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Smith's Bible Dictionary


Easton's Bible Dictionary

(1.) The flag or banner of the larger kind, serving for three tribes marching together. These standards, of which there were four, were worked with embroidery and beautifully ornamented (Numbers 1:52; 2:2, 3, 10, 18, 25; Cant. 2:4; 6:4, 10).

(2.) The flag borne by each separate tribe, of a smaller form. Probably it bore on it the name of the tribe to which it belonged, or some distinguishing device (Numbers 2:2, 34).

(3.) A lofty signal-flag, not carried about, but stationary. It was usually erected on a mountain or other lofty place. As soon as it was seen the war-trumpets were blown (Psalm 60:4; Isaiah 5:26; 11:12; 13:2; 18:3; 30:17; Jeremiah 4:6 21; Ezek. 27:7).

(4.) A "sign of fire" (Jeremiah 6:1) was sometimes used as a signal.

The banners and ensigns of the Roman army had idolatrous images upon them, and hence they are called the "abomination of desolation" (q.v.). The principal Roman standard, however, was an eagle. (See Matthew 24:28; Luke 17:37, where the Jewish nation is compared to a dead body, which the eagles gather together to devour.)

God's setting up or giving a banner (Psalm 20:5; 60:4; Cant. 2:4) imports his presence and protection and aid extended to his people.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A kind of flag attached to a spear or pike by a crosspiece, and used by a chief as his standard in battle.

2. (n.) A large piece of silk or other cloth, with a device or motto, extended on a crosspiece, and borne in a procession, or suspended in some conspicuous place.

3. (n.) Any flag or standard; as, the star-spangled banner.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

ban'-er (ENSIGN, STANDARDS): The English word "banner" is from banderia, Low Latin, meaning a banner (compare bandum, Latin, which meant first a "band," an organized military troop, and then a "flag"). It has come to mean a flag, or standard, carried at the head of a military band or body, to indicate the line of march, or the rallying point, and it is now applied, in its more extended significance, to royal, national, or ecclesiastical "banners" also. We find it applied sometimes to a streamer on the end of a lance, such as is used by the Arab sheik today. "Banner" occurs in the following significant Old Testament passages:

(1) in the singular, "Lift ye up a banner upon the high mountain" (Isaiah 13:2 the King James Version); "a banner to them that fear thee" (Psalm 60:4); and

(2) in the plur., "In the name of our God we will set up our banner" (Psalm 20:5); "terrible as an army with banner" (Songs 6:4).

1. Military Ensigns among the Hebrews:

The Hebrews, it would seem, like the Assyrians, the Egyptians, and other ancient nations, had military ensigns. As bearing upon this question, a very significant passage is that found in Numbers 2:2: "The children of Israel shall encamp every man by his own standard, with the ensigns of their fathers' houses." "Standard-bearer" in Isaiah 10:18 the King James Version, "They shall be as when a standard-bearer fainteth," is not a case in point, but is to be rendered as in the Revised Version, margin, "as when a si ck man pineth away."

In this noted passage a distinction seems intentionally made (another view is held by some) between "the ensigns of their fathers' houses" (literally, "signs"; compare Psalm 74:4, where the reference is thought by some today to be to the standards of Antiochus' army), and "the standards" of the four great divisions of the Hebrew tribes in the wilderness (compare the "banner" of Songs 2:4 and Songs 6:4, 10).

2. A Distinction with a Difference:

The relation of these to the "standard" of Numbers 21:8 f (Hebrew nec, the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) "standard") is by no means clear. The word nec, here translated "standard," seems to have meant at first a pole set up on an eminence as a signal for mustering troops (compare "mast" Isaiah 30:17 the English Revised Version, margin). But it occurs frequently in the prophets both in this literal and original sense, and in the figurative or derived sense of a rallying point for God's people (see Isaiah 5:26; Isaiah 11:10 Jeremiah 4:21 and elsewhere). Here the rendering in English Versions of the Bible alternates between "ensign" and "banner" (see HDB, 1-vol, article "Banner").

George B. Eager

Strong's Hebrew
1714. degel -- a standard, banner
... 1713b, 1714. degel. 1715 . a standard, banner. Transliteration: degel Phonetic
Spelling: (deh'-gel) Short Definition: standard. ... banner, standard. ...
/hebrew/1714.htm - 6k

1713b. dagal -- to carry or set up a standard or banner
... 1713a, 1713b. dagal. 1714 . to carry or set up a standard or banner.
Transliteration: dagal Short Definition: banners. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/1713b.htm - 5k

5251. nes -- a standard, ensign, signal, sign
... Word Origin from nasas Definition a standard, ensign, signal, sign NASB Word Usage
banner (2), distinguishing mark (1), sail (1), signal (4), standard (12 ...
/hebrew/5251.htm - 6k

3071. Yhvh Nissi -- Jehovah-nissi
... From Yhovah and nec with the prononimal suffix; Jehovah (is) my banner;
Jehovah-Nissi, a symbolical name of an altar in the Desert -- Jehovah-nissi. ...
/hebrew/3071.htm - 6k


