Friendship
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) The state of being friends; friendly relation, or attachment, to a person, or between persons; affection arising from mutual esteem and good will; friendliness; amity; good will.

2. (n.) Kindly aid; help; assistance,

3. (n.) Aptness to unite; conformity; affinity; harmony; correspondence.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
FRIEND; FRIENDSHIP

frend, frend'-ship: In the Old Testament two words, variously translated "friend" or "companion": re`eh, indicating a mere associate, passing friend, neighbor, or companion; 'ahabh, indicating affection natural or unnatural. In the New Testament also two words: hetairos, "a comrade," or "fellow," and philos, suggesting a more affectionate relation.

Literature abounds in concrete examples of friendship of either kind noted above, and of profoundly philosophic as well as sentimental and poetic expositions of the idea of friendship. Notable among these are the Old Testament examples. Abraham, because of the intimacy of his relations, was called "the friend of God" (2 Chronicles 20:7 Isaiah 41:8 James 2:23). "Yahweh spake unto Moses face to face, as a man. unto his friend" (Exodus 33:11). The romantic aspect of the friendship of Ruth and Naomi is interesting (Ruth 1:16-18). The devotion of Hushai, who is repeatedly referred to as David's friend (2 Samuel 15:37; 2 Samuel 16:16), is a notable illustration of the affection of a subordinate for his superior. The mutual friendship of David and Jonathan (1 Samuel 18:1), from which the author is made to say, "The soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul," is another example. Again in his pathetic lament for Jonathan (2 Samuel 1:26), David says in highly emotional tones that his love "was wonderful, passing the love of women." Elijah and Elisha form a unique illustration of semiprofessional affection (2 Kings 2).

In the New Testament, Jesus and His disciples illustrate the growth of friendship from that of teacher and disciple, lord and servant, to that of friend and friend (John 15:13-15). Paul and Timothy are likewise conspicuous (2 Timothy 1:2).

In general literature we have the classic incident, recorded by Plutarch, of Damon and Pythias during the rule of Dionysius. Pythias, condemned to death, was about to be executed but desired to see his family. Damon offered himself as a ransom in case he should not return in time for the hour of execution. Returning in time, both were released by the great Dionysius, who asked to be taken into the secret of such friendship. The writings on friendship are many. Plato and Cicero have immortalized themselves by their comments. Cicero held dearly the friendship of Scipio, declaring that of all that Nature or Fortune ever gave him there was nothing which could compare with the friendship of Scipio. Bacon, Emerson, Black, Gladden, King, Hillis, and many others in later days have written extensively concerning friendship. The best illustration of the double use of the word (see above) is that in Proverbs 18:24, "He that maketh many friends doeth it to his own destruction; but there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother." Again, "Iron sharpeneth iron; so a man sharpeneth the countenance of his friend" (27:17). The honesty and frankness of genuine friends are set forth in the maxim, "Faithful are the wounds of a friend" (27:6).

Walter G. Clippinger

Greek
5373. philia -- friendship
... friendship. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: philia Phonetic Spelling:
(fil-ee'-ah) Short Definition: friendship Definition: friendship, affection ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5373.htm - 6k

5368. phileo -- to love
... love. Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: phileo Phonetic Spelling: (fil-eh'-o)
Short Definition: I love, kiss Definition: I love (of friendship), regard with ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5368.htm - 8k

2644. katallasso -- to reconcile
... [2644 () was originally used for the exchange of coins; "properly, (especially
of money); hence, of persons, from enmity to friendship, " (). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2644.htm - 8k

2853. kollao -- to glue, unite
... 2853 (from , "glue") -- to bond (cleave), adhere to (literally, " together"); to ,
join to; (figuratively) intimately connected in a soul-knit friendship. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2853.htm - 7k

1259. diallasso -- change, exchange
... dee-al-las'-so) Short Definition: I become reconciled to, reconcile myself with
Definition: I change, exchange; I reconcile, change enmity for friendship. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1259.htm - 7k

4355. proslambano -- to take in addition
... receive, take unto. From pros and lambano; to take to oneself, ie Use (food), lead
(aside), admit (to friendship or hospitality) -- receive, take (unto). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4355.htm - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
7327. Ruth -- "friendship," a Moabite ancestress of David
... 7326, 7327. Ruth. 7328 . "friendship," a Moabite ancestress of David.
Transliteration: Ruth Phonetic Spelling: (rooth) Short Definition: Ruth. ...
/hebrew/7327.htm - 6k

8002. shelem -- a sacrifice for alliance or friendship, peace ...
... shelem. 8003 . a sacrifice for alliance or friendship, peace offering.
Transliteration: shelem Phonetic Spelling: (sheh'-lem) Short Definition: offerings. ...
/hebrew/8002.htm - 6k

7462. ra'ah -- to pasture, tend, graze
... to associate with (as a friend) -- X break, companion, keep company with, devour,
eat up, evil entreat, feed, use as a friend, make friendship with, herdman ...
/hebrew/7462.htm - 5k

