Naboth
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Naboth

words; prophecies

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Naboth

(fruits), the victim of Ahab and Jezebel, was the owner of a small vineyard at Jezreel, close to the royal palace of Shab. (1 Kings 21:1,2) (B.C. 897.) It thus became an object of desire to the king, who offered an equivalent in money or another vineyard. In exchange for this Naboth, in the independent spirit of a Jewish landholder, refused: "The Lord forbid it me that I should give the inheritance of my father unto thee." Ahab was cowed by this reply; but the proud spirit of Jezebel was aroused. She took the matter into her own hands. A fast was proclaimed, as on the announcement of some impending calamity. Naboth was "set on high" in the public place of Samaria; two men of worthless character accused him of having "cursed God and the king." He and his children, (2 Kings 9:26) were dragged out of the city and despatched; the same night. The place of execution there was by the large tank or reservoir which still remains an the slope of the hill of Samaria, immediately outside the walls. The usual punishment for blasphemy was enforced: Naboth and his sons were stoned; and the blood from their wounds ran down into the waters of the tank below. For the signal retribution taken on this judicial murder --a remarkable proof of the high regard paid in the old dispensation to the claims of justice and independence --see AHAB; JEHU; JEZEBEL.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Naboth

An Israelite at Jezreel, who declined selling his ancestral vineyard to Ahab, Le 25:23,24; and was in consequence murdered, on a false charge of blasphemy contrived by Jezebel the queen. Ahab took immediate possession of the coveted vineyard-perhaps as being legally for forfeited to the government, construing blasphemy as treason; or it may be, that the heirs were deterred from asserting their claim by a dread of the unscrupulous arts of Jezebel. Elijah, however, did not fear to denounce against the king and queen the vengeance of One "higher than they," 1 Kings 21:1-29 2 Kings 9:24-26,36 Ecclesiastes 5:8.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Fruits, "the Jezreelite," was the owner of a portion of ground on the eastern slope of the hill of Jezreel (2 Kings 9:25, 26). This small "plat of ground" seems to have been all he possessed. It was a vineyard, and lay "hard by the palace of Ahab" (1 Kings 21:1, 2), who greatly coveted it. Naboth, however, refused on any terms to part with it to the king. He had inherited it from his fathers, and no Israelite could lawfully sell his property (Leviticus 25:23). Jezebel, Ahab's wife, was grievously offended at Naboth's refusal to part with his vineyard. By a crafty and cruel plot she compassed his death. His sons also shared his fate (2 Kings 9:26; 1 Kings 21:19). She then came to Ahab and said, "Arise, take possession of the vineyard; for Naboth is not alive, but dead." Ahab arose and went forth into the garden which had so treacherously and cruelly been acquired, seemingly enjoying his new possession, when, lo, Elijah suddenly appeared before him and pronounced against him a fearful doom (1 Kings 21:17-24). Jehu and Bidcar were with Ahab at this time, and so deeply were the words of Elijah imprinted on Jehu's memory that many years afterwards he refers to them (2 Kings 9:26), and he was the chief instrument in inflicting this sentence on Ahab and Jezebel and all their house (9:30-37). The house of Ahab was extinguished by him. Not one of all his great men and his kinsfolk and his priests did Jehu spare (10:11).

Ahab humbled himself at Elijah's words (1 Kings 21:28, 29), and therefore the prophecy was fulfilled not in his fate but in that of his son Joram (2 Kings 9:25).

The history of Naboth, compared with that of Ahab and Jezebel, furnishes a remarkable illustration of the law of a retributive providence, a law which runs through all history (Comp. Psalm 109:17, 18).

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
NABOTH

na'-both, na'-both (nabhoth, from nubh, "a sprout"; Nabouthai): The owner of a vineyard contiguous to the palace of King Ahab. The king desired, by purchase or exchange, to add the vineyard to his own grounds. Naboth, however, refused to part on any terms with his paternal inheritance. This refusal made Ahab "heavy and displeased" (1 Kings 21:4). Jezebel, the king's wife, then took the matter in hand, and by false accusation on an irrelevant charge procured the death of Naboth by stoning (1 Kings 21:7-14). As Ahab was on his way to take possession of the vineyard he met Elijah the prophet, who denounced his vile act and pronounced judgment on king and royal house. A temporary respite was given to Ahab because of a repentant mood (1 Kings 21:27-29); but later the blow fell, first upon himself in a conflict with Syria (1 Kings 22:34-40); then upon his house through a conspiracy of Jehu, in which Jehoram, Ahab's son, and Jezebel, his wife, were slain (2 Kings 9:25-26, 30). In both cases the circumstances recalled the foul treatment of Naboth.

