Hermon
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Hermon

anathema; devoted to destruction

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Hermon

(a peak, summit), a mountain on the northeastern border of Palestine, (3:8; Joshua 12:1) over against Lebanon, (Joshua 11:17) adjoining the plateau of Bashan. (1 Chronicles 5:23) It stands at the southern end, and is the culminating point of the anti-Libanus range; it towers high above the ancient border city of Dan and the fountains of the Jordan, and is the most conspicuous and beautiful mountain in Palestine or Assyria. At the present day it is called Jebel esh-Sheikh , "the chief mountain," and Jebel eth-Thelj , "snowy mountain." When the whole country is parched with the summer sun, white lines of snow streak the head of Hermon. This mountain was the great landmark of the Israelites. It was associated with their northern border almost as intimately as the sea was with the western. Hermon has three summits, situated like the angles of a triangle, and about a quarter of a mile from each other. In two passages of Scripture this mountain is called Baal-hermon , (Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23) possibly because Baal was there worshipped. (It is more than probable that some part of Hermon was the scene of the transfiguration, as it stands near Caesarea Philippi, where we know Christ was just before that event --ED.) The height of Hermon has never been measured, though it has often been estimated. It may safely be reckoned at 10,000 feet.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Hermon

A lofty mountain on the northeast border of Palestine, called also Sirion Shenir, and Sion, (not Zion,) De 3:8; 4:39. It is a part of the great Anti-Lebanon Range; at the point where an eastern and lower arm branches off, a little south of the latitude of Damascus, and runs in a southerly direction terminating east of the head of the sea of Galilee. This low range is called Jebel Heish. Mount Hermon is believed to be what is now known as Jebel esh-Sheikh, whose highest summit, surpassing every other in Syria, rises into the region of perpetual snow or ice, ten thousand feet above the sea.

For a view of Hermon, see MEROM. Professor Hackett thus describes its appearance as seen from a hill north of Nazareth: "The mountain was concealed one moment, and the next, on ascending a few steps higher, stood arrayed before me with an imposing effect which I cannot easily describe. It rose immensely above every surrounding object. The purity of the atmosphere caused it to appear near, though it was in reality many miles distant. The snow on its head and sides sparkled under the rays of the sun, as if it had been robed in a vesture of silver. In my mind's eye at that moment it had none of the appearance of an inert mass of earth and rock, but glowed with life and animation. It stood there athwart my path, like a mighty giant rearing his head towards heaven and swelling with the proud consciousness of strength and majesty. I felt how natural was the Psalmist's personification: "the north and the south thou hast created them; Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name,-" Psalm 89:12.

The "little Hermon" of modern travellers, not mentioned in Scripture, is a shapeless mass of hills north of the smaller valley of Jezreel. "Hermonites," or Hermons, in Psalm 42:6, denotes the peaks of the Hermons range.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
A peak, the eastern prolongation of the Anti-Lebanon range, reaching to the height of about 9,200 feet above the Mediterranean. It Marks the north boundary of Palestine (Deuteronomy 3:8, 4:48; Joshua 11:3, 17; 13:11; 12:1), and is seen from a great distance. It is about 40 miles north of the Sea of Galilee. It is called "the Hermonites" (Psalm 42:6) because it has more than one summit. The Sidonians called it Sirion, and the Amorites Shenir (Deuteronomy 3:9; Cant. 4:8). It is also called Baal-hermon (Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23) and Sion (Deuteronomy 4:48). There is every probability that one of its three summits was the scene of the transfiguration (q.v.). The "dew of Hermon" is referred to (Psalm 89:12). Its modern name is Jebel-esh-Sheikh, "the chief mountain." It is one of the most conspicuous mountains in Palestine or Syria. "In whatever part of Palestine the Israelite turned his eye northward, Hermon was there, terminating the view. From the plain along the coast, from the Jordan valley, from the heights of Moab and Gilead, from the plateau of Bashan, the pale, blue, snow-capped cone forms the one feature in the northern horizon."

