Rabshakeh
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Rabshakeh

(chief cupbearer), (2 Kings 19:1; Isaiah 36:1; Isaiah 37:1) ... one of the officers of the king of Assyria sent against Jerusalem in the reign of Hezekiah. [HEZEKIAH] (B.C. 713.) The English version takes Rabshakeh as the name of a person; but it is more probably the name of the office which he held at the court, that of chief cupbearer.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Chief of the princes, the name given to the chief cup-bearer or the vizier of the Assyrian court; one of Sennacherib's messengers to Hezekiah. See the speech he delivered, in the Hebrew language, in the hearing of all the people, as he stood near the wall on the north side of the city (2 Kings 18:17-37). He and the other envoys returned to their master and reported that Hezekiah and his people were obdurate, and would not submit.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
RABSHAKEH

rab'-sha-ke, rab-sha'-ke (rabhshaqeh): A compound word, the first part, rabh, indicating "head" or "chief" (see RAB-MAG; RAB-SARIS). The second part, which in the Aramaic, probably meant "cupbearer," had in this connection and elsewhere, according to later discoveries, an extended significance, and meant chief officer, i.e. chief of the heads or captains.

Rabshakeh was one of the officers sent by Sennacherib, the king of Assyria, with the Tartan and the Rabsaris to demand the surrender of Jerusalem, which was under siege by the Assyrian army (2 Kings 18:17, 19, 26, 27, 28, 37; 2 Kings 19:4, 8 Isaiah 36:2, 4, 11, 12, 13, 22; Isaiah 37:4, 8). The three officers named went from Lachish to Jerusalem and appeared by the conduit of the upper pool. Having called upon King Hezekiah, his representatives Eliakim, the son of Hilkiah, Shebnah, the scribe, and Joah, the recorder, appeared. Rabshakeh sent through them a message to the king in which he represented himself as the spokesman for the king of Assyria. He derided King Hezekiah in an insolent fashion in representing his trust in Egypt as a bruised reed which would pierce the hand. Likewise his confidence in Yahweh was vain, for He also would be unable to deliver them. Then the officers of the king replied, requesting him to speak in the Syrian language-which they understood, and not in the Jews' language which the people on the wall understood. This he refused to do, speaking still more loudly in order that they might hear and be persuaded. By bribery and appeal, by promise and by deception he exhorted them to turn traitor to Hezekiah and surrender to him. The people, however, true to the command of Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:36), "held their peace, and answered him not a word." Afterward Rabshakeh returned and "found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah". (2 Kings 19:8). From this description it is inferred that Rabshakeh was a man of considerable literary attainment, being able, in all probability, to speak in three languages. He had, in addition to his official power, dauntless courage, an insolent spirit and a characteristic oriental disregard for veracity.

Walter G. Clippinger

Strong's Hebrew
7262. Rabshaqeh -- perhaps "chief of the officers," an Assyr. ...
... military leader. Transliteration: Rabshaqeh Phonetic Spelling: (rab-shaw-kay') Short
Definition: Rabshakeh. ... military leader NASB Word Usage Rabshakeh (16). ...
/hebrew/7262.htm - 6k
Library

How Sennacherib Made an Expedition against Hezekiah; What
... Threatenings Rabshakeh Made To Hezekiah When Sennacherib Was Gone Against The Egyptians;
How Isaiah The Prophet Encouraged Him; How Sennacherib Having Failed ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 1 how sennacherib made.htm

The Triumph of Faith
... A glance at the preceding chapters will show how the high military official, 'the
rabshakeh,' or chief of the officers, shaped all his insolent and yet skilful ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture h/the triumph of faith.htm

Deliverance from Assyria
... See Isaiah 52:5. "Speak ye now to Hezekiah," said Rabshakeh, one of Sennacherib's
chief officers, "Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 30 deliverance from assyria.htm

Further Examples from the Old Testament in Favour of Fasting.
... king of the Assyrians, Sennacherib, after already taking several cities, was volleying
blasphemies and menaces against Israel through Rabshakeh, nothing else ...
/.../chapter vii further examples from the.htm

Chapter xl
... In any case, we know both from secular parallels as well as from Scriptures (Nehemiah
1:11 "Nehemiah; and 2 Kings 18:17 "Rabshakeh, which Aramaic name ...
//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter xl.htm

