Ahasuerus
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Ahasuerus

prince; head; chief

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Ahasuerus

(lion-king), the name of one Median and two Persian kings mentioned in the Old Testament.

  1. In (Daniel 9:1) Ahasuerus is said to be the father of Darius the Mede. [DARIUS] This first Ahasuerus is Cyaxares, the conqueror of Nineveh. (Began to reign B.C. 634.)
  2. The Ahasuerus king of Persia, referred to in (Ezra 4:6) must be Cambyses, thought to be Cyrus' successor, and perhaps his son. (B.C. 529.)
  3. The third is the Ahasuerus of the book of Esther. This Ahasuerus is probably Xerxes of history, (Esther 1:1) (B.C. 485), and this conclusion is fortified by the resemblance of character and by certain chronological indications, the account of his life and character agreeing with the book of Esther In the third year of Ahaseuerus was held a great feast and assembly in Shushan the palace, (Esther 1:3) following a council held to consider the invasion of Greece. He divorced his queen Vashti for refusing to appear in public at this banquet, and married, four years afterwards, the Jewess Esther, cousin and ward of Mordecai. Five years after this, Haman, one of his counsellors, having been slighted by Mordecai, prevailed upon the king to order the destruction of all the Jews in the empire. But before the day appointed for the massacre, Esther and Mordecai influenced the king to put Haman to death and to give the Jews the right of self-Defence.
ATS Bible Dictionary
Ahasuerus

A royal title, common to several Median and Persian kings named in Scripture.

1. The father of Dares the Mede, Daniel 9:1. The most probable opinion is that the name here designates Astyages, the grandfather of Cyrus. See below, and DARIUS I.

2. Mentioned Ezra 4:6, the son and successor of Cyrus; probably Cambyses, who reigned seven and a half years from B. C. 529.

3. The husband of Esther, most probably Xerxes. Commentators have been much divided, and have understood under this name all the Persian kings in succession. But the other kings of Persia are all mentioned in Scripture by their own names, or at least definitely pointed out; while Xerxes is not mentioned, unless under this name. Besides, recent researches show that Hebrew word for Ahasuerus is readily formed from the Persian name of Xerxes, the name Xerxes being only a Greek corruption of the Persian. See ESTHER.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
There are three kings designated by this name in Scripture.

(1.) The father of Darius the Mede, mentioned in Dan. 9:1. This was probably the Cyaxares I. known by this name in profane history, the king of Media and the conqueror of Nineveh.

(2.) The king mentioned in Ezra 4:6, probably the Cambyses of profane history, the son and successor of Cyrus (B.C. 529).

(3.) The son of Darius Hystaspes, the king named in the Book of Esther. He ruled over the kingdoms of Persia, Media, and Babylonia, "from India to Ethiopia." This was in all probability the Xerxes of profane history, who succeeded his father Darius (B.C. 485). In the LXX. version of the Book of Esther the name Artaxerxes occurs for Ahasuerus. He reigned for twenty-one years (B.C. 486-465). He invaded Greece with an army, it is said, of more than 2,000,000 soldiers, only 5,000 of whom returned with him. Leonidas, with his famous 300, arrested his progress at the Pass of Thermopylae, and then he was defeated disastrously by Themistocles at Salamis. It was after his return from this invasion that Esther was chosen as his queen.

Strong's Hebrew
8657. Teresh -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... 8656, 8657. Teresh. 8658 . a eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Teresh
Phonetic Spelling: (teh'-resh) Short Definition: Teresh. ...
/hebrew/8657.htm - 5k

5. Abagtha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... 4, 5. Abagtha. 6 . a eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Abagtha Phonetic
Spelling: (ab-ag-thaw') Short Definition: Abagtha. Word ...
/hebrew/5.htm - 5k

904. Bigthan -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... 903, 904. Bigthan or Bigthana. 905 . a eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration:
Bigthan or Bigthana Phonetic Spelling: (big-thawn') Short Definition: Bigthan. ...
/hebrew/904.htm - 6k

1896a. Hege -- eunuch of Ahasuerus
... eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Hege Short Definition: Hegai. Word Origin
of foreign origin Definition eunuch of Ahasuerus NASB Word Usage Hegai (4). ...
/hebrew/1896a.htm - 5k