Our Lord and his disciples climbed this "high mountain apart" one day, and remained on its summit all night, "weary after their long and toilsome ascent." During the night "he was transfigured before them; and his face did shine as the sun." The next day they descended to Caesarea Philippi.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
HERMON

hur'-mon (chermon; Codex Vaticanus, Haermon):

1. Description:

The name of the majestic mountain in which the Anti-Lebanon range terminates to the South (Deuteronomy 3:8, etc.). It reaches a height of 9,200 ft. above the sea, and extends some 16 to 20 miles from North to South. It was called Sirion by the Sidonians (Deuteronomy 3:9; compare Psalm 29:6), and Senir by the Amorites (Deuteronomy 3:9). It is also identified with Sion (Deuteronomy 4:48). See SIRION; SENIR; SION. Sometimes it is called "Mt. Hermon" (Deuteronomy 3:8 Joshua 11:17 1 Chronicles 5:23, etc.); at other times simply "Hermon" (Joshua 11:3 Psalm 89:12, etc.).

2. The Hermons:

Once it is called "Hermons" (chermonim). the King James Version mistakenly renders this "the Hermonites" (Psalm 42:6). It must be a reference to the triple summits of the mountain. There are three distinct heads, rising near the middle of the mass, the two higher being toward the East. The eastern declivities are steep and bare; the western slopes are more gradual; and while the upper reaches are barren, the lower are well wooded; and as one descends he passes through fruitful vineyards and orchards, finally entering the rich fields below, in Wady etteim. The Aleppo pine, the oak, and the poplar are plentiful. The wolf and the leopard are still to be found on the mountain; and it is the last resort of the brown, or Syrian, bear. Snow lies long on the summits and shoulders of the mountain; and in some of the deeper hollows, especially to the North, it may be seen through most of the year.

Mt. Hermon is the source of many blessings to the land over which it so proudly lifts its splendid form. Refreshing breezes blow from its cold heights. Its snows are carried to Damascus and to the towns on the seaboard, where, mingled with the sharab, "drink," they mitigate the heat of the Syrian summer. Great reservoirs in the depths of the mountain, fed by the melting snows, find outlet in the magnificent springs at Chasbeiyeh, Tell el-Kady, and Banias, while the dew-clouds of Hermon bring a benediction wherever they are carried (Psalm 133:3).

3. Sanctuaries:

Hermon marked the northern limit of Joshua's victorious campaigns (Joshua 12:1, etc.). It was part, of the dominion of Og (Joshua 12:5), and with the fall of that monarch, it would naturally come under Israelite influence. Its remote and solitary heights must have attracted worshippers from the earliest times; and we cannot doubt that it was a famous sanctuary in far antiquity. Under the highest peak are the ruins of Kacr `Antar, which may have been an ancient sanctuary of Baal. Eusebius, Onomasticon, speaks of a temple on the summit much frequented by the surrounding peoples; and the remains of many temples of the Roman period have been found on the sides and at the base of the mountain. The sacredness of Hermon may be inferred from the allusion in Psalm 89:12 (compare Enoch 6:6; and see also BAAL-HERMON).

Some have thought that the scene of the Transfiguration should be sought here; see, however, TRANSFIGURATION, MOUNT OF.

The modern name of Hermon is Jebel eth-thilj, "mount of snow," or Jebel esh-sheikh, "mount of the elder," or "of the chief."

Little Hermon, the name now often applied to the hill between Tabor and Gilboa, possibly the Hill of Moreh, on which is the sanctuary of Neby Dahy, has no Biblical authority, and dates only from the Middle Ages.

