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Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1) An open profession of faith (Luke 12:8).

(2.) An acknowledment of sins to God (Leviticus 16:21; Ezra 9:5-15; Dan. 9:3-12), and to a neighbour whom we have wronged (James 5:16; Matthew 18:15).

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) Acknowledgment; avowal, especially in a matter pertaining to one's self; the admission of a debt, obligation, or crime.

2. (n.) Acknowledgment of belief; profession of one's faith.

3. (n.) The act of disclosing sins or faults to a priest in order to obtain sacramental absolution.

4. (n.) A formulary in which the articles of faith are comprised; a creed to be assented to or signed, as a preliminary to admission to membership of a church; a confession of faith.

5. (n.) An admission by a party to whom an act is imputed, in relation to such act. A judicial confession settles the issue to which it applies; an extrajudicial confession may be explained or rebutted.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kon-fesh'-un (yadhah; homologeo, and their derivatives): The radical meaning is "acknowledgment," "avowal," with the implication of a change of conviction or of course of conduct on the part of the subject. In English "profession" (the King James Version 1 Timothy 6:12 Hebrews 3:1; Hebrews 4:14), besides absence of the thought just suggested, emphasizes the publicity of the act. Confession, like its Greek equivalent, connotes, as its etymology shows (Latin, con; Greek, homou), that the act places one in harmony with others. It is the uniting in a statement that has previously been made by someone else. Of the two Greek words from the same root in the New Testament, the compound with the Greek preposition ek found, among other places, in Matthew 3:6 Acts 19:18 Romans 14:11 Philippians 2:11, implies that it has come from an inner impulse, i.e. it is the expression of a conviction of the heart. It is referred anthropopathically to God in Job 40:14, where Yahweh says to the patriarch sarcastically: "Then will I also confess of (unto) thee"; and in Revelation 3:5, where it means "to recognize" or "acknowledge."

When man is said to confess or make confession, the contents of the confession are variously distinguished. All, however, may be grouped under two heads, confession of faith and confession of sin. Confessions of faith are public acknowledgments of fidelity to God, and to the truth through which God is revealed, as 1 Kings 8:33. They are declarations of unqualified confidence in Christ, and of surrender to His service; Matthew 10:32: "Every one. who shall confess me before men." In Philippians 2:11, however, confession includes, alongside of willing, also unwilling, acknowledgment of the sovereignty of Jesus. The word confession stands also for everything contained in the Christian religion-"the faith" used in the objective and widest sense, in Hebrews 3:1; Hebrews 4:14. In both these passages, the allusion is to the New Testament. The "High Priest of our confession" (Hebrews 3:1) is the High Priest, of whom we learn and with whom we deal in that new revelation, which in that epistle is contrasted with the old.

Confessions of sins are also of various classes:

(1) To God alone. Wherever there is true repentance for sin, the penitent freely confesses his guilt to Him, against whom he has sinned. This is described in Psalm 32:3-6; compare 1 John 1:9 Proverbs 28:13. Such confession may be made either silently, or, as in Daniel 9:19, orally; it may be general, as in Psalm 51, or particular, as when some special sin is recognized; it may even extend to what has not been discovered, but which is believed to exist because of recognized inner depravity (Psalm 19:12), and thus include the state as well as the acts of sin (Romans 7:18).

(2) To one's neighbor, when he has been wronged (Luke 17:4): "If he sin against thee seven times in the day, and seven times turn again to thee, saying, I repent; thou shalt forgive him." It is to this form of c. that James refers (5:16): "Confess. your sins one to another"; compare Matthew 5:23.

(3) To a spiritual adviser or minister of the word, such as the c. of David to Nathan (2 Samuel 12:13), of the multitudes to John in the wilderness (Matthew 3:6), of the Ephesians to Paul (Acts 19:18). This c. is a general acknowledgment of sinfulness, and enters into an enumeration of details only when the conscience is particularly burdened.

(4) To the entire church, where some crime has created public scandal. As "secret sins are to be rebuked secretly, and public sins publicly," in the apostolic age, where there was genuine penitence for a notorious offense, the acknowledgment was as public as the deed itself. An illustration of this is found in the well-known case at Corinth (compare 1 Corinthians 5:3 with 2 Corinthians 2:6).