5475. sod -- council, counsel
... an unused word Definition council, counsel NASB Word Usage circle (1), company
(1), consultation (1), council (5), fellowship (1), friendship (1), gathering (1 ...
/hebrew/5475.htm - 6k

Library

Whether Charity is Friendship?
... OF CHARITY, CONSIDERED IN ITSELF (EIGHT ARTICLES) Whether charity is friendship?
Objection 1: It would seem that charity is not friendship. ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether charity is friendship.htm

Whether Charity is Friendship
... Article One Whether Charity is Friendship. Whether Charity is Friendship We proceed
to the first article thus: 1. It seems that charity is not friendship. ...
/.../aquinas/nature and grace/article one whether charity is.htm

Jonathan, the Pattern of Friendship
... THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL JONATHAN, THE PATTERN OF FRIENDSHIP. 'And David fled from
Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/jonathan the pattern of friendship.htm

The Beginning of an Endless Friendship.
... (John i:35-51.) The Beginning of an Endless Friendship. ... And the friendship begun
that day continued to the end of their lives. Both became his dear friends. ...
/.../gordon/quiet talks on service/the beginning of an endless.htm

For Constant Christian Friendship.
... Prayer and the Christian Life. FOR CONSTANT CHRISTIAN FRIENDSHIP. ... Hollow and unfaithful
ever Is the friendship of the earth; Seemeth she a man to favour? ...
/.../gerhardt/paul gerhardts spiritual songs/for constant christian friendship.htm

Christ's Friendship: Its Evidence
... CHRIST'S FRIENDSHIP: ITS EVIDENCE. Ye Are ... 14. Our Lord has said what He gave
as proof of His friendship: He gave His life for us. He ...
/.../christs friendship its evidence.htm

Of the Friendship of the Holy Angels, which Men Cannot be Sure of ...
... Chapter 9."Of the Friendship of the Holy Angels, Which Men Cannot Be Sure of in
This Life, Owing to the Deceit of the Demons Who Hold in Bondage the ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/augustine/city of god/chapter 9 of the friendship of.htm

How Friendship is Indissoluble.
... The Conferences of John Cassian. Chapter III. How friendship is indissoluble.
Among all these then there is one kind of love which ...
/.../cassian/the conferences of john cassian/chapter iii how friendship is.htm

Christian Friendship.
... 397. " Christian Friendship. 397. LM Barbauld. Christian Friendship. 1 How blest
the sacred tie that binds In union sweet according minds! ...
/.../adams/hymns for christian devotion/397 christian friendship.htm

On Friendship with the World
... Second Series Sermon 80 On Friendship with the World. "Ye adulterers and adulteresses,
know ye not that the friendship of this world is enmity with God? ...
/.../wesley/sermons on several occasions/sermon 80 on friendship with.htm

Thesaurus
Friendship (13 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. FRIEND; FRIENDSHIP. ... The romantic aspect of the
friendship of Ruth and Naomi is interesting (Ruth 1:16-18). ...
/f/friendship.htm - 13k

Enmity (23 Occurrences)
... her seed" (Genesis 3:15). The friendship of the world is "enmity with God"
(James 4:4; 1 John 2:15, 16). The "carnal mind" is "enmity ...
/e/enmity.htm - 15k

Friend (139 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. FRIEND; FRIENDSHIP. ... The romantic aspect of the
friendship of Ruth and Naomi is interesting (Ruth 1:16-18). ...
/f/friend.htm - 40k

Blood (435 Occurrences)
... Blood brotherhood or blood friendship is established by African tribes by the mutual
shedding of blood and either drinking it or rubbing it on one another's ...
/b/blood.htm - 54k

Salt (45 Occurrences)
... the Arabic expression, "There is salt between us"; "He has eaten of my salt," which
means partaking of hospitality which cemented friendship; compare "eat the ...
/s/salt.htm - 34k

Visit (97 Occurrences)
... 1. (vt) To go or come to see, as for the purpose of friendship, business, curiosity,
etc.; to attend; to call upon; as, the physician visits his patient. ...
/v/visit.htm - 36k

Intimate (12 Occurrences)
... 2. (a.) Near; close; direct; thorough; complete. 3. (a.) Close in friendship or
acquaintance; familiar; confidential; as, an intimate friend. ...
/i/intimate.htm - 9k

Friendly (17 Occurrences)
... 2. (a.) Appropriate to, or implying, friendship; befitting friends; amicable.
3. (a.) Not hostile; as, a friendly power or state. ...
/f/friendly.htm - 11k

Token (24 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) A memorial of friendship; something by which the friendship of another
person is to be kept in mind; a memento; a souvenir. ...
/t/token.htm - 16k

Ruth (19 Occurrences)
... OHL, 946, explains the word as an abstract noun = "friendship." The Book of Ruth
details the history of the one decisive episode owing to which Ruth became an ...
/r/ruth.htm - 26k

