1 Kings 9:27
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
And Hiram sent his men--sailors who knew the sea--to serve in the fleet with Solomon's men.

New Living Translation
Hiram sent experienced crews of sailors to sail the ships with Solomon's men.

English Standard Version
And Hiram sent with the fleet his servants, seamen who were familiar with the sea, together with the servants of Solomon.

New American Standard Bible
And Hiram sent his servants with the fleet, sailors who knew the sea, along with the servants of Solomon.

King James Bible
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
With the fleet, Hiram sent his servants, experienced seamen, along with Solomon's servants.

International Standard Version
Hiram sent his servants to sail with the fleet, since they were expert seamen, and so they accompanied Solomon's servants.

NET Bible
Hiram sent his fleet and some of his sailors, who were well acquainted with the sea, to serve with Solomon's men.

New Heart English Bible
Hiram sent in the navy his servants, sailors who had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Hiram sent his own servants [who were] experienced seamen with the fleet. Along with Solomon's servants

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

New American Standard 1977
And Hiram sent his servants with the fleet, sailors who knew the sea, along with the servants of Solomon.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Hiram sent in the navy his slaves, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the slaves of Solomon.

King James 2000 Bible
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, seaman that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

American King James Version
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

American Standard Version
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Hiram sent his servants in the fleet, sailors that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

Darby Bible Translation
And Hiram sent in the fleet his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon;

English Revised Version
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

World English Bible
Hiram sent in the navy his servants, sailors who had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

Young's Literal Translation
And Hiram sendeth in the navy his servants, shipmen knowing the sea, with servants of Solomon,
Study Bible
Solomon's Numerous Achievements
26King Solomon also built a fleet of ships in Ezion-geber, which is near Eloth on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom. 27And Hiram sent his servants with the fleet, sailors who knew the sea, along with the servants of Solomon. 28They went to Ophir and took four hundred and twenty talents of gold from there, and brought it to King Solomon.…
Cross References
1 Kings 5:6
"Now therefore, command that they cut for me cedars from Lebanon, and my servants will be with your servants; and I will give you wages for your servants according to all that you say, for you know that there is no one among us who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians."

1 Kings 5:9
"My servants will bring them down from Lebanon to the sea; and I will make them into rafts to go by sea to the place where you direct me, and I will have them broken up there, and you shall carry them away. Then you shall accomplish my desire by giving food to my household."

1 Kings 9:26
King Solomon also built a fleet of ships in Ezion-geber, which is near Eloth on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom.

1 Kings 10:11
Also the ships of Hiram, which brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir a very great number of almug trees and precious stones.

Ezekiel 27:8
"The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were your rowers; Your wise men, O Tyre, were aboard; they were your pilots.
Treasury of Scripture

And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

his servants

1 Kings 5:6,9 Now therefore command you that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; …

1 Kings 22:49 Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab to Jehoshaphat, Let my servants …

2 Chronicles 20:36,37 And he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish: and …

(27) Shipmen that had knowledge of the sea.--The Tyrians were known far and wide as the great sailors both of the Mediterranean and the seas beyond it, till they were rivalled and superseded by their own colonists in Carthage and by the Greeks. How greatly their seamanship, their commerce, and their civilisation impressed the imagination of Israel, is shown in the magnificent chapters of Ezekiel on the fate of Tyre (Ezekiel 26-28). The Israelites, on the contrary, had but little care for the sea, and little knowledge of seamanship. The coast line of Palestine is but scantily furnished with harbours; and even at the height of their power they were content to use the maritime skill of the Tyrians, without encroaching upon their commerce or attempting to seize their famous ports. This was natural; for their call to be a peculiar and separate people was absolutely incompatible with maritime enterprise and commerce. Even in this attempt at maritime expedition under Tyrian guidance, Solomon's action was, as in other points, exceptional, departing from Israelite tradition; and we hear of no similar enterprise, except in the age of Ahab and Jehoshaphat, when the intermarriage of the royal houses of Israel and Phnicia renewed the close connection with Tyre (1Kings 22:48; 2Chronicles 20:35). We observe, accordingly, that the sea is mostly regarded in the Old Testament in its terrible power of wave and storm, restrained from destroying only by the Almighty hand of God; and even the one psalm (Psalm 107:23-31), which describes the seafarer's experience, dwells with awe on "God's wonders in the deep." In the description of the glory of "the new heaven and earth" of the hereafter, it is declared with emphasis that "there was no more sea" (Revelation 21:1).

