Exodus 35:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Do not light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath day."

New Living Translation
You must not even light a fire in any of your homes on the Sabbath."

English Standard Version
You shall kindle no fire in all your dwelling places on the Sabbath day.”

New American Standard Bible
"You shall not kindle a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath day."

King James Bible
Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Do not light a fire in any of your homes on the Sabbath day."

International Standard Version
You are not to light a fire in any of your dwellings on the Sabbath."

NET Bible
You must not kindle a fire in any of your homes on the Sabbath day."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Never light a fire in any of your homes on this day of worship."

Jubilee Bible 2000
Ye shall kindle no fire in any of your habitations upon the sabbath day.

King James 2000 Bible
You shall kindle no fire throughout your houses upon the sabbath day.

American King James Version
You shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations on the sabbath day.

American Standard Version
Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
You shall kindle no fire in any of your habitations on the sabbath day.

Darby Bible Translation
Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your dwellings upon the sabbath day.

English Revised Version
Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.

Webster's Bible Translation
Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath-day.

World English Bible
You shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations on the Sabbath day.'"

Young's Literal Translation
ye do not burn a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath-day.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

35:1-3 The mild and easy yoke of Christ has made our sabbath duties more delightful, and our sabbath restraints less irksome, than those of the Jews; but we are the more guilty by neglecting them. Surely God's wisdom in giving us the sabbath, with all the mercy of its purposes, are sinfully disregarded. Is it nothing to pour contempt upon the blessed day, which a bounteous God has given to us for our growth in grace with the church below, and to prepare us for happiness with the church above?

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - Ye shall kindle no fire. The kindling of fire in early times involved considerable labour. It was ordinarily affected by rubbing two sticks together, or twisting one round rapidly between the two palms in a depression upon a board. Fire only came after a long time. Moreover, as in the warm climate of Arabia and Palestine artificial warmth was not needed, fire could only have been kindled there for cooking purposes, which involved further unnecessary work, and had already been forbidden (Exodus 16:23). The Karaite Jews still maintain the observance of this precept to the letter, even in cold climates, as in that of the Crimea, and allow neither fire nor light in their houses on the sabbath day; but the Jews generally view the precept as having had only a temporary force, and have lights and fires, like other persons, even in Palestine. Strict Jews, however, still cook no food on the sabbath day.

CHAPTER 35:4-20

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day. This law seems to be a temporary one, and not to be continued, nor is it said to be throughout their generations as elsewhere, where the law of the sabbath is given or repeated; it is to be restrained to the building of the tabernacle, and while that was about, to which it is prefaced; and it is designed to prevent all public or private working on the sabbath day, in anything belonging to that; having no fire to heat their tools or melt their metal, or do any thing for which that was necessary; for it can hardly be thought that this is to be taken in the strictest sense, as an entire prohibition of kindling a fire and the use of it on that day, which is so absolutely useful, and needful in various cases, and where acts of mercy and necessity require it; as in cold seasons of the year, for the warming and comforting of persons who otherwise would be unfit for religious exercises, and on the account of infants and aged persons, who could not subsist without it; and in cases of sickness, and various disorders which necessarily require it; and even for the preparation of food, which must be had on that day as on others, the sabbath being not a fast, but rather a festival, as it is with the Jews; and yet this law is interpreted by them in the most rigorous sense: they put kindling a fire among the principal works forbidden on that day (x), and that not only to bake bread and boil flesh, as Aben Ezra interprets it here, but to warm themselves with; nay, they think it unlawful to touch an hearth, or a coal of fire, or a firebrand, or anything that may give them any warmth in a cold season; and if, for the sake of infants or aged persons, there is need of a fire or heating a stove, they hire a Christian to do it, or so prepare and order matters the day before that it kindle of itself (y); and so Leo Modena (z) says,"they do not meddle with any fire, nor touch any wood that is on fire, nor kindle any, nor put it out; nor do they so much as light a candle on the sabbath day: and if the place be cold where they dwell, except they have any stoves, or hot houses, or else have some one that is no Jew to kindle a fire for them; or had so ordered the matter before hand that the fire should kindle of itself at such a time; they must even be content to sit in the cold all that day:''but here they nicely distinguish and observe, that it is said:

throughout your habitations; their private dwellings, but not the habitation of the Lord, or the house of the sanctuary; and on this score they allow of kindling a fire in Beth Moked (a), an apartment in the temple, where a fire was constantly kept for the priests that kept watch to warm themselves at.

(x) Misn. Sabbat, c. 7. sect. 2.((y) Buxtorf. Synagog. Jud. c. 16. p. 361. (z) History of the Rites, &c. of the Jews, par. 3. c. 1. sect. 3.((a) T. Bab. Sabbat, fol. 20. 1.



Exodus 35:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Sabbath
2"For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day you shall have a holy day, a sabbath of complete rest to the LORD; whoever does any work on it shall be put to death. 3"You shall not kindle a fire in any of your dwellings on the sabbath day."
Cross References
Exodus 12:16
On the first day hold a sacred assembly, and another one on the seventh day. Do no work at all on these days, except to prepare food for everyone to eat; that is all you may do.

Exodus 16:23
He said to them, "This is what the LORD commanded: 'Tomorrow is to be a day of sabbath rest, a holy sabbath to the LORD. So bake what you want to bake and boil what you want to boil. Save whatever is left and keep it until morning.'"

Exodus 20:9
Six days you shall labor and do all your work,

Exodus 23:12
"Six days do your work, but on the seventh day do not work, so that your ox and your donkey may rest, and so that the slave born in your household and the foreigner living among you may be refreshed.

Exodus 31:15
For six days work is to be done, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, holy to the LORD. Whoever does any work on the Sabbath day is to be put to death.

Exodus 35:4
Moses said to the whole Israelite community, "This is what the LORD has commanded:

Leviticus 23:3
"'There are six days when you may work, but the seventh day is a day of sabbath rest, a day of sacred assembly. You are not to do any work; wherever you live, it is a sabbath to the LORD.

Numbers 15:32
While the Israelites were in the wilderness, a man was found gathering wood on the Sabbath day.

Isaiah 58:13
"If you keep your feet from breaking the Sabbath and from doing as you please on my holy day, if you call the Sabbath a delight and the LORD's holy day honorable, and if you honor it by not going your own way and not doing as you please or speaking idle words,
Treasury of Scripture

You shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations on the sabbath day.

Exodus 12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the …

Exodus 16:23 And he said to them, This is that which the LORD has said, To morrow …

Numbers 15:32 And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found …

Isaiah 58:13 If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure …

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