Deuteronomy 25:9
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
5066 [e]וְנִגְּשָׁ֨ה
wə-nig-gə-šāh
Then shall comeConj-w | V-Nifal-ConjPerf-3fs
2994 [e]יְבִמְתּ֣וֹ
yə-ḇim-tōw
his brother's widowN-fsc | 3ms
413 [e]אֵלָיו֮
’ê-lāw
to himPrep | 3ms
5869 [e]לְעֵינֵ֣י
lə-‘ê-nê
in the presencePrep-l | N-cdc
2205 [e]הַזְּקֵנִים֒
haz-zə-qê-nîm
of the eldersArt | Adj-mp
2502 [e]וְחָלְצָ֤ה
wə-ḥā-lə-ṣāh
and removeConj-w | V-Qal-ConjPerf-3fs
5275 [e]נַעֲלוֹ֙
na-‘ă-lōw
his sandalN-fsc | 3ms
5921 [e]מֵעַ֣ל
mê-‘al
fromPrep-m
7272 [e]רַגְל֔וֹ
raḡ-lōw,
his footN-fsc | 3ms
3417 [e]וְיָרְקָ֖ה
wə-yā-rə-qāh
and spitConj-w | V-Qal-ConjPerf-3fs
6440 [e]בְּפָנָ֑יו
bə-p̄ā-nāw;
in his facePrep-b | N-cpc | 3ms
6030 [e]וְעָֽנְתָה֙
wə-‘ā-nə-ṯāh
and answerConj-w | V-Qal-ConjPerf-3fs
559 [e]וְאָ֣מְרָ֔ה
wə-’ā-mə-rāh,
and sayConj-w | V-Qal-ConjPerf-3fs
3602 [e]כָּ֚כָה
kā-ḵāh
soAdv
6213 [e]יֵעָשֶׂ֣ה
yê-‘ā-śeh
shall it be doneV-Nifal-Imperf-3ms
376 [e]לָאִ֔ישׁ
lā-’îš,
to the manPrep-l, Art | N-ms
834 [e]אֲשֶׁ֥ר
’ă-šer
whoPro-r
3808 [e]לֹא־
lō-
notAdv-NegPrt
1129 [e]יִבְנֶ֖ה
yiḇ-neh
will build upV-Qal-Imperf-3ms
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
1004 [e]בֵּ֥ית
bêṯ
houseN-msc
251 [e]אָחִֽיו‪‬‪‬
’ā-ḥîw.
of his brotherN-msc | 3ms









Hebrew Texts
דברים 25:9 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וְנִגְּשָׁ֨ה יְבִמְתֹּ֣ו אֵלָיו֮ לְעֵינֵ֣י הַזְּקֵנִים֒ וְחָלְצָ֤ה נַעֲלֹו֙ מֵעַ֣ל רַגְלֹ֔ו וְיָרְקָ֖ה בְּפָנָ֑יו וְעָֽנְתָה֙ וְאָ֣מְרָ֔ה כָּ֚כָה יֵעָשֶׂ֣ה לָאִ֔ישׁ אֲשֶׁ֥ר לֹא־יִבְנֶ֖ה אֶת־בֵּ֥ית אָחִֽיו׃

דברים 25:9 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ונגשה יבמתו אליו לעיני הזקנים וחלצה נעלו מעל רגלו וירקה בפניו וענתה ואמרה ככה יעשה לאיש אשר לא־יבנה את־בית אחיו׃

דברים 25:9 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ונגשה יבמתו אליו לעיני הזקנים וחלצה נעלו מעל רגלו וירקה בפניו וענתה ואמרה ככה יעשה לאיש אשר לא־יבנה את־בית אחיו׃

דברים 25:9 Hebrew Bible
ונגשה יבמתו אליו לעיני הזקנים וחלצה נעלו מעל רגלו וירקה בפניו וענתה ואמרה ככה יעשה לאיש אשר לא יבנה את בית אחיו׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
then his brother's wife shall come to him in the sight of the elders, and pull his sandal off his foot and spit in his face; and she shall declare, 'Thus it is done to the man who does not build up his brother's house.'

King James Bible
Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
then his sister-in-law will go up to him in the sight of the elders, remove his sandal from his foot, and spit in his face. Then she will declare, 'This is what is done to a man who will not build up his brother's house.'
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

loose his shoe Pulling off the shoe seems to express his being degraded to the situation of slaves, who generally went barefoot; and spitting in or rather before (biphney) his face, was a mark of the utmost ignominy.

Ruth 4:7,8 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming …

Isaiah 20:2 At the same time spoke the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, …

Mark 1:7 And preached, saying, There comes one mightier than I after me, the …

John 1:27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's …

spit

Numbers 12:14 And the LORD said to Moses, If her father had but spit in her face, …

Job 30:10 They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked …

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote …

Matthew 27:30 And they spit on him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

Mark 10:34 And they shall mock him, and shall whip him, and shall spit on him, …

So shall

Genesis 38:8-10 And Judah said to Onan, Go in to your brother's wife, and marry her, …

Ruth 4:10,11 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased …

1 Samuel 2:30 Why the LORD God of Israel said, I said indeed that your house, and …

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Deuteronomy 25:8
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