Verse 27. - And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea with the servants of Solomon. [The chronicler states (2 Chronicles 8:18) that he sent ships as well as servants, and it has been thought that ships were transported, in parts or entire, by land across the Isthmus of Suez, and there are certainly instances on record of the land transport of fleets. (Keil reminds us that Alexander the Great, according to Arrian, had snips transported - in pieces - from Phoenicia to the Euphrates, and that, according to Thucydides (Bell. Pelop. 4:8) the Peloponnesians conveyed 60 ships from Corcyra across the Leucadian Isthmus, etc.) But this, especially when the state of engineering science, etc., among the Hebrews is taken into account, is hardly to be thought cf. It is quite possible, however, that timber for shipbuilding was floated on the Mediterranean down to the river of Egypt, or some such place, and then transported either to Suez or to Akaba. Probably all that the chronicler means is that Hiram provided the materials and had the ships built. The Israelites, having hitherto had no fleet, and little or no experience of the sea, were unable to construct ships for themselves. And the Tyrians may have seen in the construction of a fleet for eastern voyages, an opening for the extension of their own maritime trade. Possibly in the first voyages Tyriaus and Jews were copartners.] And Hiram sent in his navy his servants,.... And, according to 2 Chronicles 8:18, ships also but how he could send them from Tyre, which lay in the Mediterranean sea, to the above ports in the Red sea, without going a great way round, is not easy to conceive. Perhaps, as Gussetins conjectures (c), Hiram had a port in the Red sea for building and sending out ships, for the sake of his eastern navigation, and from thence he sent them to Solomon's ports in the same sea; but if what R. Japhet (d) observes is true, that the Red sea is mixed with the sea of Joppa by means of the river Rhinocurura, as is remarked by a learned man (e) and who approves of the observation, and thinks it does not deserve the censure Dr. Lightfoot (f) passes on it. If this, I say, can be supported, the difficulty is removed: so Abarbinel asserts (g), that a branch of the Nile flows into the Red sea: and another, passing through Alexandria, runs into the Mediterranean sea. This is the first navy of ships we read of; in the construction of which, as well as in the art of navigation, the Tyrians no doubt were greatly assisting to Solomon's servants, and which appears by what follows; and they are said (h) to be the first that made use of ships; and the invention of ships of burden, or merchant ships, such as these were, is by Pliny (i) ascribed to Hippus the Tyrian: and the Tyrians were famous for merchandise, which they could not carry on with foreign nations without shipping; see Isaiah 23:8, the servants Hiram sent in Solomon's navy were

shipmen that had knowledge of the sea; of sea coasts and ports, of the manner of guiding and managing ships at sea, and of the whole art of navigation, so far as then known, for which the Tyrians were famous; see Ezekiel 27:3,

with the servants of Solomon; to instruct and assist them in naval affairs, they not having been used thereunto.

(c) Ebr. Comment p. 628. (d) In Aben Ezra in Jon. ii. 5. (e) Texelii Phoenix, l. 3. c. 6. p. 243, 244. (f) Miscellanies, c. 18. vol. 1. p. 1002, 1003. (g) Apud Manasseh, Spes Israelis, sect. 2. p. 20. (h) "Prima ratem ventis credere docta Tyros", Catullus. (i) Nat. Hist. l. 7. c. 56. 9:15-28 Here is a further account of Solomon's greatness. He began at the right end, for he built God's house first, and finished that before he began his own; then God blessed him, and he prospered in all his other buildings. Let piety begin, and profit follow; leave pleasure to the last. Whatever pains we take for the glory of God, and to profit others, we are likely to have the advantage. Canaan, the holy land, the glory of all lands, had no gold in it; which shows that the best produce is that which is for the present support of life, our own and others; such things did Canaan produce. Solomon got much by his merchandise, and yet has directed us to a better trade, within reach of the poorest. Wisdom is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold, Pr 3:14.
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1 Kings 9:26
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