1 Kings 9:28
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
They sailed to Ophir and brought back 420 talents of gold, which they delivered to King Solomon.

New Living Translation
They sailed to Ophir and brought back to Solomon some sixteen tons of gold.

English Standard Version
And they went to Ophir and brought from there gold, 420 talents, and they brought it to King Solomon.

New American Standard Bible
They went to Ophir and took four hundred and twenty talents of gold from there, and brought it to King Solomon.

King James Bible
And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They went to Ophir and acquired gold there--16 tons--and delivered it to Solomon.

International Standard Version
They sailed as far as Ophir and brought back 420 talents of gold for Solomon.

NET Bible
They sailed to Ophir, took from there four hundred twenty talents of gold, and then brought them to King Solomon.

New Heart English Bible
They came to Ophir, and fetched from there gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
they went to Ophir, got 31,500 pounds of gold, and brought it to King Solomon.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

New American Standard 1977
And they went to Ophir, and took four hundred and twenty talents of gold from there, and brought it to King Solomon.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And they went to Ophir and brought gold from there, four hundred and twenty talents and brought it to king Solomon.

King James 2000 Bible
And they came to Ophir, and brought from there gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

American King James Version
And they came to Ophir, and fetched from there gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

American Standard Version
And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they came to Ophir, and they brought from thence to king Solomon four hundred and twenty talents of gold.

Darby Bible Translation
and they went to Ophir, and fetched thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

English Revised Version
And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

Webster's Bible Translation
And they came to Ophir, and imported from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

World English Bible
They came to Ophir, and fetched from there gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

Young's Literal Translation
and they come in to Ophir and take thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and bring it in unto king Solomon.
Study Bible
Solomon's Numerous Achievements
27And Hiram sent his servants with the fleet, sailors who knew the sea, along with the servants of Solomon. 28They went to Ophir and took four hundred and twenty talents of gold from there, and brought it to King Solomon.
Cross References
1 Kings 10:11
Also the ships of Hiram, which brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir a very great number of almug trees and precious stones.

1 Kings 22:48
Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they did not go for the ships were broken at Ezion-geber.

1 Chronicles 29:4
namely, 3,000 talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and 7,000 talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the buildings;

2 Chronicles 8:18
And Huram by his servants sent him ships and servants who knew the sea; and they went with Solomon's servants to Ophir, and took from there four hundred and fifty talents of gold and brought them to King Solomon.

Psalm 45:9
Kings' daughters are among Your noble ladies; At Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir.

Ecclesiastes 2:8
Also, I collected for myself silver and gold and the treasure of kings and provinces. I provided for myself male and female singers and the pleasures of men-- many concubines.

Isaiah 13:12
I will make mortal man scarcer than pure gold And mankind than the gold of Ophir.
Treasury of Scripture

And they came to Ophir, and fetched from there gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.

Ophir

1 Kings 10:11 And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought …

Genesis 10:29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.

1 Chronicles 29:4 Even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven …

2 Chronicles 8:18 And Huram sent him by the hands of his servants ships, and servants …

2 Chronicles 9:10 And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which …

Job 22:24 Then shall you lay up gold as dust, and the gold of Ophir as the …

Job 28:16 It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, …

Psalm 45:9 Kings' daughters were among your honorable women: on your right hand …

Isaiah 13:12 I will make a man more precious than fine gold; even a man than the …

