Phoenix
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) Same as Phenix.

2. (n.) A genus of palms including the date tree.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
PHOENIX

fe'-niks (Phoinix; the King James Version Phenice): A harbor in Crete (Acts 27:12). The Alexandrian corn ship carrying Paul and the author of Acts, after it left Myra in Lycia, was prevented by adverse winds from holding a straight course to Italy, and sailed under the lee of Crete, off the promontory of Salmone (kata Salmonen). The ship was then able to make her way along the South shore of Crete to a harbor called Fair Havens (Kaloi Limenes), near a city Lasea (Lasaia). Thence, in spite of Paul's advice to winter in Fair Havens, it was decided to sail to Phoenix (eis Phoinika, limena tes Kretes) bleponta kata liba kai kata choron, a description which has been translated in two ways:

(1) "looking toward the Southwest wind and toward the Northwest wind, i.e. looking Southwest and Northwest";

(2) "looking down the Southwest wind and down the Northwest wind, i.e. looking Northeast and Southeast" On the way thither, they were struck by a wind from the Northeast, called Euraquilo, and ran before it under the lee of an island, called Cauda or Clauda (Kauda (Codex Sinaiticus (corrected) and Codex Vaticanus and the Old Latin) or Klauda (Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Alexandrinus, etc.)) in Acts 27:7-17. It will be convenient to discuss those places together. The following account is based on Smith's elaborate study in his Voyage and Shipwreck of Paul, which has been followed by all later writers.

The ship, when it left Myra was obviously making for Italy (Puteoli or Ostia) by the shortest route, round Cape Malea, but off Cnidus it encountered a Northwest wind and had to sail for shelter under the lee of Crete. Salmone, now called Cape Sidero, was the promontory which forms the Northeast corner of the island. Thence along the South shore of Crete, as far as Cape Matala, a sailing ship is sheltered by the mountains from the violence of the Northwest wind; West of Cape Matala, where the coast turns toward the Northwest, there is no such shelter. Fair Havens must therefore be looked for to the East of Cape Matala, and there is a harbor, lying 6 miles East of Cape Matala, which is called Fair Havens by the modern Greek inhabitants of the island. There is no doubt that this is the harbor in which the Alexandrian ship took shelter. It is sheltered only from the North and Northwest winds.

The ruins of a city which has been identified with Lasea have been found 5 miles East from Fair Havens, and 12 miles South of the important city of Gortyna. It has been suggested that Paul's desire to winter at Fair Havens (Acts 27:10) may have been due to its proximity to Gortyna, and the opportunity which the latter city afforded for missionary work. There were many Jews in Gortyna.

See CRETE.

From Fair Havens, against the advice of Paul, it was decided to sail to Phoenix, there to pass the winter. While the ship was on its way thither, it was struck by a violent Northeast wind from the mountains, called Euraquilo, and carried under the lee of an islet called Cauda or Clauda. When this happened, the ship was evidently crossing the Bay of Messariah, and from this point a Northeast wind must have carried her under the lee of an island now called Gaudho in Greek and Gozzo in Italian, situated about 23 miles Southwest of the center of the Gulf of Messariah. The modern name of the island shows that Cauda (Caudas in the Notitiae Episcopatuum), and not Clauda is the true ancient form.

The writer of Acts never saw Phoenix, which must have been a good harbor, as the nautical experts decided to winter there (Acts 27:11). Now the only safe harbor on the South coast of Crete in which a ship large enough to carry a cargo of corn and 268 souls could moor is the harbor beside Loutro, a village on the South coast of Crete, directly North of Cauda. All the ancient authorities agree in placing Phoenix in this neighborhood. The harbor at Loutro affords shelter from all winds, and its identification with Phoenix seems certain. But a serious difficulty arises on this view. The words describing the harbor of Phoenix ordinarily mean "looking toward the Southwest and the Northwest," but the harbor beside Loutro looks eastward. This led Bishop Wordsworth to identify Phoenix with an open roadstead on the western side of the isthmus on which Loutro stands. But this roadstead is not a suitable place for wintering in, and it is better either to take the words to mean, in sailor's language, "looking down the Southwest and Northwest winds"-a description which exactly fits the harbor at Loutro-or to assume that the reporter of the discussion referred to in Acts 27:10-12 or the writer of Acts made a mistake in describing a place which he had never seen. An inscription belonging to the reign of Trajan found at Loutro shows that Egyptian corn ships were wont to lie up there for the winter.

