being the Messiah, were what were fulfilled in him, and proved him to be the person; for his supposed father, and real mother Mary, were of the house and lineage of David; and though he was conceived at Nazareth, and brought up there, yet by a remarkable providence, which brought Joseph and Mary to Bethlehem, he was born there, Luke 2:4.

(k) De locis Hebraicis, fol. 89. E. (l) Antiqu. l. 7. c. 12. sect. 4. (m) Apolog. 2. p. 75. (n) In Reland. Palestina illustrata, l. 2. c. 4. p. 416. Vid. c. 9. p. 445. & l. 3. p. 645. (o) Adv. Judaeos, c. 13. p. 224, 225. 42. scripture said … of the seed of David, and out of … Bethlehem, etc.—We accept this spontaneous testimony to our David-descended, Bethlehem-born Saviour. Had those who gave it made the inquiry which the case demanded, they would have found that Jesus "came out of Galilee" (Joh 7:41) and "out of Bethlehem" both, alike in fulfilment of prophecy as in point of fact. (Mt 2:23; 4:13-16).7:40-53 The malice of Christ's enemies is always against reason, and sometimes the staying of it cannot be accounted for. Never any man spake with that wisdom, and power, and grace, that convincing clearness, and that sweetness, wherewith Christ spake. Alas, that many, who are for a time restrained, and who speak highly of the word of Jesus, speedily lose their convictions, and go on in their sins! People are foolishly swayed by outward motives in matters of eternal moment, are willing even to be damned for fashion's sake. As the wisdom of God often chooses things which men despise, so the folly of men commonly despises those whom God has chosen. The Lord brings forward his weak and timid disciples, and sometimes uses them to defeat the designs of his enemies.
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