Badger
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ATS Bible Dictionary
Badger

A small inoffensive animal, of the bear genus, which remains torpid all winter. It is an inhabitant of cold countries, and is not found in Palestine. Hence many think the "badgers' skins" mentioned Exodus 25:5; 26:14; Ezekiel 16:10, and elsewhere, as being used for covering the tabernacle and for shoes, were the skins not of this animal, but of a species of seal found in the Red Sea. Burckhardt remarks that he "saw parts of the skin of a large fish, killed on the coast, which was an inch in thickness, and is employed by the Arabs instead of leather for sandals." Others think it was an animal of the antelope species, the skins of which the Jews had obtained in Egypt.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
This word is found in Exodus 25:5; 26:14; 35:7, 23; 36:19; 39:34; Numbers 4:6, etc. The tabernacle was covered with badgers' skins; the shoes of women were also made of them (Ezek. 16:10). Our translators seem to have been misled by the similarity in sound of the Hebrew tachash_ and the Latin _taxus, "a badger." The revisers have correctly substituted "seal skins." The Arabs of the Sinaitic peninsula apply the name tucash to the seals and dugongs which are common in the Red Sea, and the skins of which are largely used as leather and for sandals. Though the badger is common in Palestine, and might occur in the wilderness, its small hide would have been useless as a tent covering. The dugong, very plentiful in the shallow waters on the shores of the Red Sea, is a marine animal from 12 to 30 feet long, something between a whale and a seal, never leaving the water, but very easily caught. It grazes on seaweed, and is known by naturalists as Halicore tabernaculi.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (v.) To pester, bother

2. (n.) A carnivorous quadruped of the genus Meles or of an allied genus. It is a burrowing animal, with short, thick legs, and long claws on the fore feet. One species (M. vulgaris), called also brock, inhabits the north of Europe and Asia; another species (Taxidea Americana / Labradorica) inhabits the northern parts of North America. See Teledu.

3. (n.) A brush made of badgers' hair, used by artists.

4. (v. t.) To tease or annoy, as a badger when baited; to worry or irritate persistently.

5. (v. t.) To beat down; to cheapen; to barter; to bargain.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
BADGER

baj'er: tachash: The word tachash occurs in the descriptions of the tabernacle in Exodus 25; Exodus 26; Exodus 26 35; 36; 39, in the directions for moving the tabernacle as given in Numbers 4, and in only one other passage, Ezekiel 16:10, where Jerusalem is spoken of as a maiden clothed and adorned by her Lord. In nearly all these passages the word tachash occurs with `or, "skin," rendered: the King James Version "badgers' skins," the Revised Version (British and American) "sealskin," the Revised Version, margin "porpoise-skin," Septuagint dermata huakinthina. In all the passages cited in Exodus and Numbers these skins are mentioned as being used for coverings of the tabernacle; in Ezekiel 16:10, for shoes or sandals. The Septuagint rendering would mean purple or blue skins, which however is not favored by Talmudic writers or by modern grammarians, who incline to believe that tachash is the name of an animal. The rendering, "badger," is favored by the Talmudic writers and by the possible etymological connection of the word with the Latin taxus and the German Dachs. The main objection seems to be that badgers' skins would probably not have been easily available to the Israelites. The badger, Meles taxus, while fairly abundant in Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon, does not seem to occur in Sinai or Egypt.

A seal, Monachus albiventer (Arabic fukmeh), the porpoise, Phocoena comrnunis, and the common dolphin, Delphinus delphis, are all found in the Mediterranean. The dugong, Halicore dugong, inhabits the Indian Ocean and adjoining waters from the Red Sea to Australia. The Arabic tukhas or dukhas is near to tachash and is applied to the dolphin, which is also called delfin. It may be used also for the porpoise or even the seal, and is said by Tristram and others to be applied to the dugong. The statement of Gesenius (Boston, 1850, under the word "tachash") that the Arabs of Sinai wear sandals of dugong skin is confirmed by recent travelers, and is of interest with reference to Ezekiel 16:10, ". shod thee with badgers' skin" (King James Version). The dugong is a marine animal from 5 to 9 ft. in length, frequenting the shore and feeding upon seaweed. It belongs to the order Sirenia. While outwardly resembling Cetacea (whales and porpoises), the Sirenia are really more allied to the Ungulata, or hoofed animals. The dugong of the Indian Ocean and the manatee of the Atlantic and of certain rivers of Africa and South America, are the only living representatives of the Sirenia. A third species, the sea-cow of Behring Sea, became extinct in the 18th century. The seal and porpoise of the Revised Version (British and American), the dolphin, and the dugong are all of about the same size and all inhabit the seas bordering on Egypt and Sinai, so that all are possible candidates for identification with the tachash. Of the four, recent opinion seems most to favor the dugong.

