Treaty
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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
TREATY

tre'-ti (berith, karath berith, "make a covenant," "league," "treaty"): Although the Israelites were forbidden to make treaties, or enter into covenant, with the Canaanites because of the risk thereby involved of religious apostasy and moral contamination (Exodus 23:32; Exodus 34:12 Deuteronomy 7:2 Judges 2:2), they were so situated in the midst of the nations that treaty relations of some sort with their neighbors were from time to time inevitable. After the rise of the monarchy, treaties were common. David and Solomon had friendly relations with Hiram, king of Tyre (1 Kings 5:15); Asa, to rid himself of the hostile approaches of Baasha, king of Israel, entered into a league with Ben-hadad of Syria, which the prophet Hanani denounced (2 Chronicles 16:1); Ahab entered into a similar compact with Ben-hadad's son and successor, and set him at liberty when he was his prisoner of war (1 Kings 20:34); and at a later time Jehoshaphat joined Ahab in an expedition against Ben-hadad II to Ramoth-gilead in which Ahab lost his life (1 Kings 22). Sometimes with Syria and neighboring states against the terrible Assyrian power, and sometimes with Egypt against Assyria or Babylon, the kings of Israel and Judah entered into treaty to resist their advances and to preserve their own independence (2 Kings 17:4 Hosea 7:11 Isaiah 30:1). Against such alliances the prophets raised their testimony (Isaiah 31:1 Jeremiah 27:3).

See also WAR, 9; ROME, V, 1.

T. Nicol

Greek
786. aspondos -- without libation, ie without truce, hence ...
... From a (as a negative particle) and a derivative of spendo; literally, without libation
(which usually accompanied a treaty), ie (by implication) truceless ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/786.htm - 7k
Strong's Hebrew
1285. berith -- a covenant
... Origin from an unused word Definition a covenant NASB Word Usage allied (1), allies*
(1), covenant (275), covenants (1), El-berith* (1), league (2), treaty (4 ...
/hebrew/1285.htm - 6k
Library

Article vi. , Clause 2, of the Treaty of Purchase, Transferring ...
... LIFE OF WILLIAM CAREY, DD III."ARTICLE VI., CLAUSE 2, OF THE TREATY OF PURCHASE,
TRANSFERRING SERAMPORE TO THE BRITISH GOVERNMENT. ...
/.../smith/the life of william carey/iii article vi clause 2 of.htm

Concerning Mania, the Phylarch of the Saracens. When the Treaty ...
... Saracens. When the Treaty with the Romans was dissolved, Moses, their Bishop,
who had been ordained by the Christians, renewed it. ...
/.../chapter xxxviii concerning mania the phylarch.htm

Of the Destruction of the Saguntines, who Received no Help from ...
... For when Hannibal had broken treaty with the Romans, he sought occasion for provoking
them to war, and accordingly made a fierce assault upon Saguntum. ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 20 of the destruction of.htm

The Life of Sir Archibald Johnston, Lord Warriston.
... Upon their approach, the English began to faint, whereupon the king and the English
nobility desired a treaty, which was easily granted by the Scots, who ...
/.../howie/biographia scoticana scots worthies/the life of sir archibald.htm

Carey's Christian University for the People of India
... The Danish charter"The British treaty"Growth of native Christian community"Lord
Minto's concession of self-governing privileges"Madras Decennial ...
/.../smith/the life of william carey/chapter xv careys christian university.htm

The Life of John Campbel Earl of Loudon.
... But this treaty was short-lived and ill observed, for the king irritated by the
bishops, soon after burnt the pacification by the hands of the hangman ...
/.../howie/biographia scoticana scots worthies/the life of john campbel.htm

'This Cup'
... emblem of His shed blood. I. First, then, observe that it speaks to us of
a divine treaty or covenant. Ancient Israel had lived for ...
//christianbookshelf.org/maclaren/expositions of holy scripture b/this cup.htm

The Avenging of the Saviour.
... of the earth. Now Nathan was sent from Jud├Ža to the Emperor Tiberius, to
carry their treaty to the city of Rome. And Tiberius was ...
/.../unknown/the avenging of the saviour/the avenging of the saviour.htm

Guelf and Ghibelline. (ii)
... reached Palestine the Templars and Hospitallers held aloof, while the Mendicant
Orders preached against him; and when, in accordance with his treaty with the ...
/.../medley/the church and the empire/chapter xv guelf and ghibelline.htm

Periods of Church History.
... and almost none for the Greek; and while the edict of Nantes forms a resting-place
in the history of French Protestantism, and the treaty of Westphalia in that ...
/.../schaff/history of the christian church volume i/section 4 periods of church.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The act of treating for the adjustment of differences, as for forming an agreement; negotiation.

