Ezekiel 1:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Spread out above the heads of the living creatures was what looked something like a vault, sparkling like crystal, and awesome.

New Living Translation
Spread out above them was a surface like the sky, glittering like crystal.

English Standard Version
Over the heads of the living creatures there was the likeness of an expanse, shining like awe-inspiring crystal, spread out above their heads.

New American Standard Bible
Now over the heads of the living beings there was something like an expanse, like the awesome gleam of crystal, spread out over their heads.

King James Bible
And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The shape of an expanse, with a gleam like awe-inspiring crystal, was spread out over the heads of the living creatures.

International Standard Version
There was spread out over the heads of the living beings what looked like a canopy, in outward appearance resembling ice,

NET Bible
Over the heads of the living beings was something like a platform, glittering awesomely like ice, stretched out over their heads.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Something like a dome was spread over the heads of the living creatures. It looked like dazzling crystal.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And over the heads of the living creatures there was the likeness of a firmament, like the colour of the terrible ice, stretched forth over their heads above.

New American Standard 1977
Now over the heads of the living beings there was something like an expanse, like the awesome gleam of crystal, extended over their heads.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And over the heads of each living creature there appeared a heaven like a marvellous crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

King James 2000 Bible
And the likeness of the firmament above the heads of the living creature was as the color of awesome crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

American King James Version
And the likeness of the firmament on the heads of the living creature was as the color of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

American Standard Version
And over the head of the living creature there was the likeness of a firmament, like the terrible crystal to look upon, stretched forth over their heads above.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And over the heads of the living creatures was the likeness of the firmament, as the appearance of crystal terrible to behold, and stretched out over their heads above.

Darby Bible Translation
And there was the likeness of an expanse over the heads of the living creature, as the look of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

English Revised Version
And over the head of the living creature there was the likeness of a firmament, like the colour of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the likeness of the firmament upon the heads of the living creature was as the color of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

World English Bible
Over the head of the living creature there was the likeness of an expanse, like the awesome crystal to look on, stretched forth over their heads above.

Young's Literal Translation
And a likeness is over the heads of the living creatures of an expanse, as the colour of the fearful ice, stretched out over their heads from above.
Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
1:15-25 Providence, represented by the wheels, produces changes. Sometimes one spoke of the wheel is uppermost, sometimes another; but the motion of the wheel on its own axletree is regular and steady. We need not despond in adversity; the wheels are turning round and will raise us in due time, while those who presume in prosperity know not how soon they may be cast down. The wheel is near the living creatures; the angels are employed as ministers of God's providence. The spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels; the same wisdom, power, and holiness of God, that guide and govern the angels, by them order all events in this lower world. The wheel had four faces, denoting that the providence of God exerts itself in all parts. Look every way upon the wheel of providence, it has a face toward you. Their appearance and work were as a wheel in the middle of a wheel. The disposals of Providence seem to us dark, perplexed, and unaccountable, yet are all wisely ordered for the best. The motion of these wheels was steady, regular, and constant. They went as the Spirit directed, therefore returned not. We should not have to undo that by repentance which we have done amiss, if we followed the guidance of the Spirit. The rings, or rims of the wheels were so vast, that when put in motion the prophet was afraid to look upon them. The consideration of the height and depth of God's counsel should awe us. They were full of eyes round about. The motions of Providence are all directed by infinite Wisdom. All events are determined by the eyes of the Lord, which are in every place beholding the evil and the good; for there is no such thing as chance or fortune. The firmament above was a crystal, glorious, but terribly so. That which we take to be a dark cloud, is to God clear as crystal, through which he looks upon all the inhabitants of the earth. When the angels had roused a careless world, they let down their wings, that God's voice might be plainly heard. The voice of Providence is to open men's ears to the voice of the word. Sounds on earth should awaken our attention to the voice from heaven; for how shall we escape, if we turn away from Him that speaks from thence.
Study Bible
Vision of the Divine Glory
21Whenever those went, these went; and whenever those stood still, these stood still. And whenever those rose from the earth, the wheels rose close beside them; for the spirit of the living beings was in the wheels. 22Now over the heads of the living beings there was something like an expanse, like the awesome gleam of crystal, spread out over their heads. 23Under the expanse their wings were stretched out straight, one toward the other; each one also had two wings covering its body on the one side and on the other.…
Cross References
Revelation 4:6
And before the throne was something like a sea of glass, as clear as crystal. In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, covered with eyes in front and back.

Ezekiel 1:25
And there came a voice from above the expanse that was over their heads; whenever they stood still, they dropped their wings.

Ezekiel 1:26
Now above the expanse that was over their heads there was something resembling a throne, like lapis lazuli in appearance; and on that which resembled a throne, high up, was a figure with the appearance of a man.

Ezekiel 10:1
Then I looked, and behold, in the expanse that was over the heads of the cherubim something like a sapphire stone, in appearance resembling a throne, appeared above them.

Ezekiel 10:20
These are the living beings that I saw beneath the God of Israel by the river Chebar; so I knew that they were cherubim.
Treasury of Scripture

And the likeness of the firmament on the heads of the living creature was as the color of the terrible crystal, stretched forth over their heads above.

the likeness

Ezekiel 1:26 And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness …

Ezekiel 10:1 Then I looked, and, behold…

Exodus 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it …

Job 37:22 Fair weather comes out of the north: with God is terrible majesty.

Revelation 4:3,6 And he that sat was to look on like a jasper and a sardine stone: …

Revelation 21:11 Having the glory of God: and her light was like to a stone most precious, …

crystal
The Hebrew {kerach}, which generally denotes {ice}, doubtless here signifies crystal, [], from [], cold, ice, and [], to concrete,) as it is rendered by the LXX and Vulgate. It is a very large class of silicious minerals, hard, pellucid, naturally colourless, of regularly angular figures, and of simple plates; not flexible, not elastic, but giving fire with steel; not fermenting by acid menstura, but calcinable in a strong fire. There are three orders of pure crystal: the first is perfect columnar crystals, with double pyramids, of eighteen planes, in an hexangular pyramid at each end; the second is that of perfect crystals, with single pyramids, of ten or twelve planes, in an hexangular or pentangular column. [Terrible crystal] seems to denote that which was well cut and polished, vividly refracting the rays of light.

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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 1:22 Over the head of the living creature (Ezek. Eze Ezk) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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