Henry Wallace

Strong's Hebrew
5022. Naboth -- a Jezreelite
... 5021, 5022. Naboth. 5023 . a Jezreelite. Transliteration: Naboth Phonetic
Spelling: (naw-both') Short Definition: Naboth. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/5022.htm - 6k
Library

Ahab and Naboth
... SERMON XI. AHAB AND NABOTH. ... And Naboth said unto Ahab, The Lord forbid it me,
that I should give the inheritance of my fathers unto thee. ...
/.../kingsley/sermons for the times/sermon xi ahab and naboth.htm

At that Time, Ahab, King of Samaria, Coveted the vineyard of ...
... At that time, Ahab, king of Samaria, coveted the vineyard of Naboth... And as Naboth
was unwilling to sell it to him, he was cut off by the wiles of Jezebel. ...
/.../severus/life and writings of sulpitius severus /chapter xliv at that time.htm

Ahab the Thief
... THE OLD TESTAMENT AHAB THE THIEF. Now Naboth, the Jezreelite, had a vineyard
in Jezreel next to the palace of Ahab, who ruled at Samaria. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/ahab the thief.htm

The Fall of the House of Ahab
... Hard by the palace of the king was a vineyard belonging to Naboth, a
Jezreelite. ... Naboth's refusal made the selfish monarch ill. ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 16 the fall of.htm

Royal Murderers
... THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS ROYAL MURDERERS. 'And it came to pass after these things,
that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/royal murderers.htm

The End of Ahab's Selfish Family
... Then Joram said, "Get my chariot ready," and when it was ready he went to meet
Jehu and found him in the field of Naboth the Jezreelite. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the end of ahabs selfish.htm

Repentance unto Life
... Let me tell you of a case. A certain man named Ahab coveted the vineyard of his
neighbor Naboth, who would not sell it for a price, nor make an exchange. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 1 1855/repentance unto life.htm

How Ahab when He had Taken Jezebel to Wife Became More Wicked than ...
... When He Had Taken Jezebel To Wife Became More Wicked Than All The Kings That Had
Been Before Him; Of The Actions Of The Prophet Elijah, And What Befell Naboth. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 13 how ahab when.htm

How Jehu was Anointed King, and Slew Both Joram and Ahaziah; as ...
... So he went out to meet Jehu, who marched slowly, [16] and in good order; and when
Joram met him in the field of Naboth, he asked him if all things were well in ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 6 how jehu was.htm

Cheating and Dishonest Ways of Making Money are Utterly Unfit for ...
... For them the example of David is given, that they should injure none, even when
provoked; also the death of Naboth, to keep them from preferring life to virtue ...
/.../ambrose/works and letters of st ambrose/chapter ix cheating and dishonest.htm

Thesaurus
Naboth (18 Occurrences)
...Naboth, however, refused on any terms to part with it to the king. ... Jezebel, Ahab's
wife, was grievously offended at Naboth's refusal to part with his vineyard. ...
/n/naboth.htm - 16k

Naboth's (5 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Naboth's (5 Occurrences). 1 Kings 21:8 So she
wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal ...
/n/naboth's.htm - 7k

Jezreelite (9 Occurrences)
... JEZREELITE. jez'-re-el-it, jez'-rel-it ha-yizre`e'li): applied to Naboth, a native
of Jezreel (1) (1 Kings 21:1, etc.). Multi-Version Concordance ...
/j/jezreelite.htm - 10k

Jizreelite (7 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 21:1 And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jizreelite
had a vineyard, which was in Jizreel, by the side of the palace of Ahab king of ...
/j/jizreelite.htm - 8k

Vine-garden (43 Occurrences)
... it. (BBE). 1 Kings 21:1 Now Naboth the Jezreelite had a vine-garden in
Jezreel, near the house of Ahab, king of Samaria. (BBE). 1 ...
/v/vine-garden.htm - 19k

Jez'ebel (19 Occurrences)
... of Israel? arise, and eat bread, and let thy heart be merry; I will give
thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.' (See RSV). 1 ...
/j/jez'ebel.htm - 11k

Vineyard (69 Occurrences)
... 1 Kings 21:1 It happened after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard,
which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria. ...
/v/vineyard.htm - 29k

Jezebel (20 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 9:7 regards the massacre of Ahab's family as a punishment for the persecution
of the prophets by Jezebel 2. Jezebel's Plot Against Naboth (1 Kings 21 ...
/j/jezebel.htm - 26k

Stoned (38 Occurrences)
... The base fellows testified against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of
the people, saying, "Naboth cursed God and the king!" Then they carried him out ...
/s/stoned.htm - 18k

Jezreel (37 Occurrences)
... (1 Kings 21:23; Comp. 13), the fortification surrounding the city, outside of which
Naboth was executed. ... Here Naboth was stoned to death (1 Kings 21:13). ...
/j/jezreel.htm - 27k

Concordance
Naboth (18 Occurrences)

