1 Chronicles 28
Matthew Poole's Commentary
And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.
David in a solemn assembly declareth God’s favour to him, and promise to his son Solomon; exhorteth them to fear God, and encourageth Solomon to build the temple, 1 Chronicles 28:1-10; giveth him a pattern for the form, and gold and silver for the materials, 1 Chronicles 28:11-21.

This assembly seems to be distinct from that 1 Chronicles 23:2, and more general, as may be gathered from the persons said to be assembled here and there. Though others think them to be the same, and this to be a return to his former discourse.

Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building:
David stood up; partly out of reverence to God and his word, which was the matter of the following discourse; and partly out of respect to this great and honourable assembly.

My brethren; so he calls the princes and chief rulers, both because they had a share with him, though under him in the government; and in compliance with the Divine command, that the king should not be lifted up above his brethren, Deu 17:20.

An house of rest for the ark; a place where it might be fixed, and no more removed from place to place, as it had been.

And for the footstool; the word and is here put expositively for by the footstool, &c., he means the ark.

But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
No text from Poole on this verse.

Howbeit the LORD God of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever: for he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he liked me to make me king over all Israel:
No text from Poole on this verse.

And of all my sons, (for the LORD hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.
It is not my fancy or fond affection, but God’s express will, that Solomon should be preferred before his elder brethren; and therefore all of you are obliged to submit to him, and accept of him as your king by Divine appointment.

And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
No text from Poole on this verse.

Moreover I will establish his kingdom for ever, if he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments, as at this day.
As he hath begun and hitherto continued in some good measure to do.

Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation of the LORD, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of the LORD your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for your children after you for ever.
In the audience of our God, i.e. I do here exhort and charge you every one, calling God who is here present, and this congregation, wherein all Israel are present by their representatives, for witness against you, if you do not follow my counsel.

Keep and seek for all the commandments of the Lord; keep those commands which you know, and seek for or search into what you are yet ignorant of, that you may distinctly understand the whole will of God, and all the parts of your duty, and seriously give up yourselves to the practice thereof.

And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever.
Know thou the God; know him, so as to love him and serve him, as it follows; for words of knowledge in Scripture use commonly imply affection and practice: or acknowledge him as thy God, by loving and obeying him; for otherwise Solomon did already know God, having doubtless been very well instructed in the knowledge of God’s nature and law.

The Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou dost only put on a profession of religion, to please me and secure thy hopes of the kingdom; or if thy obedience to God be insincere and with grudging; thou mayst indeed deceive me, but thou canst not deceive him, for he searcheth thy inward thoughts, and the motions of thy heart.

If thou forsake him; if when I am dead and gone, and thou art perfectly at thy own dispose, thou shalt cast off that religion and fear of God of which thou now makest profession, and shalt continue to do so without true repentance for thine errors.

He will cast thee off for ever; notwithstanding all his promises made to me and to my seed, and that great honour and favour which he hath showed to thee, with which possibly thou mayst flatter thyself.

Take heed now; for the LORD hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.
For the sanctuary; or, for a sanctuary, i. e. which is to be a sanctuary for him, to wit, for the ark to dwell in.

Be strong; take courage and resolution to break through all difficulties, troubles, discouragements, or oppositions which thou mayst possibly meet with.

Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch, and of the houses thereof, and of the treasuries thereof, and of the upper chambers thereof, and of the inner parlours thereof, and of the place of the mercy seat,
The pattern of the porch, to wit, of the temple; which is necessarily to be understood.

The houses thereof; either,

1. The houses of the porch, so called because they went through the porch into them. Or rather,

2. The houses of the temple, manifestly understood in the next foregoing clause of this verse, to wit, the holy place, and the holy of holies; which may well pass for two houses, because they were separated by a partition; and because they were of differing dimensions, as appears by 1 Kings 6:2,20, especially seeing the holy place is called the greater house, 2 Chronicles 3:5, comparatively to the holy of holies, which was the lesser house, and so you have two houses.