Mr. S. M. Perlmann has suggested (Zoologist, set. 4, XII, 256, 1908) that the okapi is the animal indicated by tachash.

Gesenius (Leipzig, 1905) cites Bondi (Aegyptiaca, i.ff) who adduces the Egyptian root t-ch-s and makes the expression `or tachash mean "soft-dressed skin." This suits the context in every passage and is very promising explanation.

Alfred Ely-Day

Strong's Hebrew
8476. tachash -- perhaps porpoise (a kind of leather or skin)
... Tahrea. Probably of foreign derivation; a (clean) animal with fur, probably a species
of antelope -- badger. 8475, 8476. tachash. 8477 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/8476.htm - 6k

8477. Tachash -- a son of Nahor
... badger. The same as tachash; Tachash, a relative of Abraham -- Thahash. see HEBREW
tachash. 8476, 8477. Tachash. 8478 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/8477.htm - 6k

Library

Elucidations.
... He was the first bishop of the people now called "Nestorians," but whom Dr.
Badger [4281] prefers to call "the Christians of Assyria.". ...
//christianbookshelf.org/various/early liturgies/elucidations.htm

The Liturgy of the Blessed Apostles.
... [But the Malabar Liturgy and Dr. Badger's translation insert before this,
according to Hammond, the Sanctus Deus, Sanctus fortis, etc.]. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/various/early liturgies/the liturgy of the blessed.htm

Methodist Book Concern
... Though Mr. Badger was the editor of this paper, yet the editorial matter was chiefly
furnished by the senior editor of the establishment, even before he was ...
/.../chapter 16 methodist book concern.htm

The Eastern Sects: Nestorians, Jacobites, Copts, Armenians.
... Lond.1846. Geo. Percy Badger: The Nestorians and their Rituals, Illustrated
(with colored plates), 2 vols. Lond.1852. H. Newcomb ...
/.../ 21 the eastern sects .htm

June 14. "The Secret of the Lord is with them that Fear Him" (Ps. ...
... The costly things were all within, and its outward covering of rough badger
skin gave no hint of the valuable things which it contained. ...
/.../simpson/days of heaven upon earth /june 14 the secret of.htm

Obedience
... Matthew 23:23. The badger has one foot shorter than the other; so these
are shorter in some duties than in others. God likes not ...
//christianbookshelf.org/watson/the ten commandments/1 1 obedience.htm

The Contemptuous Rejection.
... The most that their minds, steeped in jealousies and rivalries, ever watching with
badger eyes to undercut some one else, could see, was a rivalry between ...
/.../gordon/quiet talks about jesus/the contemptuous rejection.htm

How to Tell a Story
... Untold treasures are in our hands. We are doing the very best we can.
Don't badger us. Keep silence, and we'll get you safe across.". ...
//christianbookshelf.org/kleiser/talks on talking/how to tell a story.htm

The Evolution of a Father
... and, in Asiatic Russia, in September or October; the wild Yak in Tibet in September;
the reindeer in Norway at the end of September; the badger in October; the ...
/.../the lowell lectures on the ascent of man/chapter ix the evolution of.htm

The Assumption of Moses
... As for the word "Taxo," it is probably the Low-Latin word meaning "a badger,"
equivalent to the Hebrew ths, tachash, which is very similar to the German "Dachs ...
//christianbookshelf.org/deane/pseudepigrapha/the assumption of moses.htm

Thesaurus
Badger (9 Occurrences)
... Our translators seem to have been misled by the similarity in sound of the Hebrew
tachash_ and the Latin _taxus, "a badger." The revisers have correctly ...BADGER. ...
/b/badger.htm - 14k

Rock-badger (2 Occurrences)
Rock-badger. Rockbadger, Rock-badger. Rock-badgers . Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia ROCK-BADGER. r.-baj'-er: This term ...
/r/rock-badger.htm - 7k

