Nehemiah 6:18
New International Version
For many in Judah were under oath to him, since he was son-in-law to Shekaniah son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berekiah.

New Living Translation
For many in Judah had sworn allegiance to him because his father-in-law was Shecaniah son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan was married to the daughter of Meshullam son of Berekiah.

English Standard Version
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him, because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah: and his son Jehohanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah as his wife.

Berean Study Bible
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him, since he was a son-in-law of Shecaniah son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah.

King James Bible
For there were many in Judah sworn unto him, because he was the son in law of Shechaniah the son of Arah; and his son Johanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.

New King James Version
For many in Judah were pledged to him, because he was the son-in-law of Shechaniah the son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.

New American Standard Bible
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.

NASB 1995
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.

NASB 1977
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.

Amplified Bible
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.

Christian Standard Bible
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him, since he was a son-in-law of Shecaniah son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
For many in Judah were bound by oath to him, since he was a son-in-law of Shecaniah son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah.

American Standard Version
For there were many in Judah sworn unto him, because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah; and his son Jehohanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah to wife.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For many men were in Yehuda who had sworn to him that they would not harm him, because he was son in law of Shekania, son of Arakh, and Yokhanan, his son, had taken the daughter of Meshlum, son of Barachiah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For many in Juda were bound to him by oath, because he was son-in-law of Sechenias the son of Herae; and Jonan his son had taken the daughter of Mesulam the son of Barachia to wife.

Contemporary English Version
Many people in Judah were loyal to Tobiah for two reasons: Shecaniah son of Arah was his father-in-law, and Tobiah's son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For there were many in Judea sworn to him, because he was the son in law of Sechenias the son of Area, and Johanan his son had taken to wife the daughter of Mosollam the son of Barachias.

English Revised Version
For there were many in Judah sworn unto him, because he was the son in law of Shecaniah the son of Arah; and his son Jehohanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah to wife.

Good News Translation
Many people in Judah were on his side because of his Jewish father-in-law, Shecaniah son of Arah. In addition, his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Many in Judah had promised to support Tobiah because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah, Arah's son. In addition, Tobiah's son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam, Berechiah's son.

International Standard Version
For many Judeans had sworn allegiance to him, since he was son-in-law to Arah's son Shecaniah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Berechiah's son Meshullam.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For there were many in Judah sworn unto him, because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah; and his son Jehohanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah to wife.

Literal Standard Version
for many in Judah are sworn to him, for he [is] son-in-law to Shechaniah son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan has taken the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah;

NET Bible
For many in Judah had sworn allegiance to him, because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah son of Arah. His son Jonathan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah.

New Heart English Bible
For there were many in Judah sworn to him, because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah; and his son Jehohanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah as wife.

World English Bible
For there were many in Judah sworn to him, because he was the son-in-law of Shecaniah the son of Arah; and his son Jehohanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah as wife.

Young's Literal Translation
for many in Judah are sworn to him, for he is son-in-law to Shechaniah son of Arah, and Jehohanan his son hath taken the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Completion of the Wall
17Also in those days, the nobles of Judah sent many letters to Tobiah, and Tobiah’s letters came back to them. 18For many in Judah were bound by oath to him, since he was a son-in-law of Shecaniah son of Arah, and his son Jehohanan had married the daughter of Meshullam son of Berechiah. 19Moreover, these nobles kept reporting to me Tobiah’s good deeds, and they relayed my words to him. And Tobiah sent letters to intimidate me.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 3:21
The descendants of Hananiah: Pelatiah, Jeshaiah, and the sons of Rephaiah, of Arnan, of Obadiah, and of Shecaniah.

Nehemiah 6:17
Also in those days, the nobles of Judah sent many letters to Tobiah, and Tobiah's letters came back to them.

Nehemiah 6:19
Moreover, these nobles kept reporting to me Tobiah's good deeds, and they relayed my words to him. And Tobiah sent letters to intimidate me.


Treasury of Scripture

For there were many in Judah sworn to him, because he was the son in law of Shechaniah the son of Arah; and his son Johanan had taken the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah.

Arah

Nehemiah 7:10
The children of Arah, six hundred fifty and two.

Ezra 2:5
The children of Arah, seven hundred seventy and five.

Meshullam

Nehemiah 3:4,30
And next unto them repaired Meremoth the son of Urijah, the son of Koz. And next unto them repaired Meshullam the son of Berechiah, the son of Meshezabeel. And next unto them repaired Zadok the son of Baana…









(18) Sworn unto him.--Shechaniah was of the family of Arah, which had come over with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:5). Tobiah had married his daughter, and Tobiah's son had married a daughter of Meshullam, one of the builders of the wall (Nehemiah 3:4; Nehemiah 3:30). This family connection led to a conspiracy by oath to thwart the governor. The names of Tobiah and his son are Hebrew; and it is probable that, though naturalised Ammonites, they were of Hebrew extraction. This renders it easier to understand the facility with which the affinity was contracted.

Verse 18. - He was the son-in-law of Shechaniah. Rather, "related by marriage to Shechaniah"- perhaps, but not certainly, by having married his daughter. Son of Arah. Member, i.e., of the family, called the Beni-Arah, which had returned with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:5; Nehemiah 7:10). Meshullam the son of Berechiah is mentioned in ch. 3. as repairing two portions of the wall (vers. 4, 30).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
For
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

many
רַבִּ֣ים (rab·bîm)
Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's 7227: Much, many, great

in Judah
בִּֽיהוּדָ֗ה (bî·hū·ḏāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

were bound
בַּעֲלֵ֤י (ba·‘ă·lê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1167: A master, a husband, owner

by oath
שְׁבוּעָה֙ (šə·ḇū·‘āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 7621: Something sworn, an oath

to him,
ל֔וֹ (lōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

since
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

he
ה֖וּא (hū)
Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was a son-in-law
חָתָ֥ן (ḥā·ṯān)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2860: A relative by marriage, a circumcised child

of Shecaniah
לִשְׁכַנְיָ֣ה (liš·ḵan·yāh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7935: Shecaniah -- 'Yah has taken up His abode', the name of several Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Arah,
אָרַ֑ח (’ā·raḥ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 733: Arah -- perhaps 'traveler', an Israelite name

and his son
בְּנ֔וֹ (bə·nōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1121: A son

Jehohanan
וִֽיהוֹחָנָ֣ן (wî·hō·w·ḥā·nān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3076: Johanan -- 'the LORD has been gracious', the name of a number of Israelites

had married
לָקַ֕ח (lā·qaḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

the daughter
בַּת־ (baṯ-)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 1323: A daughter

of Meshullam
מְשֻׁלָּ֖ם (mə·šul·lām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4918: Meshullam -- the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶּ֥ן (ben)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Berechiah.
בֶּֽרֶכְיָֽה׃ (be·reḵ·yāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1296: Berechiah -- 'Yah blesses', the name of several Israelites


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Agreement Arah Berechiah Berechi'ah Berekiah Bound Daughter Jehohanan Jehoha'nan Johanan Judah Law Married Meshullam Meshul'lam Oath Shecaniah Shecani'ah Shechaniah Son-In-Law Sworn Wife
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Agreement Arah Berechiah Berechi'ah Berekiah Bound Daughter Jehohanan Jehoha'nan Johanan Judah Law Married Meshullam Meshul'lam Oath Shecaniah Shecani'ah Shechaniah Son-In-Law Sworn Wife
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OT History: Nehemiah 6:18 For there were many in Judah sworn (Neh Ne)
Nehemiah 6:17
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