W. M. Calder

Greek
5405. Phoinix -- a Phoenician (an inhabitant of Phoenicia) ...
... a Phoenician (an inhabitant of Phoenicia), Phoenix (a city of Crete). Part of Speech:
Noun, Masculine Transliteration: Phoinix Phonetic Spelling: (foy'-nix ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5405.htm - 6k
Library

The Phoenix
... The Phoenix. By an Uncertain Author. ... This grove, these woods, a single [2018] bird,
the phoenix, inhabits,"single, but it lives reproduced by its own death. ...
/.../lactantius/of the manner in which the persecutors died/the phoenix.htm

Of the Phoenix.
... Book IV. Chapter LXXII."Of the Phoenix. We cannot compare him with that bird
of Egypt, the only one, as they say, of its kind, which ...
/.../pamphilius/the life of constantine/chapter lxxii of the phoenix.htm

The Phoenix an Emblem of Our Resurrection.
... Chapter XXV."The phoenix an emblem of our resurrection. Let us ... about.
There is a certain bird which is called a phoenix. This ...
/.../chapter xxv the phoenix an emblem.htm

The Phoenix an Emblem of Our Resurrection.
... The First Epistle of Clement to the Corinthians. Chapter XXV."The Phoenix an Emblem
of Our Resurrection. ... There is a certain bird which is called a phoenix. ...
/.../keith/the epistles of clement/chapter xxv the phoenix an emblem.htm

From Our Author's view of a Verse in the Ninety-Second Psalm, the ...
... Chapter XIII."From Our Author's View of a Verse in the Ninety-Second Psalm, the
Phoenix is Made a Symbol of the Resurrection of Our Bodies. ...
/.../on the resurrection of the flesh/chapter xiii from our authors view.htm

Acts XXVII
... (12) And the harbor being inconvenient to winter in, the majority advised to depart
thence, so as, if possible, to reach Phoenix, and spend the winter there, a ...
/.../mcgarvey/a commentary on acts of the apostles/acts xxvii.htm

Of Two Degrees of Perfection with which this Commandment May be ...
... And as a phoenix newly hatched from out its ashes, having as yet but little, tender
feathers and its first down, can only essay short flights, in which it ...
/.../francis/treatise on the love of god/chapter iv of two degrees.htm

These Things, Since they are Asserted Upon the Warrant of the ...
... And yet why should it be thought marvellous for a virgin to conceive, when it is
well known that the Eastern bird, which they call the Phoenix, is in such wise ...
/.../11 these things since they.htm

Agreement of Plato and Homer.
... How, then, does Plato banish Homer from his republic, since, in the embassy to Achilles,
he represents Phoenix as saying to Achilles, "Even the gods themselves ...
/.../justins hortatory address to the greeks/chapter xxiv agreement of plato and.htm

Who the Instructor Is, and Respecting his Instruction.
... They say that Phoenix was the instructor of Achilles, and Adrastus of the children
of Croesus; and Leonides of Alexander, and Nausithous of Philip. ...
/.../clement/the instructor paedagogus/chapter vii who the instructor is.htm

Thesaurus
Phoenix (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. PHOENIX. ... See CRETE. From Fair Havens, against the
advice of Paul, it was decided to sail to Phoenix, there to pass the winter. ...
/p/phoenix.htm - 12k

Northeast (1 Occurrence)
... These words occur in Acts 27:12, "if by any means they could reach Phoenix, and
winter there; which is a haven of Crete, looking north-east and south-east ...
/n/northeast.htm - 8k