Concordance
Friendship (13 Occurrences)

James 4:4
You adulterers and adulteresses, don't you know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Deuteronomy 23:6
You shall not seek their peace nor their prosperity all your days forever.
(See NIV)

1 Samuel 20:42
Jonathan said to David, "Go in peace, because we have both sworn in the name of Yahweh, saying,'Yahweh shall be between me and you, and between my seed and your seed, forever.'" He arose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city.
(See NIV)

Ezra 9:12
now therefore don't give your daughters to their sons, neither take their daughters to your sons, nor seek their peace or their prosperity forever; that you may be strong, and eat the good of the land, and leave it for an inheritance to your children forever.
(See NIV)

Job 17:5
For a portion he sheweth friendship, And the eyes of his sons are consumed.
(YLT)

Job 29:4
as I was in the ripeness of my days, when the friendship of God was in my tent,
(WEB ASV NAS RSV NIV)

Psalms 25:14
The friendship of Yahweh is with those who fear him. He will show them his covenant.
(WEB ASV RSV)

Psalms 109:4
In return for my love, they are my adversaries; but I am in prayer.
(See NIV)

Psalms 109:5
They have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
(See NIV)

Proverbs 3:32
For the perverse is an abomination to Yahweh, but his friendship is with the upright.
(WEB ASV)

Proverbs 12:26
A righteous person is cautious in friendship, but the way of the wicked leads them astray.
(WEB NIV)

Proverbs 19:6
Many entreat the face of the noble, And all have made friendship to a man of gifts.
(YLT)

Proverbs 22:24
Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:
(KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)

Subtopics

Friendship

Friendship With the World

Friendship: Abraham and Lot

Friendship: Daniel and his Three Companions

Friendship: David and Abiathar

Friendship: David and Hiram

Friendship: David and Hushai

Friendship: David and Ittai

Friendship: David and Jonathan

Friendship: David and Nahash

Friendship: General Scriptures Concerning

Friendship: Job and his Three "Friends"

Friendship: Joram and Ahaziah

Friendship: Luke and Theophilus

Friendship: Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, With Jesus

Friendship: Paul and his Nephew

Friendship: Paul, Priscilla, and Aquila

Friendship: Paul, Timothy, and Epaphroditus

Friendship: Ruth and Naomi

Friendship: Samuel and Saul

Friendship: The Marys, and Joseph of Arimathaea, for Jesus

Related Terms

Enmity (23 Occurrences)

Friend (139 Occurrences)

Blood (435 Occurrences)

Salt (45 Occurrences)

Visit (97 Occurrences)

Intimate (12 Occurrences)

Friendly (17 Occurrences)

Token (24 Occurrences)

Ruth (19 Occurrences)

Reconcilation

Proffer (1 Occurrence)

Break (257 Occurrences)

Antiochus

Kiss (39 Occurrences)

Martha (12 Occurrences)

Love (703 Occurrences)

Jonathan (109 Occurrences)

Monthly (11 Occurrences)

Job (60 Occurrences)

Elamites (2 Occurrences)

Elam (24 Occurrences)

Quarter (33 Occurrences)

Visitor (2 Occurrences)

Zenas (1 Occurrence)

Kindness (295 Occurrences)

Nabathaeans

Numenius

Nabataeans

Under (4325 Occurrences)

Unfaithful (58 Occurrences)

Onias

Jethro (10 Occurrences)

Judas (42 Occurrences)

Lovely (19 Occurrences)

Grace (277 Occurrences)

Galeed (2 Occurrences)

Greet (46 Occurrences)

Gesture

Wishes (37 Occurrences)

Wrathful (11 Occurrences)

With (66342 Occurrences)

Win (27 Occurrences)

Furious (28 Occurrences)

Friend's (3 Occurrences)

Fright (3 Occurrences)

God (45911 Occurrences)

Tie (18 Occurrences)

Trust (201 Occurrences)

Treat (53 Occurrences)

Tender (66 Occurrences)

Reconcile (10 Occurrences)

Restoration (4 Occurrences)

Ripeness (2 Occurrences)

Rekem (6 Occurrences)

Reconciliation (11 Occurrences)

Eliphaz (14 Occurrences)

Esteem (25 Occurrences)

Dissension (18 Occurrences)

Divide (71 Occurrences)

Meshelemiah (4 Occurrences)

Modin

Passionate (6 Occurrences)

Pretend (9 Occurrences)

Prime (3 Occurrences)

Profession (9 Occurrences)

Profess (9 Occurrences)

Prayer (406 Occurrences)

Broken (559 Occurrences)

Brotherly (8 Occurrences)

Constituted (6 Occurrences)

Chooses (36 Occurrences)

Claudius (3 Occurrences)

Cush (31 Occurrences)

Conciliate (1 Occurrence)

Creatures (83 Occurrences)

Cautious (2 Occurrences)

Cement (1 Occurrence)

Commerce (3 Occurrences)

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