W. Ewing

Strong's Hebrew
1179. Baal Chermon -- "Baal of Hermon," the center of Baal worship ...
... "Baal of Hermon," the center of Baal worship on Mt. Hermon. Transliteration: Baal
Chermon Phonetic Spelling: (bah'-al kher-mone') Short Definition: Baal-hermon. ...
/hebrew/1179.htm - 6k

7865. Sion -- another name for Mount Hermon
... Sion. 7866 . another name for Mount Hermon. Transliteration: Sion Phonetic Spelling:
(see-ohn') Short Definition: Sion. ... Hermon -- Sion. see HEBREW siy'. ...
/hebrew/7865.htm - 6k

4706. Mitsar -- a mountain near Hermon
... 4705, 4706. Mitsar. 4707 . a mountain near Hermon. Transliteration: Mitsar
Phonetic Spelling: (mits-awr') Short Definition: Mizar. ...
/hebrew/4706.htm - 6k

8149. Shenir -- Amorite name for Mount Hermon
... 8148, 8149. Shenir or Senir. 8150 . Amorite name for Mount Hermon. Transliteration:
Shenir or Senir Phonetic Spelling: (shen-eer') Short Definition: Senir. ...
/hebrew/8149.htm - 6k

8303. Siryon -- a Sidonian name for Mount Hermon
... 8302, 8303. Siryon. 8304 . a Sidonian name for Mount Hermon. Transliteration:
Siryon Phonetic Spelling: (shir-yone') Short Definition: Sirion. ...
/hebrew/8303.htm - 6k

2362. Chavran -- a district Southeast of Mount Hermon
... 2361, 2362. Chavran. 2363 . a district Southeast of Mount Hermon. Transliteration:
Chavran Phonetic Spelling: (khav-rawn') Short Definition: Hauran. ...
/hebrew/2362.htm - 6k

1171. Baal Gad -- "Baal of fortune," a place near Mt. Hermon
... Hermon. Transliteration: Baal Gad Phonetic Spelling: (bah'-al gawd) Short Definition:
Baal-gad. ... Hermon NASB Word Usage Baal-gad (3). Baal-gad. ...
/hebrew/1171.htm - 6k

2768. Chermon -- "sacred (mountain)," a mountain in S. Aram (Syria ...
... "sacred (mountain)," a mountain in S. Aram (Syria) and Northern Israel. Transliteration:
Chermon Phonetic Spelling: (kher-mone') Short Definition: Hermon. ... Hermon ...
/hebrew/2768.htm - 6k

2769. Chermonim -- the Hermonites
... the Hermonites. Transliteration: Chermonim Phonetic Spelling: (kher-mo-neem') Short
Definition: Hermon. ... of Chermon, qv NASB Word Usage Hermon (1). the Hermonites ...
/hebrew/2769.htm - 6k

Library

Come from Lebanon, My Spouse, Come from Lebanon, Come; Thou Shalt ...
... 8. Come from Lebanon, my Spouse, come from Lebanon, come; Thou shalt be crowned
from the top of Amana, from the peak of Shenir and Hermon, from the dens of the ...
/.../guyon/song of songs of solomon/8 come from lebanon my.htm

Psalm CXXXIII.
... 7. "As the dew of Hermon, which fell upon the hills of Sion" (ver.3). He would have
it understood, my brethren, that it is of God's grace that brethren dwell ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm cxxxiii.htm

The Great Confession - the Great Commission - the Great ...
... over them, to the west, are the heights of Safed; beyond them swells the undulating
plain between the two ranges of Anti-Libanus; far off is Hermon, with its ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter xxxvii the great confession.htm

The Transfiguration.
... It was six days after (or, as Luke says, eight days after) this conversation that
Jesus went up Mount Hermon for the sake of retirement and prayer. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/dods/how to become like christ/the transfiguration.htm

The Woman of Samaria
... of timber, fit for every use; and all kept cool and fruitful, even beneath that
burning eastern sun, by the clear streams which flow for ever down from Hermon. ...
/.../kingsley/town and country sermons/sermon xxvi the woman of.htm

Third Withdrawal from Herod's Territory.
... Subdivision D. The Transfiguration. Concerning Elijah. (a Spur of Hermon, Near Cæsarea
Philippi.). ^A Matthew 17:1-13; ^B Mark 9:2-13; ^C Luke 9:28-36. ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/lxx third withdrawal from herods 4.htm