2. (n.) An agreement so made; specifically, an agreement, league, or contract between two or more nations or sovereigns, formally signed by commissioners properly authorized, and solemnly ratified by the several sovereigns, or the supreme power of each state; an agreement between two or more independent states; as, a treaty of peace; a treaty of alliance.

3. (n.) A proposal tending to an agreement.

4. (n.) A treatise; a tract.

Thesaurus
Treaty (25 Occurrences)
... and solemnly ratified by the several sovereigns, or the supreme power of each state;
an agreement between two or more independent states; as, a treaty of peace ...
/t/treaty.htm - 16k

Benhadad (24 Occurrences)
... 3. Alliance with Ahab: A treaty was agreed upon between the two monarchs under which
Ahab's people were to have bazaars of their own in Damascus, as it would ...
/b/benhadad.htm - 28k

Alliance (12 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary A treaty between nations, or between individuals,
for their mutual advantage. Abraham formed an alliance ...
/a/alliance.htm - 21k

Numenius
... of Hazor (Galilee) over the princes of Demetrius (1 Maccabees 12:1;) about 144 BC
Their mission was to confirm and renew the friendship and treaty which had ...
/n/numenius.htm - 7k

Trucebkeaker
... King James Version rendering in 2 Timothy 3:3 of aspondos, literally, "without a
libation." As a libation always accompanied the making of a treaty in Greek ...
/t/trucebkeaker.htm - 6k

Ba'asha (26 Occurrences)
... (See RSV). 1 Kings 15:19 "There is a treaty between me and you, between my father
and your father. Behold, I have sent to you a present of silver and gold. ...
/b/ba'asha.htm - 13k

Baasha (26 Occurrences)
... (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV). 1 Kings 15:19 "There is a treaty between
me and you, between my father and your father. Behold ...
/b/baasha.htm - 16k

Hittites (39 Occurrences)
... Amenophis III repelled them in Phoenicia, and Subbiliuliuma descended on Kinza,
having made a treaty with Egypt, and captured Edugamma and his father Suttatarra ...
/h/hittites.htm - 55k

Treats (7 Occurrences)

/t/treats.htm - 8k

Kadesh (30 Occurrences)
... hostages from the Assyrians, and here too Rameses II defeated Hatesar, king of the
Hittites (circa 1320 BC), and concluded with him a treaty, which was ...
/k/kadesh.htm - 21k

Bible Concordance
Treaty (25 Occurrences)

Genesis 21:27 Abraham took sheep and cattle, and gave them to Abimelech. Those two made a covenant.
(See NIV)

Genesis 26:28 They said, "We saw plainly that Yahweh was with you. We said,'Let there now be an oath between us, even between us and you, and let us make a covenant with you,
(See NIV)

Exodus 34:12 Be careful, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land where you are going, lest it be for a snare in the midst of you:
(See NIV)

Exodus 34:15 "Don't make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, lest they play the prostitute after their gods, and sacrifice to their gods, and one call you and you eat of his sacrifice;
(See NIV)

Deuteronomy 7:2 and when Yahweh your God shall deliver them up before you, and you shall strike them; then you shall utterly destroy them: you shall make no covenant with them, nor show mercy to them;
(See NIV)

Deuteronomy 23:6 You shall not seek their peace nor their prosperity all your days forever.
(See NIV)

Joshua 9:6 They went to Joshua to the camp at Gilgal, and said to him, and to the men of Israel, "We have come from a far country. Now therefore make a covenant with us."
(See NIV)

Joshua 9:7 The men of Israel said to the Hivites, "What if you live among us. How could we make a covenant with you?"
(See NIV)

Joshua 9:11 Our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spoke to us, saying,'Take provision in your hand for the journey, and go to meet them, and tell them, "We are your servants. Now make a covenant with us."'
(See NIV)

Joshua 9:15 Joshua made peace with them, and made a covenant with them, to let them live. The princes of the congregation swore to them.
(See NIV)

Joshua 10:1 Now it happened when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them;
(See NIV)

Joshua 11:19 There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, except the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. They took all in battle.
(See NIV)

1 Samuel 11:1 Yahweh your God will make you plenteous in all the work of your hand, in the fruit of your body, and in the fruit of your livestock, and in the fruit of your ground, for good: for Yahweh will again rejoice over you for good, as he rejoiced over your fathers;
(See RSV NIV)

