2820. chasak
Strong's Concordance
chasak: to withhold, refrain
Original Word: חָשַׂך
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: chasak
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-sak')
Short Definition: withheld
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to withhold, refrain
NASB Translation
hold them back (1), hold back (2), keep back (1), keeps back (1), kept (1), kept their in check (1), kept back (1), lessen (1), lessened (1), refrain (1), requited (1), reserved (2), restrain (1), restrained (1), restrains (2), spare (2), spared (1), unrestrained* (1), withheld (3), withholds (2).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
חָשַׂךְ verb withhold, refrain (Late Hebrew חָסַךְ, Aramaic חֲסַךְ, ; Palmyrene חסך remit, spare, VogNos. 6, 15; Sabean משחכן weaned (child) DHMZMG 1875, 608) —

Qal Perfect חָשַׂךְ Genesis 39:9 4t. (+ Ezekiel 30:18 Ba; see חשׁך; Isaiah 38:17 see below), חָשָׂ֑ךְ Isaiah 14:6, חָֽשְׂכוּ Job 30:10, חָשָׂ֑כוּ Jeremiah 14:10, etc.; Imperfect יַחְשׂךְ Job 16:5 2t.; 2 masculine singular תַּחְשׂךְ Isaiah 58:1, תַּחְשׂוֺךְ Proverbs 24:11; 2feminine singular תַּחְשׂ֑כִי Isaiah 54:2, etc.; Imperative חֲשׂךְ Psalm 19:14; Participle חֹשֵׂךְ Proverbs 10:19; Proverbs 11:24; חוֺשֵׂךְ Proverbs 13:24; Proverbs 17:27; followed by —

1. a. withhold, keep back, keep for oneself, accusative, Genesis 22:12 (E), Genesis 22:16; Genesis 39:9 (followed by מִמֶּגִּי; both J); absolute Proverbs 21:26 (opposed to נָתַן); withhold the rod (שׁבט) in discipline, Proverbs 13:24; no object expressed Proverbs 11:24; Proverbs 24:11.

b. keep one from evil, calamity, She'ôl, etc., with accusative and מִן Genesis 20:6 (E), 1 Samuel 25:39; Psalm 19:14; מִמָּוֶת נַפְשָׁם ׳ח Psalm 78:50 compare Job 33:18; Isaiah 38:7 (read חָשַׂכְתָּ or חֲשׂךְ for ᵑ0 חָשַׁקְתָּ, see חשׁק); absolute hinder (i.e. calamities from coming) Isaiah 14:6; לְמַטָח מֵעֲוֺנֵנוּ ׳ח Ezra 9:13 thou hast kept back, downward (= and kept down), part of our iniquity, i.e. hast not punished us according to our full desert.

c. hold in check with accusative 2 Samuel 18:16 (or spare see below); object רַגְלֵיהֶם Jeremiah 14:10; especially of keeping silence, object מִּי Job 7:11 restrain my mouth, שׂפתים Proverbs 10:19, אמרים Proverbs 17:27; רֹק ׳מִמָּנַי לֹא ח Job 30:10 from my face they have not withheld spittle (= they have spit in my face).

d. refrain (from doing what is mentioned in the context), absolute Isaiah 54:2; Isaiah 58:1.

e. spare, with accusative of person 2 Kings 5:20 he hath spared Naaman מִקַּחַת so as not to take (= and hath not taken anything) out of his hand; perhaps also 2 Samuel 18:16 Joab spared the people (see above).

f. reserve for, with accusative + לְ Job 38:23.

2 (absolute) restrain, check (pain) i.e. assuage, so apparently ᵑ0 Job 16:5 (see Di Kau; I would not restrain condolence of my lips, ᵐ5 ᵑ6 Me, reading לא אחשׂך for יחשׂך). — Ezekiel 30:18 see חשׁך.

Niph`al Imperfect לְיוֺם אֵיד יֵחָשֶׂךְרָֿע Job 21:30 at the day of calamity the wicked is spared (passive of Qal 1 e); יֵחָשֵׂךְ Job 16:6 be assuaged, of pain (pass of Qal 2).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
assuage, darken, forbear, hinder, hold back, keep back, punish, refrain,

A primitive root; to restrain or (reflex.) Refrain; by implication, to refuse, spare, preserve; also (by interch. With chashak) to observe -- assuage, X darken, forbear, hinder, hold back, keep (back), punish, refrain, reserve, spare, withhold.