The inner parlours thereof; by these he seems to understand all those rooms which were made against the wall of the house round about, as it is said, 1 Kings 6:5, which are here called by divers names, according to the difference of their situation or use.

The place of the mercy-seat, i.e. in what particular part of the holy of holies it was to be placed.

And the pattern of all that he had by the spirit, of the courts of the house of the LORD, and of all the chambers round about, of the treasuries of the house of God, and of the treasuries of the dedicated things:
And the pattern of all, for even the pattern of all; for this clause belongs both to the foregoing and the following particulars.

By the spirit; by the Spirit of God, as is evident from 1 Chronicles 27:19. For seeing all the particulars of the tabernacle built by Moses were suggested to him by God’s Spirit, by which even the workmen were inspired, Exodus 25:40 31:3, it is not credible that God would use less care and exactness in the building of this far more glorious and durable work.

Of all the chambers, & c.; all which were within the courts, or adjoining to them, as the other chambers, 1 Chronicles 27:11, were adjoined to the house.

Also for the courses of the priests and the Levites, and for all the work of the service of the house of the LORD, and for all the vessels of service in the house of the LORD.
No text from Poole on this verse.

He gave of gold by weight for things of gold, for all instruments of all manner of service; silver also for all instruments of silver by weight, for all instruments of every kind of service:
No text from Poole on this verse.

Even the weight for the candlesticks of gold, and for their lamps of gold, by weight for every candlestick, and for the lamps thereof: and for the candlesticks of silver by weight, both for the candlestick, and also for the lamps thereof, according to the use of every candlestick.
Whether they were large and fixed in one place, whereof there were ten in the holy place, 1 Kings 7:49, or such as were less and loose to be carried from place to place, as need required.

And by weight he gave gold for the tables of shewbread, for every table; and likewise silver for the tables of silver:
The tables of shew-bread: by this, and 2 Chronicles 4:19, it appears that there were divers tables to be used either successively or together about the shew-bread; but one of them seems to have been of more eminency and use than the rest, and therefore it is most commonly called

the table of the shew-bread, in the singular number. But of this and the rest of the utensils here named, see the notes on Exodus.

Also pure gold for the fleshhooks, and the bowls, and the cups: and for the golden basons he gave gold by weight for every bason; and likewise silver by weight for every bason of silver:
No text from Poole on this verse.

And for the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the pattern of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
Of the chariot of the cherubims, i.e. of the cherubims, which Solomon was to make, of which see 1 Kings 6:23, (for those which were fastened to the mercy-seat were made by Moses long before,) which he fitly compares to a chariot, because within them God is oft said to sit and to dwell, as 2 Kings 19:5 Psalm 80:1 99:1; and sometimes he is said to ride upon a cherub, Psalm 18:10. And because a chariot is made to carry a person from place to place, this expression may be used to intimate that God was not so fixed to them by the building of his temple, but that he both could and would remove from them if they forsook him. And when they did so, God did make use of the chariot of his cherubims to convey himself away from them, as is noted, Ezekiel 10:15, &c.

Covered the ark; not above it, for that was done by Moses’s cherubims, but before it, to keep it from the eyes of the high priest when he entered into the most holy place, 1 Kings 6:23.

All this, said David, the LORD made me understand in writing by his hand upon me, even all the works of this pattern.
The meaning is either,

1. That God revealed this to Samuel, {see 1 Chronicles 9:22} or Gad, or Nathan, or some other man of God, who put it into writing, and by them to David. Or,

2. That God did, as it were, by his own hand and finger, (wherewith he wrote the ten commandments, Exodus 31:18) write these things upon the table of my mind, which now I deliver to thee.

And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do it: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the LORD God, even my God, will be with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the LORD.
Be strong and of good courage. See Poole "1 Chronicles 27:10".

And, behold, the courses of the priests and the Levites, even they shall be with thee for all the service of the house of God: and there shall be with thee for all manner of workmanship every willing skilful man, for any manner of service: also the princes and all the people will be wholly at thy commandment.
No text from Poole on this verse.

Matthew Poole's Commentary

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