Acts 14:12
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Barnabas they called Zeus, and Paul they called Hermes because he was the chief speaker.

New Living Translation
They decided that Barnabas was the Greek god Zeus and that Paul was Hermes, since he was the chief speaker.

English Standard Version
Barnabas they called Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the chief speaker.

New American Standard Bible
And they began calling Barnabas, Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the chief speaker.

King James Bible
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And they started to call Barnabas, Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the main speaker.

International Standard Version
They began to call Barnabas Zeus, and Paul Hermes, because he was the main speaker.

NET Bible
They began to call Barnabas Zeus and Paul Hermes, because he was the chief speaker.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they were naming BarNaba, The Lord of the gods, and Paulus, Hermes, because he had been introducing the message.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They addressed Barnabas as Zeus and Paul as Hermes because Paul did most of the talking.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius because he was the chief speaker.

King James 2000 Bible
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercury, because he was the chief speaker.

American King James Version
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

American Standard Version
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercury, because he was the chief speaker.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter: but Paul, Mercury; because he was chief speaker.

Darby Bible Translation
And they called Barnabas Jupiter, and Paul Mercury, because he took the lead in speaking.

English Revised Version
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercury, because he was the chief speaker.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they called Barnabas, Jupiter, and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

Weymouth New Testament
They called Barnabas 'Zeus,' and Paul, as being the principal speaker, 'Hermes.'

World English Bible
They called Barnabas "Jupiter," and Paul "Mercury," because he was the chief speaker.

Young's Literal Translation
they were calling also Barnabas Zeus, and Paul Hermes, since he was the leader in speaking.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

14:8-18 All things are possible to those that believe. When we have faith, that most precious gift of God, we shall be delivered from the spiritual helplessness in which we were born, and from the dominion of sinful habits since formed; we shall be made able to stand upright and walk cheerfully in the ways of the Lord. When Christ, the Son of God, appeared in the likeness of men, and did many miracles, men were so far from doing sacrifice to him, that they made him a sacrifice to their pride and malice; but Paul and Barnabas, upon their working one miracle, were treated as gods. The same power of the god of this world, which closes the carnal mind against truth, makes errors and mistakes find easy admission. We do not learn that they rent their clothes when the people spake of stoning them; but when they spake of worshipping them; they could not bear it, being more concerned for God's honour than their own. God's truth needs not the services of man's falsehood. The servants of God might easily obtain undue honours if they would wink at men's errors and vices; but they must dread and detest such respect more than any reproach. When the apostles preached to the Jews, who hated idolatry, they had only to preach the grace of God in Christ; but when they had to do with the Gentiles, they must set right their mistakes in natural religion. Compare their conduct and declaration with the false opinions of those who think the worship of a God, under any name, or in any manner, is equally acceptable to the Lord Almighty. The most powerful arguments, the most earnest and affectionate addresses, even with miracles, are scarcely enough to keep men from absurdities and abominations; much less can they, without special grace, turn the hearts of sinners to God and to holiness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 12. - Mercury for Mercurius, A.V. For the Latin Jupiter and Mercury the Greek original has Zeus and Hermes. Jupiter is Jovis Pater, where Jovis or Diovis or Dies (in Diespiter) is the Latin form of Zeus, gen. Δίος. Mercury is Hermes in his special character as the god of markets and trade. But the Lycaonians here thought of him in his principal character of herald and messenger of the gods, and hence the god of eloquence and speech.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And they called Barnabas Jupiter,.... The supreme God; it may be because that Barnabas was the oldest man, of the tallest stature, and largest bulk, and made the best figure; whereas Paul was younger, of a low stature, and mean appearance:

and Paul Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker; Mercury was the god of eloquence, and the messenger of the gods, and the interpreter of their will (r); Paul being chiefly concerned in preaching and speaking to the people, they called him by the name of this God: the Jews had a doctor in their schools, whom they called , "the chief of the speakers" (s).

(r) Vid Macrob. Saturnal. l. 1. c. 17, 19. (s) Juchasin, fol. 45. 2. & 46. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

12. they called Barnabas, Jupiter—the father of the gods, from his commanding mien (Chrysostom thinks).

and Paul, Mercurius—the god of eloquence and the messenger and attendant of Jupiter, in the heathen mythology.

Acts 14:12 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Visit to Lystra and Derbe
11When the crowds saw what Paul had done, they raised their voice, saying in the Lycaonian language, "The gods have become like men and have come down to us." 12And they began calling Barnabas, Zeus, and Paul, Hermes, because he was the chief speaker. 13The priest of Zeus, whose temple was just outside the city, brought oxen and garlands to the gates, and wanted to offer sacrifice with the crowds.…
Cross References
Acts 14:11
When the crowd saw what Paul had done, they shouted in the Lycaonian language, "The gods have come down to us in human form!"

Acts 14:13
The priest of Zeus, whose temple was just outside the city, brought bulls and wreaths to the city gates because he and the crowd wanted to offer sacrifices to them.

Acts 19:35
The city clerk quieted the crowd and said: "Fellow Ephesians, doesn't all the world know that the city of Ephesus is the guardian of the temple of the great Artemis and of her image, which fell from heaven?
Treasury of Scripture

And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

Jupiter.

Acts 19:35 And when the town cleark had appeased the people, he said, You men of Ephesus…

Jump to Previous
Barnabas Chief Hermes Jupiter Lead Paul Principal Speaker Speaking Talker Zeus
Jump to Next
Barnabas Chief Hermes Jupiter Lead Paul Principal Speaker Speaking Talker Zeus
Links
Acts 14:12 NIV
Acts 14:12 NLT
Acts 14:12 ESV
Acts 14:12 NASB
Acts 14:12 KJV

Acts 14:12 Bible Apps
Acts 14:12 Bible Suite
Acts 14:12 Biblia Paralela
Acts 14:12 Chinese Bible
Acts 14:12 French Bible
Acts 14:12 German Bible

Alphabetical: and Barnabas because began called calling chief he Hermes Paul speaker the they was Zeus

NT Apostles: Acts 14:12 They called Barnabas Jupiter and Paul Mercury (Acts of the Apostles Ac) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Acts 14:11
Top of Page
Top of Page