1 Kings 7:3
New International Version
It was roofed with cedar above the beams that rested on the columns—forty-five beams, fifteen to a row.

New Living Translation
The hall had a cedar roof. Above the beams on the pillars were forty-five side rooms, arranged in three tiers of fifteen each.

English Standard Version
And it was covered with cedar above the chambers that were on the forty-five pillars, fifteen in each row.

Berean Study Bible
The house was roofed with cedar above the beams that rested on the pillars—forty-five beams, fifteen per row.

King James Bible
And it was covered with cedar above upon the beams, that lay on forty five pillars, fifteen in a row.

New King James Version
And it was paneled with cedar above the beams that were on forty-five pillars, fifteen to a row.

New American Standard Bible
And it was paneled with cedar above the side chambers which were on the forty-five pillars, fifteen in each row.

NASB 1995
It was paneled with cedar above the side chambers which were on the 45 pillars, 15 in each row.

NASB 1977
And it was paneled with cedar above the side chambers which were on the 45 pillars, 15 in each row.

Amplified Bible
And it was covered with cedar [as a roof] on the supporting beams that were upon the forty-five pillars, fifteen in each row.

Christian Standard Bible
It was paneled above with cedar at the top of the chambers that rested on forty-five pillars, fifteen per row.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
It was paneled above with cedar at the top of the chambers that rested on 45 pillars, 15 per row.

American Standard Version
And it was covered with cedar above over the forty and five beams, that were upon the pillars; fifteen in a row.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he covered them with cedar from above, over the saplings that were upon the pillars, forty and five cubits, fifteen per row.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he formed the house with chambers above on the sides of the pillars, and the number of the pillars was each row forty and five,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he covered the whole vault with boards of cedar, and it was held up with five and forty pillars. And one row had fifteen pillars,

English Revised Version
And it was covered with cedar above over the forty and five beams, that were upon the pillars; fifteen in a row.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The hall was covered with cedar above the side rooms, which were supported by 45 pillars

International Standard Version
There were 45 pillars paneled with cedar above the side chambers, with rows of fifteen pillars,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it was covered with cedar above upon the side-chambers, that lay on forty and five pillars, fifteen in a row.

Literal Standard Version
and [it is] covered with cedar above, on the sides that [are] on the forty-five pillars, fifteen in the row.

NET Bible
The roof above the beams supported by the pillars was also made of cedar; there were forty-five beams, fifteen per row.

New Heart English Bible
It was covered with cedar above atop the beams which were on the pillars, and the pillars numbered forty-five; fifteen in a row.

World English Bible
It was covered with cedar above over the forty-five beams, that were on the pillars; fifteen in a row.

Young's Literal Translation
and it is covered with cedar above, on the sides that are on the forty and five pillars, fifteen in the row.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon Builds His Palace
2He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon a hundred cubits long, fifty cubits wide, and thirty cubits high, with four rows of cedar pillars supporting the cedar beams. 3The house was roofed with cedar above the beams that rested on the pillars— forty-five beams, fifteen per row. 4There were three rows of high windows facing one another in three tiers.…

Cross References
1 Kings 7:2
He built the House of the Forest of Lebanon a hundred cubits long, fifty cubits wide, and thirty cubits high, with four rows of cedar pillars supporting the cedar beams.

1 Kings 7:4
There were three rows of high windows facing one another in three tiers.


Treasury of Scripture

And it was covered with cedar above on the beams, that lay on forty five pillars, fifteen in a row.

beams [heb] ribs

1 Kings 6:5
And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about:









Verse 3. - And it was covered [or roofed] with cedar above [cf. 6:9, 15] upon the beams [צְלָעות lit., ribs, the word used in 1 Kings 6:5 of the side chambers, and in 1 Kings 6:34 (in the masculine) of the leaves of the doors], that lay on forty-five pillars, fifteen in a row. [Rawlinson, al. are much exercised to reconcile this statement with that of ver. 2, which speaks of four rows, But the explanation is very simple, viz., that the "forty-five, fifteen in a row" does not refer to the pillars but to the side chambers or compartments (A.V., "beams"). The description is so very loose and general that positive statements are out of place, but the meaning certainly appears to be this, that there was a roofing of cedar over the side chambers (which rested upon the pillars mentioned in ver. 2) forty-five in number, fifteen in a row. It is true the Masoretic punctuation is against this view. It is also clear that the LXX. understood the numbers forty-five and fifteen to refer to the pillars, for they have essayed to cut the knot by reading three rows instead of "four rows," in ver. 2. Similarly the Arab. in ver. 3 reads sixty instead of forty-five; obviously another desperate attempt to solve the difficulty by a corruption of the text. But the solution suggested above is so simple and natural that we can hardly be wrong in adopting it. Bahr says positively that forty-five pillars could not have supported a structure 100 cubits by 50 cubits, "nor could the building have been named ' forest of Lebanon' from forty-five scattered pillars." It would follow hence, that there were side chambers only on three sides of the building, as was the case in the temple. And if (as has been inferred from vers. 4, 5) a three-storied structure is here described; if, that is to say, the forty-five chambers were divided fifteen to a tier or story, it is highly probable that they would be distributed six to each long side and three to the rear (Bahr). This arrangement - a court surrounded by a colonnade and galleries - is still found in the East; as all travellers know. And in its favour it may be said that it is such as to have been suggested by the plan of the temple. The ground plan is the same, with this difference, that a courtyard occupies the place of the temple proper.]

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
[The house] was roofed
וְסָפֻ֣ן (wə·sā·p̄un)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's 5603: To hide by covering, to roof, wainscot, to reserve

with cedar
בָּאֶ֗רֶז (bā·’e·rez)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 730: A cedar tree

above
מִמַּ֙עַל֙ (mim·ma·‘al)
Preposition-m | Adverb
Strong's 4605: The upper part, with prefix upward, above, overhead, from the top

the beams
הַצְּלָעֹת֙ (haṣ·ṣə·lā·‘ōṯ)
Article | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 6763: A rib, a side, a, timber, plank

that
אֲשֶׁ֣ר (’ă·šer)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

rested on
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the pillars—
הָֽעַמּוּדִ֔ים (hā·‘am·mū·ḏîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 5982: A column, a stand, platform

forty-five [beams],
אַרְבָּעִ֖ים (’ar·bā·‘îm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 705: Forty

fifteen
חֲמִשָּׁ֥ה (ḥă·miš·šāh)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 2568: Five

per row.
הַטּֽוּר׃ (haṭ·ṭūr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2905: A row, a wall


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OT History: 1 Kings 7:3 It was covered with cedar above over (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 7:2
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