Appetite
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The desire for some personal gratification, either of the body or of the mind.

2. (n.) Desire for, or relish of, food or drink; hunger.

3. (n.) Any strong desire; an eagerness or longing.

4. (n.) Tendency; appetency.

5. (n.) The thing desired.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
APPETITE

ap'-e-tit (chai, nephesh): This word occurs four times in Old Testament text and once in the King James Version margin. Once (Job 38:39) it is a translation of chai, "life"; "Canst thou. satisfy the appetite (life) of the young lions?" Twice (Proverbs 23:2 Ecclesiastes 6:7; also Isaiah 56:11, the King James Version margin) it is a translation of nephesh: Proverbs 23:2, ba`al nephesh "a man given to appetite"; Ecclesiastes 6:7, "the nephesh is not filled." In Isaiah 56:11, "strong of nephesh" is translated "greedy." Nephesh means originally "breath," hence "the soul," psuche, "the vital principle," "life"; therefore in certain expressions referring to the sustaining of life the nephesh hungers (Proverbs 10:3), thirsts (Proverbs 25:25), fasts (Psalm 69:10). Nephesh then comes to mean the seat of the senses, affections, emotions, and to it is ascribed love, joy, desire (compare Deuteronomy 12:20 Proverbs 6:30 the Revised Version, margin; Micah 7:1, where the nephesh "desires"). The idea of desire or appetite of the nephesh may include all forms of longing; e.g. lust (Jeremiah 2:24; "her desire" is literally "the desire of her nephesh"), the appetite for revenge (Psalm 41:2, "the will of his enemies" is literally "the nephesh," etc.). The next step is to identify the nephesh with its desire, hence in the cases above nephesh is translated "appetite." In the 4th case (Isaiah 29:8) "His soul hath appetite" is a free translation of naphsho shoqeqah, literally "His soul runneth to and fro."

S. F. Hunter

Greek
3552. noseo -- to be sick
... dote. From nosos; to be sick, ie (by implication, of a diseased appetite) to hanker
after (figuratively, to harp upon) -- dote. see GREEK nosos. 3551, 3552. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3552.htm - 6k

3715. orexis -- desire, longing
... of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: orexis Phonetic Spelling: (or'-ex-is)
Short Definition: strong desire, lust Definition: strong desire, lust, appetite ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3715.htm - 6k

2237. hedone -- pleasure
... to the () . 2237 ("satisfaction of physical appetite") has a strong , generally
referring to pleasure that is made an . That is, the ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2237.htm - 7k

2719. katesthio -- to eat up
... 2068 , "eat") -- properly, eat all the way ; (figuratively) devour, leaving nothing;
consume all the way , ie with a rapacious, voracious appetite -- leaving ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2719.htm - 8k

2836. koilia -- belly
... Word Origin from koilos (hollow) Definition belly NASB Word Usage appetite (1),
appetites (1), belly (1), innermost being (1), stomach (7), womb (11), wombs (1 ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2836.htm - 6k

776. asitia -- abstinence from food
... abstinence, a fast Definition: either: lack or wheat, lack of food (the literal
meaning), or: abstinence from food, a fast, loss of appetite, sea-sickness (the ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/776.htm - 6k

1468. egkrates -- strong, master of, self-controlled
... temperate. From en and kratos; strong in a thing (masterful), ie (figuratively and
reflexively) self-controlled (in appetite, etc.) -- temperate. see GREEK en. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1468.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
5315. nephesh -- a soul, living being, life, self, person, desire ...
... a soul, living being, life, self, person, desire, passion, appetite, emotion.
Transliteration: nephesh Phonetic Spelling: (neh'-fesh) Short Definition: soul. ...
/hebrew/5315.htm - 7k

8264. shaqaq -- to run, run about, rush
... have appetite, long, range, run to and fro. A primitive root; to course
(like a beast of prey); by implication, to seek greedily ...
/hebrew/8264.htm - 6k