2 Chronicles 8:18 And Huram sent him by the hands of his servants ships, and servants …

(28) Ophir.--All that can be certainly gathered from the mention of Ophir in the Old Testament is, first; that it was situated to the east of Palestine and approached by the Red Sea (as is clear from this passage, from 1Kings 22:48, and from 2Chronicles 8:18; 2Chronicles 9:10), and next, that so famous was the gold imported from it, that the "gold of Ophir" became proverbial (Job 22:24, Job_28:16; Psalm 45:10; Isaiah 13:12; 1 Chronicles 4). All else is matter of speculation and tradition. Setting aside merely fanciful conjectures, substantial reasons have been given for fixing it geographically in Africa, Arabia, and India; and of these three positions, evidence strongly preponderates for the second or third. Tradition is in favour of India; the LXX. renders the name as Soufir, or Sofir, which is the Coptic word for "India; the Arabic versions actually render it "India;" and Josephus (Ant. viii. 6, 4) srates unhesitatingly that Ophir was in his day called "The Golden Chersonesus," which is the Malay peninsula. On the other hand, it is urged that "Ophir," in the ethnological list of Genesis 10:29, is placed among the sons of Joktan, clearly indicating an Arabian position; and that the mention of Ophir (here and in 1Kings 10:11), stands in close connection with the visit of the Queen of Sheba and the gold brought from Arabia. But neither of these considerations is conclusive. Looking to the products described as brought from Ophir, the "gold and precious stones" would suit either. but India better than Arabia (although, indeed, so far as gold is concerned, Western Africa would have better claim than either); while the "almug," or "algum" wood is certainly the "sandal wood" found almost exclusively on the Malabar coast, and the very word "algum" appears to be a corruption of its Sanscrit name valguka. If the other imports mentioned in 1Kings 10:22 were also from Ophir, this latter argument would be greatly strengthened. (See Note there.) But putting this aside as doubtful, the preponderance of evidence still appears to be in favour of India. The Tyrians, it may be added, are known to have had trading settlements on the Persian Gulf, and to have rivalled in the trade of the East the Egyptians, to whom it would more naturally have belonged. Various places have been named conjecturally as identical with Ophir: as in Arabia, Zaphar or Saphar, Doffir, and Zafari; in Africa, Sofala; and in India, Abhira, at the mouth of the Indus, and a Soupara mentioned by ancient Greek geographers, not far from Goa.

Verse 28. - And they came to Ophir [It is perhaps impossible to identify this place with any degree of precision. The opinions of scholars may, however, be practically reduced to two, The first would place Ophir in India; the second in southern Arabia. In favour of India is

(1) the three years' voyage (but see on 1 Kings 10:22);

(2) most of the other treasures brought back by the fleet, exclusive of gold, are Indian products. But against it is urged the important fact that no gold is now found there, south of Cashmere, whilst south Arabia was famed for its abundant gold (Psalm 72:15; Ezekiel 27:22). On the other hand, it is alleged that in ancient times India was rich in gold (Ewald, 3. p. 264), and that there are no traces of gold mines in Arabia. The question is discussed at considerable length and with great learning by Mr. Twisleton (Dict. Bib. art. "Ophir"). He shows that it is reasonably certain

(1) that the Ophir of Genesis 10:29 is the name of some city, region, or tribe in Arabia, and

(2) that the Ophir of Genesis is the Ophir of the Book of Kings. And Gesenius, Bahr, Keil, al. agree with him in locating Ophir in the latter country. Ewald, however, sees in Ophir "the most distant coasts of India," and it is probable that the Hebrews used the word somewhat loosely, as they did the corresponding word Tarshish, and as we do the words East and West Indies. They were not geographers, and Ophir may have been merely an emporium where the products of different countries were collected, or a nomen generale for "all the countries lying on the African, Arabian, or Indian seas, so far as at that time known" (Heeren). See on 1 Kings 10:5], and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents [The chronicler says 450. The discrepancy is easily accounted for, 20 being expressed by כ; 50 by נ. Wordsworth suggests that "perhaps thirty were assigned to Hiram for his help"] and brought it to king Solomon.