1 Samuel 11:2 Joshua commanded them with an oath at that time, saying, "Cursed is the man before Yahweh, who rises up and builds this city Jericho. With the loss of his firstborn shall he lay its foundation, and with the loss of his youngest son shall he set up its gates."
(See RSV NIV)

1 Kings 5:12 Yahweh gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him; and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.
(See RSV NIV)

1 Kings 15:19 "There is a treaty between me and you, between my father and your father. Behold, I have sent to you a present of silver and gold. Go, break your treaty with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me."
(WEB NAS NIV)

1 Kings 20:34 And Ben-hadad said unto him: 'The cities which my father took from thy father I will restore; and thou shalt make streets for thee in Damascus, as my father made in Samaria.' 'And I ,said Ahab, will let thee go with this covenant.' So he made a covenant with him, and let him go.
(See NIV)

2 Chronicles 16:3 There is a league between me and you, as there was between my father and your father: behold, I have sent you silver and gold; go, break your league with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me.
(See NAS NIV)

Ezra 9:12 now therefore don't give your daughters to their sons, neither take their daughters to your sons, nor seek their peace or their prosperity forever; that you may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave it for an inheritance to your children forever.
(See NIV)

Isaiah 33:8 The highways are waste, no man is journeying there: the agreement is broken, he has made sport of the towns, he has no thought for man.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 17:13 and he took of the seed royal, and made a covenant with him; he also brought him under an oath, and took away the mighty of the land;
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 17:14 that the kingdom might be base, that it might not lift itself up, but that by keeping his covenant it might stand.
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 17:15 But he rebelled against him in sending his ambassadors into Egypt, that they might give him horses and much people. Shall he prosper? shall he escape who does such things? shall he break the covenant, and yet escape?
(See NIV)

Ezekiel 17:16 As I live, says the Lord Yahweh, surely in the place where the king dwells who made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covenant he broke, even with him in the midst of Babylon he shall die.
(See NIV)

Amos 1:9 Thus says Yahweh: "For three transgressions of Tyre, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because they delivered up the whole community to Edom, and didn't remember the brotherly covenant;
(See NIV)

Subtopics

Treaty

Treaty with Idolatrous Nations Forbidden

Treaty: Between Nations: Israelites and Gibeonites

Treaty: Between Nations: Judah and Syria

Treaty: Ceding of the Territory By

Treaty: Reciprocity

Treaty: Sacredness of

Related Terms

Benhadad (24 Occurrences)

Alliance (12 Occurrences)

Numenius

Trucebkeaker

Ba'asha (26 Occurrences)

Baasha (26 Occurrences)

Hittites (39 Occurrences)

Treats (7 Occurrences)

Kadesh (30 Occurrences)

Negotiate (1 Occurrence)

Unite (10 Occurrences)

Orontes

On (40792 Occurrences)

Japhia (5 Occurrences)

League (20 Occurrences)

Gilgal (39 Occurrences)

Greeks (22 Occurrences)

Guarantee (5 Occurrences)

Gerar (10 Occurrences)

Grecians (4 Occurrences)

Tablet (7 Occurrences)

Tribute (67 Occurrences)

Renewal (6 Occurrences)

Respect (204 Occurrences)

Envoy (5 Occurrences)

Entreat (55 Occurrences)

Explanation (9 Occurrences)

Dictate (2 Occurrences)

Proposal (6 Occurrences)

Confederate (3 Occurrences)

Convention (1 Occurrence)

Concord (1 Occurrence)

Confirm (39 Occurrences)

Ambassador (5 Occurrences)

Ally (5 Occurrences)

Antiochus

Article (17 Occurrences)

Subsequent (3 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Province (66 Occurrences)

Demetrius (3 Occurrences)

Salt (45 Occurrences)

Maccabees

Pharisees (86 Occurrences)

Macedonia (23 Occurrences)

Break (257 Occurrences)

Oil (281 Occurrences)

Canaan (102 Occurrences)

Warfare (18 Occurrences)

Hoham (1 Occurrence)

Canaanites (63 Occurrences)

Hostage

War (529 Occurrences)

Solomon (277 Occurrences)

Books (16 Occurrences)

Dispersion (4 Occurrences)

Joshua (211 Occurrences)

Tree (245 Occurrences)

Archaeology

Minor (2 Occurrences)

Asia (22 Occurrences)

Book (211 Occurrences)

Covenant (309 Occurrences)

Old (3966 Occurrences)

Testament (13 Occurrences)

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