1 Chronicles 10:14
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
and did not inquire of the LORD. So the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

New Living Translation
instead of asking the LORD for guidance. So the LORD killed him and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

English Standard Version
He did not seek guidance from the LORD. Therefore the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.

New American Standard Bible
and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

King James Bible
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
but he did not inquire of the LORD. So the LORD put him to death and turned the kingdom over to David son of Jesse.

International Standard Version
and by not seeking counsel from the LORD, who therefore put him to death and turned the kingdom over to Jesse's son David.

NET Bible
He did not seek the LORD's guidance, so the LORD killed him and transferred the kingdom to David son of Jesse.

New Heart English Bible
and did not inquire of the LORD: therefore he killed him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
He didn't request information from the LORD. So the LORD killed him and turned the kingship over to David, Jesse's son.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and inquired not of the LORD; therefore He slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

New American Standard 1977
and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and not enquire of the LORD; therefore, he slew him and turned the kingdom unto David, the son of Jesse.

King James 2000 Bible
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom over to David the son of Jesse.

American King James Version
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

American Standard Version
and inquired not of Jehovah: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And trusted not is the Lord: therefore he slew him, and transferred his kingdom to David the son of Isai.

Darby Bible Translation
and he asked not counsel of Jehovah; therefore he slew him, and transferred the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

English Revised Version
and inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse.

Webster's Bible Translation
And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

World English Bible
and didn't inquire of Yahweh: therefore he killed him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

Young's Literal Translation
and he inquired not at Jehovah, and He putteth him to death, and turneth round the kingdom to David son of Jesse.
Study Bible
Jabesh-Gilead's Tribute to Saul
13So Saul died for his trespass which he committed against the LORD, because of the word of the LORD which he did not keep; and also because he asked counsel of a medium, making inquiry of it, 14and did not inquire of the LORD. Therefore He killed him and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.
Cross References
1 Samuel 15:28
So Samuel said to him, "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to your neighbor, who is better than you.

1 Samuel 28:6
When Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD did not answer him, either by dreams or by Urim or by prophets.

1 Chronicles 12:23
Now these are the numbers of the divisions equipped for war, who came to David at Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD.

1 Chronicles 17:13
"I will be his father and he shall be My son; and I will not take My lovingkindness away from him, as I took it from him who was before you.
Treasury of Scripture

And inquired not of the LORD: therefore he slew him, and turned the kingdom to David the son of Jesse.

enquired

Judges 10:11-16 And the LORD said to the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you …

1 Samuel 28:6 And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither …

Ezekiel 14:3-6 Son of man, these men have set up their idols in their heart, and …

he slew

Proverbs 17:13 Whoever rewards evil for good, evil shall not depart from his house.

Isaiah 10:7,15 However, he means not so, neither does his heart think so; but it …

turned

1 Samuel 13:14 But now your kingdom shall not continue: the LORD has sought him …

1 Samuel 15:28 And Samuel said to him, The LORD has rent the kingdom of Israel from …

1 Samuel 16:1,11-13 And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing …

1 Samuel 28:17 And the LORD has done to him, as he spoke by me: for the LORD has …

2 Samuel 3:9,10 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the LORD has sworn …

2 Samuel 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king …

Jesse [heb] Isai

(14) And enquired not of the Lord.--Saul had, in fact, enquired of Jehovah before resorting to the witch of En-dor, "but the Lord answered him not, neither by the dreams, nor by the Urim, nor by the prophets" (1Samuel 28:6). We shall not be reading a meaning of our own into the text if we say that Saul's natural impatience (1Samuel 13:13) on this occasion betrayed him again; he at once despaired of help from his God, instead of seeking it with self-humiliation and penitence. His character is consistently drawn throughout the history. The sin that ruined the first king was essentially that which led to the final ruin of the nation, viz., unfaithfulness to the covenant-God. The same word characterises both. (Comp. 1Chronicles 10:13 with 1Chronicles 5:25; 1Chronicles 9:1.)

Therefore he slew him.--God acts through the instrumentality of His creatures. In this case He employed the Philistines, and the suicidal hand of Saul himself; just as He employed the Assyrian conquerors of a later age to be the scourge of guilty peoples (Isaiah 10:5-15), and raised up Cyrus to be His servant, who should fulfil all His pleasure (Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1-13).

Turned the kingdom unto David.--By means of the warriors of Israel (1Chronicles 12:23). This sentence shows that 1 Chronicles 10 is transitional to the history of David as king.

Verse 14. - And inquired not of the Lord. Saul seems to have, in point of fact, inquired in some sense (1 Samuel 14:37; 1 Samuel 28:5, 6, 15). But the probable meaning is that he did not inquire in the first instance (see vers. 3, 4); and when he did inquire, he did not await the reply solely and exclusively of Jehovah. Therefore he slew him (so see 1 Chronicles 2:3). David the son of Jesse. The compiler, having heretofore given so scrupulously whatever of genealogical fact he could, is now careful to use it. And he identifies the future chief hero of his history as him who had already been instanced (1 Chronicles 2:15), "son of Jesse."



And inquired not of the Lord,.... For though he did inquire in some sense in an external, careless, and hypocritical manner, yet not done seriously, sincerely, and heartily, nor with constancy; it was accounted as if he inquired not at all, 1 Samuel 28:6 the Targum adds another reason of his death, because he killed the priests of Nob; but that is not in the text:

therefore he slew him; or suffered him to be slain:

and turned the kingdom unto David the son of Jesse; translated the kingdom of Israel out of Saul's family, upon his death, into Jesse's, even unto David; for the sake of which observation this short account is given of the last end of Saul. 14. And inquired not of the Lord—He had done so in form (1Sa 28:6), but not in the spirit of a humble penitent, nor with the believing confidence of a sincere worshipper. His enquiry was, in fact, a mere mockery, and his total want of all right religious impressions was manifested by his rushing from God to a wretched impostor in the service of the devil [1Sa 28:7]. 10:1-14 The death of Saul. - The design chiefly in view in these books of the Chronicles, appears to be to preserve the records of the house of David. Therefore the writer repeats not the history of Saul's reign, but only of his death, by which a way was made for David to the throne. And from the ruin of Saul, we may learn, 1. That the sin of sinners will certainly find them out, sooner or later; Saul died for his transgression. 2. That no man's greatness can exempt him from the judgments of God. 3. Disobedience is a killing thing. Saul died for not keeping the word of the Lord. May be delivered from unbelief, impatience, and despair. By waiting on the Lord we shall obtain a kingdom that cannot be moved.
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