Numbers 19:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Give it to Eleazar the priest; it is to be taken outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.

New Living Translation
Give it to Eleazar the priest, and it will be taken outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.

English Standard Version
And you shall give it to Eleazar the priest, and it shall be taken outside the camp and slaughtered before him.

New American Standard Bible
'You shall give it to Eleazar the priest, and it shall be brought outside the camp and be slaughtered in his presence.

King James Bible
And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Give it to Eleazar the priest, and he will have it brought outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.

International Standard Version
They are to deliver it to Eleazar the priest, and it is to be brought outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.

NET Bible
You must give it to Eleazar the priest so that he can take it outside the camp, and it must be slaughtered before him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Give it to the priest Eleazar. It must be taken outside the camp and slaughtered in his presence.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and ye shall give her unto Eleazar, the priest, that he may bring her forth outside the camp, and he shall cause her to be slain in his presence.

King James 2000 Bible
And you shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth outside the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

American King James Version
And you shall give her to Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

American Standard Version
And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, and he shall bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And you shall deliver her to Eleazar the priest, who shall bring her forth without the camp, and shall immolate her in the sight of all:

Darby Bible Translation
and ye shall give it to Eleazar the priest, and he shall bring it outside the camp, and one shall slaughter it before him.

English Revised Version
and ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest, and he shall bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

Webster's Bible Translation
And ye shall give her to Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

World English Bible
You shall give her to Eleazar the priest, and he shall bring her forth outside of the camp, and one shall kill her before his face:

Young's Literal Translation
and ye have given it unto Eleazar the priest, and he hath brought it out unto the outside of the camp, and hath slaughtered it before him.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

19:1-10 The heifer was to be wholly burned. This typified the painful sufferings of our Lord Jesus, both in soul and body, as a sacrifice made by fire, to satisfy God's justice for man's sin. These ashes are said to be laid up as a purification for sin, because, though they were only to purify from ceremonial uncleanness, yet they were a type of that purification for sin which our Lord Jesus made by his death. The blood of Christ is laid up for us in the word and sacraments, as a fountain of merit, to which by faith we may have constant recourse, for cleansing our consciences.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 3. - Unto Eleazar the priest. Possibly in order that Aaron himself might not be associated with dearly, even in this indirect way (see verse 6). In after times, however, it was usually the high priest who officiated on this occasion, and therefore it is quite as likely that Eleazar was designated because he was already beginning to take the place of his father in his especial duties. Without the camp. The bodies of those animals which were offered for the sin of the congregation were always burnt outside the camp, the law thus testifying that sin and death had no proper place within the city of God. In this case, however, the whole sacrifice was performed outside the camp, and was only brought into relation with the national sanctuary by the sprinkling of the blood in that direction. Various symbolic reasons have been assigned to this fact, but none are satisfactory except the following: -

1. It served to intensify the conviction, which the whole of this ordinance was intended to bring home to the minds of men, that death was an awful thing, and that everything connected with it was wholly foreign to the presence and habitation of the living God.

2. It served to mark with more emphasis the contrast between this one offering, which was perhaps almost the only one they had in the wilderness, and those which ought to have been offered continually according to the Levitical ordinances. The red heifer stood quite outside the number of ordinary victims as demanded by the law, and therefore it was not slain at any hallowed altar, nor, necessarily, by any hallowed hand.

