Genesis 22:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Do not lay a hand on the boy," he said. "Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son."

New Living Translation
"Don't lay a hand on the boy!" the angel said. "Do not hurt him in any way, for now I know that you truly fear God. You have not withheld from me even your son, your only son."

English Standard Version
He said, “Do not lay your hand on the boy or do anything to him, for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me.”

New American Standard Bible
He said, "Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me."

King James Bible
And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then He said, "Do not lay a hand on the boy or do anything to him. For now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your only son from Me."

International Standard Version
"Don't lay your hand on the youth!" he said. "Don't do anything to him, because I've just demonstrated that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only unique one, from me."

NET Bible
"Do not harm the boy!" the angel said. "Do not do anything to him, for now I know that you fear God because you did not withhold your son, your only son, from me."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Do not lay a hand on the boy," he said. "Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you did not refuse to give me your son, your only son."

Jubilee Bible 2000
And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou anything unto him; for now I know that thou doest fear God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.

King James 2000 Bible
And he said, Lay not your hand upon the lad, neither do you anything unto him: for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son from me.

American King James Version
And he said, Lay not your hand on the lad, neither do you any thing to him: for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son from me.

American Standard Version
And he said, Lay not thy hand upon the lad, neither do thou anything unto him. For now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son, from me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to him: Lay not thy hand upon the boy, neither do thou any thing to him: now I know that thou fearest God, and hast not spared thy only begotten son for my sake.

Darby Bible Translation
And he said, Stretch not out thy hand against the lad, neither do anything to him; for now I know that thou fearest God, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son], from me.

English Revised Version
And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son, from me.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he said, Lay not thy hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing to him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld from me thy son, thy only son.

World English Bible
He said, "Don't lay your hand on the boy, neither do anything to him. For now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me."

Young's Literal Translation
and He saith, 'Put not forth thine hand unto the youth, nor do anything to him, for now I have known that thou art fearing God, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only one, from Me.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

22:11-14 It was not God's intention that Isaac should actually be sacrificed, yet nobler blood than that of animals, in due time, was to be shed for sin, even the blood of the only begotten Son of God. But in the mean while God would not in any case have human sacrifices used. Another sacrifice is provided. Reference must be had to the promised Messiah, the blessed Seed. Christ was sacrificed in our stead, as this ram instead of Isaac, and his death was our discharge. And observe, that the temple, the place of sacrifice, was afterwards built upon this same mount Moriah; and Calvary, where Christ was crucified, was near. A new name was given to that place, for the encouragement of all believers, to the end of the world, cheerfully to trust in God, and obey him. Jehovah-jireh, the Lord will provide; probably alluding to what Abraham had said, God will provide himself a lamb. The Lord will always have his eye upon his people, in their straits and distresses, that he may give them seasonable help.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him. Abraham's surrender of the son of his affections having been complete, there was no need to push the trial further. The voice from heaven has been accepted as evidence of God's rejection of human sacrifices (Lange, Murphy), only that is not assigned as the reason for Isaac's deliverance. For now I knew - literally, have known; not caused thee to know (Augustine), but caused others to know (Lange); or the words are used anthropomorphically (Calvin) - that thou fearest God, - Elohim; the Divine intention being to characterize the patriarch as a God-fearing man, and not simply as a worshipper of Jehovah (cf. Quarry 'on Genesis,' p. 460) - seeing - literally, and (sc. in proof thereof) - thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me. Καὶ οὐκ ἐφείσω τοῦ ὑιοῦ σοῦ ἁγαπητοῦ δε ἐμέ (LXX.). Cf. ὅς γε τοῦ ἰδιοῦ ὑιοῦ οὐκ ἐφείσατο (Romans 8:32), as applied to the sacrifice of Christ. In this verse the angel of Jehovah identifies himself with Elohim.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And he said, lay not thine hand upon the lad,.... Which he was just going to stretch out, with his knife in it, to slay him; and though the Lord had bid him take his son, and offer him for a burnt offering, to try his faith, fear, love, and obedience, yet he meant not that he should actually slay him, but would prevent it when it came to the crisis; for he approves not of, nor delights in human sacrifices; and that this might not be dawn into an example, it was prevented; though the Gentiles, under the influence of Satan, in imitation of this, have practised it:

neither do thou anything unto him; by lacerating his flesh, letting out any of his blood, or wounding him ever so slightly in any part:

