Deuteronomy 1:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
East of the Jordan in the territory of Moab, Moses began to expound this law, saying:

New Living Translation
While the Israelites were in the land of Moab east of the Jordan River, Moses carefully explained the LORD's instructions as follows.

English Standard Version
Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to explain this law, saying,

New American Standard Bible
Across the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to expound this law, saying,

King James Bible
On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Across the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses began to explain this law, saying:"

International Standard Version
East of the Jordan River, in the land of Moab, Moses began to expound this Law:

NET Bible
So it was in the Transjordan, in Moab, that Moses began to deliver these words:

New Heart English Bible
Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Israelites were east of the Jordan River in Moab when Moses began to review God's teachings. This is what he said:

JPS Tanakh 1917
beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, took Moses upon him to expound this law, saying:

New American Standard 1977
Across the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to expound this law, saying,

Jubilee Bible 2000
on this side of the Jordan, in the land of Moab, Moses resolved to declare this law, saying,

King James 2000 Bible
On this side of Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

American King James Version
On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

American Standard Version
Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Beyond the Jordan in the land of Moab. And Moses began to expound the law, and to say:

Darby Bible Translation
On this side the Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to unfold this law, saying,

English Revised Version
beyond Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

Webster's Bible Translation
On the east side of Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

World English Bible
Beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

Young's Literal Translation
beyond the Jordan, in the land of Moab, hath Moses begun to explain this law, saying:
Study Bible
The Command to Leave Sinai
4after he had defeated Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth and Edrei. 5Across the Jordan in the land of Moab, Moses undertook to expound this law, saying, 6"The LORD our God spoke to us at Horeb, saying, 'You have stayed long enough at this mountain.…
Cross References
Deuteronomy 1:4
after he had defeated Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth and Edrei.

Deuteronomy 1:6
"The LORD our God spoke to us at Horeb, saying, 'You have stayed long enough at this mountain.
Treasury of Scripture

On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying,

to declare

Deuteronomy 4:8 And what nation is there so great, that has statutes and judgments …

Deuteronomy 17:18,19 And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom…

Deuteronomy 31:9 And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it to the priests the sons …

Deuteronomy 32:46 And he said to them, Set your hearts to all the words which I testify …

(5) On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab.--This would be on the other side of Jordan from the stand-point of the writer, or of the readers for whom the book was intended, which is Palestine.

Began Moses.--"Began," i.e., "determined" or "assayed."

To declare.--The emphatic reiteration of what had been already received from God and delivered to Israel may be intended. But the Hebrew word here employed occurs in two other places only, and in both is connected with writing. (See Deuteronomy 17:8, "thou shalt write upon the stones all the words of this law very plainly" (br htb, in writing and in making good). Again, in Habakkuk 2:2, "write the vision, and make it plain upon tables." The etymological affinities of the word also suggest the idea of writing. It would seem, then, that at this period Moses began to throw the discourses and laws that he had delivered into a permanent form, arranging and writing them with the same motive which influenced the Apostle Peter (2Peter 1:15), "Moreover, I will endeavour that ye may be able after my decease to have these things always in remembrance."

In this discourse the history of Israel, from the time of their departure from Sinai, is briefly recapitulated (Deuteronomy 3:29), and with a short practical exhortation. This portion of history comprises three periods of the exodus: (1) The march from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea, with the sending of the twelve spies and its results, related more at length in Numbers 10:11--end of Deuteronomy 14. The characteristic feature of this period is failure on the part of both leaders and people to rise to their high calling. Moses (Numbers 11), Aaron and Miriam (Num. xii), Joshua (Numbers 11:28), the spies, who were also rulers (Deuteronomy 13, 14), and the people throughout, all in turn exhibit the defects of their character. In the end the enterprise is abandoned for the time. (2) The thirty seven and a half years that follow are a period of disgrace, as appears by the absence of all note of time or place in the direct narrative between Numbers 14 and Numbers 20. Certain places are mentioned in Numbers 33 which must belong to this period, but nothing is recorded of them beyond the names. A single verse (Deuteronomy 2:1), is all that is assignable to that period in this discourse of Moses. This long wandering was also a period of training and discipline. (3) The fortieth year of the exodus, in which the conquest of Sihon and Og was effected, and Israel reached the banks of Jordan. The sentence of death pronounced against their elder generation having been executed, a new life was now begun.

Verse 5. - The locality is again described as beyond Jordan (see on ver. 1), and in the land of Moab. This designates the region elsewhere called Arboth Moab - the Plains of Moab (Numbers 22:1; Deuteronomy 34:1, etc.), the region on the east of the Jordan, opposite to Jericho, now known as the region of Kerak (Burckhardt, 'Syria,' p. 377, etc.; Robinson, 'Bib. Res.," 2:569). Began; rather set himself to. The Hebrew word signifies to undertake, to betake one's self to, and so to begin It is variously rendered in the Authorized Version (comp. Genesis 18:27, "taken it upon me;" Exodus 2:21, "was content," had made up his mind; 1 Samuel 12:22, "it pleased;" 17:39,"assayed," etc.). To declare, i.e. make clear, explain, expound (Habakkuk 2:2, "make plain "). The Hebrew word here used (בָאַר) signifies primarily to cut or dig, then to cut into, to grave, and then to cut or dig out so as to make evident, to declare, to make plain. What Moses set himself to do, then, was not to publish a new law, but to make plain to the people the Law already promulgated, to set forth clearly and pointedly what they were required by the Law to be and to do. This explains more fully the "spake" (דִבֶּר) of ver. 3. This exposition of the Law was designed specially for the sake of those who, at the time the Law was first promulgated, either were not born or were incapable of understanding it (Grotius). The expression used by Moses plainly indicates that this book was not intended to furnish a second code of laws different from the former, but simply to explain and enforce what had before been enjoined. On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab,.... On that side of Jordan in which the land of Moab was, and which with respect to the land of Canaan was beyond Jordan; this the Vulgate Latin version joins to the preceding verse:

began Moses to declare this law: to explain it, make it clear and manifest; namely, the whole system and body of laws, which had been before given him, which he "willed" (k), as some render the word, or willingly took upon him to repeat and explain unto them, which their fathers had heard, and had been delivered unto them; but before he entered upon this, he gave them a short history of events which had befallen them, from the time of their departure from Horeb unto the present time, which is contained in this and the two next chapters:

saying; as follows.

(k) "voluit", Montanus; "placuit", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator; "statuit", Tigurine version. 5. On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law—that is, explain this law. He follows the same method here that he elsewhere observes; namely, that of first enumerating the marvellous doings of God in behalf of His people, and reminding them what an unworthy requital they had made for all His kindness—then he rehearses the law and its various precepts.1:1-8 Moses spake to the people all the Lord had given him in commandment. Horeb was but eleven days distant from Kadesh-barnea. This was to remind them that their own bad conduct had occasioned their tedious wanderings; that they might the more readily understand the advantages of obedience. They must now go forward. Though God brings his people into trouble and affliction, he knows when they have been tried long enough. When God commands us to go forward in our Christian course, he sets the heavenly Canaan before us for our encouragement.
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