2416. chay -- alive, living
... Definition: age. age, alive, appetite, wild beast, company, congregation,
lifetime, lively, From chayah; alive; hence, raw (flesh ...
/hebrew/2416.htm - 6k

2421b. chayyah -- living thing, animal
... Word Origin from chayah Definition living thing, animal NASB Word Usage animals
(2), appetite (1), beast (27), beasts (43), creature (2), creatures (3), life (9 ...
/hebrew/2421b.htm - 5k

Library

Spiritual Appetite
... Spiritual Appetite. A Sermon (No.1227) delivered ... It is a great blessing when
food and appetite meet together. Some have appetite and no ...
//christianbookshelf.org/spurgeon/sermons on proverbs/spiritual appetite.htm

Whether the Act of the Sensitive Appetite is Commanded?
... OF THE ACTS COMMANDED BY THE WILL (NINE ARTICLES) Whether the act of the sensitive
appetite is commanded? ... But to lust is an act of the sensitive appetite. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether the act of the 3.htm

Whether Delight is in the Intellectual Appetite?
... OF DELIGHT CONSIDERED IN ITSELF [*Or, Pleasure] (EIGHT ARTICLES) Whether
delight is in the intellectual appetite? Objection 1: It ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether delight is in the.htm

Whether Passion is in the Sensitive Appetite Rather than in the ...
... TREATISE ON THE PASSIONS (QQ -48)OF THE SUBJECT OF THE SOUL'S PASSIONS (THREE ARTICLES)
Whether passion is in the sensitive appetite rather than in the ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether passion is in the 2.htm

Whether the Appetite is a Special Power of the Soul?
... OF THE APPETITIVE POWERS IN GENERAL (TWO ARTICLES) Whether the appetite
is a special power of the soul? Objection 1: It would seem ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether the appetite is a.htm

Whether the Sensitive Appetite is Divided into the Irascible and ...
... OF THE POWER OF SENSUALITY (THREE ARTICLES) Whether the sensitive appetite is
divided into the irascible and concupiscible as distinct powers? ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether the sensitive appetite is.htm

Whether Concupiscence is in the Sensitive Appetite Only?
... OF CONCUPISCENCE (FOUR ARTICLES) Whether concupiscence is in the sensitive appetite
only? ... Therefore concupiscence is not only in the sensitive appetite. ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether concupiscence is in the.htm

Whether Humility Has to do with the Appetite?
... OF HUMILITY (SIX ARTICLES) Whether humility has to do with the appetite?
Objection 1: It would seem that humility concerns, not ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether humility has to do.htm

Whether the Will is Moved by a Passion of the Senstive Appetite?
... OF THE CAUSE OF SIN, ON THE PART OF THE SENSITIVE APPETITE (EIGHT ARTICLES) Whether
the will is moved by a passion of the senstive appetite? ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether the will is moved 11.htm

Whether There is an Irascible and a Concupiscible Appetite in the ...
... THE WILL OF THE ANGELS (FOUR ARTICLES) Whether there is an irascible and
a concupiscible appetite in the angels? Objection 1: It ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether there is an irascible.htm

Thesaurus
Appetite (22 Occurrences)
... Standard Bible Encyclopedia. APPETITE. ap'-e-tit (chai, nephesh): This word occurs
four times in Old Testament text and once in the King James Version margin. ...
/a/appetite.htm - 15k

Lust (42 Occurrences)
... 3. (n.) Longing desire; eagerness to possess or enjoy; -- in a had sense; as,
the lust of gain. 4. (n.) Licentious craving; sexual appetite. ...
/l/lust.htm - 24k

Relish (1 Occurrence)
... 5. (n.) Savor; quality; characteristic tinge. 6. (n.) A taste for; liking;
appetite; fondness. 7. (n.) That which is used to impart ...
/r/relish.htm - 7k

Satisfy (32 Occurrences)
... Deuteronomy 23:24 When thou comest into thy neighbor's vineyard, then thou mayest
satisfy thy appetite with grapes at thy own pleasure; but thou shalt not put ...
/s/satisfy.htm - 16k