The Transfiguration.
... and His disciples had not left the neighborhood of Cæsarea, [3680] and hence, that
the mountain' must have been one of the slopes of gigantic, snowy Hermon. ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter i the transfiguration.htm

More Wonderful Works and Words
... into a high hill alone to pray. There is a splendid high mountain near Caesarea
Philippi, called Hermon. All at once, as Jesus was ...
/.../anonymous/the good shepherd/chapter viii more wonderful works.htm

The Transfiguration
... But, in our day, many persons think that it was not on the top of Tabor, but on
one of the summits of Mount Hermon, where this wonderful event took place. ...
/.../newton/the life of jesus christ for the young/the transfiguration.htm

The King in his Beauty
... given up as untenable. Some one of the many peaks of Hermon rising right
over Caesarea is a far more likely place. But the silence ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture b/the king in his beauty.htm

Thesaurus
Hermon (16 Occurrences)
... 4:8). It is also called Baal-hermon (Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23) and Sion
(Deuteronomy 4:48). ... The "dew of Hermon" is referred to (Psalm 89:12). ...
/h/hermon.htm - 17k

Baal-hermon (2 Occurrences)
Baal-hermon. Baalhermon, Baal-hermon. Ba'al-her'mon . Easton's
Bible Dictionary Lord of Hermon. (1.) A city near Mount ...
/b/baal-hermon.htm - 8k

Baalhermon (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Lord of Hermon. (1.) A city near Mount Hermon
inhabited by the Ephraimites (1 Chronicles 5:23). ... BAAL-HERMON. ...
/b/baalhermon.htm - 8k

Senir (4 Occurrences)
... Shenir, the name given to Hermon by the Amorites ... It seems probable, however, that
Senir applied to a definite part of the Anti-Lebanon or Hermon range. ...
/s/senir.htm - 9k

Baal-gad (3 Occurrences)
... Lord of fortune, or troop of Baal, a Canaanite city in the valley of Lebanon at
the foot of Hermon, hence called Baal-hermon (Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ...
/b/baal-gad.htm - 8k

Baalgad (3 Occurrences)
... Lord of fortune, or troop of Baal, a Canaanite city in the valley of Lebanon at
the foot of Hermon, hence called Baal-hermon (Judges 3:3; 1 Chronicles 5:23 ...
/b/baalgad.htm - 8k

Esdraelon
... From the foot of Mount Tabor it branches out into three valleys, that on the north
passing between Tabor and Little Hermon (Judges 4:14); that on the south ...
/e/esdraelon.htm - 15k

Sion (9 Occurrences)
... Elevated. (1.) Denotes Mount Hermon in Deuteronomy 4:48; called Sirion by the Sidonians,
and by the Amorites Shenir (Deuteronomy 3:9). (see HERMON.). ...
/s/sion.htm - 10k

Maacah (30 Occurrences)
... and the Maacathites and all Mt. Hermon were given to the half-tribe of
Manasseh (Joshua 13:11). The inhabitants of these kingdoms ...
/m/maacah.htm - 20k

Sirion (4 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary A breastplate, the Sidonian name of Hermon (qv), Deuteronomy
3:9; Psalm 29:6. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. SIRION. ...
/s/sirion.htm - 8k

Concordance
Hermon (16 Occurrences)

Deuteronomy 3:8
We took the land at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, from the valley of the Arnon to Mount Hermon;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 3:9
(which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion, and the Amorites call it Senir;)
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 4:48
from Aroer, which is on the edge of the valley of the Arnon, even to Mount Sion (the same is Hermon),
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 11:3
to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the hill country, and the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpah.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 11:17
from Mount Halak, that goes up to Seir, even to Baal Gad in the valley of Lebanon under Mount Hermon. He took all their kings, struck them, and put them to death.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 12:1
Now these are the kings of the land, whom the children of Israel struck, and possessed their land beyond the Jordan toward the sunrise, from the valley of the Arnon to Mount Hermon, and all the Arabah eastward:
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 12:5
and ruled in Mount Hermon, and in Salecah, and in all Bashan, to the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and half Gilead, the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 13:5
and the land of the Gebalites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrise, from Baal Gad under Mount Hermon to the entrance of Hamath;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Joshua 13:11
and Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maacathites, and all Mount Hermon, and all Bashan to Salecah;
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Judges 3:3
namely, the five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites who lived on Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to the entrance of Hamath.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)

