Genesis 10:3
New International Version
The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath and Togarmah.

New Living Translation
The descendants of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

English Standard Version
The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

Berean Study Bible
The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah.

King James Bible
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

Christian Standard Bible
Gomer's sons: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

Good News Translation
The descendants of Gomer were the people of Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Gomer's sons: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

International Standard Version
Gomer's descendants included Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

NET Bible
The sons of Gomer were Askenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

New Heart English Bible
The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Gomer's descendants were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

New American Standard 1977
And the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz and Riphath and Togarmah.

King James 2000 Bible
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

American King James Version
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

American Standard Version
And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the sons of Gamer, Aschanaz, and Riphath, and Thorgama.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sons of Gomer: Ascenez and Riphath and Thogorma.

Darby Bible Translation
And the sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

English Revised Version
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

World English Bible
The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

Young's Literal Translation
And sons of Gomer are Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
Study Bible
The Japhethites
2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. 3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4And the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 1:6
The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

Jeremiah 51:27
"Raise a banner in the land! blow the trumpet among the nations! Prepare the nations against her. Summon the kingdoms against her--Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz. Appoint a captain against her; bring up horses like swarming locusts.

Ezekiel 27:14
The men of Beth-togarmah exchanged horses, war horses, and mules for your wares.

Ezekiel 38:6
Gomer with all its troops; and Beth-togarmah from the far north with all its troops--many nations with you.

Treasury of Scripture

And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.







Lexicon
The sons
וּבְנֵ֖י (ū·ḇə·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Gomer:
גֹּ֑מֶר (gō·mer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1586: Gomer -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants, also the wife of Hosea

Ashkenaz,
אַשְׁכֲּנַ֥ז (’aš·kă·naz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 813: Ashkenaz -- a son of Gomer, also his descendants and their land

Riphath,
וְרִיפַ֖ת (wə·rî·p̄aṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7384: Riphath -- a son of Gomer, also his desc

and Togarmah.
וְתֹגַרְמָֽה׃ (wə·ṯō·ḡar·māh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8425: Beth-togarmah -- a son of Gomer, also his descendants and their land
(3) Gomer has three main divisions:--

1. Ashkenaz, a region in the neighbourhood of Armenia (Jeremiah 51:27), whence, following the course of Japhethite migration, the race seems to have wandered into Germany. The derivations are all most uncertain; but the Jews call the Germans Ashkenazites, and are probably right.

2. Riphath, in 1Chronicles 1:6, is called Diphath (see Dodanim, below). Riphath is probably right, and the, inhabitants of the Riphaean Mountains (the Carpathians?) are the people meant. They were Celts.

3. Togarmah. Certainly Armenia.

Verse 3. - And the sons of Gomer; Ash-kenaz. Axenus, the ancient name of the Euxine, is supposed to favor Phrygia and Bithynia as the locality possessed by Aske-naz (Bochart); Iskus; equivalent to Ask, Ascanios, the oldest son of the Germanic Mannus, to point out Germany as his abode (Jewish commentators); but Jeremiah 51:27 seems to indicate the region between the Euxine and the Caspian. Kalisch, following Josephus, identifies the name with the ancient town Rhagae, one day's journey to the south of the Caspian. Murphy and Peele, on the authority of Diodorus Siculus, believe the Germans may have been a colony of the Ashkenians. And Riphath. Diphath (1 Chronicles 1:6) - the Paphlagonians (Josephus); more generally the tribes about the Riphaean mountains, on the north of the Caspian (Knobel, Kalisch, Clericus, Rosenmüller, Murphy, ' Speaker's Commentary'); but both are uncertain (Keil). And Togarmah. Mentioned again in Ezekiel 27:14; Ezekiel 38:6; the Phrygians (Josephus), the Cappadocians (Bochart), the Armenians (Michaelis, Gesenius, Rosenmüller), the Taurians, inhabiting the Crimea (Kalisch). The tradition preserved by Moses Chorensis, that the ancestor of the Armenians was the son of Thorgom, the son of Comer, is commonly regarded as deciding the question. 10:1-7 This chapter shows concerning the three sons of Noah, that of them was the whole earth overspread. No nation but that of the Jews can be sure from which of these seventy it has come. The lists of names of fathers and sons were preserved of the Jews alone, for the sake of the Messiah. Many learned men, however, have, with some probability, shown which of the nations of the earth descended from each of the sons of Noah To the posterity of Japheth were allotted the isles of the gentiles; probably, the island of Britain among the rest. All places beyond the sea from Judea are called isles, Jer 25:22. That promise, Isa 42:4, The isles shall wait for his law, speaks of the conversion of the gentiles to the faith of Christ.
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Alphabetical: and Ashkenaz Gomer of Riphath sons The Togarmah were

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