For auricular confession in the sense of the medieval and Roman church, there is no authority in Holy Scripture. It is traceable to the practice of examining those who were about to make a public confession of some notorious offense, and of giving advice concerning how far the circumstances of the sin were to be announced; an expedient that was found advisable, since as much injury could be wrought by injudicious publishing of details in the confession as by the sin itself. The practice once introduced for particular cases was in time extended to all cases; and the private confession of sin was demanded by the church as a condition of the absolution, and made an element of penitence, which was analyzed into contrition, confession and satisfaction. See the Examen Concilii Tridentini (lst edition, 1565) of Dr. Martin Chemnitz, superintendent of Brunswick, for a thorough exegetical and historical discussion of this entire subject. On the historical side, see also Henry Charles Lea, History of Auricular Confession and Indulgences in the Latin Church (3 volumes, Philadelphia, 1896).

H. E. Jacobs

3671. homologia -- an agreement, confession
... an agreement, confession. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: homologia
Phonetic Spelling: (hom-ol-og-ee'-ah) Short Definition: a profession ...
// - 7k

4774. suggnome -- confession, fellow feeling
... confession, fellow feeling. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: suggnome
Phonetic Spelling: (soong-gno'-may) Short Definition: permission ...
// - 6k

3670. homologeo -- to speak the same, to agree
... From a compound of the base of homou and logos; to assent, ie Covenant, acknowledge --
con- (pro-)fess, confession is made, give thanks, promise. ...
// - 8k

3672. homologoumenos -- as agreed, by common consent
... Word Origin adverb from homologeo Definition as agreed, by common consent
NASB Word Usage common confession (1). without controversy. ...
// - 6k

4696. spilos -- a spot, stain
... spiritual stains (spots) come from living outside God's preferred-will (desire,
2307 , compare Eph 5:15-17,27) and are removed with heartfelt confession (1 Jn 1 ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
8426. todah -- thanksgiving
... Word Origin from yadah Definition thanksgiving NASB Word Usage choir (1), choirs
(2), confession (1), hymns of thanksgiving (1), praise (1), sacrifices of ...
/hebrew/8426.htm - 6k

3034. yadah -- to throw, cast
... praise (1), give you thanks (5), give thanks (59), giving praise (1), giving thanks
(3), glorify (1), hymns of thanksgiving (1), making confession (1), placed ...
/hebrew/3034.htm - 6k

8427. tavah -- to make or set a mark
... confession, sacrifice of praise, thanksgiving, offering. A primitive root; to mark
out, ie (primitive) scratch or (definite) imprint -- scrabble, set (a mark). ...
/hebrew/8427.htm - 6k


The Belgic Confession
The Belgic Confession. <. The Belgic Confession Various. Table of
Contents. Title Page. The Belgic Confession The Belgic ...
// belgic confession /

The Confession of St. Patrick
The Confession of St. Patrick. <. The Confession of St. Patrick
St. Patrick. Table of Contents. Title Page. Section 1. I ...
// confession of st patrick/

The Apology of the Augsburg Confession
The Apology of the Augsburg Confession. <. The Apology of the Augsburg
Confession Philip Melanchthon. Produced for Project ...
// apology of the augsburg confession/

The Augsburg Confession of Faith
The Augsburg Confession of Faith. <. The Augsburg Confession of Faith Various.
Produced by Allen Mulvey Table of Contents. Title Page. ...
// augsburg confession of faith/

Confession Enforced.
Letter."That Tennessee did not regard the Lutheran Confession ...
// lutheranism/confession enforced.htm

Confession and Absolution
... Confession and Absolution. A Sermon (No.216). Delivered ... absolution. I. Brethren,
let us imitate the publican, first of all in his CONFESSION. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 4 1858/confession and absolution.htm

Of Confession.
The Augsburg Confession of Faith. <. ... Article XXV: Of Confession.
Confession in the churches is not abolished among us ...
/.../various/the augsburg confession of faith/article xxv of confession.htm

Whether Confession is an Act of the virtue of Penance?
... OF THE NATURE OF CONFESSION (THREE ARTICLES) Whether confession is an act
of the virtue of penance? Objection 1: It would seem that ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether confession is an act 3.htm

Of Confession.
The Augsburg Confession of Faith. <. ... Article XI: Of Confession.
Of Confession they teach that Private Absolution ought ...
/.../various/the augsburg confession of faith/article xi of confession.htm

