And he said, I tell you, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that you shall thrice deny that you know me.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)I tell thee, Peter.—See Notes on Matthew 26:34-35; Mark 14:30-31,Matthew 26:33-35. See Poole on "Luke 22:33"
I tell thee, Peter; who knew him, and his heart, better than he did himself, as well as knew what was to come, and what would befall him; and therefore declares it, as he does with the greatest assurance and certainty, and which might be depended on, and accordingly came to pass:
the cock shall not crow this day; in this night, as in Mark 14:30 or this night, as in Matthew 26:34 for it was now night; a natural day includes both night and day; a like way of speaking, see in Luke 2:8And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 22:34. σήμερον, to-day, as in Mk., but without the more definite ταύτῃ τῇ νυκτὶ.—μὴ εἰδέναι: μὴ after a verb of denial as often in Greek authors, e.g., τὸν τἀμʼ ἀπαρνηθέντα μὴ χρᾶναι λέχη, Eurip., Hippol., l. 1256.34. Peter] The only occasion on which Jesus is recorded to have used to him the name He gave. It is used to remind him of his strength as well as his weakness.
the cock shall not crow this day] It was, perhaps, already past midnight. St Mark says more exactly (Luke 14:30) ‘shall not crow twice.’ But St Luke’s expression merely means, ‘that part of the dawn which is called the cock-crow (alektorophonia, gallicinium) shall not be over before, &c.’Luke 22:34. Σήμερον, this day) although thou mayest seem to thyself, Peter, to be ready.
The only instance of Christ's directly addressing him as Peter. He refers to him by that name, Mark 16:7.
See on Matthew 26:34
See on Mark 14:30.
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