Southeast (2 Occurrences)
... These words occur in Acts 27:12, "if by any means they could reach Phoenix, and
winter there; which is a haven of Crete, looking north-east and south-east ...
/s/southeast.htm - 8k

Crete (7 Occurrences)
... Paul advised the centurion to winter in Fair Havens, but the captain wished to reach
Phoenix, a harbor farther to the West, where ships from Egypt were ...
/c/crete.htm - 19k

Voyage (5 Occurrences)
... voi'-aj, ship'-rek. See PAUL, THE APOSTLE; PHOENIX; and "Literature" to SHIPS AND
BOATS. PAUL, VOYAGE AND SHIPWRECK OF. See PAUL, THE APOSTLE, V, 9; PHOENIX. ...
/v/voyage.htm - 8k

Phenice (3 Occurrences)
... Properly Phoenix a palm-tree (as in the RV), a town with a harbour on the southern
side of Crete (Acts 27:12), west of the Fair Havens. ... See PHOENICIA; PHOENIX. ...
/p/phenice.htm - 8k

Shipwreck (3 Occurrences)
... voi'-aj, ship'-rek. See PAUL, THE APOSTLE; PHOENIX; and "Literature" to SHIPS AND
BOATS. PAUL, VOYAGE AND SHIPWRECK OF. See PAUL, THE APOSTLE, V, 9; PHOENIX. ...
/s/shipwreck.htm - 8k

Subapostolic
... He refers to the phoenix which lives 500 years, and, when dissolution approaches,
builds a nest of spices into which it enters to die. ...
/s/subapostolic.htm - 38k

Sub-apostolic
... He refers to the phoenix which lives 500 years, and, when dissolution approaches,
builds a nest of spices into which it enters to die. ...
/s/sub-apostolic.htm - 38k

North-east (2 Occurrences)
... 12 and as the harbour was inconvenient for wintering in, the majority were in favour
of putting out to sea, to try whether they could get to Phoenix--a harbour ...
/n/north-east.htm - 7k

Concordance
Phoenix (2 Occurrences)

Acts 27:12
Because the haven was not suitable to winter in, the majority advised going to sea from there, if by any means they could reach Phoenix, and winter there, which is a port of Crete, looking northeast and southeast.
(WEB WEY ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)

Job 29:18
Then I said, I shall die in my nest, And I shall multiply my days as the sand:
(See JPS)

Subtopics

Phoenix

Related Terms

Northeast (1 Occurrence)

Southeast (2 Occurrences)

Crete (7 Occurrences)

Voyage (5 Occurrences)

Phenice (3 Occurrences)

Shipwreck (3 Occurrences)

Subapostolic

Sub-apostolic

North-east (2 Occurrences)

North (164 Occurrences)

Wintering (1 Occurrence)

Winter (22 Occurrences)

Inconvenient (1 Occurrence)

Facing (79 Occurrences)

Favour (171 Occurrences)

Reach (63 Occurrences)

Date (5 Occurrences)

Majority (5 Occurrences)

Try (84 Occurrences)

Phoros

Port (3 Occurrences)

Coast (70 Occurrences)

Advised (8 Occurrences)

Suitable (13 Occurrences)

South-east (1 Occurrence)

Decided (54 Occurrences)

Haven (8 Occurrences)

Palm (49 Occurrences)

Reached (152 Occurrences)

Hoping (36 Occurrences)

South (170 Occurrences)

Whether (239 Occurrences)

On (40792 Occurrences)

Chance (78 Occurrences)

Possible (133 Occurrences)

Putting (278 Occurrences)

Decision (174 Occurrences)

Tree (245 Occurrences)

Greater (219 Occurrences)

Literature (2 Occurrences)

Phoenicians

Harbor (9 Occurrences)

Harbour (6 Occurrences)

Phoenice (1 Occurrence)

Salmone (1 Occurrence)

Shipmaster (2 Occurrences)

Paul (207 Occurrences)

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