Satiate (3 Occurrences)
... 1. (vt) To satisfy the appetite or desire of; to feed to the full; to furnish enjoyment
to, to the extent of desire; to sate; as, to satiate appetite or sense. ...
/s/satiate.htm - 7k

Stomach (40 Occurrences)
... See Gastric. 2. (n.) The desire for food caused by hunger; appetite; as, a good
stomach for roast beef. 3. (n.) Hence appetite in general; inclination; desire. ...
/s/stomach.htm - 19k

Keen (3 Occurrences)
... 5. (superl.) Eager; vehement; fierce; as, a keen appetite. 6. (vt) To sharpen; to
make cold. 7. (n.) A prolonged wail for a deceased person. Cf. Coranach. ...
/k/keen.htm - 8k

Knife (10 Occurrences)
... (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV). Proverbs 23:2 put a knife
to your throat, if you are a man given to appetite. (WEB ...
/k/knife.htm - 13k

Kibroth-hattaavah (5 Occurrences)
... An answer came. God sent "a prodigious flight of quails, on which the people
satiated their gluttonous appetite for a full month. ...
/k/kibroth-hattaavah.htm - 10k

Kibrothhattaavah (5 Occurrences)
... An answer came. God sent "a prodigious flight of quails, on which the people
satiated their gluttonous appetite for a full month. ...
/k/kibrothhattaavah.htm - 10k

Concordance
Appetite (22 Occurrences)

Philippians 3:19
whose end is destruction, whose god is the belly, and whose glory is in their shame, who think about earthly things.
(See NAS)

Numbers 11:6
but now we have lost our appetite. There is nothing at all except this manna to look at."
(WEB NAS NIV)

Deuteronomy 14:26
and you shall bestow the money for whatever your soul desires, for cattle, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatever your soul asks of you; and you shall eat there before Yahweh your God, and you shall rejoice, you and your household.
(See RSV)

Deuteronomy 23:24
When thou comest into thy neighbor's vineyard, then thou mayest satisfy thy appetite with grapes at thy own pleasure; but thou shalt not put any in thy vessel.
(WBS)

Job 6:7
My soul refuses to touch them. They are as loathsome food to me.
(See RSV)

Job 33:20
So that his life abhors bread, and his soul dainty food.
(See RSV)

Job 38:39
"Can you hunt the prey for the lioness, or satisfy the appetite of the young lions,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)

Proverbs 6:30
Men do not have a low opinion of a thief who takes food when he is in need of it:
(See RSV)

Proverbs 13:25
The upright man has food to the full measure of his desire, but there will be no food for the stomach of evil-doers.
(See NAS RSV)

Proverbs 16:26
The appetite of the laboring man labors for him; for his mouth urges him on.
(WEB ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)

Proverbs 23:2
put a knife to your throat, if you are a man given to appetite.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

Ecclesiastes 2:3
I have sought in my heart to draw out with wine my appetite, (and my heart leading in wisdom), and to take hold on folly till that I see where 'is' this -- the good to the sons of man of that which they do under the heavens, the number of the days of their lives.
(YLT)

Ecclesiastes 6:7
All the labor of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)

Ecclesiastes 6:9
What the eyes see is better than the wandering of desire. This is to no purpose and a desire for wind.
(See NIV)

Isaiah 5:14
For this cause the underworld has made wide its throat, opening its mouth without limit: and her glory, and the noise of her masses, and her loud-voiced feasters, will go down into it.
(See RSV NIV)

Isaiah 29:8
It shall even be as when an hungry man dreameth, and, behold, he eateth; but he awaketh, and his soul is empty: or as when a thirsty man dreameth, and, behold, he drinketh; but he awaketh, and, behold, he is faint, and his soul hath appetite: so shall the multitude of all the nations be, that fight against mount Zion.
(KJV JPS ASV WBS)

