Shallum
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Shallum

perfect; agreeable

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Shallum

(retribution).

  1. The fifteenth king of Israel, son of Jabesh, conspired against Zachariah, killed him, and brought the dynasty of Jehu to a close, B.C. 770. Shallum, after reigning in Samaria for a month only, was in his turn dethroned and killed by Menahem. (2 Kings 15:10-14)
  2. The husband of Huldah the prophetess, (2 Kings 22:14; 2 Chronicles 34:23) in the reign of Josiah. (B.C. 830.)
  3. A descendant of Shesham. (1 Chronicles 2:40,41)
  4. The third son of Josiah king of Judah, known in the books of Kings and Chronicles as Jehoahaz. (1 Chronicles 3:15; Jeremiah 22:11) [JEHOAHAZ] (B.C. 610.)
  5. Son of Shaul the son of Simeon. (1 Chronicles 4:25)
  6. A high priest. (1 Chronicles 6:12,13; Ezra 7:2)
  7. A son of Naphtali. (1 Chronicles 7:13)
  8. The chief of a family of porters or gate-keepers of the east gate of the temple. (1 Chronicles 9:17) (B.C. 1050.)
  9. Son of Kore, a Korahite. (1 Chronicles 9:19,31)
  10. Father of Jehizkiah, an Ephraimite. (2 Chronicles 28:12)
  11. One of the porters of the temple who had married a foreign wife. (Ezra 10:24)
  12. One of the sons of Bani. (Ezra 10:42)
  13. The son of Halohesh and ruler of a district of Jerusalem. (Nehemiah 3:12)
  14. The uncle of Jeremiah, (Jeremiah 32:7) perhaps the same as 2.
  15. Father or ancestor of Maaseiah (Jeremiah 35:4) perhaps the same as 9. (B.C. 630.)
ATS Bible Dictionary
Shallum

1. Son of Jabesh, or a native of Jebesh, who treacherously killed Zechariah King of Israel and usurped his kingdom, B. C. 772. He held it only one month, when Menahem son of Gadi killed him in Samaria. Scripture says that Shallun was the executioner of the threatenings of the Lord against the house of Jehu, 2 Kings 15:10-15.

2. See JEHOAHAZ2

3. The husband of Huldah the prophetess in the time of Josiah, 2 Kings 22:14.

Others of the time are alluded to in Numbers 26:49 1 Chronicles 2:40 9:17,19,31 Ezra 2:42 7:2:10:24,42 Nehemiah 3:12 7:45.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Retribution.

(1.) The son of Jabesh, otherwise unknown. He "conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead" (2 Kings 15:10). He reigned only "a month of days in Samaria" (15:13, marg.). Menahem rose up against Shallum and put him to death (2 Kings 15:14, 15, 17), and became king in his stead.

(2.) Keeper of the temple vestments in the reign of Josiah (2 Kings 22:14).

(3.) One of the posterity of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:40, 41).

(4.) A descendant of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:25).

(5.) One of the line of the high priests (1 Chronicles 6:13).

(6.) 1 Chronicles 7:13.

(7.) A keeper of the gate in the reign of David (1 Chronicles 9:17).

(8.) A Levite porter (1 Chronicles 9:19, 31; Jeremiah 35:4).

(9.) An Ephraimite chief (2 Chronicles 28:12).

(10.) The uncle of the prophet Jeremiah (Jeremiah 32:7).

(11.) A son of king Josiah (1 Chronicles 3:15; Jeremiah 22:11), who was elected to succeed his father on the throne, although he was two years younger than his brother Eliakim. He assumed the crown under the name of Jehoahaz (q.v.). He did not imitate the example of his father (2 Kings 23:32), but was "a young lion, and it learned to catch the prey; it devoured men" (Ezek. 19:3). His policy was anti-Egyptian therefore. Necho, at that time at Riblah, sent an army against Jerusalem, which at once yielded, and Jehoahaz was carried captive to the Egyptian camp, Eliakim being appointed king in his stead. He remained a captive in Egypt till his death, and was the first king of Judah that died in exile.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SHALLUM (1)

shal'-um (shallum, shallum; various forms in the Septuagint): This is the name of not less than 12 Hebrew persons:

(1) The youngest son of Naphtali (1 Chronicles 7:13). He is also called "Shillem" in Genesis 46:24 Numbers 26:49.

(2) A descendant of Simeon, the son of Shaul and the father of Mibsam (1 Chronicles 4:25). He lived in 1618 B.C.

(3) The son of Sismai "son" of Shesham of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:40, 41). He lived in 1300 B.C.

