Daniel 2:32
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
The head of the statue was made of pure gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze,

New Living Translation
The head of the statue was made of fine gold. Its chest and arms were silver, its belly and thighs were bronze,

English Standard Version
The head of this image was of fine gold, its chest and arms of silver, its middle and thighs of bronze,

New American Standard Bible
"The head of that statue was made of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze,

King James Bible
This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The head of the statue was pure gold, its chest and arms were silver, its stomach and thighs were bronze,

International Standard Version
That statue had a head made of pure gold, with its chest and arms made of silver, its abdomen and thighs made of bronze,

NET Bible
As for that statue, its head was of fine gold, its chest and arms were of silver, its belly and thighs were of bronze.

New Heart English Bible
As for this image, its head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The head of this statue was made of fine gold. Its chest and arms were made of silver. Its stomach and hips were made of bronze.

JPS Tanakh 1917
As for that image, its head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass,

New American Standard 1977
“The head of that statue was made of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze,

Jubilee Bible 2000
The head of this image was of fine gold, its breasts and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass,

King James 2000 Bible
This image's head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze,

American King James Version
This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

American Standard Version
As for this image, its head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass,

Douay-Rheims Bible
The head of this statue was of fine gold, but the breast and the arms of silver, and the belly and the thighs of brass:

Darby Bible Translation
This image's head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass,

English Revised Version
As for this image, his head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

Webster's Bible Translation
The head of this image was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

World English Bible
As for this image, its head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass,

Young's Literal Translation
This image! its head is of good gold, its breasts and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass;
Study Bible
Daniel Interprets the Dream
31"You, O king, were looking and behold, there was a single great statue; that statue, which was large and of extraordinary splendor, was standing in front of you, and its appearance was awesome. 32"The head of that statue was made of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze, 33its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay.…
Cross References
Daniel 2:33
its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of clay.

Daniel 2:38
and wherever the sons of men dwell, or the beasts of the field, or the birds of the sky, He has given them into your hand and has caused you to rule over them all. You are the head of gold.
Treasury of Scripture

This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

head.

Daniel 2:37,38 You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given …

Daniel 4:22,30 It is you, O king, that are grown and become strong: for your greatness …

Daniel 7:4 The first was like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the …

Isaiah 14:4 That you shall take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, …

Jeremiah 51:7 Babylon has been a golden cup in the LORD's hand, that made all the …

Revelation 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet color, and decked …

breast.

Daniel 2:39 And after you shall arise another kingdom inferior to you, and another …

Daniel 7:5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised …

Daniel 8:3,4 Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before …

Daniel 11:2 And now will I show you the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet …

belly.

Daniel 2:39 And after you shall arise another kingdom inferior to you, and another …

Daniel 7:6 After this I beheld, and see another, like a leopard, which had on …

Daniel 8:5-8 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on …

Daniel 11:3 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, …

thighs. or, sides.

(32) Breast . . .--It should be remarked that though many different parts of the body of the image are mentioned, Daniel regards the whole thing as made up of only four parts, each corresponding to one of the four metals. Similarly he shows the history of the world in its relation to God's people, complicated though it may be and varied in its aspect, consists of no more than four principal parts. It will be noticed that by the additional matter mentioned Daniel 2:41-42, certain minor complications of history are intended, which, however, do not interfere with the fourfold division of which the outline is here given.