Letter Lxxvi. To Abigaus.
... harvest. [2313]. 3. You request me by my exhortations to slay in you
Nebuchadnezzar and Rabshakeh and Nebuzar-adan and Holofernes. [2314 ...
/.../jerome/the principal works of st jerome/letter lxxvi to abigaus.htm

Of the Removal of the Remains of John and of the Faith of ...
... When one of the barbarian chieftains ventured on his wonted blasphemy, and with
words like those of Rabshakeh and Sennacherib, madly threatened to burn the ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of theodoret/chapter xxxvi of the removal of.htm

Order and Argument in Prayer
... It was well done of Hezekiah, when he took Rabshakeh's letter and spread it before
the Lord. Will that help him? It is full of blasphemy, will that help him? ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 12 1866/order and argument in prayer.htm

Nineveh.
... the latter years of his reign, Sennacherib undertook an expedition into Egypt, and
on his way sent a blasphemous message by his servant, Rabshakeh, to summon ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson ix nineveh.htm

Temptations.
... his prey, so doth Satan kill the spirit of those that hearken to him; for when he
tempteth, especially by way of accusation, he doth to us as Rabshakeh did to ...
//christianbookshelf.org/bunyan/the riches of bunyan/xv temptations.htm

Thesaurus
Rabshakeh (15 Occurrences)
...RABSHAKEH. ...Rabshakeh sent through them a message to the king in which he
represented himself as the spokesman for the king of Assyria. ...
/r/rabshakeh.htm - 14k

Rab-shakeh (14 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 18:17 And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rab-saris and Rabshakeh
from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great army unto Jerusalem. ...
/r/rab-shakeh.htm - 10k

Fuller's (4 Occurrences)
... Here stood Rabshakeh in his interview with Eliakim and others on the wall (2 Kings
18:17 Isaiah 36:2); clearly the highway was within easy earshot of the walls ...
/f/fuller's.htm - 11k

Joah (10 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 18:26 Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah, and Joah, said to Rabshakeh,
"Please speak to your servants in the Syrian language; for we ...
/j/joah.htm - 11k

Rab-saris (3 Occurrences)
Rab-saris. Rab'saris, Rab-saris. Rabshakeh . Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
RAB-SARIS. ... Rab'saris, Rab-saris. Rabshakeh . Reference Bible.
/r/rab-saris.htm - 9k

Eliakim (14 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 18:26 Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah, and Joah, said to Rabshakeh,
"Please speak to your servants in the Syrian language; for we ...
/e/eliakim.htm - 15k

Field (390 Occurrences)
... Here stood Rabshakeh in his interview with Eliakim and others on the wall (2 Kings
18:17 Isaiah 36:2); clearly the highway was within easy earshot of the walls ...
/f/field.htm - 44k

Recorder (10 Occurrences)
... His high rank is shown by the facts that, with other officers, he represented Hezekiah
in speaking with Rabshakeh (2 Kings 18:18), and, in the reign of Josiah ...
/r/recorder.htm - 12k

Shebna (9 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 18:26 Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah, and Joah, said to Rabshakeh,
"Please speak to your servants in the Syrian language; for we ...
/s/shebna.htm - 20k

Lachish (22 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 18:17 The king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from
Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great army to Jerusalem. ...
/l/lachish.htm - 22k

Concordance
Rabshakeh (15 Occurrences)

2 Kings 18:17
The king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great army to Jerusalem. They went up and came to Jerusalem. When they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which is in the highway of the fuller's field.
(WEB KJV ASV NAS)

2 Kings 18:19
Rabshakeh said to them, "Say now to Hezekiah,'Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria, "What confidence is this in which you trust?
(WEB KJV ASV NAS)

2 Kings 18:26
Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah, and Joah, said to Rabshakeh, "Please speak to your servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it. Don't speak with us in the Jews' language, in the hearing of the people who are on the wall."
(WEB KJV ASV NAS)

2 Kings 18:27
But Rabshakeh said to them, "Has my master sent me to your master, and to you, to speak these words? Hasn't he sent me to the men who sit on the wall, to eat their own dung, and to drink their own water with you?"
(WEB KJV ASV NAS)

2 Kings 18:28
Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and spoke, saying, "Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria.
(WEB KJV ASV NAS)