1 Kings 21:1
It happened after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:2
Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, "Give me your vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near to my house; and I will give you for it a better vineyard than it. Or, if it seems good to you, I will give you its worth in money."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:3
Naboth said to Ahab, "May Yahweh forbid me, that I should give the inheritance of my fathers to you!"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:4
Ahab came into his house sullen and angry because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him; for he had said, "I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers." He laid himself down on his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:6
He said to her, "Because I spoke to Naboth the Jezreelite, and said to him,'Give me your vineyard for money; or else, if it pleases you, I will give you another vineyard for it.' He answered,'I will not give you my vineyard.'"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:7
Jezebel his wife said to him, "Do you now govern the kingdom of Israel? Arise, and eat bread, and let your heart be merry. I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:8
So she wrote letters in Ahab's name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters to the elders and to the nobles who were in his city, who lived with Naboth.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:9
She wrote in the letters, saying, "Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:12
They proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:13
The two men, the base fellows, came in and sat before him. The base fellows testified against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, "Naboth cursed God and the king!" Then they carried him out of the city, and stoned him to death with stones.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:14
Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, "Naboth has been stoned, and is dead."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:15
It happened, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, "Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give you for money; for Naboth is not alive, but dead."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:16
It happened, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:18
"Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, who dwells in Samaria. Behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, where he has gone down to take possession of it.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Kings 21:19
You shall speak to him, saying,'Thus says Yahweh, "Have you killed and also taken possession?"' You shall speak to him, saying,'Thus says Yahweh, "In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth, dogs will lick your blood, even yours."'"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 9:21
Joram said, "Get ready!" They got his chariot ready. Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out to meet Jehu, and found him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 9:25
Then Jehu said to Bidkar his captain, "Pick him up, and throw him in the plot of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite; for remember how, when you and I rode together after Ahab his father, Yahweh laid this burden on him:
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 9:26
'Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons,' says Yahweh;'and I will repay you in this plot of ground,' says Yahweh. Now therefore take and cast him onto the plot of ground, according to the word of Yahweh."
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Naboth

Naboth: His Murder Avenged

Naboth: His Vineyard Forcibly Taken by Ahab; Stoned at the Instigation of Jezebel

Related Terms

Naboth's (5 Occurrences)

Jezreelite (9 Occurrences)

Jizreelite (7 Occurrences)

Vine-garden (43 Occurrences)

Jez'ebel (19 Occurrences)

Vineyard (69 Occurrences)

Jezebel (20 Occurrences)

Stoned (38 Occurrences)

Jezreel (37 Occurrences)

Jezebel's (5 Occurrences)

Ahab's (14 Occurrences)

Plot (53 Occurrences)

Sell (58 Occurrences)

Refused (89 Occurrences)

Ahab (85 Occurrences)

Nobah (2 Occurrences)

Good-for-nothing (22 Occurrences)

Worthlessness (14 Occurrences)

Witnessed (21 Occurrences)

Writeth (26 Occurrences)

Rode (22 Occurrences)

Melech (7 Occurrences)

Prefer (10 Occurrences)

Prominent (13 Occurrences)

Blaspheme (16 Occurrences)

Blasphemed (28 Occurrences)

Sama'ria (102 Occurrences)

Jehoram (27 Occurrences)

Fellows (30 Occurrences)

Belial (23 Occurrences)

Letters (51 Occurrences)

Jehu (63 Occurrences)

Seats (40 Occurrences)

Charges (58 Occurrences)

Cursing (53 Occurrences)

Elijah (104 Occurrences)

Joram (26 Occurrences)

Pick (37 Occurrences)

Fasting (34 Occurrences)

Worthless (103 Occurrences)

Wrote (74 Occurrences)

Testified (65 Occurrences)

Stead (117 Occurrences)

Public (99 Occurrences)

Belonging (90 Occurrences)

Belonged (105 Occurrences)

Over-against (156 Occurrences)

Palace (194 Occurrences)

Letter (112 Occurrences)

Fast (157 Occurrences)

Testify (110 Occurrences)

Yesterday (13 Occurrences)

Yesternight (4 Occurrences)

Vegetable (3 Occurrences)

Cursed (115 Occurrences)

Nabathites

Nabuchodonosor

Onto (22 Occurrences)

Joyful (83 Occurrences)

Jizreel (30 Occurrences)

Lick (8 Occurrences)

Licked (4 Occurrences)

Lappidoth (1 Occurrence)

Govern (21 Occurrences)

Involving (2 Occurrences)

Incident (5 Occurrences)

Freemen (17 Occurrences)

Riding (30 Occurrences)

Recompensed (20 Occurrences)

Requite (42 Occurrences)

Dogs (30 Occurrences)

Murdered (25 Occurrences)

Pleases (51 Occurrences)

Pleaseth (13 Occurrences)

Plat (1 Occurrence)

Blasphemy (15 Occurrences)

Bidkar (1 Occurrence)

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