903. Bigtha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... 902, 903. Bigtha. 904 . a eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Bigtha
Phonetic Spelling: (big-thaw') Short Definition: Bigtha. ...
/hebrew/903.htm - 5k

2726. Charbona -- eunuch of Ahasuerus
... Charbona or Charbonah. 2727 . eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Charbona or
Charbonah Phonetic Spelling: (khar-bo-naw') Short Definition: Harbona. ...
/hebrew/2726.htm - 6k

3752. Karkas -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... 3751, 3752. Karkas. 3753 . a eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Karkas
Phonetic Spelling: (kar-kas') Short Definition: Carkas. ...
/hebrew/3752.htm - 5k

2001b. Haman -- a Pers. leader serving under Ahasuerus
... a Pers. leader serving under Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Haman Short Definition:
Haman. ... leader serving under Ahasuerus NASB Word Usage Haman (50), Haman's (4). ...
/hebrew/2001b.htm - 5k

635. Ester -- "star," Ahasuerus' queen who delivered Isr.
... 634, 635. Ester. 636 . "star," Ahasuerus' queen who delivered Isr. ... Word Origin
of foreign origin Definition "star," Ahasuerus' queen who delivered Isr. ...
/hebrew/635.htm - 6k

968. Bizzetha -- a eunuch of Ahasuerus
... 967, 968. Bizzetha. 969 . a eunuch of Ahasuerus. Transliteration: Bizzetha
Phonetic Spelling: (biz-thaw') Short Definition: Biztha. ...
/hebrew/968.htm - 5k

Library

The Net Spread
... THE BOOK OF ESTHER THE NET SPREAD. 'After these things did king Ahasuerus promote
Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the net spread.htm

In the Days of Queen Esther
... The Lord foresaw the troublous times that were to follow during the reign of
Xerxes,"the Ahasuerus of the book of Esther,"and He not only wrought a change ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 49 in the days.htm

The Net Broken
... 7. Then the king Ahasuerus said unto Esther the queen, and to Mordecai the Jew,
Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged upon ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the net broken.htm

Esther Before the King.
... ESTHER BEFORE THE KING. Ahasuerus reigned over the vast empire of Persia, and
Esther, the adopted daughter of a Jew named Mordecai, was Queen. ...
/.../anonymous/mother stories from the old testament/esther before the king.htm

Esther's Venture
... And what a glimpse into their heart-emptiness and degradation of sacred ties is
given in the fact that Esther the queen had not seen Ahasuerus for a month ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/esthers venture.htm

The Restoration.
... The Story of Esther. King Ahasuerus of the book of Esther is thought to
be Xerxes the Great. On ... Dan. ch.6, and of Ahasuerus, Esth. ...
/.../tidwell/the bible period by period/chapter xvi the restoration.htm

Appendix. The Apocryphal Books of the Old Testament.
... in the canonical Esther"a dream of Mordecai with its interpretation; an account
of the conspiracy of the two eunuchs to destroy Ahasuerus; a pretended copy ...
/.../barrows/companion to the bible/appendix the apocryphal books of.htm

Of the Times of Christ's Birth and Passion, and of Jerusalem's ...
... For he says thus: "In the first year under Darius, son of Ahasuerus, of the seed
of the Medes, who reigned over the kingdom of the Chaldees, I Daniel ...
/.../tertullian/an answer to the jews/chapter viii of the times of.htm

The Wall Rebuilt.
... This makes people uncertain whether the king who is called Ahasuerus in the Book
of Esther be the same with him whom the Greeks call Xerxes, or with Artaxerxes ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson xiv the wall rebuilt.htm

Index of Subjects.
... Ahasuerus, the Xerxes of history, 261. Alamoth, 288. Alexander the Great, his visit
to Jerusalem, 263, 325. Alexandria, the Septuagint version made here, 199. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/barrows/companion to the bible/index of subjects.htm

Thesaurus
Ahasuerus (28 Occurrences)
... In the LXX. version of the Book of Esther the name Artaxerxes occurs for Ahasuerus. ...
Multi-Version Concordance Ahasuerus (28 Occurrences). ...
/a/ahasuerus.htm - 17k