Augsburg Confession of Faith.
... AUGSBURG CONFESSION OF FAITH. The first Protestant Confession was that presented,
in 1530, to the diet of Augsburg, by the suggestion ...
/.../hayward/the book of religions/augsburg confession of faith.htm

Confession (22 Occurrences)
... which the articles of faith are comprised; a creed to be assented to or signed,
as a preliminary to admission to membership of a church; a confession of faith. ...
/c/confession.htm - 20k

... 1. Baptismal Confession: The real origin of the creed has now been traced
with great exactness. The original germ of it is to be ...
/a/apostles'.htm - 20k

Confess (65 Occurrences)
... 5. (vt) To hear or receive such confession; -- said of a priest. ... 7. (vi) To make
confession; to disclose sins or faults, or the state of the conscience. ...
/c/confess.htm - 26k

... Next they endeavor to explain their worship and to find a rationale of it in certain
facts which they formulate into a confession; and lastly, not content with ...
/c/creeds.htm - 28k

Confessing (15 Occurrences)
... Ezra 10:1 Now while Ezra prayed, and made confession, weeping and casting himself
down before the house of God, there was gathered together unto him out of ...
/c/confessing.htm - 11k

Making (644 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Making (644 Occurrences). Matthew 3:6 and were baptized
by him in the Jordan, making full confession of their sins. (WEY). ...
/m/making.htm - 34k

Profession (9 Occurrences)
... 7:23, "Then will I profess unto them, I never knew you"; 1 Timothy 6:12, the Revised
Version (British and American) "didst confess the good confession"; Titus 1 ...
/p/profession.htm - 11k

Profess (9 Occurrences)
... 7:23, "Then will I profess unto them, I never knew you"; 1 Timothy 6:12, the Revised
Version (British and American) "didst confess the good confession"; Titus 1 ...
/p/profess.htm - 11k

Admission (2 Occurrences)
... 4. (n.) Acquiescence or concurrence in a statement made by another, and distinguishable
from a confession in that an admission presupposes prior inquiry by ...
/a/admission.htm - 7k

... 1. (n.) A formal summary of what is believed; esp., a summary of the articles of
Christian faith; a confession of faith for public use; esp., one which is ...
/c/creed.htm - 43k

Bible Concordance
Confession (22 Occurrences)

Matthew 3:6 and were baptized by him in the Jordan, making full confession of their sins.

Mark 1:5 There went out to him people of all classes from Judaea, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem of all ranks, and were baptized by him in the river Jordan, making open confession of their sins.

Romans 10:10 For with the heart, one believes unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

Romans 14:11 for it is written, "'As I live,' says the Lord, 'to Me every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall make confession to God.'"

2 Corinthians 9:13 seeing that through the proof given by this service, they glorify God for the obedience of your confession to the Good News of Christ, and for the liberality of your contribution to them and to all;

1 Timothy 6:12 Fight the good fight of faith. Lay hold of the eternal life to which you were called, and you confessed the good confession in the sight of many witnesses.

1 Timothy 6:13 I command you before God, who gives life to all things, and before Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate testified the good confession,

Hebrews 3:1 Therefore, holy brothers, partakers of a heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Jesus;

Hebrews 4:14 Having then a great high priest, who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold tightly to our confession.

Hebrews 10:23 let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering; for he who promised is faithful.

Hebrews 13:15 Through him then let us offer up a sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of lips which make confession to his name.

Joshua 7:19 Joshua said to Achan, "My son, please give glory to Yahweh, the God of Israel, and make confession to him. Tell me now what you have done! Don't hide it from me!"

2 Chronicles 30:22 Hezekiah spoke comfortably to all the Levites who had good understanding in the service of Yahweh. So they ate throughout the feast for the seven days, offering sacrifices of peace offerings, and making confession to Yahweh, the God of their fathers.

Ezra 10:1 Now while Ezra prayed and made confession, weeping and casting himself down before the house of God, there was gathered together to him out of Israel a very great assembly of men and women and children; for the people wept very sore.

Ezra 10:11 Now therefore make confession to Yahweh, the God of your fathers, and do his pleasure; and separate yourselves from the peoples of the land, and from the foreign women.

Nehemiah 9:3 And they stood up in their place, and read in the book of the Law of the LORD their God a fourth part of the day; and another fourth part they confessed, and prostrated themselves before the LORD their God.

Psalms 26:7 To sound with a voice of confession, And to recount all Thy wonders.