for now I know that thou fearest God; with a truly childlike filial fear; with such a reverence of him that has fervent love, and strong affection, joined with it; with a fear that includes the whole of internal religious worship, awe of the divine Being, submission to his will, faith in him, and love to him, and obedience springing from thence. And this is said, not as though he was ignorant before how things would issue; for he knew from all eternity what Abraham would be, and what he would do, having determined to bestow that grace upon him, and work it in him, which would influence and enable him to act the part he did; he knew full well beforehand what would be the consequence of such a trial of him; but this is said after the manner of men, who know things with certainty when they come to pass, and appear plain and evident: or this may be understood of a knowledge of approbation, that the Lord now knew, and approved of the faith, fear, love, and obedience of Abraham, which were so conspicuous in this affair, see Psalm 1:6; Saadiah Gaon (i) interprets it, "I have made known", that is, to others; God by trying Abraham made it manifest to others, to all the world, to all that should hear of or read this account of things, that he was a man that feared God, loved him, believed in him, and obeyed him, of which this instance is a full and convincing proof:

seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me: but as soon as he had the order to offer him up, prepared for it, took a three days' journey, and all things along with him for the sacrifice; when he came to the place, built an altar, laid the wood in order, bound his son, and laid him on it, took the knife, and was going to put it to his throat; so that the Lord looked upon the thing as if it was really done: it was a plain case that he did not, and would not have withheld his son, but would have freely offered him a sacrifice unto God at his command; and that he loved the Lord more than he did his son, and had a greater regard to the command of God than to the life of his son, and preferred the one to the other. And thus God spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, Romans 8:32.

(i) Apud Aben Ezram, in ver. 1.



Genesis 22:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Sacrifice Averted
11But the angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, "Abraham, Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am." 12He said, "Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me." 13Then Abraham raised his eyes and looked, and behold, behind him a ram caught in the thicket by his horns; and Abraham went and took the ram and offered him up for a burnt offering in the place of his son.…
Cross References
James 2:21
Was not our father Abraham considered righteous for what he did when he offered his son Isaac on the altar?

James 2:22
You see that his faith and his actions were working together, and his faith was made complete by what he did.

Genesis 22:2
Then God said, "Take your son, your only son, whom you love--Isaac--and go to the region of Moriah. Sacrifice him there as a burnt offering on a mountain I will show you."

Genesis 22:13
Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son.

Genesis 22:16
and said, "I swear by myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son,

Job 1:1
In the land of Uz there lived a man whose name was Job. This man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil.
Treasury of Scripture

And he said, Lay not your hand on the lad, neither do you any thing to him: for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son from me.

Lay.

1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings …

Job 5:19 He shall deliver you in six troubles: yes, in seven there shall no …

Jeremiah 19:5 They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons …

Micah 6:6-8 With which shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the …

1 Corinthians 10:13 There has no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but …

2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, it is accepted according to …

Hebrews 11:19 Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; …

now.

Genesis 20:11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the fear of God is not …

Genesis 26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, …

Genesis 42:18 And Joseph said to them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:

Exodus 20:20 And Moses said to the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove …

1 Samuel 12:24,25 Only fear the LORD, and serve him in truth with all your heart: for …

1 Samuel 15:22 And Samuel said, Has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings …

Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that had been before me were chargeable …

Job 28:28 And to man he said, Behold, the fear of the LORD, that is wisdom; …

Psalm 1:6 For the LORD knows the way of the righteous: but the way of the ungodly …

Psalm 2:11 Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling.

Psalm 25:12,14 What man is he that fears the LORD? him shall he teach in the way …

Psalm 111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding …

Psalm 112:1 Praise you the LORD. Blessed is the man that fears the LORD, that …

Psalm 147:11 The LORD takes pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.

Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise …

Ecclesiastes 8:12,13 Though a sinner do evil an hundred times, and his days be prolonged, …

Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep …

Jeremiah 32:40 And I will make an everlasting covenant with them, that I will not …

Malachi 4:2 But to you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise …

Matthew 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, …

Matthew 10:37,38 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: …

Matthew 16:24 Then said Jesus to his disciples, If any man will come after me, …

Matthew 19:29 And every one that has forsaken houses, or brothers, or sisters, …

Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and …

Hebrews 12:28 Why we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, …

James 2:18,21,22 Yes, a man may say, You have faith, and I have works: show me your …

Revelation 19:5 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all you …

seeing.

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that …

Romans 5:8 But God commends his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, …

Romans 8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, …

1 John 4:9,10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God …

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