1 Corinthians 6:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
If any of you has a dispute with another, do you dare to take it before the ungodly for judgment instead of before the Lord's people?

New Living Translation
When one of you has a dispute with another believer, how dare you file a lawsuit and ask a secular court to decide the matter instead of taking it to other believers!

English Standard Version
When one of you has a grievance against another, does he dare go to law before the unrighteous instead of the saints?

New American Standard Bible
Does any one of you, when he has a case against his neighbor, dare to go to law before the unrighteous and not before the saints?

King James Bible
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If any of you has a legal dispute against another, do you dare go to court before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?

International Standard Version
When one of you has a complaint against another, does he dare to take the matter before those who are unrighteous and not before the saints?

NET Bible
When any of you has a legal dispute with another, does he dare go to court before the unrighteous rather than before the saints?

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Dare any of you, when he has a dispute with his brother, to judge before the evil and not before the holy?

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When one of you has a complaint against another, how dare you go to court to settle the matter in front of wicked people. Why don't you settle it in front of God's holy people?

Jubilee Bible 2000
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go unto judgment before the unjust, and not before the saints?

King James 2000 Bible
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

American King James Version
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

American Standard Version
Dare any of you, having a matter against his neighbor, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?

Douay-Rheims Bible
DARE any of you, having a matter against another, go to be judged before the unjust, and not before the saints ?

Darby Bible Translation
Dare any one of you, having a matter against another, prosecute his suit before the unjust, and not before the saints?

English Revised Version
Dare any of you, having a matter against his neighbour, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?

Webster's Bible Translation
Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

Weymouth New Testament
If one of you has a grievance against an opponent, does he dare to go to law before irreligious men and not before God's people?

World English Bible
Dare any of you, having a matter against his neighbor, go to law before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?

Young's Literal Translation
Dare any one of you, having a matter with the other, go to be judged before the unrighteous, and not before the saints?
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:1-8 Christians should not contend with one another, for they are brethren. This, if duly attended to, would prevent many law-suits, and end many quarrels and disputes. In matters of great damage to ourselves or families, we may use lawful means to right ourselves, but Christians should be of a forgiving temper. Refer the matters in dispute, rather than go to law about them. They are trifles, and may easily be settled, if you first conquer your own spirits. Bear and forbear, and the men of least skill among you may end your quarrels. It is a shame that little quarrels should grow to such a head among Christians, that they cannot be determined by the brethren. The peace of a man's own mind, and the calm of his neighbourhood, are worth more than victory. Lawsuits could not take place among brethren, unless there were faults among them.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 1-11. - Litigation before heathen courts forbidden. Verse 1. - Dare any of you? rather, Dare any one of you? It is in St. Paul's view an audacious defiance of Christian duties to seek from the heathen the justice due from brother to brother. A matter; some ground of civil dispute. Against another; i.e. against another Christian. When one of the litigants was a heathen, Christians were allowed to go before heathen law courts, because no other remedy was possible. Go to law before the unjust. The "unjust" is here used for "Gentiles," because it at once suggests a reason against the dereliction of Christian duty involved in such a step. How "unjust" the pagans were in the special sense of the word, the Christians of that day had daily opportunities of seeing; and in a more general sense, the Gentiles were "sinners" (Matthew 26:45). Even the Jews were bound to settle their civil disputes before their own tribunals. The ideal Jew was jashar, or "the upright man," and Jews could not consistently seek integrity from those who were not upright. A fortiori, Christians ought not to do so. Before the saints. All Christians were ideally "saints," just as the heathen were normally "unjust." If Christians went to law with one another before the heathen, they belied their profession of mutual love, caused scandal, and were almost necessarily tempted into compliance with heathen customs, even to the extent of recognizing idols. Our Lord had already laid down the rule that "brothers" ought to settle their quarrels among themselves (Matthew 18:15-17).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Dare any of you, having a matter against another,...., Any thing in difference, an action, cause, or suit. The apostle having dispatched the affair of the incestuous person, and blamed this church for their conduct therein: and having given them instructions what they should do, proceeds to lay before them another evil among them he had to complain of; which was, when any difference arose among them about their worldly concerns, they would

go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints; a method of proceeding condemned by the Jews, who would not suffer any causes of theirs to be tried before Gentiles, only before Israelites; their canon runs thus (u),

"he that tries a cause before the judges of the Gentiles, and before their tribunals, although their judgments are as the judgments of the Israelites, lo, this is an ungodly man; and it is as if he blasphemed and reproached, and lift up his hand against the law of Moses our master, as it is said, Exodus 21:1 now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them, , "and not before the Gentiles"; , "and not before idiots", private or illiterate men.''

