Galatians 2:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then after fourteen years, I went up again to Jerusalem, this time with Barnabas. I took Titus along also.

New Living Translation
Then fourteen years later I went back to Jerusalem again, this time with Barnabas; and Titus came along, too.

English Standard Version
Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me.

Berean Study Bible
Fourteen years later I went up again to Jerusalem, accompanied by Barnabas. I took Titus along also.

Berean Literal Bible
Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, having taken with me Titus also.

New American Standard Bible
Then after an interval of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also.

King James Bible
Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then after 14 years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also.

International Standard Version
Then fourteen years later, I again went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus with me.

NET Bible
Then after fourteen years I went up to Jerusalem again with Barnabas, taking Titus along too.

New Heart English Bible
Then after a period of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
But again, after 14 years, I went up to Jerusalem with BarNaba, and I brought Titus with me.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then 14 years later I went to Jerusalem again with Barnabas. I also took Titus along.

New American Standard 1977
Then after an interval of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along also.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then fourteen years later I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas and took Titus with me also.

King James 2000 Bible
Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.

American King James Version
Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.

American Standard Version
Then after the space of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Then, after fourteen years, I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me.

Darby Bible Translation
Then after a lapse of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with [me];

English Revised Version
Then after the space of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then fourteen years after I went again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.

Weymouth New Testament
Later still, after an interval of fourteen years, I again went up to Jerusalem in company with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me.

World English Bible
Then after a period of fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus also with me.

Young's Literal Translation
Then, after fourteen years again I went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, having taken with me also Titus;
Study Bible
The Council at Jerusalem
1Fourteen years later I went up again to Jerusalem, accompanied by Barnabas. I took Titus along also. 2I went in response to a revelation and set before them the gospel that I preach among the Gentiles. But I spoke privately to those recognized as leaders, for fear that I was running or had already run in vain.…
Cross References
Acts 4:36
Joseph, a Levite from Cyprus, whom the apostles called Barnabas (meaning Son of Encouragement),

Acts 15:2
So Paul and Barnabas engaged these men in sharp debate. The two of them were appointed, along with some other believers, to go up to Jerusalem to see the apostles and elders about this question.

2 Corinthians 2:13
I had no peace in my spirit, because I did not find my brother Titus there. So I said goodbye to them and went on to Macedonia.

Galatians 2:3
Yet not even Titus, who was with me, was compelled to be circumcised, even though he was a Greek.

Galatians 2:9
And recognizing the grace I had been given, James, Cephas, and John--those reputed to be pillars--gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, so that we should go to the Gentiles and they to the Jews.

Galatians 2:13
The other Jews joined in his hypocrisy, so that by their hypocrisy even Barnabas was led astray.
Treasury of Scripture

Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.

fourteen.

Galatians 1:18 Then after three years I went up to Jerusalem to see Peter, and stayed …

I went.

Acts 15:2-4 When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation …

Barnabas.

Galatians 2:13 And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; so that Barnabas …

Acts 4:36,37 And Joses, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas, (which is, …

Acts 11:25,30 Then departed Barnabas to Tarsus, for to seek Saul…

Acts 12:25 And Barnabas and Saul returned from Jerusalem, when they had fulfilled …

Acts 13:2,50 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said…

Acts 14:12 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he …

Acts 15:25,36-39 It seemed good to us, being assembled with one accord, to send chosen …

1 Corinthians 9:6 Or I only and Barnabas, have not we power to forbear working?

Colossians 4:10 Aristarchus my fellow prisoner salutes you, and Marcus, sister's …

Titus.

Galatians 2:3 But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled …

2 Corinthians 8:16,23 But thanks be to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart …

Titus 1:4 To Titus, my own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, …

II.

(1-10) The argument proceeds, still taking the shape of vivid personal retrospect:--The next visit at which I had any communication with the elder Apostles was after an interval of fourteen years. That, too, only served to bring out at once the independence and the soundness of my teaching. I spoke on the subject freely to the whole Church, and besides I had private conferences with the leaders; but no alteration was made either in my teaching or in my practice. One crucial instance was that of Titus, my companion, who, Gentile as he was, was not compelled to be circumcised, though his circumcision was urged upon me, not by the free motion of the Apostles themselves, but to silence the malicious rumours set on foot by certain Judaising spies who had found their way into our midst. To these Barnabas and I did not give way for a moment. And the upshot of the matter was that my mission was fully recognised by the leading Apostles, and that we agreed to go different ways--they to the Jews, we to the Gentiles--with the one condition, which I needed no prompting to accept, that we should not forget the poor.

Thoughts and arguments crowd in upon the Apostle with great vehemence. His amanuensis cannot take them down fast enough. Sentences are begun and not rightly ended, and much of the sense is left to be supplied by conjecture. The general drift of the passage is sufficiently plain, but there is much uncertainty about the details. This will appear in the Notes which follow.

(1) Fourteen years after.--From what date is this fourteen years to be reckoned? The phrase "I went up again" seems to be decisive in favour of reckoning it from the visit to Jerusalem just mentioned. We should therefore have to add the three years of Galatians 1:18, in order to reach the date of the Apostle's conversion The relation of the present narrative to that in the Acts will be more fully discussed in an excursus. (See Excursus A: On the Visits of St. Paul to Jerusalem.)

