Zechariah 1:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Then I looked up, and there before me were four horns.

New Living Translation
Then I looked up and saw four animal horns.

English Standard Version
And I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, four horns!

New American Standard Bible
Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there were four horns.

King James Bible
Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then I looked up and saw four horns.

International Standard Version
Then I looked up and saw four horns.

NET Bible
Once again I looked and this time I saw four horns.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I looked up and saw four animal horns.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Then I lifted up my eyes and saw and behold four horns.

King James 2000 Bible
Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

American King James Version
Then lifted I up my eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

American Standard Version
And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, four horns.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And I lifted up my eyes, and saw: and behold four horns.

Darby Bible Translation
And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

English Revised Version
And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

World English Bible
I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold, four horns.

Young's Literal Translation
And I lift up mine eyes, and look, and lo, four horns.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:18-21 The enemies of the church threaten to cut off the name of Israel. They are horns, emblems of power, strength, and violence. The prophet saw them so formidable that he began to despair of the safety of every good man, and the success of every good work; but the Lord showed him four workmen empowered to cut off these horns. With an eye of sense we see the power of the enemies of the church; look which way we will, the world shows us that; but it is only with an eye of faith that we see it safe. The Lord shows us that. When God has work to do, he will raise up some to do it, and others to defend it, and to protect those employed in doing it. What cause there is to look up in love and praise to the holy and eternal Spirit, who has the same care over the present and eternal interests of believers, by the holy word bringing the church to know the wonderful things of salvation!

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 18-21. - § 4. The second vision. the four horns and the four craftsmen. Verse 18. - I lifted up mine eyes, and saw. This vision is closely connected with the former. The prophet had been told that the hostile nations should be punished and scattered; he now is shown this threat being executed. Four horns, belching to four beasts but dimly seen or wholly invisible. Horns are symbols of strength and power (comp. Psalm 75:4, 5; Daniel 8:3; Amos 6:13). Here they mean powers hostile to Israel, and the number "four" (the symbol of completeness) points to the four winds from which they come, i.e. from every side. In the Hebrew ch. 2. begins at this verse.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Then I lifted up mine eyes,.... To behold another vision which follows:

and saw, and behold four horns; either iron ones, such as Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made to push the Syrians with, 1 Kings 22:11 or horns of beasts, as the horns of unicorns, to which the horns of Joseph are compared, Deuteronomy 33:17 and signify kingdoms or kings, and these very powerful and mighty; and so the Targum interprets them of "four kingdoms"; and which Kimchi and Abarbinel understand of the four monarchies, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman; so ten horns, in Daniel 7:24 design ten kings or kingdoms; unless rather, seeing these horns were such who had already distressed and scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem; and two of the above monarchies were not yet in being, the Grecian and Roman, when this vision was seen; and one of those that were, were friends to the Jews, as the Persians; they may in general signify all the enemies of the Jews that were round about them, on the four corners of them; as the Syrians, Assyrians, and Babylonians, on the north; the Ammonites and Moabites on the east; the Edomites and Egyptians on the south; and the Philistines on the west; as Junius thinks. Cocceius interprets them of four kings, Shalmaneser, Nebuchadnezzar, Xerxes, and Artaxerxes the first, called Longimanus; and may be applied to the antichristian states, Pagan and Papal, in the various parts of the world, called horns, Daniel 7:24.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

Zec 1:18-21. Second Vision. The power of the Jews foes shall be dissipated.

18. four horns—To a pastoral people like the Jews the horns of the strongest in the herd naturally suggested a symbol of power and pride of conscious strength: hence the ruling powers of the world (Re 17:3, 12). The number four in Zechariah's time referred to the four cardinal points of the horizon. Wherever God's people turned, there were foes to encounter (Ne 4:7); the Assyrian, Chaldean, and Samaritan on the north; Egypt and Arabia on the south; Philistia on the west; Ammon and Moab on the east. But the Spirit in the prophet looked farther; namely, to the four world powers, the only ones which were, or are, to rise till the kingdom of Messiah, the fifth, overthrows and absorbs all others in its universal dominion. Babylon and Medo-Persia alone had as yet risen, but soon Græco-Macedonia was to succeed (as Zec 9:13 foretells), and Rome the fourth and last, was to follow (Da 2:1-49; 7:1-28). The fact that the repairing of the evils caused to Judah and Israel by all four kingdoms is spoken of here, proves that the exhaustive fulfilment is yet future, and only the earnest of it given in the overthrow of the two world powers which up to Zechariah's time had "scattered" Judah (Jer 51:2; Eze 5:10, 12). That only two of the four had as yet risen, is an argument having no weight with us, as we believe God's Spirit in the prophets regards the future as present; we therefore are not to be led by Rationalists who on such grounds deny the reference here and in Zec 6:1 to the four world kingdoms.

Zechariah 1:18 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Four Horns and Four Craftsmen
18Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, there were four horns. 19So I said to the angel who was speaking with me, "What are these?" And he answered me, "These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel and Jerusalem."…
Cross References
1 Kings 22:11
Now Zedekiah son of Kenaanah had made iron horns and he declared, "This is what the LORD says: 'With these you will gore the Arameans until they are destroyed.'"

Zechariah 1:17
"Proclaim further: This is what the LORD Almighty says: 'My towns will again overflow with prosperity, and the LORD will again comfort Zion and choose Jerusalem.'"

Zechariah 1:19
I asked the angel who was speaking to me, "What are these?" He answered me, "These are the horns that scattered Judah, Israel and Jerusalem."

Zechariah 6:1
I looked up again, and there before me were four chariots coming out from between two mountains--mountains of bronze.
Treasury of Scripture

Then lifted I up my eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

lifted.

Zechariah 2:1 I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring …

Zechariah 5:1,5,9 Then I turned, and lifted up my eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll…

Joshua 5:13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up …

Daniel 8:3 Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before …

four.

2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, …

2 Kings 17:1-6 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of …

2 Kings 18:9-12 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was …

2 Kings 24:1-25:30 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim …

Daniel 2:37-43 You, O king, are a king of kings: for the God of heaven has given …

Daniel 7:3-8 And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another…

Daniel 8:3-14 Then I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before …

Daniel 11:28-35 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart …

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