Luke 15:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
"The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

New Living Translation
His son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against both heaven and you, and I am no longer worthy of being called your son.'

English Standard Version
And the son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’

Berean Study Bible
The son declared, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

Berean Literal Bible
And the son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you; no longer am I worthy to be called your son.'

New American Standard Bible
"And the son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

King James Bible
And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight. I'm no longer worthy to be called your son.'

International Standard Version
Then his son told him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and you. I don't deserve to be called your son anymore.'

NET Bible
Then his son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

New Heart English Bible
The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And his son said to him, “My father, I have sinned toward Heaven and before you, and I am not worthy that I should be called your son.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then his son said to him, 'Father, I've sinned against heaven and you. I don't deserve to be called your son anymore.'

New American Standard 1977
“And the son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your sight; I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and in thy sight and am no longer worthy to be called thy son.

King James 2000 Bible
And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight, and am no more worthy to be called your son.

American King James Version
And the son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight, and am no more worthy to be called your son.

American Standard Version
And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight: I am no more worthy to be called thy son.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the son said to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven, and before thee, I am not now worthy to be called thy son.

Darby Bible Translation
And the son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven and before thee; I am no longer worthy to be called thy son.

English Revised Version
And the son said unto him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight: I am no more worthy to be called thy son.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son.

Weymouth New Testament
"'Father,' cried the son, 'I have sinned against Heaven and before you: no longer do I deserve to be called a son of yours.'

World English Bible
The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

Young's Literal Translation
and the son said to him, Father, I did sin -- to the heaven, and before thee, and no more am I worthy to be called thy son.
Study Bible
The Parable of the Prodigal Son
20So he got up and went to his father. But while he was still in the distance, his father saw him and was filled with compassion. He ran to his son, embraced him, and kissed him. 21The son declared, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’’ 22But the father said to his servants, ‘Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet.…
Cross References
Job 33:27
"He will sing to men and say, 'I have sinned and perverted what is right, And it is not proper for me.

Psalm 51:4
Against You, You only, I have sinned And done what is evil in Your sight, So that You are justified when You speak And blameless when You judge.

Luke 15:20
So he got up and went to his father. But while he was still in the distance, his father saw him and was filled with compassion. He ran to his son, embraced him, and kissed him.

Luke 15:22
But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet.
Treasury of Scripture

And the son said to him, Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your sight, and am no more worthy to be called your son.

Father.

Luke 15:18,19 I will arise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I …

Jeremiah 3:13 Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you have transgressed against …

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth …

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering…

against.

Psalm 51:4 Against you, you only, have I sinned, and done this evil in your …

Psalm 143:2 And enter not into judgment with your servant: for in your sight …

1 Corinthians 8:12 But when you sin so against the brothers, and wound their weak conscience, …

(21) Father, I have sinned against heaven.--The iteration of the self-same words comes to us with a wonderful power and pathos. The contrite soul does not play with its contrition, or seek to vary its expression. But the change is as suggestive as the repetition. Now that he has seen his father, he cannot bring himself to say again, "Make me as one of thy hired servants." That had been a natural and right wish before; it would savour of unreality and hypocrisy now. This also has its analogue in the history of true penitents. In the first stirrings of contrition they stand afar off, and as they confess their sins hardly dare to hope for restoration to the blessedness of sons; but when they have felt the Father's kiss, though still confessing that they are unworthy to be called sons, they cannot be satisfied with anything less than sonship.

Verse 21. - Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight, and am no more worthy to be called thy son. Many, though not all, of the older authorities add here (apparently taking them from ver. 19) the words, "make me as one of thy hired (servants)." The selfsame words of store original resolution are repeated. They had been stamped deep into the sad heart which so intensely desired a return to the old quiet, pure home-life; but now in his father's presence he feels all is forgiven and forgotten, therefore he no longer asks to be made as one of the servants. He feels that great love will be satisfied with nothing less than restoring him, the erring one, to all the glories and happiness of the old life. And the son said unto him, father,.... Or "my father", as the Syriac version reads; and the Persic version adds, "pardon me": sin lay heavy on him, and he wanted a view and application of pardoning grace, though he seems to be prevented making this request by the kiss he received from his father:

I have sinned against heaven, and in thy sight; this is what he determined to say, and was allowed to say, having a deep sense of his sin and vileness, and which was increased by the love and kindness his father had shown him. The phrase is Jewish; See Gill on Luke 15:18 to which may be added, what is elsewhere said (c),

"what is the sense of that passage, Psalm 12:4 "who have said, with our tongues we will prevail?" &c. it designs all the transgressions a man sins against earth; and if , "they sin against heaven", and earth; what is the sense of that in Psalm 73:9?''

and am no more worthy to be called thy son: so much he was suffered to say, which fully expresses his sense of his vileness and unworthiness: but he was not allowed to say, "make me as one of thy hired servants"; because this could not be granted; for a son is always a son, and cannot become a servant; see Galatians 4:6.

(c) T. Hieros Peah, fol. 16. 1.21. Father, I have sinned, etc.—"This confession is uttered after the kiss of reconciliation" (Eze 16:63) [Trench].15:17-24 Having viewed the prodigal in his abject state of misery, we are next to consider his recovery from it. This begins by his coming to himself. That is a turning point in the sinner's conversion. The Lord opens his eyes, and convinces him of sin; then he views himself and every object, in a different light from what he did before. Thus the convinced sinner perceives that the meanest servant of God is happier than he is. To look unto God as a Father, and our Father, will be of great use in our repentance and return to him. The prodigal arose, nor stopped till he reached his home. Thus the repenting sinner resolutely quits the bondage of Satan and his lusts, and returns to God by prayer, notwithstanding fears and discouragements. The Lord meets him with unexpected tokens of his forgiving love. Again; the reception of the humbled sinner is like that of the prodigal. He is clothed in the robe of the Redeemer's righteousness, made partaker of the Spirit of adoption, prepared by peace of conscience and gospel grace to walk in the ways of holiness, and feasted with Divine consolations. Principles of grace and holiness are wrought in him, to do, as well as to will.
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