Matthew 23:32
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Go ahead, then, and complete what your ancestors started!

New Living Translation
Go ahead and finish what your ancestors started.

English Standard Version
Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers.

Berean Study Bible
Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers' sins.

Berean Literal Bible
You, then, fill up the measure of your fathers.

New American Standard Bible
"Fill up, then, the measure of the guilt of your fathers.

King James Bible
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers' sins!

International Standard Version
Then finish what your ancestors started!

NET Bible
Fill up then the measure of your ancestors!

New Heart English Bible
Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
So fulfill the standard of your forefathers.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Go ahead, finish what your ancestors started!

New American Standard 1977
“Fill up then the measure of the guilt of your fathers.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

King James 2000 Bible
Fill you up then the measure of your fathers.

American King James Version
Fill you up then the measure of your fathers.

American Standard Version
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

Darby Bible Translation
and ye, fill ye up the measure of your fathers.

English Revised Version
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

Webster's Bible Translation
Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers.

Weymouth New Testament
Fill up the measure of your forefathers' guilt.

World English Bible
Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers.

Young's Literal Translation
and ye -- ye fill up the measure of your fathers.
Study Bible
Woes to Scribes and Pharisees
31So you testify against yourselves that you are the sons of those who murdered the prophets. 32Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers’ sins. 33You snakes! You brood of vipers! How will you escape the sentence of hell?…
Cross References
Jeremiah 7:26
"Yet they did not listen to Me or incline their ear, but stiffened their neck; they did more evil than their fathers.

Jeremiah 32:18
who shows lovingkindness to thousands, but repays the iniquity of fathers into the bosom of their children after them, O great and mighty God. The LORD of hosts is His name;

Ezekiel 20:4
"Will you judge them, will you judge them, son of man? Make them know the abominations of their fathers;

Matthew 23:31
So you testify against yourselves that you are the sons of those who murdered the prophets.

Matthew 23:33
You snakes! You brood of vipers! How will you escape the sentence of hell?

1 Thessalonians 2:16
hindering us from telling the Gentiles how they may be saved. As a result, they continue to heap up their sins to full capacity; the utmost wrath has come upon them.
Treasury of Scripture

Fill you up then the measure of your fathers.

the measure.

Genesis 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come here again: for the …

Numbers 32:14 And, behold, you are risen up in your fathers' stead, an increase …

Zechariah 5:6-11 And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goes forth. …

(32) Fill ye up then . . .--The English fails to give the pathetic abruptness of the original: And ye--fill ye up the measure of your fathers. The thought implied is that which we find in Genesis 15:16, and of which the history of the world offers but too many illustrations. Each generation, as it passes, adds something to the ever-accumulating mass of evil. At last the penalty falls, as though the long-suffering of God had been waiting till the appointed limit had been reached, and the measure of iniquity was at last full.

Verse 32. - Fill ye up then; καὶ ὑμεῖς πληρώσατε: do ye also (as well as they) fill up. An imperative, expressive of Divine irony, containing virtually a prophecy. Complete your evil work, finish that which your fathers began (comp. John 13:27). The measure. There is a certain limit to iniquity; when this is reached, punishment falls. The metaphor is derived from a full cup, which a single drop more will make overflow. This added drop would be the death of Christ and the persecution of his followers. Then vengeance must follow (comp. Genesis 15:16; 1 Thessalonians 2:16). Fill ye up then the measure of your fathers. Of their sins; for there were bounds and limits set how far they should proceed, and no further; as yet they had not got to the end of their iniquity: their fathers had gone great lengths in sin, but their iniquity was not yet full, as is said of the Amorites, Genesis 15:16 these their sons were to fill it up. They had shed the blood of many of the prophets; and indeed there were none of them but they had persecuted and abused, in one shape or another: some they entreated shamefully, others they beat: some they stoned, and others they put to death with the sword, or otherwise; and now their children were about to fill the measure brimful, by crucifying the Son of God, which they were at this time meditating and contriving; and by persecuting and slaying his apostles, and so would bring upon them the vengeance of God. The Jews well enough understood these words, which were spoken to them in an ironical way, and expressing what they were about, and what they would hereafter do, and what would be the issue and consequence of it: they have a saying (o), that "the holy blessed God does not take vengeance on a man,

, "until his measure is filled up"; according to Job 20:22.

Which the Chaldee paraphrase renders,

"when his measure is filled up, then shall he take vengeance on him;

and that this is Christ's sense, appears from what follows,

(o) T. Bab. Sota, fol. 9. 1.23:13-33 The scribes and Pharisees were enemies to the gospel of Christ, and therefore to the salvation of the souls of men. It is bad to keep away from Christ ourselves, but worse also to keep others from him. Yet it is no new thing for the show and form of godliness to be made a cloak to the greatest enormities. But dissembled piety will be reckoned double iniquity. They were very busy to turn souls to be of their party. Not for the glory of God and the good of souls, but that they might have the credit and advantage of making converts. Gain being their godliness, by a thousand devices they made religion give way to their worldly interests. They were very strict and precise in smaller matters of the law, but careless and loose in weightier matters. It is not the scrupling a little sin that Christ here reproves; if it be a sin, though but a gnat, it must be strained out; but the doing that, and then swallowing a camel, or, committing a greater sin. While they would seem to be godly, they were neither sober nor righteous. We are really, what we are inwardly. Outward motives may keep the outside clean, while the inside is filthy; but if the heart and spirit be made new, there will be newness of life; here we must begin with ourselves. The righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees was like the ornaments of a grave, or dressing up a dead body, only for show. The deceitfulness of sinners' hearts appears in that they go down the streams of the sins of their own day, while they fancy that they should have opposed the sins of former days. We sometimes think, if we had lived when Christ was upon earth, that we should not have despised and rejected him, as men then did; yet Christ in his Spirit, in his word, in his ministers, is still no better treated. And it is just with God to give those up to their hearts' lusts, who obstinately persist in gratifying them. Christ gives men their true characters.
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