Job 14:21
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
If their children are honored, they do not know it; if their offspring are brought low, they do not see it.

New Living Translation
They never know if their children grow up in honor or sink to insignificance.

English Standard Version
His sons come to honor, and he does not know it; they are brought low, and he perceives it not.

New American Standard Bible
"His sons achieve honor, but he does not know it; Or they become insignificant, but he does not perceive it.

King James Bible
His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If his sons receive honor, he does not know it; if they become insignificant, he is unaware of it.

International Standard Version
"If his children are honored, he doesn't know it; if they become insignificant, he never perceives it.

NET Bible
If his sons are honored, he does not know it; if they are brought low, he does not see it.

New Heart English Bible
His sons come to honor, and he doesn't know it. They are brought low, but he doesn't perceive it of them.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
His sons are honored, and he doesn't know it. Or they become unimportant, and he doesn't realize it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; And they are brought low, but he regardeth them not.

New American Standard 1977
“His sons achieve honor, but he does not know it;
            Or they become insignificant, but he does not perceive it.

Jubilee Bible 2000
His sons shall be honoured and he shall not know of it; or they shall be afflicted, but he shall not perceive of them.

King James 2000 Bible
His sons come to honor, and he knows it not; and they are brought low, but he perceives it not of them.

American King James Version
His sons come to honor, and he knows it not; and they are brought low, but he perceives it not of them.

American Standard Version
His sons come to honor, and he knoweth it not; And they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whether his children come to honour or dishonour, he shall not understand.

Darby Bible Translation
His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, and he perceiveth it not.

English Revised Version
His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them.

Webster's Bible Translation
His sons come to honor, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them.

World English Bible
His sons come to honor, and he doesn't know it. They are brought low, but he doesn't perceive it of them.

Young's Literal Translation
Honoured are his sons, and he knoweth not; And they are little, and he attendeth not to them.
Study Bible
Job Acknowledges the Finality of Death
20"You forever overpower him and he departs; You change his appearance and send him away. 21"His sons achieve honor, but he does not know it; Or they become insignificant, but he does not perceive it. 22"But his body pains him, And he mourns only for himself."…
Cross References
Job 14:22
"But his body pains him, And he mourns only for himself."

Job 24:24
"They are exalted a little while, then they are gone; Moreover, they are brought low and like everything gathered up; Even like the heads of grain they are cut off.

Proverbs 31:18
She senses that her gain is good; Her lamp does not go out at night.

Ecclesiastes 9:5
For the living know they will die; but the dead do not know anything, nor have they any longer a reward, for their memory is forgotten.
Treasury of Scripture

His sons come to honor, and he knows it not; and they are brought low, but he perceives it not of them.

he knoweth it not

1 Samuel 4:20 And about the time of her death the women that stood by her said …

Psalm 39:6 Surely every man walks in a vain show: surely they are disquieted …

Ecclesiastes 2:18,19 Yes, I hated all my labor which I had taken under the sun: because …

Ecclesiastes 9:5 For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any …

Isaiah 39:7,8 And of your sons that shall issue from you, which you shall beget, …

Isaiah 63:16 Doubtless you are our father, though Abraham be ignorant of us, and …

Verse 21. - His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not. The meaning seems to be, "If his sons come to honour, it is of no advantage to him; in the remote and wholly separate region of Sheol he will not be aware of it." The view is more dismal than that of Aristotle, who argues that the fate of those whom they have loved and left on earth will be sure to penetrate, in course of time (ἐπὶ τινα χρόνον)' to the departed, and cause them a certain amount of joy or sorrow ('Eth. Nic.,' 1:11). And they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them. Equally, in the opposite case, if his sons are brought low, he is ignorant of it, and unaffected by their fate. His sons come to honour,.... Or "are multiplied" (s), see Nahum 3:15; their families increase like a flock, become very numerous, which was reckoned a great blessing; or "become heavy" (t); being loaded with gold and silver, with riches and honour, raised to great grandeur and dignity, and possessed of much wealth and large estates:

and he knoweth it not; the man whose countenance is changed and sent away into another world; for the dead know nothing of the affairs of this life; a good man indeed after death knows more of God and Christ, of the doctrines of grace, and mysteries of Providence; but he knows nothing of the affairs of his family he has left behind: some understand this of a man on his death bed while alive, who, when he is told of the promotion of his sons to honour, or of the increase of their worldly substance, takes no notice of it; either being deprived of his senses by the disease upon him; or through the greatness of his pains and agonies, or the intenseness of his thoughts about a future state, does not notice what is told him, nor rejoice at it; which in the time of health would have been pleasing to him: but the first sense seems best:

and they are brought low, that is, his sons; or "are diminished" (u); lessened in their numbers, one taken off after another, and so his family decreases; or they come into low circumstances of life, are reduced in the world, and brought to straits and difficulties, to want and poverty:

but he perceiveth it not of them; he is not sensible of their troubles, and so not grieved at them; see Isaiah 63:16; or when he is told of them on his death bed, he does not take notice of them, or regard them, having enough to grapple with himself, and his mind intent on his everlasting state, or carried above them in the views of the love, grace, and covenant of God; see 2 Samuel 23:5.

(s) , Sept. "multiplicabuntur", Vatablus, Bolducius. (t) "Multi vel graves sunt", Drusius; "graves erunt et onusti", Mercerus. (u) , Sept. "minuuntur, numero pauci sunt", Drusius. 21. One striking trait is selected from the sad picture of the severance of the dead from all that passes in the world (Ec 9:5), namely, the utter separation of parents and children.14:16-22 Job's faith and hope spake, and grace appeared to revive; but depravity again prevailed. He represents God as carrying matters to extremity against him. The Lord must prevail against all who contend with him. God may send disease and pain, we may lose all comfort in those near and dear to us, every hope of earthly happiness may be destroyed, but God will receive the believer into realms of eternal happiness. But what a change awaits the prosperous unbeliever! How will he answer when God shall call him to his tribunal? The Lord is yet upon a mercy-seat, ready to be gracious. Oh that sinners would be wise, that they would consider their latter end! While man's flesh is upon him, that is, the body he is so loth to lay down, it shall have pain; and while his soul is within him, that is, the spirit he is so loth to resign, it shall mourn. Dying work is hard work; dying pangs often are sore pangs. It is folly for men to defer repentance to a death-bed, and to have that to do which is the one thing needful, when unfit to do anything.
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