Cornerstone
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Cornerstone

a quoin or cornerstone, of great importance in binding together the sides of a building. The phrase "corner-stone" is sometimes used to denote any principal person, as the princes of Egypt, (Isaiah 19:13) and is thus applied to our Lord. (Isaiah 28:16; Matthew 21:42; 1 Peter 2:6,7)

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CORNER-STONE

kor'-ner ston (pinnah, zawith; akrogoniaios): Part of the public or imposing buildings, to which importance has been attached in all ages and in many nations, both on account of its actual service and its figurative meaning. Ordinarily its use in the Bible is figurative, or symbolical. No doubt the original meaning was some important stone, which was laid at the foundation of a building.

(1) With the Canaanites, who preceded Israel in the possession of Palestine, corner-stone laying seems to have been a most sacred and impressive ceremonial. Under this important stone of temples, or other great structures, bodies of children or older persons would be laid, consecrating the building by such human sacrifice (see FORTIFICATION, II, 1). This was one of many hideous rites and practices which Israel was to extirpate. It may throw light on the curse pronounced upon the rebuilding of Jericho (Joshua 6:26; see PEFS, January, 1904, July, 1908).

See CANAAN.

(2) Old Testament references.-The Hebrew word pinnah, "corner," is found or implied in every occurrence of this idea. Derived from a root signifying "to turn," it means "turning," and therefore "edge" or "corner." Ordinarily it is used with 'ebhen, "stone" (Psalm 118:22); or it may occur alone, having acquired for itself through frequent use the whole technical phrase-idea (Zechariah 10:4 the King James Version).

Figurative Uses:

While all the passages indicate the stone at the corner, there appear to be two conceptions:

(a) the foundation-stone upon which the structure rested (Job 38:6 Isaiah 28:16 Jeremiah 51:26); or

(b) the topmost or cap-stone, which linked the last tier together (Psalm 118:22 Zechariah 4:7); in both cases it is an important or key-stone, and figurative of the Messiah, who is "the First and the Last."

In Job 38:6 it beautifully expresses in figures the stability of the earth, which Yahweh created. In Zechariah 10:4 the leader or ruler in the Messianic age is represented by the corner-stone. The ancient tradition of the one missing stone, when the temple was in building, is reflected in or has been suggested by Psalm 118:22 (Midrash quoted by Pusey under Zechariah 4:7). It is probable that we should read in Psalm 144:12 not "corner-stones," but "corner-pillars," or supports (compare Greek Caryatides) from a different Hebrew word, zawith, Brown, Driver, and Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, under the word

(3) New Testament passages.- Psalm 118:22 is quoted and interpreted as fulfilled in Jesus Christ in a number of passages: Matthew 21:42 Mark 12:10 Luke 20:17 Acts 4:11 and 1 Peter 2:7; it is also the evident basis for Ephesians 2:20. Isaiah 28:16 is quoted twice in the New Testament: Romans 9:33, from Septuagint combined with the words of Isaiah 8:14, and in 1 Peter 2:6, which is quoted with some variation from Septuagint. The Old Testament passages were understood by the rabbis to be Messianic, and were properly so applied by the New Testament writers.

See also HOUSE.

Edward Mack

Greek
204. akrogoniaios -- at the extreme angle or corner
... Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: akrogoniaios Phonetic Spelling:
(ak-rog-o-nee-ah'-yos) Short Definition: in the corner, cornerstone Definition: ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/204.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
6438. pinnah -- a corner
... Word Origin of uncertain derivation Definition a corner NASB Word Usage chiefs
(2), corner (16), corner towers (2), corners (7), cornerstone (3), cornerstone ...
/hebrew/6438.htm - 6k

2106. zavith -- a corner
... corner. Word Origin from an unused word Definition a corner NASB Word Usage
corner (1), corners (1). cornerstone. Apparently from ...
/hebrew/2106.htm - 6k

68. eben -- a stone
... root Definition a stone NASB Word Usage another (1), charm* (1), cornerstone* (1),
death (1), differing weights (3), hailstones* (4), jeweler* (1), lapis lazuli ...
/hebrew/68.htm - 6k

