But God said to me, You shall not build an house for my name, because you have been a man of war, and have shed blood.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)But God said unto me.—The emphasis lies on the word God, which is in direct contrast with the “I—in my heart it was,” of 1Chronicles 28:2. (Comp. 1Chronicles 22:8, of which this verse is a summary.)1 Samuel 30:23; 2 Samuel 19:12). No later Jewish monarch would have thus addressed his subjects.
The footstool of our God - David views the ark as God's "footstool," because he was enthroned above it visibly in the Shechinah, or luminous cloud, present from time to time above the mercy seat and between the cherubim (compare the marginal references).2 Samuel 7:5.
because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood: see 1 Chronicles 22:8.But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)3. thou hast been a man of war] R.V. thou art a man of war. See note on 1 Chronicles 22:8.Verse 3. - The contents of this verse are stated, as already seen, even more forcibly in 1 Chronicles 22:8; while far less forcibly in 2 Samuel 7:5; 1 Kings 5:5. 1 Chronicles 27:30 and Nehemiah 3:17). The situation of this place is unknown. According to Nehemiah 3:7, it is perhaps to be sought in the neighbourhood of Mizpah. Over the smaller cattle (sheep and goats) Jaziz the Hagarite, of the people Hagar (cf. 1 Chronicles 5:10), was set. The oversight, consequently, of the camels and sheep was committed to a Hagarite and an Ishmaelite, probably because they pastured in the neighbourhood where the Ishmaelites and Hagarites had nomadized from early times, they having been brought under the dominion of Israel by David. The total number of these officials amounted to twelve, of whom we may conjecture that the ten overseers over the agricultural and cattle-breeding affairs of the king had to deliver over the annual proceeds of the property committed to them to the chief manager of the treasures in the field, in the cities, and villages, and towns.
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