2 Samuel 24:6
Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of the Hittites under Hermon; and they came to Dan, and from Dan they came round to Zidon,
(BBE)

1 Chronicles 5:23
The children of the half-tribe of Manasseh lived in the land: they increased from Bashan to Baal Hermon and Senir and Mount Hermon.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 42:6
My God, my soul is in despair within me. Therefore I remember you from the land of the Jordan, the heights of Hermon, from the hill Mizar.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 89:12
The north and the south, you have created them. Tabor and Hermon rejoice in your name.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 133:3
like the dew of Hermon, that comes down on the hills of Zion: for there Yahweh gives the blessing, even life forevermore.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Song of Songs 4:8
Come with me from Lebanon, my bride, with me from Lebanon. Look from the top of Amana, from the top of Senir and Hermon, from the lions' dens, from the mountains of the leopards.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Hermon

Hermon: Called: Shenir

Hermon: Called: Sion

Hermon: Called: Sirion

Related Terms

Baal-hermon (2 Occurrences)

Baalhermon (2 Occurrences)

Senir (4 Occurrences)

Baal-gad (3 Occurrences)

Baalgad (3 Occurrences)

Esdraelon

Sion (9 Occurrences)

Maacah (30 Occurrences)

Sirion (4 Occurrences)

Transfiguration

Nain (1 Occurrence)

Gorge (19 Occurrences)

Geshur (11 Occurrences)

Ituraea (1 Occurrence)

Ba'al-her'mon (2 Occurrences)

Salcah (4 Occurrences)

Shenir (2 Occurrences)

Salecah (4 Occurrences)

Hivite (25 Occurrences)

Bashan (54 Occurrences)

Hivites (24 Occurrences)

Geology

Tabor (12 Occurrences)

Arnon (23 Occurrences)

Mountain (298 Occurrences)

Sihon (34 Occurrences)

Mizpah (42 Occurrences)

Zalmon (3 Occurrences)

Lebo-hamath (6 Occurrences)

Lebo (12 Occurrences)

Gesh'urites (6 Occurrences)

Geshurite (4 Occurrences)

Geshurites (6 Occurrences)

Ebal (8 Occurrences)

Ma-ac'athites (4 Occurrences)

Moreh (3 Occurrences)

Maachathites (4 Occurrences)

Maacathites (4 Occurrences)

Maachathite (7 Occurrences)

Mizar (1 Occurrence)

Ba'al-gad (3 Occurrences)

Caesara

Amana (1 Occurrence)

Sun-rising (14 Occurrences)

Sunrise (25 Occurrences)

Sal'ecah (4 Occurrences)

Sidonians (16 Occurrences)

Sunrising (15 Occurrences)

Si'rion (4 Occurrences)

Sharon (9 Occurrences)

Hermonites (1 Occurrence)

Lebanon (66 Occurrences)

Baal (94 Occurrences)

Palestine (1 Occurrence)

Below (52 Occurrences)

Caesarea (20 Occurrences)

Overcame (84 Occurrences)

Mizpeh (24 Occurrences)

Mount (311 Occurrences)

Amorites (82 Occurrences)

Multiplied (109 Occurrences)

Members (54 Occurrences)

Brook (75 Occurrences)

Arabah (32 Occurrences)

Jordan (188 Occurrences)

Numerous (88 Occurrences)

Mountains (221 Occurrences)

Valley (187 Occurrences)

Dew (35 Occurrences)

Plain (113 Occurrences)

Galilee (73 Occurrences)

East (228 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Theirs (96 Occurrences)

River (189 Occurrences)

Hamath (36 Occurrences)

Region (96 Occurrences)

Amorite (81 Occurrences)

Increased (165 Occurrences)

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