Exodus 14:7
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
He took six hundred of the best chariots, along with all the other chariots of Egypt, with officers over all of them.

New Living Translation
He took with him 600 of Egypt's best chariots, along with the rest of the chariots of Egypt, each with its commander.

English Standard Version
and took six hundred chosen chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them.

New American Standard Bible
and he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them.

King James Bible
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
he took 600 of the best chariots and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, with officers in each one.

International Standard Version
He took 600 of the best chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers in charge of each one.

NET Bible
He took six hundred select chariots, and all the rest of the chariots of Egypt, and officers on all of them.

New Heart English Bible
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He took 600 of his best chariots as well as all the other chariots in Egypt, placing an officer in each of them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

New American Standard 1977
and he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and he took six hundred chosen chariots and all the chariots of Egypt and the captains over them.

King James 2000 Bible
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

American King James Version
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

American Standard Version
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots that were in Egypt: and the captains of the whole army.

Darby Bible Translation
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

English Revised Version
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

World English Bible
and he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over all of them.

Young's Literal Translation
and he taketh six hundred chosen chariots, even all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over them all;
Study Bible
Pharaoh Pursues the Israelites
6So he made his chariot ready and took his people with him; 7and he took six hundred select chariots, and all the other chariots of Egypt with officers over all of them. 8The LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he chased after the sons of Israel as the sons of Israel were going out boldly.…
Cross References
Exodus 14:6
So he made his chariot ready and took his people with him;

Exodus 14:8
The LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and he chased after the sons of Israel as the sons of Israel were going out boldly.

Exodus 15:4
"Pharaoh's chariots and his army He has cast into the sea; And the choicest of his officers are drowned in the Red Sea.
Treasury of Scripture

And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Exodus 14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the middle of …

Exodus 15:4 Pharaoh's chariots and his host has he cast into the sea: his chosen …

Joshua 17:16-18 And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us…

Judges 4:3,15 And the children of Israel cried to the LORD: for he had nine hundred …

Psalm 20:7 Some trust in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember …

Psalm 68:17 The chariots of God are twenty thousand, even thousands of angels: …

(7) Six hundred chosen chariots.--The chariot force was that on which the Egyptians chiefly relied for victory from the beginning of the eighteenth

dynasty. Diodorus Siculus assigns to his Sesostris (probably Rameses II.) a force of 27,000 chariots; but this is, no doubt, an exaggeration. The largest number of chariots brought together on any one occasion that is sufficiently attested, is believed by the present writer to be 3,940, which were collected by various confederates against an Assyrian king (Ancient Monarchies, vol. ii, p. 103, Note). In 1Samuel 13:5, 30,000 chariots are mentioned, no doubt by some numerical error. A force of 2,500 is said by Rameses II. to have been brought against him in his great Hittite campaign (Records of the Past, vol. ii., pp. 69, 71). Sheshonk I. (Shishak) invaded Judaea with 1,200 (2Chronicles 12:3). The "six hundred chosen chariots" of the present passage are thus quite within the limits of probability. Most likely they constituted a division of the royal guard, and were thus always at the king's disposal.

And all the chariots of Egypt.--The word "all" must not be pressed. The writer means "all that were available--that could be readily summoned." These could only be the chariots of Lower Egypt--those stationed at Memphis, Heliopolis, Bubastis, Pithom, Sebennytus perhaps, and Pelusium. They would probably amount to several hundreds.

Captains over every one of them.--Rather, over the whole of them. These "captains" are again mentioned in Exodus 15:4. The word in the original--a derivative from the numeral three--is supposed to have meant, primarily, "persons occupying the third rank below the king."

Verse 7. - Six hundred chosen chariots. Diodorus Siculus assigns to one Egyptian king a force of 27,000 chariots (1. 54, § 4), which however is probably beyond the truth. But the 1200 assigned to Shishak (2 Chronicles 12:3) may well be regarded as historical; and the great kings of the nineteenth dynasty would possess at least an equal number. The "six hundred chosen chariots" set in motion on this occasion probably constituted a division of the royal body-guard (Herod. 2:168). The remaining force would be collected from the neighbouring cities of Northern Egypt, as Memphis, Heliopolis, Bubastis, Pithom, and Pelusium. Captains over every one of them. Rather, "Captains over the whole of them." So the LXX. the Vulgate and Syriac version. Some, however, understand "warriors in each of them ' (Gesenius, Bodiger, Kalisch). And he took six hundred chosen chariots,.... The chief and best he had, war chariots, chariots of iron; perhaps such as had iron scythes to them, to cut down men as they drove along; these were taken partly for quickness of dispatch, that they might be able the sooner to overtake the Israelites, who had got several days' marches before them; and partly for their strength and the annoyance of their enemies with them:

and all the chariots of Egypt: as many as could in so short a time be got together: for the words are not to be taken in the utmost latitude, but to signify a great number, and all that could be conveniently come at: the Greek version is, "all the horse", the cavalry, which better distinguishes them from the former:

and captains over everyone of them: over everyone of the chariots, so that they must each of them have many in them, to have captains over them: and perhaps the infantry, or foot soldiers, for, quickness of expedition, were put into them; for, besides these, there were horsemen: Josephus (p) makes the whole number of his army to be 50,000 horse, and 200,000 foot, and the same number is given by a Jewish chronologer (q): but Patricides, an Arabic writer, says (r) it consisted of 600,000, and Ezekiel (s), the tragic poet, has made it amount to a million of horse and foot: should it be asked where horses could be had to draw the chariots, and horses for the horsemen after mentioned, when all were destroyed by the hail, Exodus 9:25 it may be replied, that only those in the field were killed, not such as were in stables, where chariot horses and horses for war may be supposed to be: besides, as the Targum of Jonathan intimates, these might belong to these servants of Pharaoh who feared the word of the Lord, and took their cattle home, Exodus 9:20.

(p) Antiqu. l. 2. c. 15. sect. 3.((q) Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. 77. 4. (r) Apud Hottinger. Smegma, p. 464. (s) Apud Euseb. ut supra. (Praepar. Evangel. c. 27. p. 436.) 14:1-9 Pharaoh would think that all Israel was entangled in the wilderness, and so would become an easy prey. But God says, I will be honoured upon Pharaoh. All men being made for the honour of their Maker, those whom he is not honoured by, he will be honoured upon. What seems to tend to the church's ruin, is often overruled to the ruin of the church's enemies. While Pharaoh gratified his malice and revenge, he furthered the bringing to pass God's counsels concerning him. Though with the greatest reason he had let Israel go, yet now he was angry with himself for it. God makes the envy and rage of men against his people, a torment to themselves. Those who set their faces heavenward, and will live godly in Christ Jesus, must expect to be set upon by Satan's temptations and terrors. He will not tamely part with any out of his service.
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