Leviticus 2:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"'If you bring a grain offering baked in an oven, it is to consist of the finest flour: either thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in or thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with olive oil.

New Living Translation
"If your offering is a grain offering baked in an oven, it must be made of choice flour, but without any yeast. It may be presented in the form of thin cakes mixed with olive oil or wafers spread with olive oil.

English Standard Version
“When you bring a grain offering baked in the oven as an offering, it shall be unleavened loaves of fine flour mixed with oil or unleavened wafers smeared with oil.

New American Standard Bible
Now when you bring an offering of a grain offering baked in an oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.

King James Bible
And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When you present a grain offering baked in an oven, it must be made of fine flour, either unleavened cakes mixed with oil or unleavened wafers coated with oil.

International Standard Version
"When you bring an offering—that is, a grain offering baked in an oven—it is to consist of fine flour baked into unleavened bread mixed with olive oil or of wafers made of unleavened bread and smeared with olive oil.

NET Bible
"'When you present an offering of grain baked in an oven, it must be made of choice wheat flour baked into unleavened loaves mixed with olive oil or unleavened wafers smeared with olive oil.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"If you bring a grain offering which has been baked in an oven, it must be rings of unleavened bread made of flour mixed with olive oil or wafers of unleavened bread brushed with olive oil.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And if thou shall offer a present baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil and unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

King James 2000 Bible
And if you bring an offering of a grain offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

American King James Version
And if you bring an oblation of a meat offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

American Standard Version
And when thou offerest an oblation of a meal-offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But when thou offerest a sacrifice baked in the oven of flour, to wit, loaves without leaven, tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers, anointed with oil:

Darby Bible Translation
And if thou present an offering of an oblation baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

English Revised Version
And when thou offerest an oblation of a meal offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

Webster's Bible Translation
And if thou shalt bring an oblation of a meat-offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

World English Bible
"'When you offer an offering of a meal offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

Young's Literal Translation
And when thou bringest near an offering, a present baked in an oven, it is of unleavened cakes of flour mixed with oil, or thin unleavened cakes anointed with oil.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

2:1-11 Meat-offerings may typify Christ, as presented to God for us, and as being the Bread of life to our souls; but they rather seem to denote our obligation to God for the blessings of providence, and those good works which are acceptable to God. The term meat was, and still is, properly given to any kind of provision, and the greater part of this offering was to be eaten for food, not burned. These meat-offerings are mentioned after the burnt-offerings: without an interest in the sacrifice of Christ, and devotedness of heart to God, such services cannot be accepted. Leaven is the emblem of pride, malice, and hypocrisy, and honey of sensual pleasure. The former are directly opposed to the graces of humility, love, and sincerity, which God approves; the latter takes men from the exercises of devotion, and the practice of good works. Christ, in his character and sacrifice, was wholly free from the things denoted by leaven; and his suffering life and agonizing death were the very opposites to worldly pleasure. His people are called to follow, and to be like him.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 4-11. - The second form of meat offering, when the flour and oil were made up into four varieties of cakes. The ritual of offering is not different from that of the first form. The frankincense is not mentioned, but doubtless is understood. The rabbinical rule, that meat offerings, when following upon burnt offerings or peace offerings, had no frankincense burnt with them, rests on no solid foundation.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in an oven,.... This is another kind of meat offering, or in another form; the former was only fine flour and oil mixed together, and frankincense put on it, but this was made up into cakes, and baked in an oven, and not in anything else, according to the Jewish tradition (i); he that says, lo, upon me be a meat offering baked in an oven, he may not bring that baked otherwise; and this meat offering was made into cakes and wafers, and then baked, as follows: and

it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil; which according to the Jews were made after this manner (k); the priest put the oil into a vessel before the making of it, then put the fine flour to it, and put oil upon it, and mixed it, and kneaded it, and baked it, and cut it in pieces, and put oil upon it, and mixed it, and again put oil upon it, and took the handful, and it was the fourth part of an hin of oil that was divided into the several cakes; the cakes, they say, were obliged to be mixed, and the wafers to be anointed; the cakes were mixed, but not the wafers the wafers were anointed, and not the cakes. The oil denoted the grace of the Spirit of God in Christ, and in his people; and being unleavened, the sincerity and truth with which the meat offering, Christ, is to be upon.