(4) A son of Kore, a porter of the sanctuary during the reign of David (1 Chronicles 9:17, 19, 31 Ezra 2:42 Nehemiah 7:45). The name is also written "Meshullam" in Nehemiah 12:25, "Salum" in 1 Esdras 5:28, "Meshelemiah" in 1 Chronicles 26:1, 2, 9, and "Shelemiah" in 1 Chronicles 26:14. He lived about 1050 B.C.

(5) A son of Zadok and father of Hilkiah, a high priest and ancestor of Ezra the scribe (1 Chronicles 6:12, 13 Ezra 7:2). In the works of Josephus he is called "Sallumus"; in 1 Esdras 8:1, "Salem," and in 2 Esdras 1:1, "Salemas."

(6) The 15th king of Israel. See following article.

(7) A son of Bani, a priest who had taken a heathen wife and was compelled by Ezra the scribe to put her away (Ezra 10:42; omitted in 1 Esdras 9:34).

(8) The father of Jehizkiah, an Ephraimite in the time of Ahaz king of Israel (2 Chronicles 28:12).

(9) The husband of the prophetess Huldah (2 Kings 22:14 2 Chronicles 34:22). He was the keeper of the sacred wardrobe and was probably the uncle of Jeremiah the prophet (Jeremiah 32:7; compare Jeremiah 35:4).

(10) King of Judah and son of Josiah (Jeremiah 22:11 1 Chronicles 3:15), better known by the name Jehoahaz II. This name he received when he ascended the throne of the kingdom of Judah (2 Chronicles 36:1).

(11) A Levite who was a porter at the time of Ezra (Ezra 10:24; "Sallumus" in 1 Esdras 9:25).

(12) A ruler over a part of Jerusalem and a son of Hallohesh. He with his daughters aided in building the walls of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 3:12).

S. L. Umbach

SHALLUM (2)

(shallum, shallum, "the requited one" (2 Kings 15:10-15)): The 15th king of Israel, and successor of Zechariah, whom he publicly assassinated in the 7th month of his reign. Nothing more is known of Shallum than that he was a son of Jabesh, which may indicate that he was a Gileadite from beyond Jordan. He is said to have made "a conspiracy" against Zechariah, so was not alone in his crime. The conspirators, however, had but a short-lived success, as, when Shallum had "reigned for the space of a month in Samaria," Menahem, then at Tirzah, one of the minor capitals of the kingdom, went up to Samaria, slew him and took his place.

It was probably at this time that Syria threw off the yoke of tribute to Israel (see JEROBOAM, II), as when next we meet with that kingdom, it is under its own king and in alliance with Samaria (2 Kings 16:5).

The 10 years of rule given to Menahem (2 Kings 15:17) may be taken to include the few months of military violence under Zechariah and Shallum, and cover the full years 758-750, with portions of years before and after counted as whole ones. The unsuccessful usurpation of Shallum may therefore be put in 758 B.C. (some date lower).

W. Shaw Caldecott

Strong's Hebrew
7967. Shallum -- the name of a number of Isr.
Shallum or Shallum. 7966, 7967. Shallum or Shallum. 7968 . the name of
a number of Isr. Transliteration: Shallum or Shallum Phonetic ...
/hebrew/7967.htm - 6k

7968. Shallun -- one of the postexilic wall builders
... 7967, 7968. Shallun. 7969 . one of the postexilic wall builders. Transliteration:
Shallun Phonetic Spelling: (shal-loon') Short Definition: Shallum. ... Shallum ...
/hebrew/7968.htm - 6k

Library

How Zachariah Shallum, Menahem Pekahiah and Pekah Took the ...
... How Zachariah Shallum, Menahem Pekahiah And Pekah Took The Government Over The
Israelites; And How Pul And Tiglath-Pileser Made An Expedition Against The ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 11 how zachariah shallum.htm

How Amon Reigned Instead of Manasseh; and after Amon Reigned ...
... for [Shaphan] the scribe, and for certain [other] of his most particular friends,
and sent them to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum, [which Shallum ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 4 how amon reigned.htm

From Megiddo to Carchemish, 608-605.
... was shaken"they were not delivered!(308) In the circumstances they did their feeble
best by raising to the vacant throne Josiah's son, Shallum, as Jehoahaz ...
//christianbookshelf.org/smith/jeremiah/1 from megiddo to carchemish.htm

The Captivity.
... Jehoahaz, or Shallum, his third son, a wicked young man, only reigned while Necho
was fighting a battle with the Babylonians on the Euphrates, and then was ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson x the captivity.htm

Hosea
... We are irresistibly reminded of the rapid succession of kings that followed
Jeroboam"Zechariah his son, Shallum, Menahem, Pekahiah, Pekah. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/mcfadyen/introduction to the old testament/hosea.htm