Ahasuerus's (1 Occurrence)
... Multi-Version Concordance Ahasuerus's (1 Occurrence). Esther 8:10 And he
wrote in the king Ahasuerus's name, and sealed it with the ...
/a/ahasuerus's.htm - 6k

Xerxes (24 Occurrences)
... chshwrsh, probably pronounced 'achshawarash, but at a later time it was wrongly
vocalized so as to produce 'achashwerosh, from whence "Ahasuerus" in English ...
/x/xerxes.htm - 14k

Ahasu-e'rus (30 Occurrences)
Ahasu-e'rus. Ahasuerus, Ahasu-e'rus. Ahasuerus's . Multi-Version Concordance
Ahasu-e'rus (30 Occurrences). Ezra 4:6 And in the reign ...
/a/ahasu-e'rus.htm - 15k

Ahasbai (1 Occurrence)
...AHASUERUS or ASSEURUS a-haz-ue'-rus, (Septuagint Assoueros, but in Tobit 14:15 Asueros;
the Latin form of the Hebrew 'achashwerosh, a name better known in its ...
/a/ahasbai.htm - 11k

Vashti (10 Occurrences)
... Beautiful, the queen of Ahasuerus, who was deposed from her royal dignity because
she refused to obey the king when he desired her to appear in the banqueting ...
/v/vashti.htm - 12k

Provinces (40 Occurrences)
... Esther 1:1 Now it happened in the days of Ahasuerus (this is Ahasuerus who reigned
from India even to Ethiopia, over one hundred twenty-seven provinces), (WEB ...
/p/provinces.htm - 21k

Teresh (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Severe, a eunuch or chamberlain in the palace
of Ahasuerus, who conspired with another to murder him. ...
/t/teresh.htm - 8k

Eunuchs (33 Occurrences)
... with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and
Carcass, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king ...
/e/eunuchs.htm - 17k

Chamberlains (17 Occurrences)
... wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas,
the seven chamberlains that served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king ...
/c/chamberlains.htm - 12k

Concordance
Ahasuerus (28 Occurrences)

Ezra 4:6
In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, wrote they an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 1:2
that in those days, when the King Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 1:9
Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to King Ahasuerus.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 1:10
On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcass, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 1:15
"What shall we do to the queen Vashti according to law, because she has not done the bidding of the King Ahasuerus by the eunuchs?"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 1:16
Memucan answered before the king and the princes, "Vashti the queen has not done wrong to just the king, but also to all the princes, and to all the people who are in all the provinces of the King Ahasuerus.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 1:17
For this deed of the queen will become known to all women, causing them to show contempt for their husbands, when it is reported,'King Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she didn't come.'
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 1:19
If it please the king, let a royal commandment go from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, so that it cannot be altered, that Vashti may never again come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate to another who is better than she.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 2:1
After these things, when the wrath of King Ahasuerus was pacified, he remembered Vashti, and what she had done, and what was decreed against her.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 2:12
Each young woman's turn came to go in to King Ahasuerus after her purification for twelve months (for so were the days of their purification accomplished, six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with sweet fragrances and with preparations for beautifying women).
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 2:16
So Esther was taken to King Ahasuerus into his royal house in the tenth month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 2:21
In those days, while Mordecai was sitting in the king's gate, two of the king's eunuchs, Bigthan and Teresh, who were doorkeepers, were angry, and sought to lay hands on the King Ahasuerus.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 3:1
After these things King Ahasuerus promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes who were with him.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 3:6
But he scorned the thought of laying hands on Mordecai alone, for they had made known to him Mordecai's people. Therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the Mordecai's people.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 3:7
In the first month, which is the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of King Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, and chose the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 3:8
Haman said to King Ahasuerus, "There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom, and their laws are different than other people's. They don't keep the king's laws. Therefore it is not for the king's profit to allow them to remain.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 3:12
Then the king's scribes were called in on the first month, on the thirteenth day of the month; and all that Haman commanded was written to the king's satraps, and to the governors who were over every province, and to the princes of every people, to every province according its writing, and to every people in their language. It was written in the name of King Ahasuerus, and it was sealed with the king's ring.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS

Esther 6:2
It was found written that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's eunuchs, who were doorkeepers, who had tried to lay hands on the King Ahasuerus.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 7:5
Then King Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen, "Who is he, and where is he who dared presume in his heart to do so?"
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 8:1
On that day, King Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman, the Jews' enemy, to Esther the queen. Mordecai came before the king; for Esther had told what he was to her.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 8:7
Then King Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, "See, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and him they have hanged on the gallows, because he laid his hand on the Jews.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 8:10
He wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, and sealed it with the king's ring, and sent letters by courier on horseback, riding on royal horses that were bread from swift steeds.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 8:12
on one day in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 9:2
the Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the King Ahasuerus, to lay hands on those who wanted to harm them. No one could withstand them, because the fear of them had fallen on all the people.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 9:20
Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both near and far,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 10:1
King Ahasuerus laid a tribute on the land, and on the islands of the sea.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Esther 10:3
For Mordecai the Jew was next to King Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted by the multitude of his brothers, seeking the good of his people, and speaking peace to all his descendants.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Daniel 9:1
In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the seed of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans,
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)

Subtopics

Ahashverosh

Ahasuerus

Ahasuerus: Father of Darius

Ahasuerus: King of Persia, History of Book of Esther

Related Terms

Ahasuerus's (1 Occurrence)

Xerxes (24 Occurrences)

Ahasu-e'rus (30 Occurrences)

Ahasbai (1 Occurrence)

Vashti (10 Occurrences)

Provinces (40 Occurrences)

Teresh (2 Occurrences)

Eunuchs (33 Occurrences)

Chamberlains (17 Occurrences)

Mor'decai (51 Occurrences)

127 (3 Occurrences)

India (2 Occurrences)

Thirteenth (12 Occurrences)

Twenty-seven (6 Occurrences)

Memucan (3 Occurrences)

Mehuman (1 Occurrence)

Bigtha (1 Occurrence)

Bigthan (1 Occurrence)

Bigthana (2 Occurrences)

Mordecai (52 Occurrences)

Darius (26 Occurrences)

Estate (40 Occurrences)

Pur (3 Occurrences)

Zethar (1 Occurrence)

Twelfth (20 Occurrences)

Reign (468 Occurrences)

Edict (22 Occurrences)

Purim (5 Occurrences)

Purple (54 Occurrences)

Biztha (1 Occurrence)

Events (27 Occurrences)

Contemptible (14 Occurrences)

Carcas (1 Occurrence)

Cambyses

Abagtha (1 Occurrence)

Adar (10 Occurrences)

Assassinate (3 Occurrences)

Shaashgaz (1 Occurrence)

Shethar (3 Occurrences)

Stamped (27 Occurrences)

Scepter (28 Occurrences)

Sceptre (20 Occurrences)

Nobles (71 Occurrences)

Threshold (28 Occurrences)

Sealed (31 Occurrences)

Letters (51 Occurrences)

Divisions (92 Occurrences)

Ring (33 Occurrences)

Signet (21 Occurrences)

Queen (59 Occurrences)

Guarded (27 Occurrences)

Hegai (3 Occurrences)

Conspired (32 Occurrences)

Shushan (19 Occurrences)

Doorkeepers (37 Occurrences)

Stretching (84 Occurrences)

Ahava (3 Occurrences)

Cush (31 Occurrences)

Medes (15 Occurrences)

Royal (154 Occurrences)

Ruled (84 Occurrences)

Keepers (78 Occurrences)

Harbona (1 Occurrence)

Jew (34 Occurrences)

Esther (48 Occurrences)

Reigning (57 Occurrences)

Persians (6 Occurrences)

Haman (46 Occurrences)

Wrote (74 Occurrences)

Namely (81 Occurrences)

Setteth (116 Occurrences)

Hodu (2 Occurrences)

Quick-running (4 Occurrences)

Queen's (3 Occurrences)

Nationalities (2 Occurrences)

Nisan (2 Occurrences)

Unsexed (26 Occurrences)

Undergoing (13 Occurrences)

Ointments (9 Occurrences)

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