2821. chashak
Strong's Concordance
chashak: to be or grow dark
Original Word: חָשַׁך
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: chashak
Phonetic Spelling: (khaw-shak')
Short Definition: darkened
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be or grow dark
NASB Translation
blacker (1), brings darkness (1), dark (3), darkened (5), darkens (2), dim (1), grow dim (2), made it dark (1), make the dark (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
חָשַׁךְ verb be, grow dark (Late Hebrew id.; Aramaic חֲשַׁךְ, ; Arabic bear rancour, see LagBN 30) —

Qal Perfect ׳ח Isaiah 5:30 4t.; וְחָֽשְׁכָה consecutive Micah 3:6 (but see below); חָֽשְׁכוּ Lamentations 5:17; וְחָֽשְׁכוּ consecutive Ecclesiastes 12:3; Imperfect3feminine singular תֶּחְשַׁךְ Ecclesiastes 12:2; וַתֶּחְשַׁךְ Exodus 10:15; 3masculine plural יֶחְשְׁכוּ Job 3:9; 3feminine plural תֶּחְשַׁכְנָה Psalm 69:24; —

1 be, grow dark, אוֺר Isaiah 5:30, compare (figurative) Job 18:6; הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ Isaiah 13:10 (figurative); היום Ezekiel 30:18 (where read חשׁך, for ᵑ0 Baer חשׂך); Job 3:9 (subject כוכבים), compare Ecclesiastes 12:2 (subject השׁמשׁ, האור, הירח, הכוכבים); impersonal Micah 3:6; (si vera 1.; but read probably וַחֲשֵׁכָה, corresponding with לַיְלָה preceding).

2 have a dark colour: מִשְּׁחוֺר ׳ח תָּֽאֳרָם Lamentations 4:8 darker than blackness is their visage; of the earth הָאֶרֶץ Exodus 10:15.

3 grow dim Lamentations 5:17 (subject עינינו), compare Psalm 69:24 (figurative), Ecclesiastes 12:3 subject הָראֹוֺת i.e. the eyes.

Hiph`il Perfect הֶחְשִׁיךְ Amos 5:8, וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֫י Amos 8:9; Imperfect יַחֲשִׁיךְ Psalm 139:12; יַחְשִׁךְ Jeremiah 13:16;וַיַּחְשִׁךְ Psalm 105:28; Participle מַחְשִׁיךְ Job 38:2; —

1 make dark, ׳יום לילה הח Amos 5:8; absolute cause darkness Jeremiah 13:16; Psalm 105:28, compare Amos 8:9 (לארץ).

2 = hide, conceal, followed by מִמֶּךָּ Psalm 139:12.

3 figurative obscure, confuse Job 38:2 (object עֵצָה).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
be black, be make dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide

A primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively, to darken -- be black, be (make) dark, darken, cause darkness, be dim, hide.

Forms and Transliterations
הֶחְשִׁ֑יךְ החשיך וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֥י וְחָשְׁכ֥וּ וְחָשְׁכָ֥ה וַיַּחְשִׁ֑ךְ וַתֶּחְשַׁ֣ךְ והחשכתי וחשכה וחשכו ויחשך ותחשך חָשְׁכ֥וּ חָשַׁ֖ךְ חָשַׁ֣ךְ חָשַׁ֤ךְ חָשַׂ֣ךְ חשך חשכו יֶחְשְׁכוּ֮ יַחְשִׁ֔ךְ יַחְשִׁ֪יךְ יחשיך יחשך יחשכו מַחְשִׁ֖יךְ מחשיך תֶּחְשַׁ֣כְנָה תֶחְשַׁ֤ךְ תחשך תחשכנה chaSach chaShach chasheChu ḥā·śaḵ ḥā·šaḵ ḥā·šə·ḵū ḥāśaḵ ḥāšaḵ ḥāšəḵū hechShich heḥ·šîḵ heḥšîḵ machShich maḥ·šîḵ maḥšîḵ techShach techShachnah ṯeḥ·šaḵ teḥ·šaḵ·nāh ṯeḥšaḵ teḥšaḵnāh vaiyachShich vattechShach vechasheChah vechasheChu vehachashachTi wat·teḥ·šaḵ watteḥšaḵ way·yaḥ·šiḵ wayyaḥšiḵ wə·ha·ḥă·šaḵ·tî wə·ḥā·šə·ḵāh wə·ḥā·šə·ḵū wəhaḥăšaḵtî wəḥāšəḵāh wəḥāšəḵū yachShich yaḥ·šiḵ yaḥ·šîḵ yaḥšiḵ yaḥšîḵ yechsheChu yeḥ·šə·ḵū yeḥšəḵū
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Strong's Hebrew 2821
18 Occurrences


ḥā·śaḵ — 1 Occ.
ḥā·šaḵ — 4 Occ.
ḥā·šə·ḵū — 1 Occ.
heḥ·šîḵ — 1 Occ.
maḥ·šîḵ — 1 Occ.
ṯeḥ·šaḵ — 1 Occ.
teḥ·šaḵ·nāh — 1 Occ.
way·yaḥ·šiḵ — 1 Occ.
wat·teḥ·šaḵ — 1 Occ.
wə·ḥā·šə·ḵāh — 1 Occ.
wə·ḥā·šə·ḵū — 1 Occ.
wə·ha·ḥă·šaḵ·tî — 1 Occ.
yaḥ·šîḵ — 2 Occ.
yeḥ·šə·ḵū — 1 Occ.