Kings
... Hosea. Again the perspective is strange. It is not only that brief reigns like
those of Shallum and Pekahiah (2 Kings 15. are dismissed ...
//christianbookshelf.org/mcfadyen/introduction to the old testament/kings.htm

The Rediscovered Law and Its Effects
... So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asahiah, went unto
Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the rediscovered law and its.htm

Josiah and the Newly Found Law
... And Hilkiah, and they that the king had appointed, went to Huldah the prophetess,
the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/josiah and the newly found.htm

The Divided Kingdom.
... 14. Zechariah, 2:K.15:8-10. Reigned 6 months and was slain. 15. Shallum,
2:K.15:13-14. Reigned 1 month and was slain. 16. Menahem, 2:K.15:14-22. ...
/.../tidwell/the bible period by period/chapter xiii the divided kingdom.htm

On Daniel. I. Preface by the Most Holy Hippolytus, (Bishop) of ...
... vet. collectio nova, i. iii. ed. 1831, pp. 29-56. [1286] Shallum. See 1
Chronicles 3:15. [1287] 2 Kings 24:10. [1288] 2 Kings 25:27. ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/on daniel i preface by.htm

Thesaurus
Shallum (27 Occurrences)
... Menahem rose up against Shallum and put him to death (2 Kings 15:14, 15, 17), and
became king in his stead. ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. SHALLUM (1). ...
/s/shallum.htm - 22k

Shallum's (1 Occurrence)
... Multi-Version Concordance Shallum's (1 Occurrence). 2 Kings 15:15 Now the
rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he ...
/s/shallum's.htm - 6k

Sons (2429 Occurrences)
... In the latest Old Testament times one Mattithiah, "the first-born of Shallum the
Korahite," held "the office of trust over the things that were baked in pans ...
/s/sons.htm - 65k

Menahem (8 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Conforting, the son of Gadi, and successor of
Shallum, king of Israel, whom he slew. After a reign of ...
/m/menahem.htm - 13k

Door-keepers (34 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 9:17 And the door-keepers: Shallum and Akkub and Talmon and
Ahiman and their brothers: Shallum was the chief. (BBE). ...
/d/door-keepers.htm - 17k

Gatekeepers (38 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 9:17 And the gatekeepers 'are' Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and
Ahiman, and their brethren -- Shallum 'is' the head; (YLT NAS RSV NIV). ...
/g/gatekeepers.htm - 19k

Doorkeepers (37 Occurrences)
... (DBY NIV). 1 Chronicles 9:17 And the doorkeepers: Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon,
and Ahiman, and their brethren; Shallum was the chief. (DBY). ...
/d/doorkeepers.htm - 18k

Porters (34 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 9:17 The porters: Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and
their brothers (Shallum was the chief), (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS). ...
/p/porters.htm - 17k

Kore (4 Occurrences)
... (1.) A Levite and temple-warder of the Korahites, the son of Asaph. He was father
of Shallum and Meshelemiah, temple-porters (1 Chronicles 9:19; 26:1). ...
/k/kore.htm - 10k

Talmon (5 Occurrences)
... 1 Chronicles 9:17 The porters: Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their
brothers (Shallum was the chief), (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV ...
/t/talmon.htm - 9k

Concordance
Shallum (27 Occurrences)

2 Kings 15:10
Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and struck him before the people, and killed him, and reigned in his place.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 15:13
Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned for a month in Samaria.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 15:14
Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and struck Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and killed him, and reigned in his place.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 15:15
Now the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Kings 22:14
So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asaiah, went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe (now she lived in Jerusalem in the second quarter); and they talked with her.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 2:40
and Eleasah became the father of Sismai, and Sismai became the father of Shallum,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 2:41
and Shallum became the father of Jekamiah, and Jekamiah became the father of Elishama.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 3:15
The sons of Josiah: the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 4:25
Shallum his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 6:12
and Ahitub became the father of Zadok, and Zadok became the father of Shallum,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 6:13
and Shallum became the father of Hilkiah, and Hilkiah became the father of Azariah,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 7:13
The sons of Naphtali: Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Bilhah.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)

1 Chronicles 9:17
The porters: Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brothers (Shallum was the chief),
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 9:19
Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brothers, of his father's house, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the thresholds of the tent: and their fathers had been over the camp of Yahweh, keepers of the entry.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

1 Chronicles 9:31
Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the office of trust over the things that were baked in pans.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 28:12
Then certain of the heads of the children of Ephraim, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth, and Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai, stood up against those who came from the war,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

