Job 28:1
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
There is a mine for silver and a place where gold is refined.

New Living Translation
"People know where to mine silver and how to refine gold.

English Standard Version
“Surely there is a mine for silver, and a place for gold that they refine.

Berean Study Bible
Surely there is a mine for silver and a place where gold is refined.

New American Standard Bible
"Surely there is a mine for silver And a place where they refine gold.

King James Bible
Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they fine it.

Christian Standard Bible
Surely there is a mine for silver and a place where gold is refined.

Contemporary English Version
Gold and silver are mined, then purified;

Good News Translation
There are mines where silver is dug; There are places where gold is refined.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Surely there is a mine for silver and a place where gold is refined.

International Standard Version
"Surely there are mines for silver and places where gold is refined.

NET Bible
"Surely there is a mine for silver, and a place where gold is refined.

New Heart English Bible
"Surely there is a mine for silver, and a place for gold which they refine.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"There is a place where silver is mined and a place where gold is refined.

JPS Tanakh 1917
For there is a mine for silver, And a place for gold which they refine.

New American Standard 1977
“Surely there is a mine for silver, And a place where they refine gold.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Surely there is a mine for the silver, and a place for gold where they refine it.

King James 2000 Bible
Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they refine it.

American King James Version
Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they fine it.

American Standard Version
Surely there is a mine for silver, And a place for gold which they refine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Silver hath beginnings of its veins, and gold hath a place wherein it is melted.

Darby Bible Translation
Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold which they refine;

English Revised Version
Surely there is a mine for silver, and a place for gold which they refine.

Webster's Bible Translation
Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they fine it.

World English Bible
"Surely there is a mine for silver, and a place for gold which they refine.

Young's Literal Translation
Surely there is for silver a source, And a place for the gold they refine;
Study Bible
Where Can Wisdom Be Found?
1Surely there is a mine for silver and a place where gold is refined. 2Iron is taken from the earth, and copper is smelted from ore.…
Cross References
Job 27:23
It claps its hands at him and hisses him out of his place.

Job 28:2
Iron is taken from the earth, and copper is smelted from ore.

Treasury of Scripture

Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they fine it.

vein. or, mine. the silver

Genesis 2:11,12 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasses the whole …

Genesis 23:15 My lord, listen to me: the land is worth four hundred shekels of …

Genesis 24:22 And it came to pass, as the camels had done drinking, that the man …

1 Kings 7:48-50 And Solomon made all the vessels that pertained to the house of the …

1 Kings 10:21 And all king Solomon's drinking vessels were of gold, and all the …

1 Chronicles 29:2-5 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the …

where they fine it

Psalm 12:6 The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried in a furnace …

Proverbs 17:3 The fining pot is for silver, and the furnace for gold: but the LORD …

Proverbs 27:21 As the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold; so is a man …

Isaiah 48:10 Behold, I have refined you, but not with silver; I have chosen you …

Zechariah 13:9 And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine …

Malachi 3:2,3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when …

1 Peter 1:7 That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold …







XXVIII.

(1) Surely there is a vein for the silver.--In this chapter Job draws out a magnificent contrast between human skill and ingenuity and Divine wisdom. The difficulty to the ordinary reader is in not perceiving that the person spoken of in Job 28:3 is man, and not God. Man possesses and exercises this mastery over nature, but yet is ignorant of wisdom unless God bestows it on him. That Job should say this is but natural, after his painful experience of the want of wisdom in his friends.