see HEBREW chashak

Forms and Transliterations
אֶחֱשָׂ֫ךְ אחשך וְחֹשֵׂ֖ךְ וְחוֹשֵׂ֥ךְ וָאֶחְשֹׂ֧ךְ ואחשך וחושך וחשך חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ חָ֥שְׂכוּ חָשַׂ֖כְתָּ חָשַׂ֛כְתָּ חָשַׂ֣ךְ חָשַׂ֤ךְ חָשַׂ֤כְתָּֽ חָשַׂ֥ךְ חָשַׂ֥כְתִּי חָשָֽׂךְ׃ חָשָׂ֑כוּ חוֹשֵׂ֣ךְ חושך חשך חשך׃ חשכו חשכת חשכתי יֵחָ֣שֶׂךְ יֵחָשֵׂ֣ךְ יַחְשֹֽׂךְ׃ יַחְשֹׂ֣ךְ יחשך יחשך׃ תַּחְשֹׂ֑כִי תַּחְשֹׂ֔ךְ תַּחְשֽׂוֹךְ׃ תחשוך׃ תחשך תחשכי ’e·ḥĕ·śāḵ ’eḥĕśāḵ chaSach chaSachta chaSachti chaSachu Chasechu chaSoch choSech echeSach ḥā·śā·ḵū ḥā·śaḵ ḥā·śāḵ ḥā·śaḵ·tā ḥā·śaḵ·tî ḥā·śə·ḵū ḥă·śōḵ ḥāśaḵ ḥāśāḵ ḥāśaḵtā ḥāśaḵtî ḥāśāḵū ḥāśəḵū ḥăśōḵ ḥō·w·śêḵ ḥōwśêḵ tachSoch tachSochi taḥ·śō·ḵî taḥ·śō·wḵ taḥ·śōḵ taḥśōḵ taḥśōḵî taḥśōwḵ vaechSoch vechoSech wā’eḥśōḵ wā·’eḥ·śōḵ wə·ḥō·śêḵ wə·ḥō·w·śêḵ wəḥōśêḵ wəḥōwśêḵ yachSoch yaḥ·śōḵ yaḥśōḵ yê·ḥā·śeḵ yê·ḥā·śêḵ yechaSech yêḥāśeḵ yêḥāśêḵ
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Strong's Hebrew 2820
27 Occurrences


ḥā·śaḵ — 6 Occ.
ḥā·śaḵ·tā — 3 Occ.
ḥā·śaḵ·tî — 1 Occ.
ḥā·śā·ḵū — 1 Occ.
ḥā·śə·ḵū — 1 Occ.
ḥă·śōḵ — 1 Occ.
ḥō·w·śêḵ — 2 Occ.
’e·ḥĕ·śāḵ — 1 Occ.
taḥ·śō·wḵ — 2 Occ.
taḥ·śō·ḵî — 1 Occ.
wā·’eḥ·śōḵ — 1 Occ.
wə·ḥō·śêḵ — 2 Occ.
yaḥ·śōḵ — 3 Occ.
yê·ḥā·śêḵ — 2 Occ.

Genesis 20:6
HEB: עָשִׂ֣יתָ זֹּ֔את וָאֶחְשֹׂ֧ךְ גַּם־ אָנֹכִ֛י
NAS: and I also kept you from sinning
KJV: of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning
INT: have done likewise kept also I

Genesis 22:12
HEB: אַ֔תָּה וְלֹ֥א חָשַׂ֛כְתָּ אֶת־ בִּנְךָ֥
NAS: God, since you have not withheld your son,
KJV: seeing thou hast not withheld thy son,
INT: you not withheld your son your only

Genesis 22:16
HEB: הַזֶּ֔ה וְלֹ֥א חָשַׂ֖כְתָּ אֶת־ בִּנְךָ֥
NAS: thing and have not withheld your son,
KJV: and hast not withheld thy son,
INT: this not withheld your son your only

Genesis 39:9
HEB: מִמֶּנִּי֒ וְלֹֽא־ חָשַׂ֤ךְ מִמֶּ֙נִּי֙ מְא֔וּמָה
NAS: than I, and he has withheld nothing
KJV: than I; neither hath he kept back any thing
INT: than neither has withheld than thing

1 Samuel 25:39
HEB: וְאֶת־ עַבְדּוֹ֙ חָשַׂ֣ךְ מֵֽרָעָ֔ה וְאֵת֙
NAS: of Nabal and has kept back His servant
KJV: of Nabal, and hath kept his servant
INT: of Nabal his servant kept evil the wickedness

2 Samuel 18:16
HEB: יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל כִּֽי־ חָשַׂ֥ךְ יוֹאָ֖ב אֶת־
NAS: for Joab restrained the people.
KJV: Israel: for Joab held back the people.
INT: Israel for restrained Joab the people

2 Kings 5:20
HEB: הָאֱלֹהִים֒ הִנֵּ֣ה ׀ חָשַׂ֣ךְ אֲדֹנִ֗י אֶֽת־
NAS: my master has spared this
KJV: Behold, my master hath spared Naaman
INT: of God Behold has spared my master Naaman

Ezra 9:13
HEB: אַתָּ֣ה אֱלֹהֵ֗ינוּ חָשַׂ֤כְתָּֽ לְמַ֙טָּה֙ מֵֽעֲוֹנֵ֔נוּ
NAS: You our God have requited [us] less
KJV: seeing that thou our God hast punished us less
INT: You our God have requited less our iniquities

