1Ahithophel said to Absalom
, “Let me choose 12,000 men
, and I will set out in pursuit of David tonight
2I will attack him while he is weak and weary
, throw him into a panic
, and all the people with him will scatter
. I will strike down only the kinga
3and bring all the people back to you
. When everyone returns except the man you’re seeking
, allb the people will be at peace
4This proposal seemed good to Absalom and all the elders of Israel
5Then Absalom said, “Summon Hushai the Archite also. Let’s hear what he has to say as well.”
6So Hushai came to Absalom, and Absalom told him: “Ahithophel offered this proposal. Should we carry out his proposal? If not, what do you say? ”
7Hushai replied to Absalom, “The advice Ahithophel has given this time is not good.”
8Hushai continued, “You know your father and his men. They are warriors and are desperate like a wild bear robbed of her cubs.c Your father is an experienced soldier who won’t spend the night with the people.
9He’s probably already hiding in one of the cavesd or some other place. If some of our troops falle first, someone is sure to hear and say, ‘There’s been a slaughter among the people who follow Absalom.’
10Then, even a brave man with the heart of a lionf will melt because all Israel knows that your father and the valiant men with him are warriors.
11Instead, I advise that all Israel from Dan to Beer-sheba — as numerous as the sand by the seag — be gathered to you and that you personally go into battle.
12Then we will attack David wherever we find him, and we will descend on him like dew on the ground. Not even one will be left of all the men with him.
13If he retreats to some city, all Israel will bring ropes to that city, and we will drag its stones into the valley until not even a pebble can be found there.”
14Since the LORD had decreedh that Ahithophel’s good advice be underminedi in order to bring about Absalom’s ruin, Absalom and all the men of Israel said, “The advice of Hushai the Archite is better than Ahithophel’s advice.”
David Informed of Absalom’s Plans
15Hushai then told the priests Zadok and Abiathar, “This is whatj Ahithophel advised Absalom and the elders of Israel, and this is whatk I advised.
16Now send someone quickly and tell David, ‘Don’t spend the night at the wilderness ford of the Jordan,l but be sure to cross over, or the king and all the people with him will be destroyed.’ ”
17Jonathan and Ahimaaz were staying at En-rogel, where a servant girl would come and pass along information to them. They in turn would go and inform King David, because they dared not be seen entering the city.
18However, a young man did see them and informed Absalom. So the two left quickly and came to the house of a man in Bahurim. He had a well in his courtyard, and they climbed down into it.
19Then his wife took the cover, placed it over the mouth of the well, and scattered grain on it so nobody would know anything.
20Absalom’s servants came to the woman at the house and asked, “Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan? ”
“They passed by toward the water,”m the woman replied to them. The men searched but did not find them, so they returned to Jerusalem.
21After they had gone, Ahimaaz and Jonathan climbed out of the well and went and informed King David. They told him, “Get up and immediately ford the river, for Ahithophel has given this advice against you.”
22So David and all the people with him got up and crossed the Jordan. By daybreak, there was no one who had not crossed the Jordan.
23When Ahithophel realized that his advice had not been followed, he saddled his donkey and set out for his house in his hometown. He set his affairs in ordern and hanged himself.o So he died and was buried in his father’s tomb.
24David had arrived at Mahanaim by the time Absalom crossed the Jordan with all the men of Israel.
25Now Absalom had appointed Amasap over the army in Joab’s place. Amasa was the son of a man named Ithraq the Israelite;r, s Ithra had married Abigail daughter of Nahash.t Abigail was a sister to Zeruiah, Joab’s mother.
26And Israel and Absalom camped in the land of Gilead.
27When David came to Mahanaim, Shobi son of Nahashu from Rabbahv of the Ammonites, Machir son of Ammiel from Lo-debar,w and Barzillai the Gileadite from Rogelimx
28brought beds, basins,y and pottery items. They also brought wheat, barley, flour, roasted grain, beans, lentils,z
29honey, curds, sheep, and cheeseaa from the herd for David and the people with him to eat. They had reasoned, “The people must be hungry, exhausted, and thirsty in the desert.”
a. 17:2 1Kg 22:31
b. 17:3 LXX reads to you as a bride returns to her husband. You seek the life of only one man, and all
c. 17:8 Pr 17:12; Hs 13:8
d. 17:9 Or pits, or ravines
e. 17:9 Lit And it will be when a falling on them at
f. 17:10 Am 3:8
g. 17:11 Gn 22:17
h. 17:14 Pr 21:30; 1Co 1:19
i. 17:14 2Sm 15:31-34
j. 17:15 Lit Like this and like this
k. 17:15 Lit and like this and like this
l. 17:16 2Sm 15:28
m. 17:20 Or brook ; Hb obscure
n. 17:23 Lit He commanded his house
o. 17:23 Mt 27:5
p. 17:25 2Sm 19:13; 20:9-12; 1Kg 2:5,32
q. 17:25 Or Jether
r. 17:25 Some LXX mss read Ishmaelite
s. 17:25 1Ch 2:13-17
t. 17:25 Some LXX mss read Jesse
u. 17:27 2Sm 10:1-2
v. 17:27 2Sm 12:26-29
w. 17:27 2Sm 9:4
x. 17:27 2Sm 19:31-32; 1Kg 2:7; Ezr 2:61
y. 17:28 LXX reads brought 10 embroidered beds with double coverings, 10 vessels
z. 17:28 LXX, Syr; MT adds roasted grain
aa. 17:29 Hb obscure