Deuteronomy 25:9
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
then his brother’s wife shall go up to him in the presence of the elders and pull his sandal off his foot and spit in his face. And she shall answer and say, ‘So shall it be done to the man who does not build up his brother’s house.’

King James Bible
Then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto that man that will not build up his brother's house.

American Standard Version
then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face; and she shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto the man that doth not build up his brother's house.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The woman shall come to him before the ancients, and shall take off his shoe from his foot, and spit in his face, and say: So shall it be done to the man that will not build up his brother's house:

English Revised Version
then shall his brother's wife come unto him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face; and she shall answer and say, So shall it be done unto the man that doth not build up his brother's house.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then shall his brother's wife come to him in the presence of the elders, and loose his shoe from off his foot, and spit in his face, and shall answer and say, So shall it be done to that man that will not build up his brother's house.

Deuteronomy 25:9 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Forty shall ye beat him, and not add," i.e., at most forty stripes, and not more. The strokes were administered with a stick upon the back (Proverbs 10:13; Proverbs 19:29; Proverbs 26:3, etc.). This was the Egyptian mode of whipping, as we may see depicted upon the monuments, when the culprits lie flat upon the ground, and being held fast by the hands and feet, receive their strokes in the presence of the judge (vid., Wilkinson, ii. p. 11, and Rosellini, ii. 3, p. 274, 78). The number forty was not to be exceeded, because a larger number of strokes with a stick would not only endanger health and life, but disgrace the man: "that thy brother do not become contemptible in thine eyes." If he had deserved a severer punishment, he was to be executed. In Turkey the punishments inflicted are much more severe, viz., from fifty to a hundred lashes with a whip; and they are at the same time inhuman (see v. Tornauw, Moslem. Recht, p. 234). The number, forty, was probably chosen with reference to its symbolical significance, which it had derived from Genesis 7:12 onwards, as the full measure of judgment. The Rabbins fixed the number at forty save one (vid., 2 Corinthians 11:24), from a scrupulous fear of transgressing the letter of the law, in case a mistake should be made in the counting; yet they felt no conscientious scruples about using a whip of twisted thongs instead of a stick (vid., tract. Macc. iii. 12; Buxtorf, Synag. Jud. pp. 522-3; and Lundius, Jd. Heiligth. p. 472).

Deuteronomy 25:9 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

loose his shoe Pulling off the shoe seems to express his being degraded to the situation of slaves, who generally went barefoot; and spitting in or rather before (biphney) his face, was a mark of the utmost ignominy.

Ruth 4:7,8 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things...

Isaiah 20:2 At the same time spoke the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, Go and loose the sackcloth from off your loins...

Mark 1:7 And preached, saying, There comes one mightier than I after me, the lace of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose.

John 1:27 He it is, who coming after me is preferred before me, whose shoe's lace I am not worthy to unloose.

spit

Numbers 12:14 And the LORD said to Moses, If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be ashamed seven days?...

Job 30:10 They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

Matthew 27:30 And they spit on him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

Mark 10:34 And they shall mock him, and shall whip him, and shall spit on him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.

So shall

Genesis 38:8-10 And Judah said to Onan, Go in to your brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to your brother...

Ruth 4:10,11 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance...

1 Samuel 2:30 Why the LORD God of Israel said, I said indeed that your house, and the house of your father, should walk before me for ever...

Cross References
Numbers 12:14
But the LORD said to Moses, "If her father had but spit in her face, should she not be shamed seven days? Let her be shut outside the camp seven days, and after that she may be brought in again."

Deuteronomy 25:8
Then the elders of his city shall call him and speak to him, and if he persists, saying, 'I do not wish to take her,'

Deuteronomy 25:10
And the name of his house shall be called in Israel, 'The house of him who had his sandal pulled off.'

Ruth 4:7
Now this was the custom in former times in Israel concerning redeeming and exchanging: to confirm a transaction, the one drew off his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was the manner of attesting in Israel.

Ruth 4:8
So when the redeemer said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself," he drew off his sandal.

Job 30:10
They abhor me; they keep aloof from me; they do not hesitate to spit at the sight of me.

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