Verses 1-28. - The connection of this chapter with the preceding is somewhat obscure. Probably we are to regard Job as led to see, even while he is justifying God's ways with sinners (Job 27:8-23), how many and how great are the difficulties in the way of forming a single consistent theory of the Divine action, which shall be applicable to all cases. Hence he comes to the conclusion that God is incomprehensible by man and inscrutable; and that it is only given to man to know him sufficiently for his practical guidance. To impress this on his hearers is his main object (vers. 12-28); and, to impress it the more, he introduces it by a sharp contrast. Wonderful as is man's cleverness and ingenuity in respect of earthly things and physical phenomena (vers. 1-11), with respect to heavenly things and the spiritual world - wherewith true wisdom is concerned - he knows next to nothing. All that he knows is just enough to guide his conduct aright (ver. 28). Verse 1. - Surely there is a vein for the silver; literally, an issue for silver? i.e. a place or places whence it is drawn forth from the earth. The silver-mines of Spain were very early worked by the Phoenicians, and produced the metal in great abundance (see the author's 'History of Phoenicia,' p. 314). But Asia itself was probably the source whence silver was obtained in primitive times. And a place for gold where they fine it; or, fuse it. Gold is very widely spread over the earth's surface, and in ancient times was especially abundant in Arabia (Diod. Sic.. 2:1; 3:42; Strabo, 16:4. § 18; Pit,y, 'Hist. Nat.,' 6:32, etc.); so that Job might easily have been acquainted with the processes of fusing and refining it. Two processes of refining are mentioned by Diodorus as practised by the Egyptians (3:11). Surely there is a vein for the silver,.... Silver is mentioned first, not because the most valuable, for gold is preferable to it, as brass is to iron, and yet iron is mentioned first in Job 28:2; but because silver might be first known, or was first in use, especially in the coinage of money; we read of pieces of silver, or shekels of silver, in the times of Abraham, but not of any golden coin, Genesis 23:15; and among the old Romans silver was coined before gold (p); it has its name from a word which signifies "desire", because it is desirable to men, it answering to various uses and purposes; and sometimes the desires and cravings of men after it are enlarged too far, and become criminal, and so the root of all evil to them: and now there is a "vein" for it in the earth, or a mine in which it may be dug for, and found, in which it runs as veins in a man's body, in certain ramifications, like branches of trees, as they do; and the inhabitants of Hispaniola, and other parts of the West Indies, when found out by Columbus, which abounded with gold mines, declared that they found by experience that the vein of gold is a living tree, (and so the same, perhaps, may be said of silver,) and that it spreads and springs from the root, which they say extends to the centre of the earth by soft pores and passages of the earth, and puts forth branches, even to the uppermost part of the earth, and ceases not till it discovers itself unto the open air; at which time it shows forth certain beautiful colours instead of flowers, round stones of golden earth instead of fruits, and thin plates instead of leaves (q); so here there is a vein, or a "going out for the silver" (r), by which it makes its way, as observed of the gold, and shows itself by some signs and tokens where it may be found; or rather this egress is made for it, by opening the mine where it is, digging into it, and fetching it out of it, and from whence great quantities are often brought. In Solomon's time it was made as the stones in Jerusalem, 1 Kings 10:27;

and a place for gold where they fine it; there are particular places for this most excellent of all metals, which has its name in Hebrew from its yellow colour; all countries do not produce it; some are famous for it, and some parts of them, as the land of Havilah, where was gold, and that gold was good, Genesis 2:11; and Ophir; hence we often read of the gold of Ophir, so called from the place where it was found, as in this chapter, Job 28:16; and now the Spanish West Indies; but nearer to Job than these gold was found; there were not only mountains that abounded with gold near to Horeb, in the desert of Arabia (s), but it was to be found with the Sabeans (t), the near neighbours of Job; yea, the Ophir before referred to was in Arabia. Some understand this of the place where pure gold is found already refined, and needs no melting and refining; and of such Pliny (u) speaks, and of large lumps and masses of it; but for the most part it lies in ore, which needs refining; and so here it may intend the place where it is found in the ore, and from whence it is taken and had to the place where it is refined; for melting places used to be near where the golden ore was found; and so when Hispaniola was first found by Columbus, the gold that was dug out of the mountains of Cibana, and other places, were brought to two shops, which were erected with all things appertaining to melt and refine it, and cast into wedges; and so early as that, in these two shops, were molten yearly three hundred thousand pound weight of gold (w).

(p) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 33. c. 3.((q) Peter Martyr. Decad. 3. l. 8. (r) "exitus", Pagninus, Montanus, Mercerus, Drusius, Michaelis; "egressio", Vatablus. (s) Hieron. de loc. Heb. fol. 90. A. (t) Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 28. (u) Ut supra, (Plin. Nat. Hist. l. 33.) c. 4. (w) P. Martyr. Decad. 1. l. 10. CHAPTER 28

Job 28:1-28. Job's Speech Continued.

In the twenty-seventh chapter Job had tacitly admitted that the statement of the friends was often true, that God vindicated His justice by punishing the wicked here; but still the affliction of the godly remained unexplained. Man has, by skill, brought the precious metals from their concealment. But the Divine Wisdom, which governs human affairs, he cannot similarly discover (Job 28:12, etc.). However, the image from the same metals (Job 23:10) implies Job has made some way towards solving the riddle of his life; namely, that affliction is to him as the refining fire is to gold.

1. vein—a mine, from which it goes forth, Hebrew, "is dug."

place for gold—a place where gold may be found, which men refine. Not as English Version, "A place—where," (Mal 3:3). Contrasted with gold found in the bed and sand of rivers, which does not need refining; as the gold dug from a mine does. Golden ornaments have been found in Egypt, of the times of Joseph.28:1-11 Job maintained that the dispensations of Providence were regulated by the highest wisdom. To confirm this, he showed of what a great deal of knowledge and wealth men may make themselves masters. The caverns of the earth may be discovered, but not the counsels of Heaven. Go to the miners, thou sluggard in religion, consider their ways, and be wise. Let their courage and diligence in seeking the wealth that perishes, shame us out of slothfulness and faint-heartedness in labouring for the true riches. How much better is it to get wisdom than gold! How much easier, and safer! Yet gold is sought for, but grace neglected. Will the hopes of precious things out of the earth, so men call them, though really they are paltry and perishing, be such a spur to industry, and shall not the certain prospect of truly precious things in heaven be much more so?
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