1 Kings 1:13
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Go in to King David and say to him, 'My lord the king, did you not swear to me your servant: "Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he will sit on my throne"? Why then has Adonijah become king?'

New Living Translation
Go at once to King David and say to him, 'My lord the king, didn't you make a vow and say to me, "Your son Solomon will surely be the next king and will sit on my throne"? Why then has Adonijah become king?'

English Standard Version
Go in at once to King David, and say to him, ‘Did you not, my lord the king, swear to your servant, saying, “Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then is Adonijah king?’

New American Standard Bible
"Go at once to King David and say to him, 'Have you not, my lord, O king, sworn to your maidservant, saying, "Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne "? Why then has Adonijah become king?'

King James Bible
Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Go, approach King David and say to him, 'My lord the king, did you not swear to your servant: Your son Solomon is to become king after me, and he is the one who is to sit on my throne? So why has Adonijah become king?'

International Standard Version
Go right now to King David and ask him, 'Your majesty, you promised your servant that "Your son Solomon will certainly become king after me and will sit on my throne," didn't you? So why has Adonijah become king?'

NET Bible
Visit King David and say to him, 'My master, O king, did you not solemnly promise your servant, "Surely your son Solomon will be king after me; he will sit on my throne"? So why has Adonijah become king?'

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Go to King David and ask him, 'Your Majesty, didn't you swear to me that my son Solomon will be king after you, and that he will sit on your throne? Why is Adonijah acting as king?'

JPS Tanakh 1917
Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him: Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thy handmaid, saying: Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?

New American Standard 1977
“Go at once to King David and say to him, ‘Have you not, my lord, O king, sworn to your maidservant, saying, “Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne”? Why then has Adonijah become king?’

Jubilee Bible 2000
Go and enter in unto King David and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thy handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon, thy son, shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? Why then does Adonijah reign?

King James 2000 Bible
Go and get in unto king David, and say unto him, Did not you, my lord, O king, swear unto your handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then does Adonijah reign?

American King James Version
Go and get you in to king David, and say to him, Did not you, my lord, O king, swear to your handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne? why then does Adonijah reign?

American Standard Version
Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thy handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Go, and get thee in to king David, and say to him: Didst not thou, my lord O king, swear to me thy handmaid, saying: Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne? why then doth Adonias reign?

Darby Bible Translation
Go and get thee in to king David, and say to him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear to thy handmaid saying, Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne? why then does Adonijah reign?

English Revised Version
Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?

Webster's Bible Translation
Go, and enter in to king David, and say to him, Didst not thou, my lord, O king, swear to thy handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?

World English Bible
Go in to king David, and tell him, 'Didn't you, my lord, king, swear to your handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne? Why then does Adonijah reign?'

Young's Literal Translation
go and enter in unto king David, and thou hast said unto him, Hast thou not, my lord, O king, sworn to thy handmaid, saying, Surely Solomon thy son doth reign after me, and he doth sit on my throne? and wherefore hath Adonijah reigned?
Study Bible
Nathan and Bathsheba Before David
12"So now come, please let me give you counsel and save your life and the life of your son Solomon. 13"Go at once to King David and say to him, 'Have you not, my lord, O king, sworn to your maidservant, saying, "Surely Solomon your son shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne "? Why then has Adonijah become king?' 14"Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words."…
Word Study

Go
yalak  (yaw-lak')
to walk; causatively, to carry (in various senses)

and get thee in
bow'  (bo)
to go or come (in a wide variety of applications)

unto king
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.

David
David  (daw-veed')
loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse -- David.

and say
'amar  (aw-mar')
to say (used with great latitude)

unto him Didst not thou my lord
'adown  (aw-done')
from an unused root (meaning to rule); sovereign, i.e. controller (human or divine) -- lord, master, owner. Compare also names beginning with Adoni-.

O king
melek  (meh'-lek)
a king -- king, royal.

swear
shaba`  (shaw-bah')
propr. to be complete; to seven oneself, i.e. swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times)

unto thine handmaid
'amah  (aw-maw')
a maid-servant or female slave -- (hand-)bondmaid(-woman), maid(-servant).

saying
'amar  (aw-mar')
to say (used with great latitude)

Assuredly
kiy  (kee)
very widely used as a relative conjunction or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed

Solomon
Shlomoh  (shel-o-mo')
peaceful; Shelomah, David's successor -- Solomon.

thy son
ben  (bane)
a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc.

shall reign
malak  (maw-lak')
to reign; inceptively, to ascend the throne; causatively, to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel

after
'achar  (akh-ar')
the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjunction, after (in various senses)

me and he shall sit
yashab  (yaw-shab')
to sit down (specifically as judge. in ambush, in quiet); by implication, to dwell, to remain; causatively, to settle, to marry

upon my throne
kicce'  (kis-say')
covered, i.e. a throne (as canopied) -- seat, stool, throne.

why then doth Adonijah
'Adoniyah  (ad-o-nee-yaw')
lord (i.e. worshipper) of Jah; Adonijah, the name of three Israelites -- Adonijah.

reign
malak  (maw-lak')
to reign; inceptively, to ascend the throne; causatively, to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel

Commentary
Matthew Henry Commentary
1:11-31 Observe Nathan's address to Bathsheba. Let me give thee counsel how to save thy own life, and the life of thy son. Such as this is the counsel Christ's ministers give us in his name, to give all diligence, not only that no man take our crown, Re 3:11, but that we save our lives, even the lives of our souls. David made a solemn declaration of his firm cleaving to his former resolution, that Solomon should be his successor. Even the recollection of the distresses from which the Lord redeemed him, increased his comfort, inspired his hopes, and animated him to his duty, under the decays of nature and the approach of death.
Cross References
1 Kings 1:14
"Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I will come in after you and confirm your words."

1 Kings 1:17
She said to him, "My lord, you swore to your maidservant by the LORD your God, saying, 'Surely your son Solomon shall be king after me and he shall sit on my throne.'

1 Kings 1:30
surely as I vowed to you by the LORD the God of Israel, saying, 'Your son Solomon shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne in my place'; I will indeed do so this day."

1 Chronicles 22:9
'Behold, a son will be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side; for his name shall be Solomon, and I will give peace and quiet to Israel in his days.
Treasury of Scripture

Go and get you in to king David, and say to him, Did not you, my lord, O king, swear to your handmaid, saying, Assuredly Solomon your son shall reign after me, and he shall sit on my throne? why then does Adonijah reign?

Assuredly

1 Kings 1:11,17,30 Why Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, Have …

1 Chronicles 22:6-13 Then he called for Solomon his son, and charged him to build an house …

sit

1 Kings 1:17,24,35,48 And she said to him, My lord, you swore by the LORD your God to your …

1 Kings 2:12 Then sat Solomon on the throne of David his father; and his kingdom …

Deuteronomy 17:18 And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom…

1 Chronicles 29:23 Then Solomon sat on the throne of the LORD as king instead of David …

Psalm 132:11,12 The LORD has sworn in truth to David; he will not turn from it; Of …

Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, …

Jeremiah 33:21 Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he …

Luke 1:32,33 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and …

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