And they came to Ophir,.... About which place there are various opinions; some take it to be the little island of Zocatora, on the eastern coast of Africa, at a small distance from the straits of Babelmandel; others the island of Ceylon; others Sofala in Africa; some (k) Peru in America; Vatablus the island of Hispaniola in the West Indies, discovered by Columbus, and who thought (l) himself that he had found the land of Ophir, because of the quantity of gold in it; others the southern part of Arabia; but the most reasonable opinion is, says my author (m), that it is a rich country in Malacca, which is a peninsula in the true Red sea (that part of the ocean which divides Asia from Africa), known by the name of the "golden Chersonese", and which agrees with Josephus (n); and at twelve leagues from Malacca there is a very high mountain, which by the natives is called Ophir, and is reported to be, or to have been, very rich in gold, though at present only some tin mines are worked there; and Kircher (o) says the word Ophir is a Coptic or Egyptian word, by which the ancient Egyptians used to call that India which contains the kingdoms of Malabar, Zeilan, the golden Chersonese, and, the islands belonging to it, Sumatra, Molucca, Java, and other neighbouring golden islands. So Varrerius (p) thinks that all that coast in which are contained Pegu, Malaca, and Somatra, is Ophir; which places, besides gold, abound with elephants, apes, and parrots. In the island of Sumatra gold is now found, especially in Achin, in great plenty; in which is a mountain, called the "golden mountain", near the mines (q) Reland (r) takes Ophir to be the country round about a city called Oupara or Suphara, in the East Indies, where now stands Goa, the most famous mart in all India at this day for many of those things Solomon traded thither for. Though after all perhaps there was no such place originally as Ophir in India; only the gold brought from thence was like that of Ophir in Arabia, and therefore they called the place so from whence it was had; see Job 22:24.

and fetched from thence gold four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to King Solomon; which according to Brerewood (s) amounted to 1,890,000 pounds of our money; and according to another writer (t) 5,132,400 ducats of gold. Abarbinel says a talent of gold was equal to 12,300 Venetian ducats; in 2 Chronicles 8:18 it is said, that four hundred and fifty talents of gold were brought to Solomon; perhaps thirty might be expended in the voyage, or paid to Hiram's servants for their wages, as some Jewish writers observe; or in the bulk or ore it might be four hundred and fifty talents, but when purified only four hundred and twenty, as Grotius remarks; either way removes the difficulty; though some think different voyages are respected here and there; of the gold of Ophir frequent mention is made in Scripture.

(k) Erasm. Schmid. de America, orat. ad Cale. Pindar. p. 261. So some Jewish writers say it is the new world, Ganz. Tzemach David, par. 1. fol. 10. 1.((l) P. Martyr Decad. 1. l. 1.((m) Harris's Voyages, ut supra. (vol. 1. B. 1. ch. 2. sect. 3. p. 377.) (n) Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 8. c. 6. sect. 4.) (o) China Illustrat. cum Monument. p. 58. & Prodrom. Copt. c. 4. p. 119. (p) Comment. de Ophyra. (q) Dampier's Voyages, vol. 2. ch. 7. (r) Dissert. de Ophir, sect. 6, 7. (s) De Ponder. & Pret. c. 5. (t) Scheuchzer. Physic. Sacr. vol. 3. p. 572. 28. Ophir—a general name, like the East or West Indies with us, for all the southern regions lying on the African, Arabian, or Indian seas, in so far as at that time known [Heeren].

gold, four hundred and twenty talents—(See on [306]2Ch 8:18). At 125 pounds Troy, or 1500 ounces to the talent, and about £4 to the ounce, this would make £2,604,000. 9:15-28 Here is a further account of Solomon's greatness. He began at the right end, for he built God's house first, and finished that before he began his own; then God blessed him, and he prospered in all his other buildings. Let piety begin, and profit follow; leave pleasure to the last. Whatever pains we take for the glory of God, and to profit others, we are likely to have the advantage. Canaan, the holy land, the glory of all lands, had no gold in it; which shows that the best produce is that which is for the present support of life, our own and others; such things did Canaan produce. Solomon got much by his merchandise, and yet has directed us to a better trade, within reach of the poorest. Wisdom is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold, Pr 3:14.
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