Verses 32, 33. - This image's head was of fine gold, his breasts and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, his legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. The versions present no occasion of r,-mark, save that Theodotion has a doublet, a; χεῖρες, translating, "the hands, the breast, and the arms." The word rendered "fine" is really "good" (טָב, tab). Naturally, there have not been preserved to us any composite images of this kind; gold and silver would certainly soon have found their way to the melting-pot after the fall of the Babylonian empire, had such a statue been erected in Babylon. Brass and iron were too precious not to follow in the same road. Among the Greeks, as we know, there were what were called "chryselephantine" statues, partly gold and partly ivory. In the description given of the Temple of Belus, we see a succession something akin to that in the statue, but it may be doubted whether we may deduce any connection between the two on that account. In the Book of Enoch the apocalyptist sees mountains of different kinds of metal - of gold, silver, brass, iron, tin, and mercury, the first four coinciding with the metals in Daniel's vision. Ewald refers in a note to the possibility that this idea might be borrowed from Hesiod, but rightly dismisses it as improbable. As to the metals used, gold and silver were well known in ancient times, as also iron, though, from the difficulty of working it, later. What is here translated "brass" ought to be rendered "copper;" "bronze" certainly was known very early, but the whole use of the word, נְחָשׁ (Aramaic), or נְחשֶׁת (Hebrew), implies that it is a simple metal; thus Deuteronomy 8:9, "Out of whose hills thou mayest dig brass" (Hebrew, נְחשֶׁת; Onkelos, נְחָשָׁא). In this statue the progressive degradation of the material and situation is to be observed. The head, the highest part, gold; the shoulders, lower, silver; the belly and thighs, lower still, brass; the legs, lower yet, iron; and the feet and toes, lowest of all, a mixture of iron and clay. It is observed by Kliefoth that there is further a growing division. The head is one, without any appearance of division; the portion consisting of the breast and arms is divided, though slightly, for the chest is more important and bulky than the arms; the belly and thighs form a portion which from the plural form given to the word translated "belly," מעוהי (m'ohi), suggests more of dividedness than does that above. The lowest portion, that forming the legs and toes, has the greatest amount of division. Kliefoth also refers to another point - that while there is a progressive degradation of the metal, there is also progression in degrees of hardness, silver being harder than gold, copper harder than silver, and iron hardest of all; then suddenly the iron is mingled with clay. There is not a new, softer material added to form a new fifth part; but there is a mingling of "clay " - clay suitable for the potter, or rather that has already been baked in the kiln, and therefore in the last degree brittle. In fact, there is a progress in frangibility - gold the most ductile of metals, and iron the least so, then clay, when baked, more brittle still. There are many other successions that might be followed, which are at least ingenious. The idea suggested by the phrase, "part of iron and part of clay," is that there was not a complete mingling, but that portions were seen that were clearly clay, and other portions as clearly still iron; there was therefore the superadded notion of the imperfect union of the parts with the necessary additional weakness which follows. This image's head was of fine gold,.... The prophet begins with the superior part of this image, and descends to the lower, because of the order and condition of the monarchies it represents: this signifies the Babylonian monarchy, as afterwards explained; called the "head", being the first and chief of the monarchies; and compared to "fine gold", because of the glory, excellency, and duration of it:

his breast and his arms of silver; its two arms, including its hands and its breast, to which they were joined, were of silver, a metal of less value than gold; designing the monarchy of the Medes and Persians, which are the two arms, and which centred in Cyrus, who was by his father a Persian, by his mother a Mede; and upon whom, after his uncle's death, the whole monarchy devolved:

his belly and his thighs of brass; a baser metal still; this points at the Macedonian or Grecian monarchy, set up by Alexander, signified by the "belly", for intemperance and luxury; as the two "thighs" denote his principal successors, the Selucidae and Lagidae, the Syrian and Egyptian kings; and these of brass, because of the sounding fame of them, as Jerom. 32. On ancient coins states are often represented by human figures. The head and higher parts signify the earlier times; the lower, the later times. The metals become successively baser and baser, implying the growing degeneracy from worse to worse. Hesiod, two hundred years before Daniel, had compared the four ages to the four metals in the same order; the idea is sanctioned here by Holy Writ. It was perhaps one of those fragments of revelation among the heathen derived from the tradition as to the fall of man. The metals lessen in specific gravity, as they downwards; silver is not so heavy as gold, brass not so heavy as silver, and iron not so heavy as brass, the weight thus being arranged in the reverse of stability [Tregelles]. Nebuchadnezzar derived his authority from God, not from man, nor as responsible to man. But the Persian king was so far dependent on others that he could not deliver Daniel from the princes (Da 6:14, 15); contrast Da 5:18, 19, as to Nebuchadnezzar's power from God, "whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive" (compare Ezr 7:14; Es 1:13-16). Græco-Macedonia betrays its deterioration in its divisions, not united as Babylon and Persia. Iron is stronger than brass, but inferior in other respects; so Rome hardy and strong to tread down the nations, but less kingly and showing its chief deterioration in its last state. Each successive kingdom incorporates its predecessor (compare Da 5:28). Power that in Nebuchadnezzar's hands was a God-derived (Da 2:37, 38) autocracy, in the Persian king's was a rule resting on his nobility of person and birth, the nobles being his equals in rank, but not in office; in Greece, an aristocracy not of birth, but individual influence, in Rome, lowest of all, dependent entirely on popular choice, the emperor being appointed by popular military election.2:31-45 This image represented the kingdoms of the earth, that should successively rule the nations, and influence the affairs of the Jewish church. 1. The head of gold signified the Chaldean empire, then in being. 2. The breast and arms of silver signified the empire of the Medes and Persians. 3. The belly and thighs of brass signified the Grecian empire, founded by Alexander. 4. The legs and feet of iron signified the Roman empire. The Roman empire branched into ten kingdoms, as the toes of these feet. Some were weak as clay, others strong as iron. Endeavours have often been used to unite them, for strengthening the empire, but in vain. The stone cut out without hands, represented the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ, which should be set up in the kingdoms of the world, upon the ruins of Satan's kingdom in them. This was the Stone which the builders refused, because it was not cut out by their hands, but it is become the head stone of the corner. Of the increase of Christ's government and peace there shall be no end. The Lord shall reign, not only to the end of time, but when time and days shall be no more. As far as events have gone, the fulfilling this prophetic vision has been most exact and undeniable; future ages shall witness this Stone destroying the image, and filling the whole earth.
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OT Prophets: Daniel 2:32 As for this image its head was (Dan. Da Dn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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