Beneath his Banner
... HYMNS BENEATH HIS BANNER. "Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son
of Jesse.""1 Chronicles 12:18. Mechthild of Hellfde, 1277. ...
/.../bevan/hymns of ter steegen and others second series/beneath his banner.htm

Fling Out the Banner! Let it Float
... V. THE CHURCH Missions 482. Fling out the banner! let it float. LM ... John Baptiste
Calkin, 1872. George W. Doane, 1848. Fling out the banner! let it float. ...
/.../missions 482 fling out the.htm

Jehovah-Nissi, the Lord My Banner. Ex 17:15
... EXODUS Hymn 17 JEHOVAH-NISSI, The Lord my banner. Ex 17:15. William Cowper
6,6,6,6,8,8. JEHOVAH-NISSI, The Lord my banner. Ex 17:15. By whom was David taught,. ...
// hymns/hymn 17 jehovah-nissi the lord.htm

Brightly Gleams Our Banner
... PROCESSIONALS Processionals 529. Brightly gleams our banner. 6.5., 12 lines
[2078]Sion: ... Thomas J. Potter, 1860. Brightly gleams our banner,. Pointing to the ...
/.../processionals 529 brightly gleams our.htm

Missionary Chant. LM
... 452 Missionary Chant. LM. The Gospel Banner. (1027) Fling out the banner!
let it float Skyward and seaward, high and wide, The sun ...
/.../ otterbein hymnal/452 missionary chant l m.htm

Jehovah Nissi
... THE BOOK OF EXODUS JEHOVAH NISSI. 'And Moses built an altar, and called the name
of it Jehovah Nissi [that is, the Lord is my Banner].' "Exodus 17:15. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture k/jehovah nissi.htm

Condemned to be Shot.
... And so God says, "Come under my banner, come under the banner of love, come under
the banner of heaven." God will take care of all that will come under His ...
/.../moody/moodys anecdotes and illustrations/condemned to be shot.htm

Index of Tunes.
INNSBRUCK, 91 IT IS WELL, 440 (See Index of Hymns). JAZER ...
/.../brown/the story of the hymns and tunes/index of tunes.htm

Entire Sanctification a Necessity.
... multitudes, and give them the desire of their hearts by saving them to the uttermost,
and may their numbers be vastly increased, so that the banner of Christ's ...
/.../clark/the theology of holiness/chapter i entire sanctification a.htm

... 1. Portrait of J. Hudson Taylor Frontispiece 2. The "Lammermuir" party Facing "Contents"
PAGE 3. Honorary banner presented to a missionary 1 4. A heavy road in ...
// retrospect/illustrations.htm

Banner (20 Occurrences)
... (1.) The flag or banner of the larger kind, serving for three tribes marching together. ...
God's setting up or giving a banner (Psalm 20:5; 60:4; Cant. ...
/b/banner.htm - 18k

Ensign (21 Occurrences)
... In Cant. 2:4 it is rendered "banner." We have no definite information as to the
nature of these military standards. (see BANNER.). Noah Webster's Dictionary. ...
/e/ensign.htm - 15k

Jehovahnissi (1 Occurrence)
... Jehovah my banner, the title given by Moses to the altar which he erected on the
hill on the top of which he stood with uplifted hands while Israel prevailed ...
/j/jehovahnissi.htm - 7k

Jehovah-nissi (1 Occurrence)
... Jehovah my banner, the title given by Moses to the altar which he erected on the
hill on the top of which he stood with uplifted hands while Israel prevailed ...
/j/jehovah-nissi.htm - 7k

Standard (42 Occurrences)
... 1. (n.) A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign. ... 6.
(n.) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla. ...
/s/standard.htm - 21k

Beacon (3 Occurrences)
... Isaiah 30:17). In Isaiah 33:23 and Ezek. 27:5, the same word is rendered
"mast." (see Banner.). Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) A ...
/b/beacon.htm - 8k

Unfurled (1 Occurrence)
... Unfurled (1 Occurrence). Psalms 60:4 You have given a banner to those who fear you,
that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah. (See NIV). ...
/u/unfurled.htm - 6k

Outcasts (13 Occurrences)
... Isaiah 11:12 He will set up a banner for the nations, and will assemble the outcasts
of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four ...
/o/outcasts.htm - 10k

Whistle (3 Occurrences)
... Whistle (3 Occurrences). Isaiah 5:26 He will lift up a banner to the nations from
far, and he will whistle for them from the end of the earth. ...
/w/whistle.htm - 9k

Flag (30 Occurrences)
... to indicate nationality, party, etc., or to give or ask information; -- commonly
attached to a staff to be waved by the wind; a standard; a banner; an ensign ...
/f/flag.htm - 18k

Banner (20 Occurrences)

Exodus 17:15
Moses built an altar, and called its name Yahweh our Banner.

Exodus 17:16
He said, "Yah has sworn:'Yahweh will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.'"
(See RSV)

Psalms 20:5
We will triumph in your salvation. In the name of our God, we will set up our banners. May Yahweh grant all your requests.