3. It served to prefigure in a wonderful and indeed startling way the sacrifice of Christ outside the gate. In later days the heifer was conducted upon a double tier of arches over the ravine of Kedron to the opposite slope of Olivet. That he may bring her forth... and one shall slay her. The nominative to both these verbs is alike unexpressed. Septuagint, καὶ ἐξάξουσιν . . καὶ σφάξουσιν. In the practice of later ages the high priest led her out, and another priest killed her in his presence, but it was not so commanded.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest,.... The son of Aaron; the Sagan of the priests, as the Targum of Jonathan calls him, the second or deputy priest; it was not to be given to Aaron, that he might not be defiled, though but for a small time, that so he might not be hindered in his office at all; but to Eleazar, to inure him to his office, and to confirm him in it:

that he may bring her forth without the camp; without the camp of Israel; Jarchi says, without the three camps, as afterwards without Jerusalem; it used in later times to be burnt on the mount of Olives; it was brought forth as impure, and was a type of Christ, having the sins of his people on him, and who in conformity to this type suffered without the gates of Jerusalem, see Hebrews 13:11,

and one shall slay her before his face; the Targum of Jonathan says, another priest; but it was not necessary that it should be slain by a priest, any man might do it. Jarchi says, a stranger slew, and Eleazar looked on; though it was not slain by him, yet it was slain before him, that it might look like a sacrifice, though not offered on the altar; and slaying of it denotes the putting of Christ to death, which was done in the presence, and with the approbation, of the priests and elders of the people.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

3-6. ye shall give her unto Eleazar the priest that he may bring her forth without the camp—He was the second or deputy high priest, and he was selected for this duty because the execution of it entailed temporary defilement, from which the acting high priest was to be preserved with the greatest care. It was led "forth without the camp," in accordance with the law regarding victims laden with the sins of the people, and thus typical of Christ (Heb 13:12; also Le 24:14). The priest was to sprinkle the blood "seven times" before—literally, "towards" or "near" the tabernacle, a description which seems to imply either that he carried a portion of the blood in a basin to the door of the tabernacle (Le 4:17), or that in the act of sprinkling he turned his face towards the sacred edifice, being disqualified through the defiling influence of this operation from approaching close to it. By this attitude he indicated that he was presenting an expiatory sacrifice, for the acceptance of which he hoped, in the grace of God, by looking to the mercy seat. Every part of it was consumed by fire except the blood used in sprinkling, and the ingredients mixed with the ashes were the same as those employed in the sprinkling of lepers (Le 14:4-7). It was a water of separation—that is, of "sanctification" for the people of Israel.

Numbers 19:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
Ashes of the Red Heifer
2"This is the statute of the law which the LORD has commanded, saying, 'Speak to the sons of Israel that they bring you an unblemished red heifer in which is no defect and on which a yoke has never been placed. 3'You shall give it to Eleazar the priest, and it shall be brought outside the camp and be slaughtered in his presence. 4'Next Eleazar the priest shall take some of its blood with his finger and sprinkle some of its blood toward the front of the tent of meeting seven times.…
Cross References
Hebrews 13:11
The high priest carries the blood of animals into the Most Holy Place as a sin offering, but the bodies are burned outside the camp.

Leviticus 4:11
But the hide of the bull and all its flesh, as well as the head and legs, the internal organs and the intestines--

Leviticus 4:12
that is, all the rest of the bull--he must take outside the camp to a place ceremonially clean, where the ashes are thrown, and burn it there in a wood fire on the ash heap.

Numbers 3:4
Nadab and Abihu, however, died before the LORD when they made an offering with unauthorized fire before him in the Desert of Sinai. They had no sons, so Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests during the lifetime of their father Aaron.

Numbers 19:9
"A man who is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer and put them in a ceremonially clean place outside the camp. They are to be kept by the Israelite community for use in the water of cleansing; it is for purification from sin.
Treasury of Scripture

And you shall give her to Eleazar the priest, that he may bring her forth without the camp, and one shall slay her before his face:

with the camp

Numbers 5:2 Command the children of Israel, that they put out of the camp every …

Numbers 15:36 And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned …

Leviticus 4:12,21 Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp to a …

Leviticus 13:45,46 And the leper in whom the plague is, his clothes shall be rent, and …

Leviticus 16:27 And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, …

Leviticus 24:14 Bring forth him that has cursed without the camp; and let all that …

Hebrews 13:11-13 For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary …

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