Badger's (1 Occurrence)
... Multi-Version Concordance Badger's (1 Occurrence). Ezekiel 16:10 And I
clothe thee with embroidery, And I shoe thee with badger's...
/b/badger's.htm - 6k

Badgers (16 Occurrences)

/b/badgers.htm - 11k

Zoology
... a) Felidae, Cat, Lion, Leopard (b) Hyaenidae, Hyena (c) Canidae, Dog (including
Greyhound), Fox, Jackal, Wolf (d) Mustelidae, Ferret, Badger, Marten (sv CAT) (e ...
/z/zoology.htm - 18k

Rockbadger
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia ROCK-BADGER. r.-baj'-er: This term is found
in the Revised Version margin for "coney," shaphan (Leviticus ...
/r/rockbadger.htm - 6k

Garment (143 Occurrences)
... Numbers 4:6 and have put on it a covering of badger skin, and have spread a garment
completely of blue above, and have placed its staves. (YLT). ...
/g/garment.htm - 37k

Hoofs (18 Occurrences)
... Leviticus 11:5 and the rock-badger, for it cheweth the cud, but hath not
cloven hoofs it shall be unclean unto you; (DBY). Leviticus ...
/h/hoofs.htm - 12k

Covered (325 Occurrences)
... Numbers 4:8 and they have spread over them a garment of scarlet, and have covered
it with a covering of badger skin, and have placed its staves, (YLT). ...
/c/covered.htm - 37k

Concordance
Badger (9 Occurrences)

Leviticus 11:5
And the rock-badger, for the same reason, is unclean to you.
(BBE DBY JPS RSV)

Numbers 4:6
And shall put thereon the covering of badgers' skins, and shall spread over it a cloth wholly of blue, and shall put in the staves thereof.
(Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Numbers 4:8
And they shall spread upon them a cloth of scarlet, and cover the same with a covering of badgers' skins, and shall put in the staves thereof.
(Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Numbers 4:10
And they shall put it and all the vessels thereof within a covering of badgers' skins, and shall put it upon a bar.
(Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Numbers 4:11
And upon the golden altar they shall spread a cloth of blue, and cover it with a covering of badgers' skins, and shall put to the staves thereof:
(Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Numbers 4:12
And they shall take all the instruments of ministry, wherewith they minister in the sanctuary, and put them in a cloth of blue, and cover them with a covering of badgers' skins, and shall put them on a bar:
(Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Numbers 4:14
And they shall put upon it all the vessels thereof, wherewith they minister about it, even the censers, the fleshhooks, and the shovels, and the basins, all the vessels of the altar; and they shall spread upon it a covering of badgers' skins, and put to the staves of it.
(Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Numbers 4:25
And they shall bear the curtains of the tabernacle, and the tabernacle of the congregation, his covering, and the covering of the badgers' skins that is above upon it, and the hanging for the door of the tabernacle of the congregation,
(Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)

Deuteronomy 14:7
Only these ye shall not eat of those that chew the cud, or of those with hoofs cloven and split open: the camel, and the hare, and the rock-badger; for they chew the cud, but have not cloven hoofs they shall be unclean unto you;
(DBY JPS RSV)

Subtopics

Badger

Badger for Shoes

Badger Skins

Badger: Skins of, Used for Covering of the Tabernacle

Related Terms

Rock-badger (2 Occurrences)

Badger's (1 Occurrence)

Badgers (16 Occurrences)

Zoology

Rockbadger

Garment (143 Occurrences)

Hoofs (18 Occurrences)

Covered (325 Occurrences)

Glutton (4 Occurrences)

Gray (16 Occurrences)

Figured (4 Occurrences)

Thahash (1 Occurrence)

Totemism

Rock-badgers (2 Occurrences)

Embroidery (12 Occurrences)

Bad-humoured (1 Occurrence)

Badest (1 Occurrence)

Cud (9 Occurrences)

Chew (5 Occurrences)

Coney (2 Occurrences)

Cloven (12 Occurrences)

Sandals (30 Occurrences)

Shaphan (26 Occurrences)

Fox (2 Occurrences)

Split (36 Occurrences)

Vail (44 Occurrences)

Completely (213 Occurrences)

Dolphin

Porpoise (14 Occurrences)

Sealskin (8 Occurrences)

Opening (242 Occurrences)

Borne (172 Occurrences)

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