Psalms 60:4
You have given a banner to those who fear you, that it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah.

Song of Songs 2:4
He brought me to the banquet hall. His banner over me is love.

Isaiah 5:26
He will lift up a banner to the nations from far, and he will whistle for them from the end of the earth. Behold, they will come speedily and swiftly.

Isaiah 11:10
It will happen in that day that the nations will seek the root of Jesse, who stands as a banner of the peoples; and his resting place will be glorious.

Isaiah 11:12
He will set up a banner for the nations, and will assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.

Isaiah 13:2
Set up a banner on the bare mountain! Lift up your voice to them! Wave your hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles.

Isaiah 18:3
All you inhabitants of the world, and you dwellers on the earth, when a banner is lifted up on the mountains, look! When the trumpet is blown, listen!

Isaiah 30:17
One thousand will flee at the threat of one. At the threat of five, you will flee until you are left like a beacon on the top of a mountain, and like a banner on a hill.

Isaiah 31:9
His rock will pass away by reason of terror, and his princes will be afraid of the banner," says Yahweh, whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in Jerusalem.

Isaiah 49:22
Thus says the Lord Yahweh, "Behold, I will lift up my hand to the nations, and set up my banner to the peoples; and they shall bring your sons in their bosom, and your daughters shall be carried on their shoulders.

Isaiah 59:19
And they shall fear the name of Jehovah from the west, and from the rising of the sun, his glory. When the adversary shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of Jehovah will lift up a banner against him.

Isaiah 62:10
Go through, go through the gates! Prepare the way of the people! Cast up, cast up the highway! Gather out the stones! Lift up a banner for the peoples.

Jeremiah 4:6
Set up a banner toward Zion; take to flight, stay not! For I am bringing evil from the north, and a great destruction.

Jeremiah 50:2
Declare ye among the nations, and publish, and lift up a banner; publish, conceal not! Say, Babylon is taken, Bel is put to shame, Merodach is dismayed: her images are put to shame, her idols are dismayed.

Jeremiah 51:12
Lift up a banner towards the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set the watchmen, prepare the ambushes; for Jehovah hath both devised and done that which he spoke against the inhabitants of Babylon.

Jeremiah 51:27
Lift up a banner in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare nations against her; call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the bristly caterpillars.

Ezekiel 27:7
Of fine linen with embroidered work from Egypt was your sail, that it might be to you for a banner; blue and purple from the islands of Elishah was your awning.



Related Terms

Ensign (21 Occurrences)

Jehovahnissi (1 Occurrence)

Jehovah-nissi (1 Occurrence)

Standard (42 Occurrences)

Beacon (3 Occurrences)

Unfurled (1 Occurrence)

Outcasts (13 Occurrences)

Whistle (3 Occurrences)

Flag (30 Occurrences)

Threat (7 Occurrences)

Rapidly (7 Occurrences)

Rally (3 Occurrences)

Elishah (3 Occurrences)

Displayed (18 Occurrences)

Distinguishing (6 Occurrences)

Dwellers (12 Occurrences)

Pavilion (11 Occurrences)

Bannered (2 Occurrences)

Bristly (1 Occurrence)

Banqueting (6 Occurrences)

Banqueting-house (1 Occurrence)

Broidered (9 Occurrences)

Banned (2 Occurrences)

Caterpillars (4 Occurrences)

Army (401 Occurrences)

Awning (1 Occurrence)


Swiftly (15 Occurrences)

Sign (181 Occurrences)

Dispersed (28 Occurrences)

Swift (35 Occurrences)

Blown (30 Occurrences)

Embroidered (26 Occurrences)

Coastlands (29 Occurrences)

Lightly (31 Occurrences)

Islands (32 Occurrences)

Speed (22 Occurrences)

Hang (37 Occurrences)

Speedily (38 Occurrences)

Warfare (18 Occurrences)

Furnace (35 Occurrences)

Selah (76 Occurrences)

Byssus (40 Occurrences)

Shoulders (38 Occurrences)

Sail (32 Occurrences)

Shake (68 Occurrences)

War (529 Occurrences)

Corners (56 Occurrences)

Built (299 Occurrences)

Sing (147 Occurrences)

Exalt (56 Occurrences)

Coasts (58 Occurrences)

Assemble (77 Occurrences)

Bosom (47 Occurrences)

Root (54 Occurrences)

Afar (98 Occurrences)

Glorious (91 Occurrences)

Nobles (71 Occurrences)

Trumpet (74 Occurrences)

Blue (51 Occurrences)

Purple (54 Occurrences)

Serving (85 Occurrences)

Wave (65 Occurrences)

Terror (137 Occurrences)


Standard-bearer (1 Occurrence)

Standards (14 Occurrences)

Stands (111 Occurrences)

Resting (117 Occurrences)

Adversary (100 Occurrences)

Jesse (45 Occurrences)

Banquet (58 Occurrences)

Highway (27 Occurrences)

Zion (169 Occurrences)

Hall (30 Occurrences)

Altar (343 Occurrences)

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