Job 7:11
HEB: אֲנִי֮ לֹ֤א אֶחֱשָׂ֫ךְ פִּ֥י אֲ‍ֽ֭דַבְּרָה
NAS: Therefore I will not restrain my mouth;
KJV: Therefore I will not refrain my mouth;
INT: I I will not restrain my mouth will speak

Job 16:5
HEB: וְנִ֖יד שְׂפָתַ֣י יַחְשֹֽׂךְ׃
NAS: of my lips could lessen [your pain].
KJV: of my lips should asswage [your grief].
INT: and the solace of my lips lessen

Job 16:6
HEB: אֲ֭דַבְּרָה לֹא־ יֵחָשֵׂ֣ךְ כְּאֵבִ֑י וְ֝אַחְדְּלָ֗ה
NAS: my pain is not lessened, And if I hold back,
KJV: my grief is not asswaged: and [though] I forbear,
INT: speak is not lessened my pain hold

Job 21:30
HEB: לְי֣וֹם אֵ֭יד יֵחָ֣שֶׂךְ רָ֑ע לְי֖וֹם
NAS: For the wicked is reserved for the day
KJV: That the wicked is reserved to the day
INT: the day of calamity is reserved the wicked the day

Job 30:10
HEB: וּ֝מִפָּנַ֗י לֹא־ חָ֥שְׂכוּ רֹֽק׃
NAS: me [and] stand aloof from me, And they do not refrain from spitting
KJV: me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit
INT: my face not refrain spitting

Job 33:18
HEB: יַחְשֹׂ֣ךְ נַ֭פְשׁוֹ מִנִּי־
NAS: He keeps back his soul from the pit,
KJV: He keepeth back his soul from the pit,
INT: keeps his soul from

Job 38:23
HEB: אֲשֶׁר־ חָשַׂ֥כְתִּי לְעֶת־ צָ֑ר
NAS: Which I have reserved for the time
KJV: Which I have reserved against the time
INT: Which have reserved the time of distress

Psalm 19:13
HEB: גַּ֤ם מִזֵּדִ֨ים ׀ חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ עַבְדֶּ֗ךָ אַֽל־
NAS: Also keep back Your servant
KJV: Keep back thy servant
INT: Also presumptuous keep your servant not

Psalm 78:50
HEB: לְאַ֫פּ֥וֹ לֹא־ חָשַׂ֣ךְ מִמָּ֣וֶת נַפְשָׁ֑ם
NAS: for His anger; He did not spare their soul
KJV: to his anger; he spared not their soul
INT: his anger did not spare death their soul

Proverbs 10:19
HEB: יֶחְדַּל־ פָּ֑שַׁע וְחֹשֵׂ֖ךְ שְׂפָתָ֣יו מַשְׂכִּֽיל׃
NAS: is unavoidable, But he who restrains his lips
KJV: not sin: but he that refraineth his lips
INT: wanteth transgression restrains his lips is wise

Proverbs 11:24
HEB: וְנוֹסָ֥ף ע֑וֹד וְחוֹשֵׂ֥ךְ מִ֝יֹּ֗שֶׁר אַךְ־
NAS: all the more, And there is one who withholds what is justly due,
KJV: and yet increaseth; and [there is] that withholdeth more than is meet,
INT: and increases all withholds what only

Proverbs 13:24
HEB: חוֹשֵׂ֣ךְ שִׁ֭בְטוֹ שׂוֹנֵ֣א
NAS: He who withholds his rod hates
KJV: He that spareth his rod hateth
INT: withholds his rod hates

Proverbs 17:27
HEB: חוֹשֵׂ֣ךְ אֲ֭מָרָיו יוֹדֵ֣עַ
NAS: He who restrains his words has
KJV: knowledge spareth his words:
INT: restrains his words has

Proverbs 21:26
HEB: יִ֝תֵּ֗ן וְלֹ֣א יַחְשֹֽׂךְ׃
NAS: gives and does not hold back.
KJV: giveth and spareth not.
INT: gives and does not hold

Proverbs 24:11
HEB: לַ֝הֶ֗רֶג אִם־ תַּחְשֽׂוֹךְ׃
NAS: to slaughter, Oh hold [them] back.
KJV: If thou forbear to deliver
INT: to slaughter Oh hold

Isaiah 14:6
HEB: מֻרְדָּ֖ף בְּלִ֥י חָשָֽׂךְ׃
NAS: in anger with unrestrained persecution.
KJV: is persecuted, [and] none hindereth.
INT: persecution none hindereth

Isaiah 54:2
HEB: יַטּ֖וּ אַל־ תַּחְשֹׂ֑כִי הַאֲרִ֙יכִי֙ מֵֽיתָרַ֔יִךְ
NAS: of your dwellings, spare not; Lengthen
KJV: of thine habitations: spare not, lengthen
INT: Stretch nay spare Lengthen your cords

27 Occurrences

2819b
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