2 Chronicles 34:22
So Hilkiah, and they whom the king had commanded, went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she lived in Jerusalem in the second quarter;) and they spoke to her to that effect.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezra 2:42
The children of the porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, in all one hundred thirty-nine.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezra 7:2
the son of Shallum, the son of Zadok, the son of Ahitub,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezra 10:24
Of the singers: Eliashib. Of the porters: Shallum, and Telem, and Uri.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Ezra 10:42
Shallum, Amariah, Joseph.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Nehemiah 3:12
Next to him repaired Shallum the son of Hallohesh, the ruler of half the district of Jerusalem, he and his daughters.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Nehemiah 3:15
And the gate of the fountain hath Shallum son of Col-Hozeh, head of the district of Mizpah, strengthened: he doth build it, and cover it, and set up its doors, its locks, and its bars, and the wall of the pool of Siloah, to the garden of the king, and unto the steps that are going down from the city of David.
(YLT NAS RSV)

Nehemiah 7:45
The porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, one hundred thirty-eight.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 22:11
For thus says Yahweh touching Shallum the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father, and who went forth out of this place: He shall not return there any more.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 32:7
Behold, Hanamel the son of Shallum your uncle shall come to you, saying, Buy my field that is in Anathoth; for the right of redemption is yours to buy it.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 35:4
and I brought them into the house of Yahweh, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan the son of Igdaliah, the man of God, which was by the chamber of the princes, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the threshold.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Regicide of Shallum

Shallum

Shallum: A Chief Porter of the Temple

Shallum: A Jew Who Repaired a Portion of the Wall of Jerusalem

Shallum: A Porter Who Put Away (Divorced) his Wife

Shallum: A Son of Bani, Who Put Away (Divorced) his Wife

Shallum: Father of Jehizkiah

Shallum: Father of Maaseiah

Shallum: Grandson of Simeon

Shallum: King of Israel

Shallum: Son of Sisamai

Shallum: Son of Zadok

Shallum: Son of Zadok: Called Meshullam

Shallum: The Ancestor of a Family of Returned Exiles

Shallum: The Husband of Huldah, the Prophetess

Shallum: Uncle of Jeremiah

Related Terms

Shallum's (1 Occurrence)

Sons (2429 Occurrences)

Menahem (8 Occurrences)

Door-keepers (34 Occurrences)

Gatekeepers (38 Occurrences)

Doorkeepers (37 Occurrences)

Porters (34 Occurrences)

Kore (4 Occurrences)

Talmon (5 Occurrences)

Akkub (8 Occurrences)

Jabesh (21 Occurrences)

Korahites (7 Occurrences)

Reigneth (54 Occurrences)

Begot (119 Occurrences)

Begat (112 Occurrences)

Kinsmen (74 Occurrences)

District (59 Occurrences)

Joha'nan (25 Occurrences)

Jekamiah (2 Occurrences)

Wardrobe (4 Occurrences)

Ibleam (4 Occurrences)

Mattithiah (8 Occurrences)

Prophetess (8 Occurrences)

College (2 Occurrences)

Assassinated (10 Occurrences)

Ater (3 Occurrences)

Ahiman (4 Occurrences)

Ahi'man (4 Occurrences)

Ahi'tub (15 Occurrences)

Shallun (1 Occurrence)

Sho'bai (2 Occurrences)

Shillem (3 Occurrences)

Shobai (2 Occurrences)

Azari'ah (46 Occurrences)

Johanan (31 Occurrences)

Hanamel (4 Occurrences)

Tirzah (17 Occurrences)

Hati'ta (2 Occurrences)

Ahitub (16 Occurrences)

Hatita (2 Occurrences)

Relatives (132 Occurrences)

Jehoahaz (22 Occurrences)

Korah (51 Occurrences)

Ezra (28 Occurrences)

Keeper (72 Occurrences)

Succeeded (81 Occurrences)

Josi'ah (50 Occurrences)

Attacking (73 Occurrences)

Quarter (33 Occurrences)

Oldest (58 Occurrences)

Azariah (47 Occurrences)

Design (84 Occurrences)

Uzziah (27 Occurrences)

Nine (55 Occurrences)

Sama'ria (102 Occurrences)

Hilkijah (30 Occurrences)

Hilki'ah (30 Occurrences)

Hilkiah (31 Occurrences)

Huldah (2 Occurrences)

Attacked (93 Occurrences)

Stead (117 Occurrences)

Jehoiakim (37 Occurrences)

Zadok (50 Occurrences)

Josiah (51 Occurrences)

Proper (62 Occurrences)

Harhas (1 Occurrence)

Hasrah (1 Occurrence)

Hallohesh (2 Occurrences)

Zachariah (6 Occurrences)

Zedeki'ah (62 Occurrences)

Ko'rahite (1 Occurrence)

Korahite (3 Occurrences)

Ko're (3 Occurrences)

Ko'rahites (6 Occurrences)

Nearest (22 Occurrences)

Ninth (35 Occurrences)

Uzzi'ah (26 Occurrences)

Uncle (14 Occurrences)

Uri (7 Occurrences)

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