Leviticus 8:10
And Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the tabernacle and all that was therein, and sanctified them.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(10) As the Lord commanded Moses.—That is, the making of these pontifical garments here enumerated, and the investiture of the high priest by Moses, were according to the Divine command given in Exodus 28:1-43.

(10) And Moses took the anointing oil.—Having invested the high priest with the visible emblems of his office and holiness, Moses now, in accordance with the directions given in Exodus 30:26-30; Exodus 40:9-11, first anointed the tabernacle and all that was therein—that is, the ark of the covenant, the altar of incense, the candlestick, the table of shewbread, with all the utensils belonging unto them. For the ingredients of this oil, which is also called “oil of holy ointment” (Exodus 30:25), see Exodus 30:23-25.

And sanctified them.—That is, by this unction Moses separated them from the laity, and dedicated them to the service of God, so that they were not to come in contact with any defilement. (See Exodus 29:37; Exodus 30:29-30.)

8:1-13 The consecration of Aaron and his sons had been delayed until the tabernacle had been prepared, and the laws of the sacrifices given. Aaron and his sons were washed with water, to signify that they ought to purify themselves from all sinful dispositions, and ever after to keep themselves pure. Christ washes those from their sins in his own blood whom he makes kings and priests to our God, Re 1:5,6; and those that draw near to God must be washed in pure water, Heb 10:22. The anointing of Aaron was to typify the anointing of Christ with the Spirit, which was not given by measure to him. All believers have received the anointing.Moses first anointed with the holy oil Exodus 30:25 the tabernacle and all therein, that is, the ark of the covenant, the table of showbread, the candlestick and the golden altar, with all the articles that belonged to them. 10-12. took the anointing oil, &c.—which was designed to intimate that persons who acted as leaders in the solemn services of worship should have the unction of the Holy One both in His gifts and graces. No text from Poole on this verse. And Moses took the anointing oil,.... Which Bezaleel had made, according to the directions which Moses had given him, and he had received from the Lord: this Moses brought with him to the door of the tabernacle, as he was ordered, Leviticus 8:2 and now he took it and made use of it as follows:

and anointed the tabernacle and all that was therein; the altar of incense, the candlestick, and table of shewbread:

and sanctified them; separated and devoted them to sacred use and service.

And Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the {b} tabernacle and all that was therein, and sanctified them.

(b) That is, the holiest of holies, the sanctuary and the court.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
10. Probably an interpolation, as (1) there is no parallel for it in Exodus 29, and (2) the LXX. places Leviticus 8:10 b after Leviticus 8:11.

10–12. (c) anointing. The first definite variation from Exodus 29 is found in these verses. Exodus 29:7 contains the command: ‘Then shall thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.’ To this correspond the opening words of Leviticus 8:10, ‘And Moses took the anointing oil …’ and Leviticus 8:12, ‘And he poured of the anointing oil upon Aaron’s head, and anointed him.’ The clauses of Leviticus 8:10-11 which intervene, record the anointing of the tabernacle, the altar, and the laver, in words closely parallel to those of Exodus 40:9-11. Other passages which refer to the ceremony of anointing are: Exodus 29:7 (referring to Aaron only), Exodus 29:36 (to the altar), Exodus 30:26-29 (a full list of things to be anointed) and Exodus 40:9-11 (a shorter list). It will be seen that the verbal coincidences in Leviticus 8:10-12 are with Exodus 29:7; Exodus 40:9-11. But it should be noticed that whereas in Exodus 40:12-15 mention is made of anointing Aaron’s sons as well as Aaron himself, there is no account of such a ceremony in Leviticus 8.Verses 10, 11. - The anointing is still more specifically the means of consecration than the investing or the washing. (For the anointing oil, which is here referred to as a thing well known, see Exodus 30:22-25, where its component parts are designated.) The consecration of things as well as of persons is sanctioned by the action of Moses, who anointed the tabernacle and all that was therein, and sanctified them. They were thus set apart for holy purposes. By all that was therein would be meant the ark, the vail, the altar of incense, the candlesticks, the table of show-bread. After the tabernacle and its furniture had been anointed, the altar - that is, the brazen altar - and all his vessels, both the laver and his foot, were sprinkled; not once only, as the things within the tabernacle, but seven times, to show that it was specially holy, although situated only in the court. The laver, for the priests' use, was between the door of the tabernacle and the brazen altar of burnt offering. Its foot, or base, is described in Exodus 38:8, as made, according to the translation of the Authorized Version, "of brass, of the looking-glasses of the women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle." Consecration of the Priests and the Sanctuary (cf. Exodus 29:1-37). - The consecration of Aaron and his sons as priests was carried out by Moses according to the instructions in Exodus 29:1-36; Exodus 40:12-15; and the anointing of the tabernacle, with the altar and its furniture, as prescribed in Exodus 29:37; Exodus 30:26-29, and Exodus 40:9-11, was connected with it (Leviticus 8:10, Leviticus 8:11).

Leviticus 8:1-4

Leviticus 8:1-5 contain an account of the preparations for this holy act, the performance of which was enjoined upon Moses by Jehovah after the publication of the laws of sacrifice (Leviticus 8:1). Moses brought the persons to be consecrated, the official costume that had been made for them (Exodus 28), the anointing oil (Exodus 30:23.), and the requisite sacrificial offerings (Exodus 29:1-3), to the door of the tabernacle (i.e., into the court, near the altar of burnt-offering), and then gathered "the whole congregation" - that is to say, the nation in the persons of its elders-there also (see my Archeologie ii. p. 221). The definite article before the objects enumerated in Leviticus 8:2 may be explained on the ground that they had all been previously and more minutely described. The "basket of the unleavened" contained, according to Exodus 29:2-3, (1) unleavened bread, which is called חלּה in Leviticus 8:26, i.e., round flat bread-cakes, and לחם כּכּר (loaf of bread) in Exodus 29:23, and was baked for the purpose of the consecration (see at Leviticus 8:31, Leviticus 8:32); (2) unleavened oil-cakes; and (3) unleavened flat cakes covered with oil (see at Leviticus 2:4 and Leviticus 7:12).

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