Tola and Jair
1After Abimelech, Tola son of Puah, son of Dodo became judge and began to deliver Israel. He was from Issachar and lived in Shamir in the hill country of Ephraim.
2Tola judged Israel 23 years and when he died, was buried in Shamir.
3After him came Jair the Gileadite,a who judged Israel 22 years.
4He had 30 sons who rode on 30 donkeys. They had 30 townsb in Gilead, which are called Jair’s Villagesc to this day.
5When Jair died, he was buried in Kamon.
Israel’s Rebellion and Repentance
6Then the Israelites again did what was evil in the sight of the LORD.d They worshiped the •Baals and the •Ashtoreths, the gods of Aram, Sidon, and Moab, and the gods of the Ammonites and the Philistines.e They abandoned •Yahweh and did not worship Him.f
7So the LORD’s anger burned against Israel, and He sold them tog the Philistines and the Ammonites.h
8They shattered and crushed the Israelites that year, and for 18 years they did the same to all the Israelites who were on the other side of the Jordani in the land of the Amoritesj in Gilead.
9The Ammonites also crossed the Jordan to fight against Judah, Benjamin, and the house of Ephraim. Israel was greatly oppressed,
10so they cried out to the LORD, saying, “We have sinned against You.k We have abandoned our God and worshiped the Baals.”
11The LORD said to the Israelites, “When the Egyptians,l Amorites, Ammonites, Philistines,
12Sidonians, Amalekites, and Maonitesm, n oppressed you, and you cried out to Me, did I not deliver you from their power?
13But you have abandoned Me and worshiped other gods. Therefore, I will not deliver you again.
14Go and cry out to the gods you have chosen.o Let them deliver you in the time of your oppression.”
15But the Israelites said, “We have sinned. Deal with us as You see fit;p only deliver usq today! ”
16So they got rid of the foreign godsr among them and worshiped the LORD,s and He became wearyt of Israel’s misery.
17The Ammonites were called together, and they camped in Gilead. So the Israelites assembled and camped at Mizpah.u
18The rulersv of Gilead said to one another, “Which man will lead the fight against the Ammonites? He will be the leader of all the inhabitants of Gilead.”
a. 10:3 Nm 26:29-10; Jos 17:1,3; Jdg 11:1-2; 1Ch 2:12-24; 7:14-17
b. 10:4 LXX; MT reads donkeys
c. 10:4 Or called Havvoth-jair
d. 10:6 Jdg 3:12; 4:1
e. 10:6 1Kg 11:33
f. 10:6 Ex 20:5; 23:24; Dt 5:9; Jos 23:7; 2Kg 17:35; Neh 9:35; Is 60:12; Mal 3:18
g. 10:7 Lit into the hand of
h. 10:7 Jdg 2:14; 3:8
i. 10:8 Gn 50:10-11; Dt 1:1,5; 3:8,20,25; Jos 12:17; Jdg 5:17
j. 10:8 Nm 21:31; Jos 24:8; Jdg 11:21; Am 2:10
k. 10:10 Neh 1:6; Jr 14:20; Dn 9:8
l. 10:11 Ex 1–15
m. 10:12 LXX reads Midianites
n. 10:12 Jos 15:5; 1Sm 23:24-25
o. 10:14 Dt 32:37-38; Jr 2:28; 11:12
p. 10:15 Lit Do to us what is good in Your eyes
q. 10:15 1Sm 12:10; 1Ch 16:35; Ps 79:9
r. 10:16 Gn 35:2; Jos 24:33; 1Sm 7:3; 2Ch 33:15
s. 10:16 Ex 10:7-8; 12:31; Dt 10:12; Jos 24:14-15; 2Ch 30:8
t. 10:16 Nm 21:4; Jdg 16:16; Mc 2:7; Zch 11:8
u. 10:17 Gn 31:49; Jdg 11:11,34; Hs 5:1
v. 10:18 Lit The people, rulers