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Smith's Bible Dictionary

Curdled milk. (Genesis 18:8; 32:14; Judges 5:25; Job 20:17) Milk is generally offered to travellers in Palestine in a curdled or sour state, leben , thick, almost like butter. Hasselquist describes the method of making butter employed by the Arab women: "they made butter in a leather bag, hung on three poles erected for the purpose, in the form of a cone, and drawn to and fro by two women."

ATS Bible Dictionary

The Hebrew word usually rendered butter denotes, properly, sour or curdled milk, Genesis 18:8; Jud 5:25; Job 20:17. This last is a favorite beverage in the East to the present day. Burckhardt, when crossing the desert from the country south of the Dead sea to Egypt, says, "Besides flour, I carried some butter and dried leben, (sour milk,) which, when dissolved in water, not only forms a refreshing beverage, but is much to be recommended as a preservative of health when travelling in summer." Yet butter may have been known to the Hebrews. It is much used by the Arabs and Syrians at the present day, and is made by pouring the milk into the common goatskin bottle, suspending this from the tent-poles, and swinging it to and fro with a jerk, until the process is completed. Still it is not certain that the Hebrew word rendered butter ever denotes that article. Even in Proverbs 30:33 we may render, "The pressing of milk bringeth forth cheese;" and everywhere else the rendering "curd," or "curdled milk," would be appropriate.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Hebrews hemah), curdled milk (Genesis 18:8; Judges 5:25; 2 Samuel 17:29), or butter in the form of the skim of hot milk or cream, called by the Arabs kaimak, a semi-fluid (Job 20:17; 29:6; Deuteronomy 32:14). The words of Proverbs 30:33 have been rendered by some "the pressure [not churning] of milk bringeth forth cheese."
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) An oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning.

2. (n.) Any substance resembling butter in degree of consistence, or other qualities, especially, in old chemistry, the chlorides, as butter of antimony, sesquichloride of antimony; also, certain concrete fat oils remaining nearly solid at ordinary temperatures, as butter of cacao, vegetable butter, shea butter.

3. (v. t.) To cover or spread with butter.

4. (v. t.) To increase, as stakes, at every throw or every game.

5. (n.) One who, or that which, butts.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


Strong's Hebrew
4260. machamaah -- smoother than butter
... 4259, 4260. machamaah. 4261 . smoother than butter. Transliteration: machamaah
Phonetic Spelling: (makh-am-aw-aw') Short Definition: butter. ...
/hebrew/4260.htm - 6k

2529. chemah -- curd
... Definition: curds. Word Origin from an unused word Definition curd NASB Word
Usage butter (2), curds (8). butter. Or (shortened) chemah ...
/hebrew/2529.htm - 6k


It was Late in the Afternoon when Diamond and his Mother and the ...
... And with a good fire, and tea and bread and butter, things cannot be said to be
miserable. ... "What nice bread and butter this is!" said Diamond. ...
/.../macdonald/at the back of the north wind/chapter 15 it was late.htm

Of the Prophecies of the Birth and Achievements of Christ.
... the virgin [1250] shall conceive, and bear a son, and ye shall call his name Emmanuel"
[1251] (which is, interpreted, "God with us" [1252] ): "butter and honey ...
/.../tertullian/an answer to the jews/chapter ix of the prophecies of.htm

"Pan, Pan is Dead"
... Then a man selling native butter-milk comes working his way in and out of the press,
and we become conscious that of all things in the world the thing we yearn ...
/.../wilson-carmichael/things as they are/chapter xxiii pan pan is.htm

A vindication of the Prophecy in Isa. vii. 14 against the ...
... Butter and honey shall He eat: before He knows or chooses out things that are evil,
He shall exchange them for what is good; for before the child knows good or ...
/.../irenaeus/against heresies/chapter xxi a vindication of the.htm

A Spirit Illumined Mind.
... She will spend hours chewing the cud, and then give us the rich milk and
cream and butter which she has extracted from her food. ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/gordon/quiet talks on prayer/a spirit illumined mind.htm

Isaiah's Prophecies Considered the virginity of Christ's Mother a ...
... lance before they lacerate; [3259] swathed at first in sunshine and ointment, [3260]
afterwards armed with the satchel, [3261] and rationed on bread and butter ...
/.../chapter xiii isaiahs prophecies considered the.htm

When one at the Back of the North Wind Wanted to Know How Things ...
... "So it is! I forgot. Well, none of these things are odder to me than it is to you
to eat bread and butter.". ... "I should just like a slice of bread and butter! ...
/.../macdonald/at the back of the north wind/chapter 11 when one at.htm

My California Trip
... The Word says, "Like as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them
that fear him." We felt led to divide the flour, meat, fruit, and butter we had ...
/.../cole/trials and triumphs of faith/chapter xvii my california trip.htm

Brother Hugh
... Goodbye to beef, butter, and good red wheat; white corn, sad vegetables, cold water,
sackcloth take their place, with fasts on bread and water, and festivals ...
/.../marson/hugh bishop of lincoln/chapter ii brother hugh.htm

Shepherd Life in the Orient.
... people. From sheep the people are furnished with nearly all the necessaries
of life"with meat, clothing, milk, butter, and cheese. ...
/.../callan/the shepherd of my soul/ii shepherd life in the.htm

Butter (10 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary (Hebrews hemah), curdled milk (Genesis 18:8; Judges
5:25; 2 Samuel 17:29), or butter in the form of the skim of hot milk or cream ...
/b/butter.htm - 10k

Curd (8 Occurrences)
... Genesis 18:8 And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and
set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat. ...
/c/curd.htm - 9k