Isaiah 56:11
Yes, the dogs are for ever looking for food; while these, the keepers of the sheep, are without wisdom: they have all gone after their pleasure, every one looking for profit; they are all the same.
(See RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 50:19
I will bring Israel again to his pasture, and he shall feed on Carmel and Bashan, and his soul shall be satisfied on the hills of Ephraim and in Gilead.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 7:19
They shall cast their silver in the streets, and their gold shall be as an unclean thing; their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of Yahweh: they shall not satisfy their souls, neither fill their bowels; because it has been the stumbling block of their iniquity.
(See NAS)

Ezekiel 16:26
And dost go a-whoring unto sons of Egypt, Thy neighbours -- great of appetite! And thou dost multiply thy whoredoms, To provoke Me to anger.
(YLT)

Hosea 9:4
They won't pour out wine offerings to Yahweh, neither will they be pleasing to him. Their sacrifices will be to them like the bread of mourners; all who eat of it will be polluted; for their bread will be for their appetite. It will not come into the house of Yahweh.
(WEB JPS ASV)

Habakkuk 2:5
Yes, moreover, wine is treacherous. A haughty man who doesn't stay at home, who enlarges his desire as Sheol, and he is like death, and can't be satisfied, but gathers to himself all nations, and heaps to himself all peoples.
(See NAS)

Subtopics

Appetite

Appetite: Kept in Subjection

Related Terms

Lust (42 Occurrences)

Relish (1 Occurrence)

Satisfy (32 Occurrences)

Satiate (3 Occurrences)

Stomach (40 Occurrences)

Keen (3 Occurrences)

Knife (10 Occurrences)

Kibroth-hattaavah (5 Occurrences)

Kibrothhattaavah (5 Occurrences)

Urges (1 Occurrence)

Urgeth (2 Occurrences)

Laboring (8 Occurrences)

Laboreth (8 Occurrences)

Labors (27 Occurrences)

Longing (40 Occurrences)

Lioness (13 Occurrences)

Labouring (18 Occurrences)

Labourer (8 Occurrences)

Gratify (5 Occurrences)

Gratification (2 Occurrences)

Gluttonous (4 Occurrences)

Gluttony (2 Occurrences)

Greedy (24 Occurrences)

Wine-offerings (1 Occurrence)

Whet (5 Occurrences)

Insatiable (3 Occurrences)

Intemperance (1 Occurrence)

Inflame (3 Occurrences)

Incontinent (1 Occurrence)

Impulse (18 Occurrences)

Fever (13 Occurrences)

Faint (76 Occurrences)

Fasting (34 Occurrences)

Feed (117 Occurrences)

Throat (13 Occurrences)

Ravenous (11 Occurrences)

Rank (42 Occurrences)

Rapacious (3 Occurrences)

Excess (20 Occurrences)

Esau (89 Occurrences)

Desire (565 Occurrences)

Dreameth (6 Occurrences)

Dainty (7 Occurrences)

Dainties (14 Occurrences)

Meats (9 Occurrences)

Mad (22 Occurrences)

Maw (2 Occurrences)

Mourners (13 Occurrences)

Meal (288 Occurrences)

Pride (277 Occurrences)

Promiscuity (6 Occurrences)

Pamper (1 Occurrence)

Pacify (4 Occurrences)

Belly (62 Occurrences)

Booty (32 Occurrences)

Blunt (2 Occurrences)

Crave (9 Occurrences)

Compelleth (2 Occurrences)

Continency (1 Occurrence)

Assuage (1 Occurrence)

Abstinence (2 Occurrences)

Awakens (4 Occurrences)

Athirst (6 Occurrences)

Awaketh (11 Occurrences)

Appetites (3 Occurrences)

Appertains (2 Occurrences)

Soul (554 Occurrences)

Stroke (26 Occurrences)

Sharp (115 Occurrences)

Sensual (8 Occurrences)

Satiety (12 Occurrences)

Multiplying (23 Occurrences)

Thereto (26 Occurrences)

A-whoring (35 Occurrences)

Body (562 Occurrences)

Drinketh (33 Occurrences)

Fast (157 Occurrences)

Hunger (52 Occurrences)

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