2 Kings 19:4
It may be Yahweh your God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master has sent to defy the living God, and will rebuke the words which Yahweh your God has heard. Therefore lift up your prayer for the remnant that is left.'"
(WEB KJV ASV NAS)

2 Kings 19:8
So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah; for he had heard that he had departed from Lachish.
(WEB KJV ASV NAS)

Isaiah 36:2
The king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem to king Hezekiah with a large army. He stood by the aqueduct from the upper pool in the fuller's field highway.
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Isaiah 36:4
Rabshakeh said to them, "Now tell Hezekiah,'Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria, "What confidence is this in which you trust?
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Isaiah 36:11
Then Eliakim, Shebna and Joah said to Rabshakeh, "Please speak to your servants in Aramaic, for we understand it; and don't speak to us in the Jews' language in the hearing of the people who are on the wall."
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Isaiah 36:12
But Rabshakeh said, "Has my master sent me only to your master and to you, to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, who will eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?"
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Isaiah 36:13
Then Rabshakeh stood, and called out with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and said, "Hear the words of the great king, the king of Assyria!
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Isaiah 36:22
Then Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah, the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Isaiah 37:4
It may be Yahweh your God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master has sent to defy the living God, and will rebuke the words which Yahweh your God has heard. Therefore lift up your prayer for the remnant that is left.'"
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Isaiah 37:8
So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah, for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)

Subtopics

Rabshakeh

Sarcasm: Rabshakeh to Hezekiah

Related Terms

Rab-shakeh (14 Occurrences)

Fuller's (4 Occurrences)

Joah (10 Occurrences)

Rab-saris (3 Occurrences)

Eliakim (14 Occurrences)

Field (390 Occurrences)

Recorder (10 Occurrences)

Shebna (9 Occurrences)

Lachish (22 Occurrences)

Judean (7 Occurrences)

Warring (13 Occurrences)

Fullers (4 Occurrences)

Taskmaster (3 Occurrences)

Trustest (8 Occurrences)

Tartan (2 Occurrences)

Rabsaris (3 Occurrences)

Defy (10 Occurrences)

Piss (2 Occurrences)

Cupbearer (10 Occurrences)

Conduit (5 Occurrences)

Taunt (38 Occurrences)

Libnah (18 Occurrences)

Reprove (35 Occurrences)

Dung (27 Occurrences)

Rab'shakeh (14 Occurrences)

Commander (111 Occurrences)

Asshur (133 Occurrences)

Scribe (55 Occurrences)

Asaph (47 Occurrences)

Rebuke (77 Occurrences)

Torn (100 Occurrences)

Reproach (124 Occurrences)

Vilest (5 Occurrences)

Urine (2 Occurrences)

Jew's (3 Occurrences)

Jo'ah (8 Occurrences)

Rezeph (2 Occurrences)

Remembrancer (8 Occurrences)

Ridicule (14 Occurrences)

Excretions (2 Occurrences)

Doomed (21 Occurrences)

Dove's (1 Occurrence)

Pledge (55 Occurrences)

Basing (7 Occurrences)

Cup-bearer (5 Occurrences)

Confided (17 Occurrences)

Arpad (6 Occurrences)

Aramean (17 Occurrences)

Administrator (8 Occurrences)

Arphad (2 Occurrences)

Standeth (111 Occurrences)

Supreme (13 Occurrences)

Syrian (12 Occurrences)

Survives (6 Occurrences)

Shebnah (2 Occurrences)

Secretary (34 Occurrences)

Filth (21 Occurrences)

Hilkiah (31 Occurrences)

Upper (99 Occurrences)

Confidence (103 Occurrences)

Hezekiah (124 Occurrences)

Mock (43 Occurrences)

Isaiah (64 Occurrences)

Highway (27 Occurrences)

Remnant (157 Occurrences)

Aramaic (12 Occurrences)

Withdrew (55 Occurrences)

Haran (19 Occurrences)

Pool (25 Occurrences)

Wall (227 Occurrences)

Officer (70 Occurrences)

Place (9195 Occurrences)

Decided (54 Occurrences)

Assyria (124 Occurrences)

Findeth (66 Occurrences)

Dial (2 Occurrences)

Devour (118 Occurrences)

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