Armor Arms
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Armor Arms

The subject naturally divides itself into-- I. Offensive weapons: Arms. II. Defensive weapons: Armor. I. Offensive weapons. --

  1. Apparently the earliest known and most widely used was the Chereb or SWORD. Very little can be gathered as to its shape, size, material or mode of use. Perhaps if anything is to be inferred it is that the Chereb is both a lighter and a shorter weapon than the modern sword. It was carried in a sheath, (1 Samuel 17:51; 2 Samuel 20:8; 1 Chronicles 21:27) slung by a girdle, (1 Samuel 25:13) and resting upon the thigh, (Psalms 45:3; Judges 3:16) or upon the hips. (2 Samuel 20:8)
  2. Next we have the SPEAR; and of this weapon we meet with at least three distinct kinds. A. The Chanith , a "spear," and that of the largest kind. It was the weapon of Goliath, (1 Samuel 17:7,45; 2 Samuel 21:19; 1 Chronicles 20:5) and also of other giants, (2 Samuel 23:21; 1 Chronicles 11:23) and mighty warriors. (2 Samuel 2:23; 23:18; 1 Chronicles 11:11,20) b. Apparently lighter than the preceding was the Cidon or "javelin." When not in action the Cidon was carried on the back of the warrior, (1 Samuel 17:6) Authorized Version "target." c. Another kind of spear was the Romach . In the historical books it occurs in (Numbers 25:7) and 1Kin 18:28 And frequently in the later books, as in (1 Chronicles 12:8) ("buckler"); (2 Chronicles 11:12) (It varied much in length, weight and size.) d. The Shelach was probably a lighter missile or "dart." see (2 Chronicles 23:10; 32:5) ("darts"); (Nehemiah 4:17,23) (see margin); (Job 33:18; 36:12; Joel 2:8) e. Shebet , a rod or staff, is used once only to denote a weapon. (2 Samuel 18:14)
  3. Of missile weapons of offence the chief was undoubtedly the BOW, Kesheth . The ARROWS were carried in a quiver. (Genesis 27:3; Isaiah 22:6; 49:2; Psalms 127:5) From an allusion in Job 6:4 they would seem to have been some times poisoned; and (Psalms 120:4) may point to a practice of using arrows with some burning material attached to them.
  4. The SLING is first mentioned in (Judges 20:16) This simple weapon, with which David killed the giant Philistine, was the natural attendant of a shepherd. Later in the monarchy, slingers formed part of the regular army. (2 Kings 3:25)
  5. The BATTLE AXE, (Jeremiah 51:20) a powerful weapon of whose exact form we have no knowledge. II. Armor. --
  6. The BREASTPLATE, enumerated in the description of the arms of Goliath, a "coat of mail," literally a "breastplate of scales." (1 Samuel 17:5) This word has furnished one of the names of Mount Hermon. See (3:9)
  7. The HABERGEON is mentioned but twice--in reference to the gown of the high priest. (Exodus 28:32; 39:28) It was probably a quilted shirt or doublet.
  8. The HELMET is referred to in (1 Samuel 17:5; 2 Chronicles 26:14; Ezekiel 27:10)
  9. (GREAVES) or defences for the feet, made of brass, are named in (1 Samuel 17:6) only.
  10. Two kinds of SHIELD are distinguishable. A. The large shield; encompassing, (Psalms 6:12) the whole person. When not in actual conflict it was carried before the warrior. (1 Samuel 17:7,41) b. Of smaller dimensions was the buckler or target, probably for use in hand-to-hand fight. (1 Kings 10:16; 2 Chronicles 9:15,16)
Greek
3696. hoplon -- a tool, implement, weapon
... an instrument, arms, weapons Definition: an instrument; plur: arms, weapons. ... word
Definition a tool, implement, weapon NASB Word Usage armor (1), instruments (2 ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3696.htm - 7k

831. authenteo -- to govern, exercise authority
... 831 (from 846 , "self" and , "arms, armor") -- properly, to , ie acting
as an -- literally, -appointed (acting without submission). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/831.htm - 6k

Library

Jonathan's Brave Deed
... But Saul sounded a call to arms throughout all the land, saying, "Let the Hebrews
hear ... the son of Saul said to the young man who carried his armor, "Come, let ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/jonathans brave deed.htm

Placidus Attempts to Take Jotapata and is Beaten Off. Vespasian ...
... followed ten out of every hundred, carrying along with them their arms, and what
was ... of the whole army, being both footmen, and those in their armor also, with ...
/.../chapter 6 placidus attempts to.htm

The Idumeans Being Sent for by the Zealots, came Immediately to ...
... to do this so suddenly; because certainly you would not take on your armor on the ...
And now you Idumeans are come hither already with your arms, it is your duty ...
/.../chapter 4 the idumeans being.htm

Rom. xiii. 11
... Yet fear not at hearing of array and arms. For in the case of the visible
suit of armor, to put it on is a heavy and abhorred task. ...
/.../chrysostom/homilies on acts and romans/homily xxiv rom xiii 11.htm

The House of Offense
... "On the day that you came into Jerusalem, Titus, as a display of amicable intentions,
rode up to the walls without arms or armor, trusting to the Jews ...
//christianbookshelf.org/miller/the city of delight/chapter xi the house of.htm

Travel. A Personal Experience.
... array from the time of Edward I, 1272, down to that of James II, 1688." In glass
cases, and in forms of trophies on the walls, we find arms and armor of the ...
/.../ix travel a personal experience.htm

A New Pretender
... There was a clatter of arms and several men in Jewish armor rushed through
the chamber from the passage that led in from the Temple. ...
/.../miller/the city of delight/chapter xiii a new pretender.htm

How Titus Marched to Jerusalem, and How He was in Danger as He was ...
... one another when they were gotten together, and took their armor immediately, and
ran ... and on that account had in great measure laid aside their arms; for they ...
/.../chapter 2 how titus marched.htm

The Fulfilment
... the corner of the Old Wall in time to behold Jews in armor and Romans ... Feeble arms
clasped the Christian about the knees and he looked down on the tangled white ...
/.../miller/the city of delight/chapter xxiii the fulfilment.htm

Imperial Caesar
... The ten in brazen armor threw themselves from their horses with the enthusiasm of
boys and spread a panic of whooping and of waving arms about the startled ...
/.../miller/the city of delight/chapter vii imperial caesar.htm



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