Library

Christ is Our Cornerstone
... IV. SPECIAL OCCASIONS Church Building and Consecration 458. Christ is our cornerstone.
6.6.6.6.8.8 ... Tr. John Chandler, 1837. Christ is our cornerstone,. ...
/.../church building and consecration 458.htm

The Temple Cleansed Again
... the coming Messiah. Christ was the cornerstone of the Jewish economy,
and of the whole plan of salvation. This foundation stone ...
/.../white/the desire of ages/chapter 65 the temple cleansed.htm

Circumcision, Temple Service, and Naming of Jesus.
... Cor. i.23), or a precious cornerstone (I. Pet. ii.7, 8; Acts 4:11; I. Cor.
iii.11). Jesus is the cornerstone of true religion. Those ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/xii circumcision temple service and.htm

Of the Scriptures
... Now ye know there are two principal things in a house"the foundation and the
cornerstone, the one supports the building the other unites it and holds it ...
/.../binning/the works of the rev hugh binning/lecture v of the scriptures.htm

The Doctrine of the Church i. Definition; Distinctions.
... Of this building Christ is the cornerstone, and the prophets and apostles
the foundation. In 1 Cor.3 Christ is the chief cornerstone ...
/.../evans/the great doctrines of the bible/the doctrine of the church.htm

The Return of the Exiles
... While the cornerstone was being set in position, the people, accompanied by the
trumpets of the priests and the cymbals of the sons of Asaph, "sang together by ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 45 the return of.htm

The Political Constitution of Egypt
... The cornerstone at the top of the mastaba, at the extreme left of the hieroglyphic
frieze, had been loosened and thrown to the ground by some explorer; the ...
/.../chapter ithe political constitution of.htm

The Hymnwriter
... Yet her ramparts did not fall. Were her outer walls forsaken. Still her cornerstone
remains,. Firm, unconquered and unshaken,. Making futile all their gains. ...
/.../aaberg/hymns and hymnwriters of denmark/chapter fourteen the hymnwriter.htm

The Temple and Its Dedication
... Of this spiritual temple Christ is "the chief Cornerstone; in whom all the building
fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord." Ephesians 2 ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 2 the temple and.htm

The Sign for Man and the Remembrancer for God
... man's life cheap. Therefore the cornerstone of future society is laid in
that declaration that life is inviolable. These blessings ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture k/the sign for man and.htm

Thesaurus
Cornerstone (13 Occurrences)
... Testament writers. See also HOUSE. Edward Mack. Multi-Version Concordance
Cornerstone (13 Occurrences). Matthew 21:42 "Have you never ...
/c/cornerstone.htm - 14k

Wonderful (71 Occurrences)
... Matthew 21:42 "Have you never read in the Scriptures," said Jesus, "'The Stone which
the builders rejected has been made the Cornerstone: this Cornerstone came ...
/w/wonderful.htm - 29k

Wonder (148 Occurrences)
... Matthew 21:42 "Have you never read in the Scriptures," said Jesus, "'The Stone which
the builders rejected has been made the Cornerstone: this Cornerstone came ...
/w/wonder.htm - 37k

Corner (60 Occurrences)
... But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written,'The stone which
the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?' (Root in ...
/c/corner.htm - 33k

Builders (24 Occurrences)
... But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written,'The stone which
the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?' (WEB KJV ...
/b/builders.htm - 13k

Capstone (7 Occurrences)
... But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written,'The stone which
the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?' (See NIV). ...
/c/capstone.htm - 8k

Rejected (96 Occurrences)
... But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written,'The stone which
the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?' (WEB KJV ...
/r/rejected.htm - 36k

Believes (34 Occurrences)
... (WEB). 1 Peter 2:6 Because it is contained in Scripture, "Behold, I lay in Zion
a chief cornerstone, chosen, and precious: He who believes in him will not be ...
/b/believes.htm - 15k

Corner-stone (10 Occurrences)
Corner-stone. Cornerstone, Corner-stone. Cornerstones . Int. ... (ASV DBY JPS YLT).
Cornerstone, Corner-stone. Cornerstones . Reference Bible.
/c/corner-stone.htm - 13k