(i) Misn. Menachot, c. 5. sect. 9. Maimon. & Bartenora in. ib. (k) T. Bab. Menachot, fol. 75. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

4. if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven—generally a circular hole excavated in the floor, from one to five feet deep, the sides of which are covered with hardened plaster, on which cakes are baked of the form and thickness of pancakes. (See on [36]Ge 18:6). The shape of Eastern ovens varies considerably according to the nomadic or settled habits of the people.

Leviticus 2:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
Laws for Grain Offerings
3'The remainder of the grain offering belongs to Aaron and his sons: a thing most holy, of the offerings to the LORD by fire. 4Now when you bring an offering of a grain offering baked in an oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil. 5If your offering is a grain offering made on the griddle, it shall be of fine flour, unleavened, mixed with oil;…
Cross References
Exodus 29:2
And from the finest wheat flour make round loaves without yeast, thick loaves without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves without yeast and brushed with olive oil.

Leviticus 7:12
"'If they offer it as an expression of thankfulness, then along with this thank offering they are to offer thick loaves made without yeast and with olive oil mixed in, thin loaves made without yeast and brushed with oil, and thick loaves of the finest flour well-kneaded and with oil mixed in.

Numbers 6:15
together with their grain offerings and drink offerings, and a basket of bread made with the finest flour and without yeast--thick loaves with olive oil mixed in, and thin loaves brushed with olive oil.

Ezekiel 46:20
He said to me, "This is the place where the priests are to cook the guilt offering and the sin offering and bake the grain offering, to avoid bringing them into the outer court and consecrating the people."
Treasury of Scripture

And if you bring an oblation of a meat offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

meat offering

1 Chronicles 23:28,29 Because their office was to wait on the sons of Aaron for the service …

Psalm 22:14 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my …

Ezekiel 46:20 Then said he to me, This is the place where the priests shall boil …

Matthew 26:38 Then said he to them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even to death: …

John 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from …

the oven, {Tannur}, probably such an {oven} as that described by D'Arvieux, as used by the Arabs. He states that they make a fire in a great {stone pitcher}, and when heated, mix meal and water, which they apply with the hollow of their hands to the outside, and this soft paste spreading itself upon it, is baked in an instant, and the bread comes of as thin as out {wafers}.

Leviticus 1:11 And he shall kill it on the side of the altar northward before the …

Leviticus 6:17 It shall not be baked with leaven. I have given it to them for their …

Leviticus 7:12 If he offer it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the sacrifice …

Leviticus 10:12 And Moses spoke to Aaron, and to Eleazar and to Ithamar, his sons …

Exodus 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and …

1 Corinthians 5:7,8 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, as …

1 Corinthians 7:26 I suppose therefore that this is good for the present distress, I …

1 Peter 2:1,22 Why laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and …

Exodus 16:31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was …

Exodus 29:2 And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and …

Isaiah 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold; my elect, in whom my soul delights; …

Isaiah 44:3-5 For I will pour water on him that is thirsty, and floods on the dry …

Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed …

John 3:34 For he whom God has sent speaks the words of God: for God gives not …

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Anointed Baked Baken Best Cakes Cereal Consist Cooked Covered Fine Flour Grain Meal Meal-Offering Meat Meat-Offering Mingled Mixed Oblation Offer Offerest Offering Oil Oven Present Spread Thin Unleavened Wafers Yeast
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Anointed Baked Baken Best Cakes Cereal Consist Cooked Covered Fine Flour Grain Meal Meal-Offering Meat Meat-Offering Mingled Mixed Oblation Offer Offerest Offering Oil Oven Present Spread Thin Unleavened Wafers Yeast
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