They looked upon such an action as bad as profaning the name of God; hence they say (w),

"we must not try a cause in the courts of the Gentiles, for they come from the strength of judgment; this is Esau an hairy man, for they have no concord nor mercy--and he that comes before thee , "profanes the name of God", who is gracious and merciful, and honours the name of an idol--wherefore he that brings a cause before the Gentiles, is the occasion of spreading the property of judgment in the world----therefore let a cause be tried before the Israelites, for they are the secret of mercy, and not before the Gentiles, nor before idiots:''

they affirm (x) it to be a greater sin than murder, and that not only profanations of the name of God, but rapine and violence are comprehended in it; and that to give evidence in an Heathen court against an Israelite, deserves excommunication; for so it is said, (y).

"he that bears witness against an Israelite , "in the courts of the Gentiles", and by his testimony gets money from him, which is not according to the judgment of the Israelites, they excommunicate him until he repays it.''

Again (z).

"it is forbidden to order causes in the courts of (the rest of the nations) idolaters, for they have no part in the side of our faith.''

The apostle here dissuades from this practice, of going to law before Heathen magistrates, not only from its being an imprudent, but an impudent, "daring", rash and adventurous action; and seems surprised that any should attempt it, when it must unavoidably expose their weaknesses and faults to their enemies; nor could they expect justice to be done them by men of such a character, as "unjust", who neither feared God, nor regarded men; were not only destitute of righteousness, but filled with all unrighteousness, and had not so much as the principles of common justice and equity in them; when on the contrary, from the saints, men who have the principles of grace and holiness wrought in them, and live soberly, righteously, and godly, who have the fear of God before their eyes, and upon their hearts; they might reasonably conclude, were matters brought before them, they would be adjusted according to judgment and truth, without exposing the sin and weakness of any party to the world.

(u) Maimon. Hilch. Sanhedrin, c. 26. sect. 7. Vid. T. Bab. Gittin, fol. 38. 2.((w) R. Abraham Seba in Tzeror Hammor, fol. 80. 4. (x) R. Bechai in Kad Hakkemach, fol. 21. 4. apud Buxtorf, Lex. Talm. col. 1666. (y) Maimon. Talmud Tora, c. 6. sect. 14. (z) Zohar in Exod. fol. 103. 3.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

CHAPTER 6

1Co 6:1-11. Litigation of Christians in Heathen Courts Censured: Its Very Existence Betrays a Wrong Spirit: Better to Bear Wrong Now, and Hereafter the Doers of Wrong Shall Be Shut Out of Heaven.

1. Dare—This word implies treason against Christian brotherhood [Bengel].

before the unjust—The Gentile judges are here so termed by an epithet appropriate to the subject in question, namely, one concerning justice. Though all Gentiles were not altogether unjust, yet in the highest view of justice which has regard to God as the Supreme Judge, they are so: Christians, on the other hand, as regarding God as the only Fountain of justice, should not expect justice from them.

before … saints—The Jews abroad were permitted to refer their disputes to Jewish arbitrators [Josephus, Antiquities, 14.10,17]. So the Christians were allowed to have Christian arbitrators.

1 Corinthians 6:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
Settle Lawsuits among Believers
1Does any one of you, when he has a case against his neighbor, dare to go to law before the unrighteous and not before the saints? 2Or do you not know that the saints will judge the world? If the world is judged by you, are you not competent to constitute the smallest law courts?…
Cross References
Matthew 5:45
that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.

Matthew 18:17
If they still refuse to listen, tell it to the church; and if they refuse to listen even to the church, treat them as you would a pagan or a tax collector.

1 Corinthians 5:12
What business is it of mine to judge those outside the church? Are you not to judge those inside?

1 Corinthians 6:5
I say this to shame you. Is it possible that there is nobody among you wise enough to judge a dispute between believers?
Treasury of Scripture

Dare any of you, having a matter against another, go to law before the unjust, and not before the saints?

having.

Matthew 18:15-17 Moreover if your brother shall trespass against you, go and tell …

Acts 18:14,15 And when Paul was now about to open his mouth, Gallio said to the …

Acts 19:38 Why if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter …

go.

1 Corinthians 6:6,7 But brother goes to law with brother, and that before the unbelievers…

the saints.

1 Corinthians 1:2 To the church of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified …

1 Corinthians 14:33 For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches …

1 Corinthians 16:1,15 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order …

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