In the meantime, it may be assumed that there appear to be sufficient reasons for identifying the visit to Jerusalem here described with that recorded in Acts 15, commonly known as the Council of Jerusalem, which is placed by the best chronologists about A.D. 50 or 51.

And took Titus with me also.--In the corresponding passage (Acts 15:2) we are told that "certain others" were sent with Paul and Barnabas. St. Paul mentions especially Titus because of the part which he subsequently played in the history of the Council, and because of the importance of this for his present argument.

Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem,.... That is, either after it pleased God to call him by his grace, and reveal his Son in him; or rather after he had been at Jerusalem to see Peter, with whom he stayed fifteen days, and then went into Syria and Cilicia; so that it was seventeen years after his conversion that he took this journey to Jerusalem he here speaks of; and he seems to refer to the time when he and Barnabas went from the church at Antioch to the apostles and elders about the question, whether circumcision was necessary to salvation, Acts 15:1 which entirely agrees with the account the apostle here gives of this journey, and which he went not alone, but

with Barnabas: and took Titus with me also; Barnabas is mentioned in Luke's account as going with him at this time, but Titus is not; who, though he was not sent by the church, yet the apostle might judge it proper and prudent to take him with him, who was converted by him, was a minister of the Gospel, and continued uncircumcised; and the rather he might choose to have him along with him, partly that he might be confirmed in the faith the apostle had taught him; and partly that he might be a living testimony of the agreement between the apostle's principles and practice; and that having him and Barnabas, he might have a competent number of witnesses to testify to the doctrines he preached, the miracles he wrought, and the success that attended him among the Gentiles; and to relate, upon their return, what passed between him and the elders at Jerusalem; for by the mouth of two or three witnesses everything is established. CHAPTER 2

Ga 2:1-21. His Co-ordinate Authority as Apostle of the Circumcision Recognized by the Apostles. Proved by His Rebuking Peter for Temporizing at Antioch: His Reasoning as to the Inconsistency of Judaizing with Justification by Faith.

1. Translate, "After fourteen years"; namely, from Paul's conversion inclusive [Alford]. In the fourteenth year from his conversion [Birks]. The same visit to Jerusalem as in Ac 15:1-4 (A.D. 50), when the council of the apostles and Church decided that Gentile Christians need not be circumcised. His omitting allusion to that decree is; (1) Because his design here is to show the Galatians his own independent apostolic authority, whence he was not likely to support himself by their decision. Thus we see that general councils are not above apostles. (2) Because he argues the point upon principle, not authoritative decisions. (3) The decree did not go the length of the position maintained here: the council did not impose Mosaic ordinances; the apostle maintains that the Mosaic institution itself is at an end. (4) The Galatians were Judaizing, not because the Jewish law was imposed by authority of the Church as necessary to Christianity, but because they thought it necessary to be observed by those who aspired to higher perfection (Ga 3:3; 4:21). The decree would not at all disprove their view, and therefore would have been useless to quote. Paul meets them by a far more direct confutation, "Christ is of no effect unto you whosoever are justified by the law" (Ga 5:4), [Paley].

Titus … also—specified on account of what follows as to him, in Ga 2:3. Paul and Barnabas, and others, were deputed by the Church of Antioch (Ac 15:2) to consult the apostles and elders at Jerusalem on the question of circumcision of Gentile Christians.2:1-10 Observe the apostle's faithfulness in giving a full account of the doctrine he had preached among the Gentiles, and was still resolved to preach, that of Christianity, free from all mixture of Judaism. This doctrine would be ungrateful to many, yet he was not afraid to own it. His care was, lest the success of his past labours should be lessened, or his future usefulness be hindered. While we simply depend upon God for success to our labours, we should use every proper caution to remove mistakes, and against opposers. There are things which may lawfully be complied with, yet, when they cannot be done without betraying the truth, they ought to be refused. We must not give place to any conduct, whereby the truth of the gospel would be reflected upon. Though Paul conversed with the other apostles, yet he did not receive any addition to his knowledge, or authority, from them. Perceiving the grace given to him, they gave unto him and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship, whereby they acknowledged that he was designed to the honour and office of an apostle as well as themselves. They agreed that these two should go to the heathen, while they continued to preach to the Jews; judging it agreeable to the mind of Christ, so to divide their work. Here we learn that the gospel is not ours, but God's; and that men are but the keepers of it; for this we are to praise God. The apostle showed his charitable disposition, and how ready he was to own the Jewish converts as brethren, though many would scarcely allow the like favour to the converted Gentiles; but mere difference of opinion was no reason to him why he should not help them. Herein is a pattern of Christian charity, which we should extend to all the disciples of Christ.
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Alphabetical: after again along also an Barnabas Fourteen I interval Jerusalem later of taking Then this time Titus to took up went with years

NT Letters: Galatians 2:1 Then after a period of fourteen years (Gal. Ga) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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