Psalms 32:5 I acknowledged my sin unto thee, And mine iniquity did I not hide: I said, I will confess my transgressions unto Jehovah; And thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah
(See JPS)

Psalms 42:4 These I remember, and pour out my soul in me, For I pass over into the booth, I go softly with them unto the house of God, With the voice of singing and confession, The multitude keeping feast!

Psalms 50:14 Sacrifice to God confession, And complete to the Most High thy vows.

Isaiah 51:3 For Jehovah hath comforted Zion, He hath comforted all her wastes, And He setteth her wilderness as Eden, And her desert as a garden of Jehovah, Joy, yea, gladness is found in her, Confession, and the voice of song.

Daniel 9:4 I prayed to Yahweh my God, and made confession, and said, Oh, Lord, the great and dreadful God, who keeps covenant and loving kindness with those who love him and keep his commandments,



Confession of Christ

Confession of Sin: Aaron

Confession of Sin: Daniel

Confession of Sin: David

Confession of Sin: Exhortation To

Confession of Sin: Ezra

Confession of Sin: Followed by Pardon

Confession of Sin: God Regards

Confession of Sin: God Requires

Confession of Sin: Illustrated

Confession of Sin: Israelites

Confession of Sin: Job

Confession of Sin: Levites

Confession of Sin: Nehemiah

Confession of Sin: Peter

Confession of Sin: Promises To

Confession of Sin: Saul

Confession of Sin: should be Accompanied With: Forsaking Sin

Confession of Sin: should be Accompanied With: Godly Sorrow

Confession of Sin: should be Accompanied With: Prayer for Forgiveness

Confession of Sin: should be Accompanied With: Restitution

Confession of Sin: should be Accompanied With: Self-Abasement

Confession of Sin: should be Accompanied With: Submission to Punishment

Confession of Sin: should be Full and Unreserved

Confession of Sin: Thief

Related Terms


Confess (65 Occurrences)


Confessing (15 Occurrences)

Making (644 Occurrences)

Profession (9 Occurrences)

Profess (9 Occurrences)

Admission (2 Occurrences)


Baruch (24 Occurrences)

Simon (75 Occurrences)

Festival (62 Occurrences)

Confide (31 Occurrences)

Render (95 Occurrences)

Church (110 Occurrences)

Prayer (406 Occurrences)

Ezra (28 Occurrences)

Flame (61 Occurrences)


Son (25967 Occurrences)

Justification (6 Occurrences)

Sight (522 Occurrences)

Quickeneth (4 Occurrences)

Keepest (16 Occurrences)

Nathanael (6 Occurrences)

Unwavering (4 Occurrences)

Obtain (63 Occurrences)

Job (60 Occurrences)

Jubilee (25 Occurrences)

Justified (46 Occurrences)

Liberality (7 Occurrences)

Liberal (11 Occurrences)

Godhead (5 Occurrences)

Generosity (6 Occurrences)

Giveth (378 Occurrences)

Wast (84 Occurrences)

Wastes (33 Occurrences)

Wavering (3 Occurrences)

Waver (8 Occurrences)

Witnessed (21 Occurrences)

Insight (39 Occurrences)

Inhabitants (254 Occurrences)

Implore (14 Occurrences)


Full (1047 Occurrences)

Formula (2 Occurrences)

Trespass (101 Occurrences)

Thank (68 Occurrences)



Temperate (6 Occurrences)

Torture (9 Occurrences)

Thanksgiving (49 Occurrences)

Temperance (3 Occurrences)

Tightly (14 Occurrences)

Thanks (151 Occurrences)

Thomas (12 Occurrences)

Ranks (34 Occurrences)

Recount (39 Occurrences)

Resulting (7 Occurrences)

Ecclesiastes (1 Occurrence)

Eunuch (20 Occurrences)

Encouragingly (2 Occurrences)

Ezra's (1 Occurrence)

Enjoin (15 Occurrences)

Ethiopian (11 Occurrences)

Dreadful (23 Occurrences)


Denial (1 Occurrence)

Multiplying (23 Occurrences)

Prostrating (2 Occurrences)

Partakers (23 Occurrences)

Pray (2583 Occurrences)

Preserves (16 Occurrences)

Proving (14 Occurrences)

Praise (487 Occurrences)

Proved (49 Occurrences)

Fasting (34 Occurrences)

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