Exodus 10:15
HEB: כָּל־ הָאָרֶץ֮ וַתֶּחְשַׁ֣ךְ הָאָרֶץ֒ וַיֹּ֜אכַל
NAS: so that the land was darkened; and they ate
KJV: so that the land was darkened; and they did eat
INT: of the whole land was darkened the land ate

Job 3:9
HEB: יֶחְשְׁכוּ֮ כּוֹכְבֵ֪י נִ֫שְׁפּ֥וֹ
NAS: of its twilight be darkened; Let it wait
KJV: of the twilight thereof be dark; let it look
INT: be darkened the stars twilight

Job 18:6
HEB: א֭וֹר חָשַׁ֣ךְ בְּאָהֳל֑וֹ וְ֝נֵר֗וֹ
NAS: in his tent is darkened, And his lamp
KJV: The light shall be dark in his tabernacle,
INT: the light is darkened his tent and his lamp

Job 38:2
HEB: מִ֤י זֶ֨ה ׀ מַחְשִׁ֖יךְ עֵצָ֥ה בְמִלִּ֗ין
NAS: is this that darkens counsel
KJV: Who [is] this that darkeneth counsel
INT: Who is this darkens counsel words

Psalm 69:23
HEB: תֶּחְשַׁ֣כְנָה עֵ֭ינֵיהֶם מֵרְא֑וֹת
NAS: May their eyes grow dim so that they cannot
KJV: Let their eyes be darkened, that they see
INT: grow may their eyes see

Psalm 105:28
HEB: שָׁ֣לַֽח חֹ֭שֶׁךְ וַיַּחְשִׁ֑ךְ וְלֹֽא־ מָ֝ר֗וּ
NAS: darkness and made [it] dark; And they did not rebel
KJV: darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled
INT: sent darkness and made did not rebel

Psalm 139:12
HEB: חֹשֶׁךְ֮ לֹֽא־ יַחְשִׁ֪יךְ מִ֫מֶּ֥ךָ וְ֭לַיְלָה
NAS: the darkness is not dark to You, And the night
KJV: Yea, the darkness hideth not from thee; but the night
INT: the darkness is not dark to You and the night

Ecclesiastes 12:2
HEB: אֲשֶׁ֨ר לֹֽא־ תֶחְשַׁ֤ךְ הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ וְהָא֔וֹר
NAS: and the stars are darkened, and clouds
KJV: or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds
INT: after not are darkened the sun and the light

Ecclesiastes 12:3
HEB: כִּ֣י מִעֵ֔טוּ וְחָשְׁכ֥וּ הָרֹא֖וֹת בָּאֲרֻבּֽוֹת׃
NAS: through windows grow dim;
KJV: of the windows be darkened,
INT: because almost some grow look windows

Isaiah 5:30
HEB: צַ֣ר וָא֔וֹר חָשַׁ֖ךְ בַּעֲרִיפֶֽיהָ׃ פ
NAS: Even the light is darkened by its clouds.
KJV: and the light is darkened in the heavens
INT: distress the light is darkened clouds

Isaiah 13:10
HEB: יָהֵ֖לּוּ אוֹרָ֑ם חָשַׁ֤ךְ הַשֶּׁ֙מֶשׁ֙ בְּצֵאת֔וֹ
NAS: The sun will be dark when it rises
KJV: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth,
INT: flash their light will be dark the sun rises

Jeremiah 13:16
HEB: כָּבוֹד֙ בְּטֶ֣רֶם יַחְשִׁ֔ךְ וּבְטֶ֛רֶם יִֽתְנַגְּפ֥וּ
NAS: Before He brings darkness And before
KJV: your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet
INT: glory Before brings and before stumble

Lamentations 4:8
HEB: חָשַׁ֤ךְ מִשְּׁחוֹר֙ תָּֽאֳרָ֔ם
NAS: Their appearance is blacker than soot,
KJV: Their visage is blacker than a coal;
INT: is blacker soot their appearance

Lamentations 5:17
HEB: עַל־ אֵ֖לֶּה חָשְׁכ֥וּ עֵינֵֽינוּ׃
NAS: of these things our eyes are dim;
KJV: for these [things] our eyes are dim.
INT: Because of these are dim our eyes

Ezekiel 30:18
HEB: וּבִֽתְחַפְנְחֵס֙ חָשַׂ֣ךְ הַיּ֔וֹם בְּשִׁבְרִי־
NAS: the day will be dark When I break
KJV: also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break
INT: Tehaphnehes will be dark the day break

Amos 5:8
HEB: וְי֖וֹם לַ֣יְלָה הֶחְשִׁ֑יךְ הַקּוֹרֵ֣א לְמֵֽי־
NAS: into morning, Who also darkens day
KJV: and maketh the day dark with night:
INT: day night darkens calls the waters

Amos 8:9
HEB: הַשֶּׁ֖מֶשׁ בַּֽצָּהֳרָ֑יִם וְהַחֲשַׁכְתִּ֥י לָאָ֖רֶץ בְּי֥וֹם
NAS: down at noon And make the earth
KJV: at noon, and I will darken the earth
INT: the sun noon and make the earth day

Micah 3:6
HEB: לָכֶם֙ מֵֽחָז֔וֹן וְחָשְׁכָ֥ה לָכֶ֖ם מִקְּסֹ֑ם
KJV: [shall be] unto you, that ye shall not have a vision; and it shall be dark unto you, that ye shall not divine;
INT: night vision be black divination will go

18 Occurrences

2820
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