Stone (290 Occurrences)
... But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written,'The stone which
the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?' (WEB KJV ...
/s/stone.htm - 54k

Concordance
Cornerstone (13 Occurrences)

Matthew 21:42
"Have you never read in the Scriptures," said Jesus, "'The Stone which the builders rejected has been made the Cornerstone: this Cornerstone came from the Lord, and is wonderful in our eyes'?
(WEY)

Mark 12:10
"Have you not read even this passage," He added, "'The stone which the builders rejected has become the Cornerstone:
(WEY)

Mark 12:11
this Cornerstone came from the Lord, and is wonderful in our esteem?'"
(WEY)

Luke 20:17
But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written,'The stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?'
(WEB WEY)

Acts 4:11
This Jesus is the Stone treated with contempt by you the builders, but it has been made the Cornerstone.
(WEY)

Ephesians 2:20
being built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief cornerstone;
(WEB WEY RSV NIV)

1 Peter 2:6
Because it is contained in Scripture, "Behold, I lay in Zion a chief cornerstone, chosen, and precious: He who believes in him will not be disappointed."
(WEB WEY RSV NIV)

1 Peter 2:7
For you who believe therefore is the honor, but for those who are disobedient, "The stone which the builders rejected, has become the chief cornerstone,"
(WEB WEY)

Job 38:6
Whereupon were its foundations fastened? Or who laid its cornerstone,
(WEB NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 19:13
The princes of Zoan have become fools. The princes of Memphis are deceived. They have caused Egypt to go astray, who are the cornerstone of her tribes.
(WEB NAS RSV NIV)

Isaiah 28:16
Therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh, "Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious cornerstone of a sure foundation. He who believes shall not act hastily.
(WEB NAS RSV NIV)

Jeremiah 51:26
And they take not out of thee a stone for a corner, And a stone for foundations, For desolations age-during art thou, An affirmation of Jehovah.
(See NIV)

Zechariah 10:4
From him will come forth the cornerstone, from him the nail, from him the battle bow, from him every ruler together.
(WEB NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Coner-Stone

Cornerstone

Cornerstone of Christ

Cornerstone: Figurative

Cornerstone: General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Wonderful (71 Occurrences)

Wonder (148 Occurrences)

Corner (60 Occurrences)

Builders (24 Occurrences)

Capstone (7 Occurrences)

Rejected (96 Occurrences)

Believes (34 Occurrences)

Corner-stone (10 Occurrences)

Stone (290 Occurrences)

Honour (475 Occurrences)

Foundation (82 Occurrences)

Unbelievers (9 Occurrences)

Whereupon (30 Occurrences)

Trusts (35 Occurrences)

Treated (69 Occurrences)

Reared (22 Occurrences)

Rests (25 Occurrences)

Esteem (25 Occurrences)

Disappointed (69 Occurrences)

Meaning (41 Occurrences)

Placing (44 Occurrences)

Peg (8 Occurrences)

Contempt (55 Occurrences)

Contained (11 Occurrences)

Added (97 Occurrences)

Foundations (49 Occurrences)

Built (299 Occurrences)

Rome (12 Occurrences)

Passage (20 Occurrences)

Corners (56 Occurrences)

Disobedient (30 Occurrences)

Memphis (8 Occurrences)

Nail (9 Occurrences)

Mean (93 Occurrences)

Belongs (127 Occurrences)

Stands (111 Occurrences)

Fastened (43 Occurrences)

Written (323 Occurrences)

Zion (169 Occurrences)

Feel (58 Occurrences)

Fools (53 Occurrences)

Deceived (55 Occurrences)

Zoan (7 Occurrences)

Ashamed (131 Occurrences)

Believers (50 Occurrences)

Scripture (51 Occurrences)

Honor (240 Occurrences)

Building (249 Occurrences)

Tried (96 Occurrences)

Astray (116 Occurrences)

Shame (412 Occurrences)

Held (223 Occurrences)

Chief (696 Occurrences)

Chosen (197 Occurrences)

Hastily (30 Occurrences)

Precious (128 Occurrences)

Mount (311 Occurrences)

Apostles (79 Occurrences)

Prophets (270 Occurrences)

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