Cream (5 Occurrences)
... It is the part of milk from which butter is obtained. ... (DBY). Job 20:17 He shall not
look at the rivers, the flowing streams of honey and butter. (See NIV). ...
/c/cream.htm - 8k

Meal-time (1 Occurrence)
... Doughty tells: "The Arab housewives make savory messes of any grain, seething it
and putting thereto only a little salt and samn (clarified butter)." 4. Oil ...
/m/meal-time.htm - 24k

Milk (66 Occurrences)
... (2.) Hebrews hem'ah, always rendered "butter" in the Authorized Version.
It means "butter," but also more frequently "cream," or ...
/m/milk.htm - 34k

Mealtime (1 Occurrence)
... Doughty tells: "The Arab housewives make savory messes of any grain, seething it
and putting thereto only a little salt and samn (clarified butter)." 4. Oil ...
/m/mealtime.htm - 24k

Meals (8 Occurrences)
... Doughty tells: "The Arab housewives make savory messes of any grain, seething it
and putting thereto only a little salt and samn (clarified butter)." 4. Oil ...
/m/meals.htm - 27k

Honey (62 Occurrences)
... with milk and honey" (Exodus 3:8). Milk and honey were among the chief dainties
in the earlier ages, as they are now among the Bedawin; and butter and honey ...
/h/honey.htm - 34k

Yielding (19 Occurrences)
... Isaiah 7:22 And it hath come to pass, From the abundance of the yielding of milk
he eateth butter, For butter and honey doth every one eat Who is left in the ...
/y/yielding.htm - 12k

Rivulets (11 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Rivulets (11 Occurrences). Job 20:17 He looketh not
on rivulets, Flowing of brooks of honey and butter. (YLT). ...
/r/rivulets.htm - 9k

What was olive oil a symbol of in the Bible? | GotQuestions.org

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Butter: Dictionary and Thesaurus | Clyx.com

Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus
Butter (10 Occurrences)

Genesis 18:8
He took butter, milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them. He stood by them under the tree, and they ate.

Deuteronomy 32:14
Butter of the herd, and milk of the flock, with fat of lambs, rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the finest of the wheat. Of the blood of the grape you drank wine.

Judges 5:25
He asked for water. She gave him milk. She brought him butter in a lordly dish.

2 Samuel 17:29
and honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of the herd, for David, and for the people who were with him, to eat: for they said, "The people are hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness."

Job 20:17
He shall not look at the rivers, the flowing streams of honey and butter.

Job 29:6
when my steps were washed with butter, and the rock poured out streams of oil for me,

Psalms 55:21
His mouth was smooth as butter, but his heart was war. His words were softer than oil, yet they were drawn swords.

Proverbs 30:33
For as the churning of milk brings forth butter, and the wringing of the nose brings forth blood; so the forcing of wrath brings forth strife."

Isaiah 7:15
He shall eat butter and honey when he knows to refuse the evil, and choose the good.

Isaiah 7:22
and it shall happen, that because of the abundance of milk which they shall give he shall eat butter: for everyone will eat butter and honey that is left in the midst of the land.



Butter: General Scriptures Concerning

Butter: Made by Churning

Related Terms

Curd (8 Occurrences)

Cream (5 Occurrences)

Meal-time (1 Occurrence)

Milk (66 Occurrences)

Mealtime (1 Occurrence)

Meals (8 Occurrences)

Honey (62 Occurrences)

Yielding (19 Occurrences)

Rivulets (11 Occurrences)

Print (3 Occurrences)

Buttermilk (1 Occurrence)

Churn (1 Occurrence)

Churning (4 Occurrences)

Searcher (6 Occurrences)

Streams (80 Occurrences)

Rivers (81 Occurrences)

Cows (33 Occurrences)

Kine (24 Occurrences)

Produced (39 Occurrences)

Goat (92 Occurrences)

Oil (281 Occurrences)

Eateth (81 Occurrences)

Kidney-fat (1 Occurrence)

Kernels (4 Occurrences)

Kit (3 Occurrences)

Keen-edged (2 Occurrences)

Needing (9 Occurrences)

Nobles (71 Occurrences)

Lordly (2 Occurrences)

Locust (25 Occurrences)

Grape (20 Occurrences)

Wringing (1 Occurrence)

Floods (37 Occurrences)

Finest (23 Occurrences)

Foaming (7 Occurrences)


Tired (51 Occurrences)

Twisting (13 Occurrences)

Thrusting (5 Occurrences)

Drankest (1 Occurrence)

Drenched (11 Occurrences)

Melt (33 Occurrences)

Magnificent (9 Occurrences)

Milk-cheeses (1 Occurrence)

Produces (27 Occurrences)

Pressing (16 Occurrences)

Butt (2 Occurrences)

Bottle (28 Occurrences)

Breed (6 Occurrences)

Brooks (28 Occurrences)

Cheese (3 Occurrences)

Setteth (116 Occurrences)

Smoother (3 Occurrences)

Sheep (413 Occurrences)

Shorten (1 Occurrence)

Sweet (147 Occurrences)

Speeches (12 Occurrences)

Softer (1 Occurrence)

Stirring (20 Occurrences)

Sweeten (3 Occurrences)

Sisera (18 Occurrences)

Smooth (39 Occurrences)

Thirsty (38 Occurrences)

Forcing (25 Occurrences)

Food (2953 Occurrences)

Skin (115 Occurrences)

Drank (70 Occurrences)

Dressed (77 Occurrences)

Weary (77 Occurrences)

Kidneys (15 Occurrences)

Swords (50 Occurrences)

Wheat (56 Occurrences)

Goings (42 Occurrences)

Ox (197 Occurrences)

Fix (36 Occurrences)

Choice (113 Occurrences)

Nose (23 Occurrences)

Run (147 Occurrences)

Soothing (40 Occurrences)

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